1 
Prediction of the thermoenergetic behaviour of an electrohydraulic compact driveMichel, Sebastian, Weber, Jürgen 02 May 2016 (has links) (PDF)
Due to good energyefficiency of electrohydraulic compact drives a cooling aggregate often is not installed. The operating temperature is governed by the complex interaction between dissipative heat input and passive heat output. This paper targets the simulation of the thermoenergetic behaviour of an electrohydraulic compact drive by means of a lumped parameter model in order to predict the operating temperature. The developed thermohydraulic model is validated against measurements utilising thermocouples and a thermographic camera to capture temperatures. The results show, that the presented methodology enables a satisfying accurate prediction of the thermoenergetic behaviour of electrohydraulic compact drives. A further analysis of simulation results is given, highlighting the power losses and heat rejection capabilities of different components. Finally, measures for the improvement of the heat rejection capabilities are studied.

2 
Thermal enhancement strategies for fluid jets impinging on a heated surfaceKing, Andrew James Campbell January 2007 (has links)
This research investigation examines the thermal behaviour of single and arrays of fluid jets impinging at heated surfaces, and formulates enhancement schemes for the jet impingement heat transfer processes for highintensity cooling applications. The proposed techniques are numerically modelled and analysed over a wide parametric range to identify flow characteristics leading to thermal enhancement and optimum performance. The first scheme applies to a single fluid jet and incorporates a protruding object at the impingement surface to improve heat transfer. In this, a conical protrusion of high thermal conductivity is attached to the heated surface directly beneath the jet. Three different aspect ratios of 0.5, 1 and 2 are investigated for the protrusion while the inclusion of a fillet at the base of the cone is also studied. Jet Reynolds numbers between 100 and 30,000 are modelled. The observed thermal performance is compared with a reference case having no surface attachment. With this arrangement, the heat transfer rate typically varies between 10 and 40 percent above the reference case although depending on certain parametric combinations, the heat transfer may increase above or decrease below the reference performance. The highest indicated increase in heat transfer is about 90 percent while 15 percent below is the lowest. Careful selection of cone surface profile creates potential for further thermal enhancement. / The second scheme applies to a single fluid jet and incorporates a recess in the impingement surface to improve heat transfer. In this, a cylindrical cavity is introduced to the surface beneath the jet into which the fluid jet impinges. The effects of the cavity on heat transfer are examined for a number of different cavity diameters, cavity depths and jet discharge heights wherein a surface without a cavity is taken as the reference surface. Cavity diameters of 2, 3 and 4 times the jet diameter are investigated at cavity depths between zero and 4 times the jet diameter. Jet discharge heights range between 2 jet diameters above the reference surface to 2 jet diameters below the reference surface. The jet Reynolds number is varied between 100 and 30,000. With this enhancement technique, increases in heat transfer rates of up to 45 percent are observed when compared to the reference performance. The thermal performance of fluid jet arrays is examined by altering square or hexagonal array configurations to identify flow characteristics leading to optimal heat transfer rates. For this, the jet to jet spacing is varied between 1.5 and 7 times the jet diameter while the jet to surface height is varied between 2 and 6 times the jet diameter. Jet Reynolds numbers between 100 and 30,000 are investigated. For each configuration, a critical jettojet spacing is identified below which the heat transfer is observed to reduce significantly. Correlations for the expected heat transfer for a square or hexagonal array are presented in terms of the jet to jet spacing, jet height and jet Reynolds number.

3 
Prediction of the thermoenergetic behaviour of an electrohydraulic compact driveMichel, Sebastian, Weber, Jürgen January 2016 (has links)
Due to good energyefficiency of electrohydraulic compact drives a cooling aggregate often is not installed. The operating temperature is governed by the complex interaction between dissipative heat input and passive heat output. This paper targets the simulation of the thermoenergetic behaviour of an electrohydraulic compact drive by means of a lumped parameter model in order to predict the operating temperature. The developed thermohydraulic model is validated against measurements utilising thermocouples and a thermographic camera to capture temperatures. The results show, that the presented methodology enables a satisfying accurate prediction of the thermoenergetic behaviour of electrohydraulic compact drives. A further analysis of simulation results is given, highlighting the power losses and heat rejection capabilities of different components. Finally, measures for the improvement of the heat rejection capabilities are studied.

4 
Coupled Heat Transfer Processes in Enclosed Horizontal Heat Generating Rod BundlesSenve, Vinay January 2013 (has links) (PDF)
In a nuclear fuel cask, the heat generating spent fuel rods are packed in a housing and the resulting bundle is placed inside a cask of thick outer shell made of materials like lead or concrete. The cask presents a wide variation in geometrical dimensions ranging from the diameter of the rods to the diameter of the cask. To make the problem tractable, first the heat generating rod bundle alone is considered for analysis and the effective thermal conductance of the bundle is correlated in terms of the relevant parameters. In the second part, the bundle is represented as a solid of equivalent thermal conductance and the attention is focused on the modelling of the cask. The first part, dealing with the effective thermal conductance is solved using Fluent software, considering coupled conduction, natural convection and surface radiation in the heat generating rod bundle encased in a hexagonal sheath. Helium, argon, air and nitrogen are considered as working media inside the bundle. A correlation is obtained for the critical Rayleigh number which signifies the onset of natural convection. A correlation is also developed for the effective thermal conductance of the bundle, considering all the modes of transport, in terms of the maximum temperature in the rod bundle, pitchtodiameter ratio, bundle dimension (or number of rods), heat generation rate and the sheath temperature. The correlation covers pitchtodiameter ratios in the range 1.12, number of rods ranging from 19 to 217 and the heat generation rates encountered in practical applications.
The second part deals with the heat transfer modeling of the cask with the bundle represented as a solid of effective (or equivalent) thermal conductance. The mathematical model describes twodimensional conjugate natural convection and its interaction with surface radiation in the cask. Both Boussinesq and nonBoussinesq formulations have been considered for convection. Numerical solutions are obtained on a staggered mesh with a pressure correction method using a custommade Fortran code. The surface radiation is coupled to the conduction and convection at the solidfluid interfaces. Steadystate results are obtained using timemarching. Results for various quantities of interest, namely, the flow and temperature distributions, Nusselt numbers, and interface temperatures, are presented. The Grashof number based on the volumetric heat generation and gap width is varied from 105 to 5 ×109. The emissivities of the interfaces are varied from 0.20.8 for the radiative calculations. The solidtofluid thermal conductivity ratio for the inner cylinder is varied in the range 520 in the parametric studies. Simulations are also performed with thermal conductivity calculated in an iterative manner from bundle parameters. The dimensionless outer wall conductivity ratio is chosen to correspond to cask walls made of lead or concrete. The dimensionless thickness (with respect to gap width) of the outer shell is in the range of 0.08251, while the inner cylinder dimensionless radius is 0.2. Air is the working medium in the cask for which the Prandtl number is 0.71. Correlations are obtained for the average temperatures and Nusselt numbers at the inner interface in terms of the parameters. The radiation heat transfer is found to contribute significantly to the heat dissipation.

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