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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
21

Surface fitting by minimizing the root mean squares error and application of clamped cubic spline /

Gagne, Ann-Marie F., January 2006 (has links)
Thesis (M.A.) -- Central Connecticut State University, 2006. / Thesis advisor: Yuanquian Chen. "... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Art in Mathematics." Includes bibliographical references (leaf 43). Also available via the World Wide Web.
22

Interactive spline approximation

Merchant, Marian January 1974 (has links)
The use of spline basis functions in solving least squares approximation problems is investigated. The question as to which are appropriate basis functions to use is discussed along with the reasons why the final choice was made. The Householder transformation method for solving the fixed knot spline approximation problem is examined. Descriptions of both an automatic procedure using function minimization and an interactive procedure using a graphics terminal for solving the variable knot spline approximation problem are given. In conclusion, numerical results using the interactive system are presented and analyzed. / Science, Faculty of / Computer Science, Department of / Graduate
23

Approximation properties of subdivision surfaces /

Arden, Greg. January 2001 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Washington, 2001. / Vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 136-138).
24

Projection methods for nonlinear boundary value problems

Reddien, George William 05 1900 (has links)
No description available.
25

Splines and local approximation of the earth's gravity field

Van Gysen, Hermanus Gerhardus January 1988 (has links)
Bibliography: pages 214-220. / The Hilbert space spline theory of Delvos and Schempp, and the reproducing kernel theory of L. Schwartz, provide the conceptual foundation and the construction procedure for rotation-invariant splines on Euclidean spaces, splines on the circle, and splines on the sphere and harmonic outside the sphere. Spherical splines and surface splines such as multi-conic functions, Hardy's multiquadric functions, pseudo-cubic splines, and thin-plate splines, are shown to be largely as effective as least squares collocation in representing geoid heights or gravity anomalies. A pseudo-cubic spline geoid for southern Africa is given, interpolating Doppler-derived geoid heights and astro-geodetic deflections of the vertical. Quadrature rules are derived for the thin-plate spline approximation (over a circular disk, and to a planar approximation) of Stokes's formula, the formulae of Vening Meinesz, and the L₁ vertical gradient operator in the analytical continuation series solution of Molodensky's problem.
26

Estimation of the term structure of interest rates via cubic exponential spline functions /

Chen, Eva T. January 1987 (has links)
No description available.
27

Subdivision, interpolation and splines

Goosen, Karin M.(Karin Michelle) 03 1900 (has links)
Thesis (MSc)--University of Stellenbosch, 2000. / ENGLISH ABSTRACT: In this thesis we study the underlying mathematical principles of stationary subdivision, which can be regarded as an iterative recursion scheme for the generation of smooth curves and surfaces in computer graphics. An important tool for our work is Fourier analysis, from which we state some standard results, and give the proof of one non-standard result. Next, since cardinal spline functions have strong links with subdivision, we devote a chapter to this subject, proving also that the cardinal B-splines are refinable, and that the corresponding Euler-Frobenius polynomial has a certain zero structure which has important implications in our eventual applications. The concepts of a stationary subdivision scheme and its convergence are then introduced, with as motivating example the de Rahm-Chaikin algorithm. Standard results on convergence and regularity for the case of positive masks are quoted and graphically illustrated. Next, we introduce the concept of interpolatory stationary subdivision, in which case the limit curve contains all the original control points. We prove a certain set of sufficient conditions on the mask for convergence, at the same time also proving the existence and other salient properties of the associated refinable function. Next, we show how the analysis of a certain Bezout identity leads to the characterisation of a class of symmetric masks which satisfy the abovementioned sufficient conditions. Finally, we show that specific special cases of the Bezout identity yield convergent interpolatory symmetric subdivision schemes which are identical to choosing the corresponding mask coefficients equal to certain point evaluations of, respectively, a fundamental Lagrange interpolation polynomial and a fundamental cardinal spline interpolant. The latter procedure, which is known as the Deslauriers-Dubuc subdivision scheme in the case of a polynomial interpolant, has received attention in recent work, and our approach provides a convergence result for such schemes in a more general framework. Throughout the thesis, numerical illustrations of our results are provided by means of graphs. / AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: In hierdie tesis ondersoek ons die onderliggende wiskundige beginsels van stasionêre onderverdeling, wat beskou kan word as 'n iteratiewe rekursiewe skema vir die generering van gladde krommes en oppervlakke in rekenaargrafika. 'n Belangrike stuk gereedskap vir ons werk is Fourieranalise, waaruit ons sekere standaardresuJtate formuleer, en die bewys gee van een nie-standaard resultaat. Daarna, aangesien kardinale latfunksies sterk bande het met onderverdeling, wy ons 'n hoofstuk aan hierdie onderwerp, waarin ons ook bewys dat die kardinale B-Iatfunksies verfynbaar is, en dat die ooreenkomstige Euler-Frobenius polinoom 'n sekere nulpuntstruktuur het wat belangrike implikasies het in ons uiteindelike toepassings. Die konsepte van 'n stasionêre onderverdelingskema en die konvergensie daarvan word dan bekendgestel, met as motiverende voorbeeld die de Rahm-Chaikin algoritme. Standaardresultate oor konvergensie en regulariteit vir die geval van positiewe maskers word aangehaal en grafies geïllustreer. Vervolgens stelons die konsep van interpolerende stasionêre onderverdeling bekend, in welke geval die limietkromme al die oorspronklike kontrolepunte bevat. Ons bewys 'n sekere versameling van voldoende voorwaardes op die masker vir konvergensie, en bewys terselfdertyd die bestaan en ander toepaslike eienskappe van die ge-assosieerde verfynbare funksie. Daarna wys ons hoedat die analise van 'n sekere Bezout identiteit lei tot die karakterisering van 'n klas simmetriese maskers wat die bovermelde voldoende voorwaardes bevredig. Laastens wys ons dat spesifieke spesiale gevalle van die Bezout identiteit konvergente interpolerende simmetriese onderverdelingskemas lewer wat identies is daaraan om die ooreenkomstige maskerkoëffisientegelyk aan sekere puntevaluasies van, onderskeidelik, 'n fundamentele Lagrange interpolasiepolinoom en 'n kardinale latfunksie-interpolant te kies. Laasgenoemde prosedure, wat bekend staan as die Deslauriers-Dubuc onderverdelingskema in die geval van 'n polinoominterpolant, het aandag ontvang in onlangse werk, en ons benadering verskaf 'n konvergensieresultaat vir sulke skemas in 'n meer algemene raamwerk. Deurgaans in die tesis word numeriese illustrasies van ons resultate met behulp van grafieke verskaf.
28

DESIGN OF UNOBSCURED REFLECTIVE OPTICAL SYSTEMS WITH GENERAL SURFACES.

STACY, JOHN ERIC. January 1983 (has links)
Unobscured reflective optical systems can be more transmissive and of higher diffraction quality than classical systems. Unobscured systems are generated by decentering symmetric systems, tilting elements to correct coma or astigmatism along a real ray, or by cross-tilting elements to control astigmatism. Such a system of relatively high quality may be further corrected with a general spline surface. For spline surfaces, optical aberration coefficients are undefined. This study developed real ray analysis and design techniques for general optical systems. A decentered symmetric system with a field correcting spline surface was designed. The optical design program ACCOS V was used for most design and analysis tasks. Design and analysis of general systems are considered first. Basic system quantities of image location, scaling, and irradiation are defined with real rays. Spline surfaces are discussed with special emphasis on features important in optical design. Real ray analytical techniques of composite spot diagrams across the image, footprints on spline surfaces, wavefront aperture maps, and spline surface maps are described. The use of these tools in general system design procedures is discussed. Standard telescope objectives of f/8.5 were considered as base designs for systems with spline surfaces. A spline surface was added to the decentered Schmidt-Cassegrain. Optimization yielded diffraction-limited performance across a 0.85 degree square field. The spline system was compared to the Galileo spacecraft narrow angle lens and a three-mirror decentered design. It had a far wider field than the Galileo but at a lower quality. Diffraction quality was better than that of the three-mirror system. Simple tolerances were considered for the spline system. The allowable effect of a thermal gradient was estimated by bending the reference axis. Decentration and figure tolerances for the spline were commensurate with classical surfaces. Techniques presented were shown to be useful for design and analysis of general systems. Spline surfaces were found to be useful in optimization of such systems. This work was supported by the Director's Discretionary Fund, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology.
29

Reconstruction of electrodes and pole pieces from randomly generated axial potential distributions of electron and ion optical systems

Sarfaraz, Mohamad Ali, 1960- January 1988 (has links)
The purpose of this investigation is to examine synthesis for reconstruction of electrostatic lenses having an axial potential distribution four times continuously differentiable. The solution of the electrode and pole piece reconstruction is given. Spline functions are used to approximate a continuous function to fit a curve. The present method of synthesis is based on cubic spline functions, which have only two simultaneous continuous derivatives, and all the other higher derivatives are ignored. The fifth-order or quintic spline is introduced simply because it has four simultaneous continuous derivatives. So the reconstruction program would have three terms appearing in the series expansion of the off-axis potential distribution, with regard to two terms when using cubic functions.
30

Application of the B-spline collocation method to a geometrically non-linear beam problem /

Magoon, Jason. January 2010 (has links)
Thesis (M.S.)--Rochester Institute of Technology, 2010. / Typescript. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 94-99).

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