Strategic aspects of supply chain relations : an interdisciplinary approach to the analysis of inter-firm cooperation and competitionGupta, Sudheer. January 1998 (has links)
The last decade has witnessed substantial changes in organizational structure, inter-organizational relations and the nature of competition. In particular, the realization of interdependencies across firm boundaries has brought forth a range of mechanisms for coordination among firms in vertically related stages of production, or among direct competitors in the same industry. Our objective is to study inter-organizational relations in an oligopolistic setting to explore the interactions between efficiency and strategic incentives for organizations to engage in various forms of coordination, vertically or horizontally. Specifically, we employ a game-theoretic approach to analyze organizational structure and coordination incentives in relation to process innovation, transfer pricing, and degree of competition between products. This study is divided into four parts. / In the first part, we look at the impact of manufacturer's investments in process innovation to reduce production costs on distribution channel structure, and vice versa. We show that the optimal channel structure decision depends on interactions between two parameters: degree of product differentiation and the extent of production cost reduction. These parameters represent the two primary 'generic strategies' that most organizations follow in order to gain competitive advantage. Second, we show that decentralized manufacturers invest less in process innovation than integrated manufacturers do. However, manufacturers may prefer decentralized, non-coordinated channels to perfectly coordinated channels when product substitutability is high, contrary to efficiency and transaction-cost based arguments for increased coordination. / In the second part, we relax the assumption that a manufacturer has a choice only between integration (or 'hierarchy') and decentralization (or 'market'). Various means of channel coordination are analyzed, and ownership is assumed to be distinct from the particular coordination mechanism employed. It is shown that the consideration of the competitive environment changes incentives for, and benefits to, coordination in various Production, Inventory, and Pricing decisions among members of a supply chain. / In the third part, we focus on horizontal cooperation among firms, ignoring the vertical relations. We consider the possibility of technological spillovers in the process innovation efforts of the manufacturers, and their incentives to engage in cooperative R&D agreements with rivals in the same industry. We develop a two-stage game model with manufacturers producing differentiated products, and establish fairly general conditions under which different cooperative arrangements would be beneficial both for manufacturers and consumers. / In the fourth part, we merge the above two dimensions, i.e., we investigate the interactions between horizontal cooperative agreements among rival manufacturers and vertical coordination arrangements along the supply chain. The models above are extended to incorporate the triple influence of technological spillovers and research joint ventures, along with demand and cost side parameters, on supply chain coordination incentives. We argue that a better understanding of such interactions is crucial in explicating a more relevant theory of the firm.
The impact of systems thinking on company competitiveness : the case of Siemens Ltd. South Africa, a learning organisation.Smyth, Roger. January 2005 (has links)
The dissertation outlines the historical development of organisational complexity theory based on a review of the literature. Particular attention is given to the way in which complexity impacts on the performance of organisations. Systems theories, turbulence and chaos theory, learning and change, and organisational learning are discussed. The challenges to remain competitive which organisations are facing are compared with the approaches which have been taken in the company Siemens Ltd, using a framework which is based on an expanded interpretation of learning organi sations. The impact of the training on a number of young high-potential managers who have been trained using a learning-organisation systemic approach, is investigated. The results suggest that the changing environment of business and the novel form of training which was offered have combined to make the learning which took place deeply personal and central to positive changes to management which are taking place in the company. Recommendations are made of how a systems-thinking approach (and becoming a learning organisation ) can be applied broadly to companies that wish to improve the contributions of their managers in order to improve their comp etitiveness. / Thesis (M.Sc.)-University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, 2005.
Management accounting as constructing and opposing customer focus : three case studies on management accounting and customer relations /Cäker, Mikael, January 2005 (has links) (PDF)
Diss. Linköping : Univ., 2005. / Härtill 3 uppsatser.
Noble, Gary Ian.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Wollongong, 2002. / Typescript. Bibliographical references: leaf 343-373.
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Texas at Austin, 2008. / Vita. Includes bibliographical references.
Thang, Van Nguyen,
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Oregon, 2002. / Typescript. Includes vita and abstract. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 146-152). Also available for download via the World Wide Web; free to University of Oregon users.
Thesis (Ph. D.)--UCLA, 2007. / Vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 196-213).
Transfer of advanced manufacturing technologies from universities to industry: an industry perspective.Rahil, Manal Johnny, Carleton University. Dissertation. Management Studies. January 1992 (has links)
Thesis (M.M.S.)--Carleton University, 1993. / Also available in electronic format on the Internet.
Inter-organizational relationship portfolio management a digital enablement perspective of process alignment and process innovation /Tang, Xinlin. January 2007 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Georgia State University, 2007. / Title from file title page. Arun Rai, committee chair; Detmar Straub, Wesley Johnston, Mark Keil, committee members. Electronic text (163 p. : ill. (some col.)) : digital, PDF file. Description based on contents viewed Oct. 15, 2007. Includes bibliographical references (p. 128-131).
An analysis of participation, quality of care and efficiency outcomes of an inter-organizational network of nursing homesElliot, Amy Elizabeth. January 2007 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Ohio State University, 2007. / Title from first page of PDF file. Includes bibliographical references (p. 168-181).
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