Spelling suggestions: "subject:"wiretap"" "subject:"wiretaps""
1 
Applications of Low Density Parity Check Codes for Wiretap Channels and Congestion Localization in NetworksDihidar, Souvik 14 November 2006 (has links)
Error control coding in some form is present in virtually every communication system today. Recently, Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) codes have been proposed along with a simple iterative decoding algorithm. These codes have been demonstrated to perform very close to the Shannon Limit. The simplicity of LDPC codes have also led to many interesting asymptotic and finitelength properties of these codes. The techniques for designing good LDPC codes over a wide variety of channels have been studied. LDPC codes are being used in a wide variety of applications, such as fading channels, Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) systems, source compression etc. This proposal investigates the use of LDPC codes in wiretap channel systems such as quantum key distribution and for congestion localization in large networks.
Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) is secure key exchange method where the two legitimate parties first transmit information over a quantum channel, which can be eavesdropped on by the eavesdropper. The QKD system can be modeled as a special case of an wiretap channel system. An wiretap chanel system is a broadcast system, where the sender has to send a message to a legitimate party over a main channel. The wiretapper also receives the message through another channel called the wiretap channel. The sender has to code the transmitted message in such a way so that the legitimate party is able to recover the message without errors, whereas the wiretapper essentially has no information about the message. As we will see, the encoder for such a system is stochastic as opposed to a deterministic encoder in error correction coding. In this research, we propose a coding scheme using LDPC codes for such systems.
Congestion in a network occurs when some nodes receive more traffic than they can process. It leads to dropping packets and thus lowering the throughput. On the contrary, if other nodes in the network are aware of the congested nodes, new packets can be dynamically routed through less congested routes. We developed a congestion detection mechanism wherein a few high priority probe packets are routed through the network. A central entity collects the contents of all the probe packets and estimates the state (congested or not) of every node in the network. One important parameter of congeston localization schemes is scalability, i.e. how the number of measurements scales with the size of network as the size of the network grows. We have shown that it is possible to do congestion detection using our scheme for a properly designed network with the number of measurements required growing linearly with the size of the network.

2 
Asymmetric encryption for wiretap channelsAlHassan, Salah Yousif Radhi January 2015 (has links)
Since the definition of the wiretap channel by Wyner in 1975, there has been much research to investigate the communication security of this channel. This thesis presents some further investigations into the wiretap channel which improve the reliability of the communication security. The main results include the construction of best known equivocation codes which leads to an increase in the ambiguity of the wiretap channel by using different techniques based on syndrome coding. Best known codes (BKC) have been investigated, and two new design models which includes an inner code and outer code have been implemented. It is shown that best results are obtained when the outer code employs a syndrome coding scheme based on the (23; 12; 7) binary Golay code and the inner code employs the McEliece cryptosystem technique based on BKC0s. Three techniques of construction of best known equivocation codes (BEqC) for syndrome coding scheme are presented. Firstly, a code design technique to produce new (BEqC) codes which have better secrecy than the best error correcting codes is presented. Code examples (some 50 codes) are given for the case where the number of parity bits of the code is equal to 15. Secondly, a new code design technique is presented, which is based on the production of a new (BEqC) by adding two best columns to the parity check matrix(H) of a good (BEqC), [n; k] code. The highest minimum Hamming distance of a linear code is an important parameter which indicates the capability of detecting and correcting errors by the code. In general, (BEqC) have a respectable minimum Hamming distance, but are sometimes not as good as the best known codes with the same code parameters. This interesting point led to the production of a new code design technique which produces a (BEqC) code with the highest minimum Hamming distance for syndrome coding which has better secrecy than the corresponding (BKC). As many as 207 new best known equivocation codes which have the highest minimum distance have been found so far using this design technique.

3 
An exfiltration subversion demonstrationMurray, Jessica L. 06 1900 (has links)
Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited / A dynamic subversion attack on the Windows XP Embedded operating system is demonstrated to raise awareness in developers and consumers of the risk of subversion in commercial operating systems that may be safety critical. SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) systems that monitor and control our critical infrastructure depend on embedded systems. The attack can be loaded onto a fielded system that has been subverted with a small software artifice. The artifice could be inserted into the system at any time in the system's lifecycle. The attack provides a flexible method for the attacker, who may not be the same individual who inserted the artifice, to gain total control of the subverted system. Due to the dynamic loading property of this subversion, the attacker does not have to decide the aspect of the system to be targeted until a time of her choice. The attack does not exploit an existing flaw in the target module but is possible because the initial artifice is inserted into the kernel of an operating system where adversaries have access to source code. This thesis discusses certain aspects of known methods for developing systems free from subversion. Several projects that utilized these methods are presented. / Civilian, Naval Postgraduate School

4 
Polar Coding in Certain New Transmission EnvironmentsTimmel, Stephen Nicholas 15 May 2023 (has links)
Polar codes, introduced by Arikan in 2009, have attracted considerable interest as an asymptotically capacityachieving code with sufficient performance advantages to merit inclusion in the 5G standard. Polar codes are constructed directly from an explicit model of the communication channel, so their performance is dependent on a detailed understanding of the transmission environment. We partially remove a basic assumption in coding theory that channels are identical and independent by extending polar codes to several types of channels with memory, including periodic Markov processes and Information Regular processes. In addition, we consider modifications to the polar code construction so that the inclusion of a shared secret in the frozen set naturally produces encryption via onetime pad. We describe one such modification in terms of the achievable frozen sets which are compatible with the polar code automorphism group. We then provide a partial characterization of these frozen sets using an explicit construction for the Linear Extension Diameter of channel entropies. / Doctor of Philosophy / Efficient, reliable communication has become an essential component of modern society. Errorcorrecting codes allow for the use of redundant symbols to fix errors in transmission. While it has long been known that communication channels have an inherent capacity describing the optimal redundancy required for reliable transmission, explicit constructions which achieve this capacity have proved elusive. Our focus is the recently discovered family of polar codes, which are known to be asymptotically capacityachieving. Polar codes also perform well enough in practice to merit inclusion in the 5G wireless standard shortly after their creation. The polarization process uses an explicit model of the channel and a recursive construction to concentrate errors in a few symbols (called the frozen set), which are then simply ignored. This reliance on an explicit channel model is problematic due to a longstanding assumption in coding theory that the probability of error in each symbol is identical and independent. We extend existing results to explore persistent sources of interference modelling environments such as nearby power lines or prolonged outages. While polar codes behave quite well in these new settings, some forms of memory can only be overcome using very long codewords. We next explore an application relating to secure communication, where messages must be recovered by a legitimate receiver but not by an eavesdropper. Polar codes behave quite well in this environment as well, as we can separately compute which symbols can be recovered by each party and use only those with the desired properties. We extend a recent result which proposes the use of a shared secret in the code construction to further complicate recovery by an eavesdropper. We consider several modifications to the construction of polar codes which allow the shared secret to be used for encryption in addition to the existing information theoretic use. We discover that this task is closely related to the unsolved problem of determining which symbols are in the frozen set for a particular channel. We conclude with partial results to this problem, including two choices of frozen set which are, in some sense, maximally separated.

5 
Physicallayer security: practical aspects of channel coding and cryptographyHarrison, Willie K. 21 June 2012 (has links)
In this work, a multilayer security solution for digital communication systems is provided by considering the joint effects of physicallayer security channel codes with applicationlayer cryptography. We address two problems: first, the cryptanalysis of errorprone ciphertext; second, the design of a practical physicallayer security coding scheme. To our knowledge, the cryptographic attack model of the noisyciphertext attack is a novel concept. The more traditional assumption that the attacker has the ciphertext is generally assumed when performing cryptanalysis. However, with the everincreasing amount of viable research in physicallayer security, it now becomes essential to perform the analysis when ciphertext is unreliable. We do so for the simple substitution cipher using an informationtheoretic framework, and for stream ciphers by characterizing the success or failure of fastcorrelation attacks when the ciphertext contains errors. We then present a practical coding scheme that can be used in conjunction with cryptography to ensure positive error rates in an eavesdropper's observed ciphertext, while guaranteeing errorfree communications for legitimate receivers. Our codes are called stopping set codes, and provide a blanket of security that covers nearly all possible system configurations and channel parameters. The codes require a public authenticated feedback channel. The solutions to these two problems indicate the inherent strengthening of security that can be obtained by confusing an attacker about the ciphertext, and then give a practical method for providing the confusion. The aggregate result is a multilayer security solution for transmitting secret data that showcases security enhancements over standalone cryptography.

6 
Coding techniques for multiuser physical layer securityPierrot, Alexandre Jean Louis J. 21 September 2015 (has links)
The fast development of wireless networks, which are intrinsically exposed to eavesdropping, has created a growing concern for confidentiality. While classical cryptographic schemes require a key provided by the enduser, physicallayer security leverages the randomness of the physical communication medium as a source of secrecy. The main benefit of physicallayer security techniques is their relatively low cost and their ability to combine with any existing security mechanisms. This dissertation provides an analysis including the theoretical study of the twoway wiretap channel to obtain a better insight into how to design coding mechanisms, practical tests with experimental systems, and the design of actual codes. From a theoretical standpoint, the study confirms the benefits of combining several multiuser coding techniques including cooperative jamming, coded cooperative jamming and secret key generation. For these different mechanisms, the tradeoff between reliability, secrecy and communication rate is clarified under a stringent strong secrecy metric. Regarding the design of practical codes, spatially coupled LDPC codes, which were originally designed for reliability, are modified to develop a coded cooperative jamming code. Finally, a proofofprinciple practical wireless system is provided to show how to implement a secret key generation system on experimental programmable radios. This testbed is then used to assess the realistic performance of such systems in terms of reliability, secrecy and rate.

7 
Physicallayer securityBloch, Matthieu 05 May 2008 (has links)
As wireless networks continue to flourish worldwide and play an increasingly prominent role, it has become crucial to provide effective solutions to the inherent security issues associated with a wireless transmission medium. Unlike traditional solutions, which usually handle security at the application layer, the primary concern of this thesis is to analyze and develop solutions based on coding techniques at the physical layer.
First, an informationtheoretically secure communication protocol for quasistatic fading channels was developed and its performance with respect to theoretical limits was analyzed. A key element of the protocol is a reconciliation scheme for secretkey agreement based on lowdensity paritycheck codes, which is specifically designed to operate on nonbinary random variables and offers high reconciliation efficiency.
Second, the fundamental tradeoffs between cooperation and security were analyzed by investigating the transmission of confidential messages to cooperative relays. This informationtheoretic study highlighted the importance of jamming as a means to increase secrecy and confirmed the importance of carefully chosen relaying strategies.
Third, other applications of physicallayer security were investigated. Specifically, the use of secretkey agreement techniques for alternative cryptographic purposes was analyzed, and a framework for the design of practical informationtheoretic commitment protocols over noisy channels was proposed.
Finally, the benefit of using physicallayer coding techniques beyond the physical layer was illustrated by studying security issues in clientserver networks. A coding scheme exploiting packet losses at the network layer was proposed to ensure reliable communication between clients and servers and security against colluding attackers.

8 
Key Agreement over Wiretap Models with NonCausal Side InformationZibaeenejad, Ali January 2012 (has links)
The security of information is an indispensable element of a communication system when transmitted signals are vulnerable to eavesdropping. This issue is a challenging problem in a wireless network as propagated signals can be easily captured by unauthorized receivers, and so achieving a perfectly secure communication is a desire in such a wiretap channel. On the other hand, cryptographic algorithms usually lack to attain this goal due to the following restrictive assumptions made for their design. First, wiretappers basically have limited computational power and time. Second, each authorized party has often access to a reasonably large sequence of uniform random bits concealed from wiretappers.
To guarantee the security of information, Information Theory (IT) offers the following two approaches based on physicallayer security.
First, IT suggests using wiretap (block) codes to securely and reliably transmit messages over a noisy wiretap channel. No confidential common key is usually required for the wiretap codes. The secrecy problem investigates an optimum wiretap code that achieves the secrecy capacity of a given wiretap channel.
Second, IT introduces key agreement (block) codes to exchange keys between legitimate parties over a wiretap model. The agreed keys are to be reliable, secure, and (uniformly) random, at least in an asymptotic sense, such that they can be finally employed in symmetric key cryptography for data transmission. The key agreement problem investigates an optimum key agreement code that obtains the key capacity of a given wiretap model.
In this thesis, we study the key agreement problem for two wiretap models: a Discrete Memoryless (DM) model and a Gaussian model. Each model consists of a wiretap channel
paralleled with an authenticated public channel. The wiretap channel is from a transmitter, called Alice, to an authorized receiver, called Bob, and to a wiretapper, called Eve. The Probability Transition Function (PTF) of the wiretap channel is controlled by a random sequence of Channel State Information (CSI), which is assumed to be noncausally available at Alice. The capacity of the public channel is C_P₁∈[0,∞) in the forward direction from Alice to Bob and C_P₂∈[0,∞) in the backward direction from Bob to Alice. For each model, the key capacity as a function of the pair (C_P₁, C_P₂) is denoted by C_K(C_P₁, C_P₂). We investigate the forward key capacity of each model, i.e., C_K(C_P₁, 0) in this thesis. We also study the key generation over the Gaussian model when Eve's channel is less noisy than Bob's.
In the DM model, the wiretap channel is a Discrete Memoryless Statedependent Wiretap Channel (DMSWC) in which Bob and Eve each may also have access to a sequence of Side Information (SI) dependent on the CSI. We establish a Lower Bound (LB) and an Upper Bound (UB) on the forward key capacity of the DM model. When the model is less noisy in Bob's favor, another UB on the forward key capacity is derived. The achievable key agreement code is asymptotically optimum as C_P₁→ ∞. For any given DM model, there also exists a finite capacity C⁰_P₁, which is determined by the DMSWC, such that the forward key capacity is achievable if C_P₁≥ C⁰_P₁. Moreover, the key generation is saturated at capacity C_P₁= C⁰_P₁, and thus increasing the public channel capacity beyond C⁰_P₁ makes no improvement on the forward key capacity of the DM model. If the CSI is fully known at Bob in addition to Alice, C⁰_P₁=0, and so the public channel has no contribution in key generation when the public channel is in the forward direction.
The achievable key agreement code of the DM model exploits both a random generator and the CSI as resources for key generation at Alice. The randomness property of channel states can be employed for key generation, and so the agreed keys depend on the CSI in general. However, a message is independent of the CSI in a secrecy problem. Hence, we justify that the forward key capacity can exceed both the main channel capacity and the secrecy capacity of the DMSWC.
In the Gaussian model, the wiretap channel is a Gaussian Statedependent Wiretap Channel (GSWC) with Additive White Gaussian Interference (AWGI) having average power Λ. For simplicity, no side information is assumed at Bob and Eve.
Bob's channel and Eve's channel suffer from Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN), where the correlation coefficient between noise of Bob's channel and that of Eve's channel is given by ϱ.
We prove that the forward key capacity of the Gaussian model is independent of ϱ. Moreover, we establish that the forward key capacity is positive unless Eve's channel is less noisy than Bob's. We also prove that the key capacity of the Gaussian model vanishes if the GSWC is physically degraded in Eve's favor. However, we justify that obtaining a positive key capacity is feasible even if Eve's channel is less noisy than Bob's according to our achieved LB on the key capacity for case (C_P₁, C_P₂)→ (∞, ∞). Hence, the key capacity of the Gaussian model is a function of ϱ.
In this thesis, an LB on the forward key capacity of the Gaussian model is achieved. For a fixed Λ, the achievable key agreement code is optimum for any C_P₁∈[0,∞) in both low SignaltoInterference Ratio (SIR) and high SIR regimes. We show that the forward key capacity is asymptotically independent of C_P₁ and Λ as the SIR goes to infinity, and thus the public channel and the interference have negligible contributions in key generation in the high SIR regime. On the other hand, the forward key capacity is a function of C_P₁ and Λ in the low SIR regime. Contributions of the interference and the public channel in key generation are significant in the low SIR regime that will be illustrated by simulations.
The proposed key agreement code asymptotically achieves the forward key capacity of the Gaussian model for any SIR as C_P₁→ ∞. Hence, C_K(∞,0) is calculated, and it is suggested as a UB on C_K(C_P₁,0). Using simulations, we also compute the minimum required C_P₁ for which the forward key capacity is upper bounded within a given tolerance.
The achievable key agreement code is designed based on a generalized version of the Dirty Paper Coding (DPC) in which transmitted signals are correlated with the CSI. The correlation coefficient is to be determined by C_P₁. In contrast to the DM model, the LB on the forward key capacity of a Gaussian model is a strictly increasing function of C_P₁ according to our simulations. This fact is an essential difference between this model and the DM model.
For C_P₁=0 and a fixed Λ, the forward key capacity of the Gaussian model exceeds the main channel capacity of the GSWC in the low SIR regime. By simulations, we show that the interference enhances key generation in the low SIR regime. In this regime, we also justify that the positive effect of the interference on the (forward) key capacity is generally more than its positive effect on the secrecy capacity of the GSWC, while the interference has no influence on the main channel capacity of the GSWC.

9 
Key Agreement over Wiretap Models with NonCausal Side InformationZibaeenejad, Ali January 2012 (has links)
The security of information is an indispensable element of a communication system when transmitted signals are vulnerable to eavesdropping. This issue is a challenging problem in a wireless network as propagated signals can be easily captured by unauthorized receivers, and so achieving a perfectly secure communication is a desire in such a wiretap channel. On the other hand, cryptographic algorithms usually lack to attain this goal due to the following restrictive assumptions made for their design. First, wiretappers basically have limited computational power and time. Second, each authorized party has often access to a reasonably large sequence of uniform random bits concealed from wiretappers.
To guarantee the security of information, Information Theory (IT) offers the following two approaches based on physicallayer security.
First, IT suggests using wiretap (block) codes to securely and reliably transmit messages over a noisy wiretap channel. No confidential common key is usually required for the wiretap codes. The secrecy problem investigates an optimum wiretap code that achieves the secrecy capacity of a given wiretap channel.
Second, IT introduces key agreement (block) codes to exchange keys between legitimate parties over a wiretap model. The agreed keys are to be reliable, secure, and (uniformly) random, at least in an asymptotic sense, such that they can be finally employed in symmetric key cryptography for data transmission. The key agreement problem investigates an optimum key agreement code that obtains the key capacity of a given wiretap model.
In this thesis, we study the key agreement problem for two wiretap models: a Discrete Memoryless (DM) model and a Gaussian model. Each model consists of a wiretap channel
paralleled with an authenticated public channel. The wiretap channel is from a transmitter, called Alice, to an authorized receiver, called Bob, and to a wiretapper, called Eve. The Probability Transition Function (PTF) of the wiretap channel is controlled by a random sequence of Channel State Information (CSI), which is assumed to be noncausally available at Alice. The capacity of the public channel is C_P₁∈[0,∞) in the forward direction from Alice to Bob and C_P₂∈[0,∞) in the backward direction from Bob to Alice. For each model, the key capacity as a function of the pair (C_P₁, C_P₂) is denoted by C_K(C_P₁, C_P₂). We investigate the forward key capacity of each model, i.e., C_K(C_P₁, 0) in this thesis. We also study the key generation over the Gaussian model when Eve's channel is less noisy than Bob's.
In the DM model, the wiretap channel is a Discrete Memoryless Statedependent Wiretap Channel (DMSWC) in which Bob and Eve each may also have access to a sequence of Side Information (SI) dependent on the CSI. We establish a Lower Bound (LB) and an Upper Bound (UB) on the forward key capacity of the DM model. When the model is less noisy in Bob's favor, another UB on the forward key capacity is derived. The achievable key agreement code is asymptotically optimum as C_P₁→ ∞. For any given DM model, there also exists a finite capacity C⁰_P₁, which is determined by the DMSWC, such that the forward key capacity is achievable if C_P₁≥ C⁰_P₁. Moreover, the key generation is saturated at capacity C_P₁= C⁰_P₁, and thus increasing the public channel capacity beyond C⁰_P₁ makes no improvement on the forward key capacity of the DM model. If the CSI is fully known at Bob in addition to Alice, C⁰_P₁=0, and so the public channel has no contribution in key generation when the public channel is in the forward direction.
The achievable key agreement code of the DM model exploits both a random generator and the CSI as resources for key generation at Alice. The randomness property of channel states can be employed for key generation, and so the agreed keys depend on the CSI in general. However, a message is independent of the CSI in a secrecy problem. Hence, we justify that the forward key capacity can exceed both the main channel capacity and the secrecy capacity of the DMSWC.
In the Gaussian model, the wiretap channel is a Gaussian Statedependent Wiretap Channel (GSWC) with Additive White Gaussian Interference (AWGI) having average power Λ. For simplicity, no side information is assumed at Bob and Eve.
Bob's channel and Eve's channel suffer from Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN), where the correlation coefficient between noise of Bob's channel and that of Eve's channel is given by ϱ.
We prove that the forward key capacity of the Gaussian model is independent of ϱ. Moreover, we establish that the forward key capacity is positive unless Eve's channel is less noisy than Bob's. We also prove that the key capacity of the Gaussian model vanishes if the GSWC is physically degraded in Eve's favor. However, we justify that obtaining a positive key capacity is feasible even if Eve's channel is less noisy than Bob's according to our achieved LB on the key capacity for case (C_P₁, C_P₂)→ (∞, ∞). Hence, the key capacity of the Gaussian model is a function of ϱ.
In this thesis, an LB on the forward key capacity of the Gaussian model is achieved. For a fixed Λ, the achievable key agreement code is optimum for any C_P₁∈[0,∞) in both low SignaltoInterference Ratio (SIR) and high SIR regimes. We show that the forward key capacity is asymptotically independent of C_P₁ and Λ as the SIR goes to infinity, and thus the public channel and the interference have negligible contributions in key generation in the high SIR regime. On the other hand, the forward key capacity is a function of C_P₁ and Λ in the low SIR regime. Contributions of the interference and the public channel in key generation are significant in the low SIR regime that will be illustrated by simulations.
The proposed key agreement code asymptotically achieves the forward key capacity of the Gaussian model for any SIR as C_P₁→ ∞. Hence, C_K(∞,0) is calculated, and it is suggested as a UB on C_K(C_P₁,0). Using simulations, we also compute the minimum required C_P₁ for which the forward key capacity is upper bounded within a given tolerance.
The achievable key agreement code is designed based on a generalized version of the Dirty Paper Coding (DPC) in which transmitted signals are correlated with the CSI. The correlation coefficient is to be determined by C_P₁. In contrast to the DM model, the LB on the forward key capacity of a Gaussian model is a strictly increasing function of C_P₁ according to our simulations. This fact is an essential difference between this model and the DM model.
For C_P₁=0 and a fixed Λ, the forward key capacity of the Gaussian model exceeds the main channel capacity of the GSWC in the low SIR regime. By simulations, we show that the interference enhances key generation in the low SIR regime. In this regime, we also justify that the positive effect of the interference on the (forward) key capacity is generally more than its positive effect on the secrecy capacity of the GSWC, while the interference has no influence on the main channel capacity of the GSWC.

10 
Securing Wireless Communication via InformationTheoretic Approaches: Innovative Schemes and Code Design TechniquesShoushtari, Morteza 21 June 2023 (has links) (PDF)
Historically, wireless communication security solutions have heavily relied on computational methods, such as cryptographic algorithms implemented in the upper layers of the network stack. Although these methods have been effective, they may not always be sufficient to address all security threats. An alternative approach for achieving secure communication is the physical layer security approach, which utilizes the physical properties of the communication channel through appropriate coding and signal processing. The goal of this Ph.D. dissertation is to leverage the foundations of informationtheoretic security to develop innovative and secure schemes, as well as code design techniques, that can enhance security and reliability in wireless communication networks. This dissertation includes three main phases of investigation. The first investigation analyzes the finite blocklength coding problem for the wiretap channel model which is equipped with the cache. The objective was to develop and analyze a new wiretap coding scheme that can be used for secure communication of sensitive data. Secondly, an investigation was conducted into informationtheoretic security solutions for aeronautical mobile telemetry (AMT) systems. This included developing a secure coding technique for the integrated Network Enhanced Telemetry (iNET) communications system, as well as examining the potential of postquantum cryptography approaches as future secrecy solutions for AMT systems. The investigation focused on exploring codebased techniques and evaluating their feasibility for implementation. Finally, the properties of nested linear codes in the wiretap channel model have been explored. Investigation in this phase began by exploring the duality relationship between equivocation matrices of nested linear codes and their corresponding dual codes. Then a new coding algorithm to construct the optimum nested linear secrecy codes has been invented. This coding algorithm leverages the aforementioned duality relationship by starting with the worst nested linear secrecy codes from the dual space. This approach enables us to derive the optimal nested linear secrecy code more efficiently and effectively than through a bruteforce search for the best nested linear secrecy codes directly.

Page generated in 0.0238 seconds