Studies on thermal stabilities of transparent dielectrics/ZnO heterostructures. / 透明电解质/氧化锌异质结热稳定性的研究 / Studies on thermal stabilities of transparent dielectrics/ZnO heterostructures. / Tou ming dian jie zhi/yang hua xin yi zhi jie re wen ding xing de yan jiuJanuary 2007 (has links)
Wang, Ranshi = 透明电解质/氧化锌异质结热稳定性的研究 / 王然石. / Thesis (M.Phil.)--Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2007. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 130-134). / Abstracts in English and Chinese. / Wang, Ranshi = Tou ming dian jie zhi/yang hua xin yi zhi jie re wen ding xing de yan jiu / Wang Ranshi. / Chapter I. --- Abstract / Chapter II. --- Acknowledgement / Chapter III. --- Table of contents / Chapter IV. --- List of figures / Chapter V. --- List of tables / Chapter 1 --- Introduction / Chapter 1.1 --- Motivations / Chapter 1.2 --- Outline of thesis / Chapter 2 --- Experimental Conditions and Techniques Used / Chapter 2.1 --- Sample preparation / Chapter 2.1.1 --- Radio frequency magnetic sputtering / Chapter 2.1.2 --- ITO glass / Chapter 2.1.3 --- Thermal evaporation / Chapter 2.1.4 --- Thermal annealing / Chapter 2.2 --- Optical characterization of ZnO / Chapter 2.2.1 --- Photoluminescence (PL) measurement / Chapter 2.2.2 --- SEM and cathodoluminescence spectroscopy / Chapter 2.3 --- Time-of-FIight Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy (TOF-SIMS ) / Chapter 2.4 --- Electrical measurements / Chapter 3 --- Calibrations / Chapter 3.1 --- Sample Thickness / Chapter 3.2 --- Calibrations of cathodeluminescence measurements / Chapter 3.2.1 --- Probe current and specimen current / Chapter 3.2.2 --- Sample uniformity in CL measurement / Chapter 3.2.3 --- Mirror position / Chapter 3.2.4 --- Non-linear relation between CL emission and current / Chapter 3.2.5 --- CL band-edge emission stability / Chapter 3.2.6 --- Effect of magnification / Chapter 3.2.7 --- Effect of electron beam shift / Chapter 3.2.8 --- Conclusions / Chapter 3.3 --- C-V measurement / Chapter 4 --- Experimental Results and Data Analysis / Chapter 4.1 --- Optical properties / Chapter 4.1.1 --- Luminescence of ZnO / Chapter 4.1.2 --- Light emitting thermal stability of A10x (MgO) capped ZnO film / Chapter 22.214.171.124 --- Emission degradations in annealing treatment by PL / Chapter 126.96.36.199 --- Evidence about the interface degradation / Chapter 188.8.131.52 --- CL studies of the emission from sample surface / Chapter 4.2 --- Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy (SIMS) studies of AIOx-capped ZnO / Chapter 4.2.1 --- Data processing / Chapter 4.2.2 --- Diffusion width / Chapter 4.3 --- Simulation of Zn out diffusion to the dielectric layer / Chapter 4.3.1 --- Structure and assumptions / Chapter 4.3.2 --- Calculations of diffusion by Fick's Law / Chapter 4.3.3 --- Simulation of PL reduction from diffusion / Chapter 4.3.4 --- Short-time PL / Chapter 4.4 --- Simulation of defects generation in emission reduction process / Chapter 4.4.1 --- Some calculations of continuity equation / Chapter 4.4.2 --- First order equation for defect generation / Chapter 4.5 --- Electrical measurements / Chapter 4.5.1 --- Theory of C-V measurement for MOS structure / Chapter 184.108.40.206 --- MOS Structure / Chapter 220.127.116.11 --- Discussions about surface charge and energy level in C-V experiments of MOS / Chapter 18.104.22.168 --- Useful formulations / Chapter 4.5.2 --- Experimental results of C-V and parameter extraction / Chapter 22.214.171.124 --- Effect of series resistance correction / Chapter 126.96.36.199 --- Effect of thermal annealing to C-V curves on dielectric/ZnO/ITO / Chapter 188.8.131.52 --- Doping concentration (ND) / Chapter 184.108.40.206 --- Discussion about the fixed and mobile charge / Chapter 4.5.3 --- Simulation of C-V relation in dielectric/ZnO / Chapter 4.5.4 --- Current-voltage (I-V) measurements / Chapter 4.5.5 --- Conductance-voltage measurements (G-V) and interface trap density / Chapter 4.5.6 --- DLTS measurements for extracting interface trap density / Chapter 5 --- Discussions and Conclusion / Chapter 5.1 --- Mechanism / Chapter 5.2 --- Conclusions / Chapter 5.3 --- Future plan / Chapter 6 --- References
Thermal properties of nanostructured Pd₈₂Si₁₈ alloy. / 納米鈀硅合金的熱性質 / Thermal properties of nanostructured Pd₈₂Si₁₈ alloy. / Na mi ba gui he jin de re xing zhiJanuary 2000 (has links)
Chan Chun Wai = 納米鈀硅合金的熱性質 / 陳進偉. / Thesis (M.Phil.)--Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2000. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 18-20). / Text in English; abstracts in English and Chinese. / Chan Chun Wai = Na mi ba gui he jin de re xing zhi / Chen Jinwei. / Acknowledgements --- p.III / Abstract --- p.IV / 摘要 --- p.V / Chapter Chapter One ´ؤ --- Introduction / Chapter 1.1 --- Novel materials in the 21st century --- p.1 / Chapter 1.2 --- What are Nanocrystalline Materials? --- p.1 / Chapter 1.3 --- The superior properties of Nanocrystalline Materials --- p.2 / Chapter 1.4 --- Fabrication of Nanocrystalline Materials --- p.3 / Chapter 1.5 --- Flaws of the as-produced Nanophase Materials --- p.4 / Chapter 1.6 --- Theory of Phase Separation --- p.4 / Chapter 1.7 --- Nucleation and Growth --- p.6 / Chapter 1.7.1 --- Homogeneous nucleation / Chapter 1.7.2 --- Heterogeneous nucleation / Chapter 1.8 --- Spinodal Decomposition / Chapter 1.8.1 --- How SD differs from the classical diffusion process? / Chapter 1.8.2 --- Dynamics of SD / Chapter 1.8.3 --- How can we distinguish SD from Nucleation and Growth? / Chapter 1.8.4 --- Pore-free nanophase materials produced by Liquid Phase SD / Chapter 1.9 --- Thermal properties of the pore-free nanostructured Pd82Si18 Alloy --- p.12 / Chapter 1.9.1 --- A review of grain growth in nanophase materials / Chapter 1.9.2 --- Grain growth study on LSD Pd82Si18 alloy 一 aim and prospect / References --- p.18 / Figures --- p.21 / Chapter Chapter Two 一 --- Experimental / Chapter 2.1 --- Introduction --- p.28 / Chapter 2.2 --- From preparation of samples to microstructure analysis --- p.28 / Chapter 2.2.1 --- Alloying / Chapter 2.2.2 --- Fluxing / Chapter 2.2.3 --- Rapid Solification / Chapter 2.2.4 --- Annealing / Chapter 2.2.5 --- Microstructure analysis / Figures --- p.31 / Chapter Chapter Three ´ؤ --- Results and discussions / Thermal stability of bulk nanostructured alloys prepared by liquid phase spinodal decomposition --- p.34 / References --- p.40 / Table --- p.43 / Figures --- p.44 / Chapter Chapter Four ´ؤ --- Conclusions --- p.61
Thermally induced association/dissociation of polymers in dilute solutions. / CUHK electronic theses & dissertations collectionJanuary 2008 (has links)
Chapter 1 briefly introduces the theoretical background of the association and dissociation of polymer chains or colloidal particles are briefly introduced, including thermodynamic consideration and viscoelastic effect on the formation of mesoglobular phase in dilute polymer solutions, as well as some basic theories and universal models of fractal aggregates. / Chapter 2 details the theories of static and dynamic laser light scattering (LLS) as well as the instrumental set-up. In addition, the invention and set-up of differential refractometer are briefly discussed. / Chapter 3 summarizes laser light-scattering (LLS) and stopped-flow studies of association of cyclic- and linear-poly( N-isopropylacrylamide) (c-PNIPAM and l-PNIPAM) chains in dilute aqueous solutions. Dynamic and static LLS results reveal that the heating leads to a microphase transition. Resultant structures of interchain aggregates depend on the heating rate and the chain structure. In comparison with l-PNIPAM chains, a slow heating of c-PNIPAM chains in the solution results in stable mesoglobules with a lower average aggregation number, a looser structure and a smaller average size (∼290 nm). The temperature-jump induced association of c -PNIPAM chains in the stopped-flow measurement reveals two kinetic stages; namely, the loose packing of contracted c-PNIPAM chains and further contraction-induced fragmentation of initially packed c-PNIPAM chains due to the lack of interchain entanglements. On the other hand, for l-PNIPAM chains, the intrachain contraction and interchain penetration/entanglement simultaneously occur as the temperatures increases, leading to larger and more compact aggregates whose size increases with the solution temperature. / Chapter 4 discusses the association of water-soluble PNIPAM-monolayer-protected gold particles in dilute dispersions induced by heating the dispersions to different final temperatures higher than the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of PNIPAM chains via the slow and fast processes. LLS was used to trace and characterize the association process, supplemented by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) measurements. The slow heating-and-cooling cycle reveals that the association and dissociation of PNIPAM-protected gold nanoparticles can be easily induced by altering the solution temperatures and the association and dissociation are fully reversible. Fast heating the dispersion to three different temperatures reveals that both the aggregation rate and average aggregation number increase with the dispersion temperature. Furthermore, the fast heating leads to the formation of fractal aggregates. The fractal dimensions of such formed aggregates continuously increases as the time evolves, which can be ascribed to the simultaneous dissociation that leads to the restructuring and rearrangement of the aggregates, resulting in denser structures. It is interesting to note that the structure of aggregate always remains fractal during the whole process. / Chapter 5 shows how water-dispersible nanosized semiconductor CdS particles (quantum dots, QDs) can be synthesized with a protective layer of covalently grafting linear thermally sensitive PNIPAM chains as well as how these CdS particles can be induced into reversible association and dissociation via an alteration of the dispersion temperature. The formation and fragmentation of these QDs aggregates were systematically investigated by laser light scattering (LLS) and confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). There exists a hysteresis in one heating-and-cooling cycle. The CdS particles stabilized with shorter PNIPAM chains (Mn = 15,000 g/mol) can associate to form larger and denser spherical aggregates with a much higher aggregation number than those grafted with longer PNIPAM chains ( Mn = 31,000 g/mol) in the heating process. The dissociation (fragmentation) in the cooling process has two stages: initially, the aggregates dissociate as the temperature decreases, and then, the fragmentation stops over a wider temperature range before its final complete dissociation at a lower temperature. We attribute such a two-stage fragmentation to a balanced effect of inter- and intra-chain hydrogen bonding as well as to the hydrophobic interaction between PNIPAM chains and CdS particles. / In this Ph.D. thesis, temperature-induced association and dissociation of various polymeric systems were systematically investigated by a combination of static and dynamic laser light scattering (LLS), supplemented by other methods, such as stopped-flow temperature jump, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). / Ye, Jing. / Adviser: Wu Chi. / Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 70-06, Section: B, page: 3533. / Thesis (Ph.D.)--Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2008. / Includes bibliographical references. / Electronic reproduction. Hong Kong : Chinese University of Hong Kong,  System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader. Available via World Wide Web. / Electronic reproduction. [Ann Arbor, MI] : ProQuest Information and Learning, [200-] System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader. Available via World Wide Web. / Abstracts in English and Chinese. / School code: 1307.
Glass forming ability of metallic alloys =: 金屬合金的玻璃化能力. / 金屬合金的玻璃化能力 / Glass forming ability of metallic alloys =: Jin shu he jin de bo li hua neng li. / Jin shu he jin de bo li hua neng liJanuary 1996 (has links)
by Chua Lai Fei Joseph. / Thesis (M.Phil.)--Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1996. / Includes bibliographical references. / by Chua Lai Fei Joseph. / ACKNOWLEDGMENTS --- p.2 / ABSTRACT --- p.3 / Chapter CHAPTER 1: --- INTRODUCTION --- p.5 / Chapter 1.1 --- METALLIC GLASS --- p.5 / Chapter 1.2 --- SOLIDIFICATION PROCESS OF AN ALLOY --- p.7 / Chapter 1.2.1 --- COOLING PATH --- p.7 / Chapter 1.2.2 --- FREE VOLUME MODEL --- p.8 / Chapter 1.2.3 --- NUCLEATION --- p.9 / Chapter 1.2.4 --- LIQUID PHASE SEPARATION --- p.10 / Chapter 1.3 --- IDEAS ON SOME CHARACTERISTIC PARAMETER OF GLASS AND GLASS FORMING ABILITY OF AN METALLIC ALLOY --- p.11 / Chapter 1.3.1 --- CORRELATION FOR THE EXPANSION COEFFICIENT AND THE GLASS TRANSITION TEMPERATURE --- p.11 / Chapter 1.3.2 --- CORRELATION FOR THE GLASS FORMING ABILITY WITH CRYSTALLINE COMPOUNDS/SOLID-SOLUTIONS --- p.12 / REFERENCES --- p.13 / Chapter CHAPTER 2: --- EXPERIMENTAL --- p.17 / Chapter 2.1 --- SAMPLE PREPARATION --- p.17 / Chapter 2.2 --- EXPERIMENTAL DETAILS FOR ALPHA MEASUREMENT --- p.17 / Chapter 2.3 --- EXPERIMENTAL DETAILS FOR FINDING EQUILIBRIUM PHASES AND GLASS FORMING ABILITY OF AN ALLOY --- p.20 / Chapter 2.3.1 --- FINDING EQUILIBRIUM PHASES --- p.20 / Chapter 2.3.2 --- FINDING GLASS FORMING ABILITY --- p.21 / Chapter CHAPTER 3: --- CORRELATION FOR THERMAL EXPANSION COEFFICIENTS OF MOLTEN GLASS FORMING SYSTEMS --- p.28 / REFERENCES --- p.37 / Chapter CHAPTER 4: --- CORRELATION FOR THE GLASS FORMING ABILITY OF PD83.5-XCUXSI16.5 WITH CRYSTALLINE COMPOUNDS/SOLID- SOLUTIONS --- p.38 / Chapter 4.1 --- INTRODUCTION --- p.39 / Chapter 4.2 --- EXPERIMENTAL --- p.39 / Chapter 4.3 --- RESULTS --- p.41 / Chapter 4.4 --- DISCUSSION --- p.43 / REFERENCES --- p.54 / Chapter CHAPTER 5: --- CONCLUSION --- p.55
Shah, Minalben B.
27 August 2003
Graduation date: 2004
Shadowspeaker, Ludi A.
26 August 2003
Graduation date: 2004
15 March 2001
By the investigation of the bulk metallic glass-forming liquids that have very low critical cooling rates, the thermodynamics of metallic glasses can be clarified. For studying thermodynamic properties, such as the specific heat capacity, calorimetry (DSC) is utilized and one of the most used instruments is the differential scanning calorimeter. In this study calorimetry was used to investigate the thermodynamics of the Pd������Ni������Cu������P������ alloy. The specific heat capacity of the liquid and crystalline state, enthalpy, entropy, as well as Gibbs free energy difference between the liquid and crystalline state were measured and evaluated in comparison with previous studies of the alloy. The Pd������Ni������Cu������P������ alloy is known as a metallic glass-forming alloy that has high ability for vitrification without crystallization. By observing the onset of heat flux of the exothermic reactions in the DSC, the time-temperature-transformation diagram can be constructed, and the diagram confirms the high ability for the vitrification for the sample. In addition, the effect of fluxing by B���O��� to reduce heterogeneous nucleation is determined by the TTT-diagram. The enthalpy change during the crystallization was directly measured in experiments in which the sample was held isothermally in the DSC. Both enthalpies, calculated from the specific heat capacity measurements and direct measured enthalpy exactly match each other. The very interesting effect in these experiments is an effect of heat treatment in the samples. Two glass transition temperatures can be noticeably recognized by scanning the exothermic event of the sample with the DSC. The material separates into two undercooled liquids. The two phases that are separated during heat treatment can be described by two different fragility parameters. / Graduation date: 2001
Arceo, Abraham, 1976-
28 August 2008
Polymers, by virtue of their chemical composition and molecular architecture, exhibit a diverse range of microstructural features and properties. As thin films, due primarily to effects associated with confinement and interfacial interactions, their properties may be film-thickness dependent. The significance of their thicknessdependent behavior is underscored by the fact that polymer films are of technological interest in areas that include, sensors, catalysts and organic electronics. One challenge associated with the use of thin film polymers is to understand the role of confinement and interfacial interactions on thermally induced transitions, such as vitrification and various morphological transitions. To this end, the work presented in this dissertation focuses on the behavior of thermally induced transitions in two thin film polymer-based systems: (1) an A-b-B diblock copolymer which can undergo a disorder-to-order transitions (ODT), wherein the ordered state exhibits varying geometrical symmetries, depending on the relative volume fractions of the A and B components; (2) an amorphous polymer filled with particles of nanoscale dimensions. The first of three problems examined is the influence of supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO₂) on the order-disorder transition of thin film symmetric A-b-B diblock copolymer systems. We show that the transition (xN)ODT, where x is the energetic A-B Flory-Huggins interaction parameter and N is the total degree of polymerization of the copolymer, of the thin film decreased ~ 20% compared to the bulk; the decrease was more significant in scCO₂ environments. The decrease of (xN)ODT in scCO₂ is contrary to observations in bulk copolymer-scCO₂ systems where the effective A-B interactions are weaker, hence the condition for the transition increases to higher (xN)ODT values. With regard to the second problem, we show for the first time experimentally that nanoparticles induced order into thin films of a symmetric A-b-B diblock copolymer at temperatures below the bulk ODT. Finally, we examine the influence of polystyrene (PS) grafted nanoparticles on the glass transition of PS films of varying molecular weight and thickness. We demonstrate that by controlling spatial distribution of nanoparticles, through driving forces of entropic origin, the glass transition temperature of the film can be changed drastically, as much as tens of degrees.
The influence of film thickness and molecular weight on the thermal properties of ultrathin polymer filmsSingh, Lovejeet 05 1900 (has links)
No description available.
An experimental investigation of the thermal stability of multiple heat sources in moist porous mediaDaley, Wayne Dwight Roomes 05 1900 (has links)
No description available.
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