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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Crystal growth and photoconductivity of tellurium and selenium-tellurium alloys

Shih, Ishiang January 1981 (has links)
A study of the growth of monocrystals of tellurium and selenium-tellurium alloys by the Czochralski method has been made, together with measurements of the photoconductivity in such materials. In tellurium, it was found that large temperature gradients occur within a growing ingot which cause an increase in the concentration of lattice defects. This concentration can be reduced by subsequent annealing. An etch pit orientation effect was observed enabling the growth direction of an ingot to be determined, arising from a correspondence between preferential growth and etching planes. Photoconductivity in tellurium at 77 K was found to be decreased by abrasive polishing of the samples and increased by annealing. Transient photoconductivity was found to be characterized approximately by two time constants, one of the order of microseconds and the other tens of microseconds. The largest D* detectivity measured on the samples was 1.3 x 10('11) cm Hz(' 1/2)w('-1) at 3.5 (mu)m. Crystals of Se(,x)Te(,1-x) were prepared by the Czochralski method for Te-rich and Se-rich compositions with 0.1 > x > 0.95. For intermediate compositions with 0.1 < x < 0.95 it was not possible to obtain Czochralski-ingots due to a meniscus rupture problem arising from excess selenium at the growing interface. In this case crystallographically aligned samples were obtained by a slow cooling method. Measurements on the Se(,x)Te(,1-x) alloys showed a continuous wavelength displacement of the photoconductivity maximum from 3.7 to about 0.8 (mu)m in going from tellurium to selenium. This was accompanied by an increase of some 5 orders of magnitude in the photoresponse, in the photoconductive decay time constants and in the electrical resistivity. From the results the estimated energy gaps were found to change continuously from tellurium to selenium with a possible change of slope starting near 40 at.% Se.
2

Crystal growth and photoconductivity of tellurium and selenium-tellurium alloys

Shih, Ishiang January 1981 (has links)
No description available.
3

The structural and electrical properties of manganese telluride

鍾榮衍, Chung, Wing-hin, Tom. January 1974 (has links)
published_or_final_version / Physics / Master / Master of Philosophy
4

The structural and electrical properties of manganese telluride.

Chung, Wing-hin, Tom. January 1974 (has links)
Thesis (M. Phil.)--University of Hong Kong, 1974.
5

Thermoelectric Properties of P-Type Nanostructured Bismuth Antimony Tellurium Alloyed Materials

Ma, Yi January 2009
Thesis advisor: Zhifeng Ren / Solid-state cooling and power generation based on thermoelectric effects are attractive for a wide range of applications in power generation, waste heat recovery, air-conditioning, and refrigeration. There have been persistent efforts on improving the figure of merit (ZT) since the 1950's; only incremental gains were achieved in increasing ZT, with the (Bi1-xSbx)2(Se1-yTey)3 alloy family remaining the best commercial material with ZT ~ 1. To improve ZT to a higher value, we have been pursuing an approach based on random nanostructures and the idea that the thermal conductivity reduction that is responsible for ZT enhancement in superlattices structures can be realized in such nanostructures. The synthesis and characterization of various nanopowders prepared by wet chemical as well as high energy ball milling methods will be discussed in this dissertation. The solid dense samples from nanopowders were prepared by direct current induced hot press (DC hot press) technique. The thermoelectric properties of the hot pressed samples have been studied in detail. By ball milling ingots of bulk alloy crystals and hot pressing the nanopowders, we had demonstrated a high figure-of-merit in nanostructured bulk bismuth antimony telluride. In this dissertation, we use the same ball milling and hot press technique, but start with elemental chunks of bismuth, antimony, and tellurium to avoid the ingot formation step. We show that a peak ZT of about 1.3 can be achieved. Our material also exhibits a ZT of 0.7 at 250 °C, close to the value reached when ingot was used. This process is more economical and environmentally friendly than starting from bulk alloy crystals. The ZT improvement is caused mostly by the low thermal conductivity, similar to the case using ingot. Transmission electron microscopy observations of the microstructures suggest that the lower thermal conductivity is mainly due to the increased phonon scattering from the high density grain boundaries and defects. The performance of thermoelectric materials is determined by its dimensionless figure-of-merit (ZT) which needs to be optimized within a specific temperature range for a desired device performance. Hence, we show that by varying the Bi/Sb ratio, the peak ZT can be shifted to a higher or lower temperature for power generation applications or a cooling mode operation. A peak ZT of about 1.3 is achieved from a Bi0.4Sb1.6Te3 composition which is highest among the different compositions. These nanostructured bulk samples have a significantly low lattice thermal conductivity compared to the bulk samples due to the increased phonon scattering in the grain boundaries and defects. This study shows that Bi0.5Sb1.5Te3 may potentially perform better for cooling devices, while Bi0.3Sb1.7Te3 should be able to show better power generation efficiency. Several issues related to accurate measurement of thermoelectric properties were identified and many of them were solved during my studies and these are discussed in this thesis. With the data we obtained, it is clear that nanopowder-based thermoelectric materials hold significant promise. Therefore, a review of synthesis of nanostructured materials by solution-based methods, including a hydrothermal process for the Bi2Te3, Bi2Se3, and Bi2Te2.25Se0.75 nanoparticles, a solvothermal route for Sb2Te3 nanostructures, and a polyol process for the preparation of Bi nanostructures is presented in this dissertation. These new nanostructures may find applications in enhancing the thermoelectric performance. Although small sized and well dispersed nanopowders of various thermoelectric materials could be prepared by a solution method in large scale, contamination and partial oxidation are always big challenges in a chemical approach. Hence, a high energy ball milling technique to prepare thermoelectric nanopowders in large scale and without major contamination is still found to be more efficient and preferred. / Thesis (PhD) — Boston College, 2009. / Submitted to: Boston College. Graduate School of Arts and Sciences. / Discipline: Physics.

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