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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Chemical and evaporative behaviors of synthetic liquid nuclear waste

Cline, Donna MacGrath 20 August 1991 (has links)
In the 1960's the Department of Energy at Oak Ridge National Laboratory designed eight 50,000 gallon storage tanks for the liquid nuclear waste. Each tank was designed with its own ventilation system to purge radiolytic hydrogen and oxygen from the tank. This design induced water removal and necessitated the additional requirement of entraining radioactivity from the exiting system by the use of demisters and HEPA filters. Up until the 1980's this was a sufficient method, via the hydrofracture process, of disposing the liquid nuclear waste. However since then, this method has been terminated and the tanks are nearing capacity. In the transfer of the liquid waste to the holding tanks, large amounts of water are used to prevent line clogging and solid build up in the pipes. Utilizing the existing system, this thesis proposes the idea of sparging air into the liquid waste and increasing the tank temperature in order to eliminate excess water. Parameters such as increasing the sparging air temperature, and dehumidifying and eliminating carbon dioxide from the sparging air, are investigated theoretically and experimentally in small scale experiments. In addition, the effects of vapor pressure lowering and its simultaneous effect on the evaporation rate are investigated through the activity coefficient of sodium nitrate, the major component of the liquid waste. Precipitate blockage formations in the sparging tube have also been addressed.

Cyanide waste management: technologies, economic aspects, and constraints

文玉蘭, Man, Yuk-lan, Catherine. January 1996 (has links)
published_or_final_version / Environmental Management / Master / Master of Science in Environmental Management

Phase transformations and leaching behavior of hazardous zinc stabilized in aluminum-based ceramic products

Lu, Xiuqing, 卢秀清 January 2015 (has links)
published_or_final_version / Civil Engineering / Doctoral / Doctor of Philosophy

Biochar, a novel low ash matrix for the chemchar gasification

Bapat, Harshavardhan D. January 1999 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Missouri-Columbia, 1999. / Typescript. Vita. Includes bibliographical references. Also available on the Internet.

Mechanisms of thermally stabilizing copper and zinc waste in ceramic matrix

Tang, Yuanyuan, 唐圆圆 January 2012 (has links)
This study proposed and evaluated a waste-to-resource strategy for beneficially using solid waste as ceramic raw materials. The sludge generated from waterworks and sewage treatment processes contains significant amounts of aluminum and iron, and the industrial sludge is enriched with high metal content. The hazardous metals in waste sludge may lead to metal bioaccumulation and cause adverse effects for ecosystem. This study aims to stabilize copper- and zinc-laden sludge in commonly available ceramic products, and to beneficially use waterworks and sewage sludge to incorporate waste metals. The study was first investigated by sintering simulated metal-laden sludge with Al-rich (γ-Al2O3, -Al2O3, kaolinite, mullite) and Fe-rich (Fe2O3) precursors. Secondly, the practicability of recycling Cu-bearing electroplating sludge as a part of ceramic raw materials was evaluated through thermal interaction with Al-rich precursors. Furthermore, the potential of using water and sewage treatment works sludge to stabilize metals were also examined. Sintering procedures were carried out within 650-1450 oC for 3 h, and phase transformations were studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD) with the quantification technique of Rietveld refinement analysis. The formation of CuAl2O4 spinel was initiated at 650 oC using γ-Al2O3, and the maximum copper transformation reached 80%. The copper incorporation into CuAl2O4 started at 850 oC and reached 95% in -Al2O3 system. The growth of CuAl2O4 was found at 750 oC using kaolinite, but at 900 oC in mullite system. The maximum copper transformation for both kaolinite and mullite reached ~80%. With CuAl2O4, decomposing, the formation of CuAlO2 predominated in alumina systems, but CuO and Cu2O were found in kaolinite and mullite systems. When using Fe2O3, the CuFe2O4 with tetragonal structure was observed at lower temperatures, and the cubic CuFe2O4 became predominant at 1000 oC. The formation of ZnAl2O4 spinel started at 750 oC in γ-Al2O3 system and at 950 oC in -Al2O3 system, respectively. The zinc transformation completed in both γ-Al2O3 and -Al2O3 systems at higher temperatures. The coexistence and competition between ZnAl2O4 and Zn2SiO4 were found using kaolinite and mullite. The increase of temperature to 1350 °C resulted in complete zinc transformation to ZnAl2O4 in mullite system. Through leaching tests, aluminates and ferrites were found to be superior to oxide and silicate phases in immobilizing hazardous metals. The leachates of aluminates and ferrites exhibited the behavior of incongruent dissolution, and the Zn2SiO4 leachate showed congruent dissolution. The CuAl2O4 spinel was observed when sintering Cu-laden electroplating sludge with aluminate precursors. The copper leachability decreased with CuAl2O4 developing and the lowest copper concentration in leachates was within the optimal temperature range for CuAl2O4 generation. Both copper and zinc were successfully incorporated into the spinel structure using waterworks sludge, and the cubic CuFe2O4 became the main component when using sewage sludge to stabilize copper. Overall, this study demonstrated a promising process to stabilize hazardous metals in waste materials, such as sludge, ash, and slag, through sintering with the inexpensive ceramic precursors. This may provide an avenue for economically reduce the environmental hazards of toxic metals by reliably blending them into the marketable ceramic products. / published_or_final_version / Civil Engineering / Doctoral / Doctor of Philosophy

Neutron transmutation of nuclear waste

Hoffman, Edward Albert 08 1900 (has links)
No description available.

The fate of cyanide in groundwater at gasworks sites in South-Eastern Australia /

Meehan, Samantha. January 2000 (has links)
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Melbourne, Dept. of Earth Sciences, 2001. / Typescript (photocopy). Includes bibliographical references.

A preliminary study on the Hong Kong external trade of non-ferrous metal waste (and scrap) and other potentially hazardous waste materials /

Leung, Oi-kwan, Winnie. January 1995 (has links)
Thesis (M. Sc.)--University of Hong Kong, 1995. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 94-96).

An overview of chemical waste management of printed circuit board manufacturing in Hong Kong /

Kwok, Hon-chiu. January 1996 (has links)
Thesis (M. Sc.)--University of Hong Kong, 1996. / Includes bibliographical references (leaf 90-96).

Biochar, a novel low ash matrix for the chemchar gasification /

Bapat, Harshavardhan D. January 1999 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Missouri-Columbia, 1999. / Typescript. Vita. Includes bibliographical references. Also available on the Internet.

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