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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Ultrafast optical nonlinearities in InGaAsP waveguide devices

Roberts, Peter D. January 1996 (has links)
This thesis presents an investigation of the enhanced intensity-dependent refractive nonlinearity in optical amplifiers biased to transparency. Nonlinearities in an optical amplifier with a bulk active region and in optical amplifiers containing four, eight and sixteen quantum wells were compared using picosecond and femtosecond duration pulses generated using colour-centre lasers. Measurements of nonlinear absorptive and refractive dynamics in the amplifiers were performed using pump-probe and time-division interferometry techniques. A curve fitting function was used to distinguish nonlinearities from the measured dynamics. Carrier-heating, caused predominantly by free-carrier absorption, and virtual effects were found to be the most important nonlinearities in optical amplifiers biased to transparency. A strong correlation of the magnitude of the carrier-heating effect with the thickness of the amplifier active regions was observed. A novel measurement of the intensity dependence of the current required to bias optical amplifiers to transparency was performed using a technique which monitored the opto-electronic voltage across the amplifiers. The measurement showed that the transparency current increased linearly with intensity in the 4 QW and 8 QW amplifiers as a result of carrier-heating. Measurements performed on the 16 QW and bulk amplifiers showed a nonlinear variation of transparency current with intensity. These measurements were supplemented with a pump-probe investigation which revealed a negative trend in the transmission with a time constant in excess of 200 ps. It was suggested that a saturation effect related to the amount of heat added to the carrier distribution through free-carrier absorption was responsible for both of these effects. All-optical switching of picosecond pulses via the investigated enhanced nonlinearity was demonstrated in a polarisation switch, constructed using the bulk amplifier, and a nonlinear directional coupler. The optical powers required to perform optical switching were 1.6 W and 5.8 W respectively.

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