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Hoists and cranes exist in many contexts around the world, often carrying veryheavy loads. The safety for the user and bystanders is of utmost importance. Thisthesis investigates whether it is possible to perform fault detection on a systemlevel, measuring the inputs and outputs of the system without introducing newsensors. The possibility of detecting dangerous faults while letting safe faultspass is also examined.A mathematical greybox model is developed and the unknown parametersare estimated using data from a labscale test crane. Validation is then performedwith other datasets to check the accuracy of the model. A linear observer of thesystem states is created using the model. Simulated fault injections are made,and different fault detection methods are applied to the residuals created withthe observer. The results show that dangerous faults in the system or the sensorsthemselves are detectable, while safe faults are disregarded in many cases.The idea of performing model-based fault detection from a system point ofview shows potential, and continued investigation is recommended.
This diploma thesis deals with the assessment of drafted steel construction of overhead travelling crane by using finite element method. The crane’s lifting capacity is 125t/32t. It is going to be placed in hall of Slovácké strojírny, a. s. in Uherský Brod. Span of the crane is 25.8 meters, wheelbase is 6.7 meters and lifting height is 17 meters. My work contains analysis and assessment of crane construction with a load of fatigue according to ČSN 27 0103.
K problematice efektivního a spolehlivého navrhování nosné konstrukce jeřábových drah / To problems of effective and reliable design of crane girdersKočařová, Jindřiška Unknown Date (has links)
Recently the most often used crane runway beams designed from rolled HEA sections as multispan beams is the topic of this doctoral thesis. It deals with the study of real stress in the cross section focused on local stress analysis in the web of cross section due to eccentricities of wheal load and on the problems of stress analysis above the middle support of multi-span beams. First, the outline of crane supporting structures, currently used methods of implementation and available stress analysis methods are summarized. Than two parametrical studies of crane runway beam design depending on statical determination of the beam, crane span, crane wheelbase and chosen quality of structural steel are presented. Following part of thesis contains the stress analysis of crane runway two-span beam in its continuous part above the middle support on implemented crane supporting structure. Experiment of crane runway two-span beams actions above the middle support are described in the last part of the thesis. Closing part of thesis summarizes results.
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