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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Community perceptions of tuberculosis and people diagnosed with tuberculosis in a rural community in Malawi

Sikwese, Simon Edingtone 19 March 2013 (has links)
The aim of the study was to qualitatively explore and compare the beliefs and perceptions of adult men and women towards Tuberculosis (TB) and TB outpatients in a rural community in Ntcheu district in Malawi January 2011. Method: This qualitative research study was conducted in January 2012 and used focus groups discussions and individual in-depth interviews to collect data. A total of eight FGDs and 16 In Depth Interviews (IDI) were conducted in Ntcheu district in Malawi. Data were collected among adult males and females aged between 18-49 who had ever had and those who had never had TB. Discussions were audio taped, translated and transcribed verbatim into English and analysed using MAXQDA software for qualitative analysis. Results: The local word for TB is “Big Cough”. There were different levels of knowledge about TB between people who have never had and those who had ever had TB. People who had ever had TB could explain different types of TB and discussed multiple symptoms of TB as compared to those that had never had TB. There were positive attitudes towards early diagnosis, treatment and adherence among most respondents. Most respondents believed that TB is curable and that they would go for diagnosis if they had symptoms suggestive of TB. However, they expressed some apprehension based on their belief about the contagiousness of TB and the social consequences of being diagnosed. This apprehension did affect participants’ responses about seeking diagnosis and treatment. Issues of misdiagnosis were also reported where people with symptoms suggestive of TB would travel to the healthy facility repeatedly without being diagnosed with TB. This was another potential barrier to early diagnosis. Conclusion: Early diagnosis of TB among this rural community is affected by several factors. While respondents demonstrated intentions to go for early diagnosis through their belief in the curability of TB, these intentions were obstructed by people’s perception of the severity of the consequences of being found with TB as well as low knowledge on contagiousness of TB. A combination of mass media and interactive communication campaigns covering TB symptoms, contagiousness, addressing issues of stigma related to TB as well as distinguishing TB from HIV can help address the barriers to early diagnosis seeking behaviour.

Social service activities related to the rapidity of positive physical movement of 51 patients on a neuropsychiatric tuberculosis ward at the Veterans Administration Hospital, Augusta, Georgia, from July 1, 1957 through June 30, 1958.

Swinnerton, Gerald A. Unknown Date (has links)
No description available.

Pathway biology of the systemic host response in human tuberculosis : a systems meta-analysis

Bah, Saikou Y. January 2017 (has links)
Tuberculosis caused by members of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality due to infectious disease. Infection with M. tuberculosis results in recruitment of immune cells into the lungs where granulomata are formed in which the bacteria have limited nutrient and carbon sources with the exception of lipids. There is increasing evidence linking immunity and metabolism; including metabolites generated in the cholesterol biosynthesis pathways, in particular, oxidised cholesterol (oxysterols). Two immune-regulated oxysterols, 25 hydroxycholesterol (25HC) and vitamin D metabolites (1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D2 and 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D3) are also known to have strong physiological effects on immune responses. Work in this thesis investigates host immune responses and links to lipid metabolism to tuberculosis infection using hypothesis and data driven approaches. The effects of 25HC and vitamin D metabolites in mycobacterial growth were investigated in 7H9 culture media in vitro and in whole blood ex vivo using a growth inhibition assay (BCG-lux). These studies demonstrated that supplementation of 7H9 with these compounds does not directly affect the mycobacterial growth. Furthermore, whole blood mycobacterial growth inhibition assays indicate lack of effect on mycobacterial growth. These results suggest, under the conditions tested that host oxysterols do not have a direct effect on mycobacterial growth cycle. However, the question of whether sterols have a role in vivo remains. To gain insight into in vivo host systemic host responses to tuberculosis, a metaanalysis of five adult tuberculosis (TB) datasets from 4 different study sites consisting of 692 tuberculosis patients and controls and two childhood TB datasets from 3 different study sites consisting of 257 subjects was conducted. Results from the meta-analysis revealed statistically significant modulation of genes involved in immunity and cellular metabolism. Specifically, there was up regulation of innate immune response genes such as defensins, MPO, C1Q components, TLRs including TLR2, 4 and 5, interferon inducible genes such as IFITM, IFI44, and IFITM in tuberculosis patients. Adaptive immune response genes including T cell signaling genes such as CD40, ICOS, ITK and ZAP70 were down regulated in active tuberculosis patients. Metabolic genes including GPR84, ALPL, RETN, SLC2A3 and GYG1 recently identified as part of a neonatal sepsis classifier, were all up regulated in active tuberculosis. This data suggests significant modulation of host immune metabolic responses in tuberculosis. Next, differentially expressed genes from the meta-analysis were used to investigate in vivo systemic modulation of the sterol biosynthesis pathway. Results obtained suggested accumulation of metabolites in the cholesterol biosynthesis pathway in active tuberculosis due to up regulation of isopentenyl diphosphate isomerase (IDI) and down regulation of lanosterol synthase (LSS). Accumulation of intermediate metabolites such as dimethylallyl pyrophosphate (DMAPP) could potentially affect the host immune response as stimulators of natural killer cells and also as potential carbon sources for mycobacterial anabolic pathways. Genes involved in cholesterol transport including APOL1, APOL2 and ABCA1 were up regulated in active tuberculosis patients. This suggests a potential role of host sterol metabolism in tuberculosis pathogenesis and immunity. Finally differentially regulated genes were subjected to global pathway analyses to determine systemic host modulated pathways. Results suggested up regulation of innate immune pathways including TLR and NOD-like receptor signaling pathways, which lead to the induction of pro-IL-1β and its conversion into mature IL-1β by the inflammasome and the expression of IP-10. Also up regulated were the complement and coagulation and systemic lupus erythematosus pathways. In contrast, adaptive immune pathways were supressed in active tuberculosis including T cell signaling due to down regulation of proximal signaling molecules including CD3 components CD28, LAT and ITK. Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction and B cell receptor-signaling pathways were also down regulated in active tuberculosis. Furthermore, in silico white blood cell deconvolution analysis based on the gene expression signals indicated higher and lower proportions of innate and adaptive immune cells respectively in active tuberculosis compared to latently infected and uninfected healthy controls. In summary these investigations suggest modulation of host immune metabolic pathways in tuberculosis. This could have an important implication in the effort to enhance the immune response to mycobacterial infection through the modulation of the immune-metabolic-axis in host-directed therapy.

The Causes of non-compliance to tuberculosis treatment in patients at Matlala District Hospital

Linzamo, Freddy Moba January 2011 (has links)
Thesis (M Med (Family Medicine)) -- University of Limpopo(Medunsa Campus), 2011.

A case-control study with risk factors analysis of tuberculosis patients of the floating population in Guangzhou

Li, Dapeng, January 2009 (has links)
Thesis (M.P.H.)--University of Hong Kong, 2009. / Includes bibliographical references (p. 63-74).

Ignorant, dirty, and poor the perception of tuberculosis in Newfoundland, 1908-1912 /

Knowling, William Ronald January 1900 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis (M.A.)--Memorial University of Newfoundland, 1997. / Includes bibliographical references.

Tuberculosis en el Perú

Arroyo, K., Calle, D., Guevara, J., Huamaní, V., Lozano, G., Martínez, B. 07 July 2010 (has links)
Presentación de Trabajo Final para el curso Informática para Ciencias de la Salud (ME50) 2010-1

Tuberculosis pulmonar infantil

Campos, S., Dorival, M., Ormeño, M., Rojas, C., Tanta, C., Tarazona, V. 07 July 2010 (has links)
Presentación de Trabajo Final para el curso Informática para Ciencias de la Salud (ME50) 2010-1

A statistical comparison of tuberculosis between Virginia and Michigan submitted in partial fulfillment ... Master of Science in Public Health ... /

Cornick, David Johnson. January 1939 (has links)
Thesis (M.S.P.H.)--University of Michigan, 1939.

An epidemiological study of fatal tuberculosis in Grand Rapids, Michigan a thesis submitted in partial fulfillment ... Master of Science in Public Health ... /

Miller, Myron D. January 1946 (has links)
Thesis (M.P.S.H.)--University of Michigan, 1946.

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