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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
41

Temporal and spatial correspondence of intramural rotors and epicardial breakthrough patterns during ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation in the swine heart

Kim, Jong Jin. January 2007 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis (M.S.)--University of Alabama at Birmingham, 2007. / Description based on contents viewed Oct. 5, 2007; title from title screen. Includes bibliographical references (p. 19-20).
42

Multimodality image registration

Prasai, Persis. January 2006 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis (M.S.)--University of Alabama at Birmingham, 2006. / Description based on contents viewed June 26, 2007; title from title screen. Includes bibliographical references.
43

Topological analysis and visualization of micro structure of trabecular bone

Wang, Xiaoting, 王筱婷 January 2004 (has links)
published_or_final_version / Computer Science and Information Systems / Master / Master of Philosophy
44

3D reconstruction of coronary artery and brain tumor from 2D medical images

Law, Kwok-wai, Albert., 羅國偉. January 2004 (has links)
published_or_final_version / Electrical and Electronic Engineering / Doctoral / Doctor of Philosophy
45

Development of a Positioning System for 3D Ultrasound

Poulsen, Carsten 18 October 2005 (has links)
"Ultrasound has developed from 2D into 3D ultrasound in recent years. 3D ultrasound gives enhanced diagnostic capabilities and can make it easier for less trained people to interpret ultrasound images. In general there are two ways of getting a 3D ultrasound image : By using a 2D array scanner (giving 3D images directly) or by using a series of 2D scans and combine these scans to build a 3D volume. The only practical scanning technique that can be used for portable systems is freehand scanning that combines a series of 2D images. 3D images acquired by using a conventional ultrasound transducer and the freehand scanning technique are, however, often misaligned laterally and have unevenly spacing. These errors can be corrected if the position associated with each 2D image is known. Commercially available positioning systems use magnetic or optical tracking, but these systems are very bulky and not portable. We have proposed another way to get the position by tracking on the skin surface. This is done by obtaining digital images of the surface at a very high rate and then cross correlating each image to reveal the change in position. Accumulating these changes will then give the correct location (in two dimensions) relative to a starting point. Correct volume and surface rendering can therefore be achieved when a scan is done. A custom-made housing was made to mount an optical sensor to the ultrasound transducer. The optical sensor was placed in the housing and the hardware circuit from an optical mouse was used to interface to a USB interface. An implementation with an optical fiber was also made since this could fit easily to the transducer handle. In Windows a custom-made mouse driver was used to extract the position information from the sensor. This driver allowed multiple mouse devices in the system and removed the acceleration of the mouse, giving a correct transfer of the position. A DLL (Dynamic Link Library) was used to interface to a 3D ultrasound software called Sonocubic. Using the DLL and a custom modified version of Sonocubic 3D construction software has allowed a correct compensation of the acquired ultrasound images. To validate the accuracy of the optical sensor an optical mouse was placed in an XY-recorder to compare the acquired position with the actual position. The test revealed that the accuracy of the optical sensor is very high. A 55 mm movement of the sensor gave a deviation of 0.56 mm which is well within the expected result. A computer generated phantom was made to see if the compensation algorithm was working. The test revealed that the compensation algorithm and the software is working perfectly. Next a vessel phantom was scanned to see that the compensation algorithm (lateral compensation) was working in real life. The test showed that a correct lateral compensation was made. Finally 3D phantoms were custom made to test the accuracy of the system by estimation of a known volume. The system was able to estimate the volume in a phantom within an accuracy of 6 %. Performance of the system with direct imaging, using the optical sensor and a lens, was compared to an implementation with an optical fiber, two lenses and the optical sensor. The optical fiber was difficult to implement since the image contrast was degraded severely through the optical fiber and the lenses. This made it difficult for the correlation algorithm to function correctly and tracking could therefore not be done on a skin surface. Code for an FPGA was made in VHDL to extract the actual images from the optical sensor and display them directly on a computer screen. This was necessary to see how well the sensor was in focus. This proved to be a really useful tool for adjusting the optical system for maximal contrast. The optical tracking on a skin surface is a good way to assist a user doing a freehand scanning to get images without geometric distortion. Furthermore, it is the only real positioning system for a portable system. One requirement for this system is, however, that the object being scanned is flat and does not curve or vary vertically. For most applications this is not the case, and we are therefore proposing an implementation with microgyros that is able to give angle information as well. This would give the system a total of up to 5 instead of just 2 degrees of freedom. The status of this is currently that it can be easily implemented in the DLL, but it is not implemented in the 3D reconstruction software, Sonocubic."
46

Craniofacial fracture patterns : a thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Medicine / Rodney D. Cooter

Cooter, Rodney D. January 1990 (has links)
Typescript (Photocopy) / Bibliography: leaves 243-284 / 284 leaves : / Title page, contents and abstract only. The complete thesis in print form is available from the University Library. / Thesis (M.D.)--Dept. of Surgery, University of Adelaide, Dept. of Surgery, 1992
47

Interactive, quantitative 3D stress echocardiography and myocardial perfusion spect for improved diagnosis of coronary artery disease

Walimbe, Vivek S., January 2006 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Ohio State University, 2006. / Title from first page of PDF file. Includes bibliographical references (p. 143-150).
48

A volumetric approach to segmentation and texture characterisation of ultrasound images

Muzzolini, Russell Ennio 01 January 1997 (has links)
Visual interpretation of noisy images is not an easy problem. This is certainly apparent with ultrasound images. Due to the noise inherent in the images, it is often the case that discrepancies as to location of object boundaries and detection of different tissues arise even among highly trained physicians. The relatively low cost and short image acquisition time, however, make ultrasound an attractive imaging modality. Currently, diagnostic evaluation of ultrasound images is performed on two-dimensional (2D) cross-sections of the object of interest. No depth information is available and there is no way of viewing the outer surface of the object. The only way for a physician to visualise the entire object is by mentally reconstructing the object based on a series of a 2D images as well as prior expectations of the morphology of the object. In the case of abnormal or diseased growth, the physician's expectations often do not correspond to the actual morphology of the object. However, the use of three-dimensional (3D) data acquisition and visualisation may be used to overcome these problems. The present work addresses a number of difficulties in processing 3D ultrasound data. This includes special treatment of the volumetric ultrasound data obtained from a 3D probe, determination of 3D features of the different tissue types present in the ultrasound data and identification and localisation of objects (segmentation) in the volumetric ultrasound data. Experimental results obtained from synthesised and real ultrasound data demonstrate that the present work contributes significantly to the use of ultrasound imaging as a diagnostic tool. As well, the present work can be applied to different imaging modalities or different applications areas and is thus beneficial to the area of biomedical image processing, in general.
49

Efficient and reliable methods for direct parameterized image registration

Brooks, Rupert. January 1900 (has links)
Thesis (Ph.D.). / Written for the Dept. of Electrical & Computer Engineering. Title from title page of PDF (viewed 2008/01/12). Includes bibliographical references.
50

Development of systems for 3D target/organ definitions and contouring /

Han, Bo, January 1900 (has links)
Thesis (M.C.S.)--Carleton University, 2004. / Includes bibliographical references (p. 92-97). Also available in electronic format on the Internet.

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