Success Rates for Reduction of Pediatric Distal Radius and Ulna Fractures by ED PhysiciansKaye, Bryan 03 1900 (has links)
A Thesis submitted to The University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Medicine. / Objective: To determine the success rates for reduction of pediatric distal radius and/or ulna fractures by emergency department (ED) physicians. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of children <18 years of age who presented to a large, urban free standing children’s hospital between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2010 with a fracture of the radius and/or ulna. Patients were excluded if they had an open fracture, were taken directly to the operating room without attempted ED manipulation, or had additional fractures besides isolated radius/ulna fractures. The primary endpoint was the proportion of successful reductions of closed forearm fractures in the ED, as defined by first orthopedic follow up visit. Results: All reductions were performed by Board certified/eligible Pediatric Emergency Medicine (PEM) physician or PEM fellow. There were a total of 15 different PEM faculty and 10 PEM fellows that were involved in the fracture reductions during the study period. There were 295 forearm fractures reduced in the ED during the study period. The mean age was 8.27 years (median 8 years; range 1 to 16) and males comprised 69.2% (n=204) of the study group. A total of 225 (76.3%) fractures were of the distal forearm and 70 involved the midshaft (23.7%). All but 67 (22.7%) patients returned for their orthopedic follow up exam. A total of 33 (14.5%) of all patients required re-manipulation at follow up; 24 in the distal forearm fracture group (22 were closed reductions and 2 open reduction with internal fixation [ORIF]), versus 9 in the midshaft group (7 closed reductions and 2 ORIF). Conclusion: The literature reveals that between 7% and 39% of children who have fracture reductions in the ED by orthopedics will require re-manipulation. Our rate of 14.5% is consistent within that range. With training, pediatric ED physicians have similar success rates as orthopedists in the reduction of forearm fractures.
Safety and efficacy of lung recruitment maneuvers in post-‐operative pediatric cardiac surgical patientsMorandi, Tiffany 03 1900 (has links)
A Thesis submitted to The University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Medicine. / OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the safety of lung recruitment maneuvers in post-operative pediatric cardiac surgical patients. To assess the ability of lung recruitment maneuvers to improve lung function. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesize that ventilator recruitment strategies be well-tolerated in cardiac patients, and that they may benefit such patients by improving physiologic variables such as lung function and oxygenation. METHODS: Sixty‐two pediatric post-operative cardiac surgical patients were randomly selected to include in this retrospective chart review. Study subjects were selected from all patients who met inclusion criteria in the year immediately following implementation of a lung recruitment protocol in a local free‐standing pediatric hospital. Physiologic variables before, during, and after lung recruitment were recorded as well as patient demographics, diagnoses, morbidities and mortality. RESULTS: A statistically significant increase in dynamic compliance of the lungs and renal non-invasive regional oximetry was noted immediately after each recruitment maneuver. There was no statistically significant change in blood pressure, heart rate or oxygen saturation during the maneuvers. There was a transient increase in central venous pressure during the maneuvers (average increase < 1 mmHg). Of the 62 patients, there were 7 cases of pneumonia and 5 cases of small pneumothorax, often resolving without intervention. Significance: Demonstrating recruitment maneuvers are safe in pediatric patients with cardiac disease will allow practitioners to confidently utilize them when caring for ventilated patients. Such patients may benefit from potential improvements in lung function and decreased ventilator-associated morbidities.
Three Cases in Pediatric Neuroradiology: Athabascan Brainstem Dysgenesis Syndrome, Aicardi Goutières Syndrome, and Aplasia of the Parotid GlandsHigley, Meghan 30 April 2012 (has links)
A Thesis submitted to The University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Medicine. / Summary: The human HOXA1 mutation syndromes commonly present with abnormalities of the inner ear and internal carotid arteries. Previous cases describe varying degrees of hypoplasia or aplasia of the affected structures, often with asymmetrical involvement. We present imaging findings documenting complete absence of the internal carotid arteries bilaterally with bilateral Michel aplasia of the inner ear, which, to our knowledge, has not been previously reported. Based on the number of cases identified and birth rates within studied populations, we estimated the incidence of ABDS at 0.5-1:1000 live births on the White River Apache Reservation and 1:3000 live births in the Navajo population. If accurate, this suggests a carrier frequency similar to that for cystic fibrosis in Caucasian populations. ABDS may represent a significantly underrecognized disorder among Athabaskan Native Americans, raising questions of the possible benefit of genetic counseling for affected families. However, cultural considerations in this population bring into question the possible conflict between counseling based on gene theory and traditional beliefs.
Studies in paediatric urologyDewan, P. A. (Patrick Arthur) January 2000 (has links) (PDF)
Includes list of publications and presentations by the author. Bibliography: leaves 166-194. A collection of laboratory and clinical studies in paediatric urology, including prospective and retrospective patient series, case reports of rare conditions. Also, technical innovations are documented and reviewed in light of international experience.
The pediatric nursing role as perceived by nursing personnel and four- to eight-year-old hospitalized childrenHymovich, Debra P. January 1973 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Maryland, 1973. / Vita. eContent provider-neutral record in process. Description based on print version record. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 178-184).
The measurement of the medial longitudinal arch of the foot in children /Gilmour, John Colin. January 1900 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Queensland, 2002. / Includes bibliographical references.
Disclosure and Assent in Pediatric HIVGreene, Morgan 04 1900 (has links)
A Thesis submitted to The University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Medicine. / The purpose of this study was to examine health care providers’ experiences regarding the processes of disclosure and assent in pediatric HIV/AIDS patients. The study population included providers who were involved with the care of pediatric HIV/AIDS. A survey was distributed through email and asked questions to explore provider demographics, the average age of assent to treatment and research, the average age of disclosure of HIV, what factors determine the age of disclosure, barriers to disclosure, provider opinions, and provider perceptions of conflict within the disclosure process. While results showed that there are wide variations among individual patients and providers, most providers agree that disclosure should occur in older school age children (between ages 6-10 years), which is also the time that they typically are able to assent to treatment and clinical trials. Providers often agreed that there is a conflict between the ages of disclosure and assent. Parental concerns (fear of stigma, inappropriate disclosure, and personal guilt) were most often the reason for delays in the disclosure process. The disclosure process was felt to be most effective when done in a step-wise manner that includes multiple practitioners and counseling with families.
A RCT: Is intraoperative acupuncture at acupuncture‐point P6 plus antiemetics more effective than antiemetic therapy alone in preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting in pediatric patients following tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy?Pierson, Kasey 04 1900 (has links)
A Thesis submitted to The University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Medicine. / Purpose: Acupuncture at point P6 has proven efficacious in alleviating postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). Evidence supporting its use in pediatric patients is not nearly as conclusive. Furthermore, acupuncture’s effects when combined with antiemetics needs to be further elucidated. We conducted a double-blinded, randomized controlled trial to investigate the effects of P6 acupuncture combined with antiemetics on pediatric patients undergoing tonsillectomy. Methods: A total of 109 patients between the ages of 3 – 9 years old were randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups prior to surgery. Each group received standard antiemetic medications while only one group received acupuncture intraoperatively. PONV was assessed via usual protocol while the patients remained at the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU) and Day Stay Unit. A follow-up phone call 24 hours following surgery was conducted to assess for overnight symptoms. Results: 106 patients completed the study with 58 randomly assigned to the Treatment Group, whom receive acupuncture and antiemetic therapy, and 48 to the Control Group, receiving only antiemetic therapy. When comparing baseline characteristics and possible confounding factors for each group, no statistical differences between the groups could be found. For primary outcomes, the only significant difference between the two groups occurred with the incidence of nausea in the PACU following the surgery (P = 0.02), but nausea in the Day Stay Unit trended toward significance (P = 0.06). Retching and vomiting incidence did not occur frequently enough in the hospital to be analyzed. No differences between the Treatment Group and Control group were seen in the 24 hours after the patients were discharged from the hospital. Discussion: With no adverse events from its use and with statistically significant efficacy, P6 acupuncture embodies a useful prophylactic treatment for postoperative nausea in children.
Health Related Quality of Life in Children with Osteoporosis: Utility of the DOCC scale and the PODCIMackulin, COLLEEN 20 November 2008 (has links)
Purpose Clinical care providers today are more aware and have a better understanding of how osteoporosis affects a child’s quality of life and their ability to function. Fractures result in pain and suffering for children with this chronic illness and there is often a further reduction in mobility, independence, hospitalization, time out of school, and considerable stress upon the family (Caulton, Ward, Alsop, Dunn, Adams, & Mughal, 2004). No published data could be found on the health related quality of life (HRQoL) for children who have been diagnosed or are receiving treatment for osteoporosis. The purpose of this study was to report on the HRQoL of children with osteoporosis using two validated questionnaires. Methods An exploratory cohort study was conducted with a small convenience sample of 31 children with secondary osteoporosis receiving medical care from the Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO) participated. Data were collected using a generic questionnaire, the Dimension of Childhood Chronicity (DOCC) scale, and a disease specific questionnaire, the Pediatric Outcome Data Collection Instrument (PODCI), both of which measure HRQoL. Results The total score for the DOCC scale was a mean of 59 out of a total possible score of 92. This result was not statistically different when compared with mean of children with disabilities. On the PODCI questionnaire, participants scored the lowest, with scores less than 68, in the areas of sports and physical functioning, pain and comfort, and happiness. Their overall Global Functioning score was 75. These results were statistically significant when compared to a healthy population. Based on the HBSC study question, 70% of study participants rated their health as good or excellent. Conclusions Despite low study numbers, it is evident that their disease has a substantial effect on the day to day life. However, parents do not view their child as unhealthy as they are seeing improvements in their physical functioning and their children are happy and enjoying life. / Thesis (Master, Nursing) -- Queen's University, 2008-11-20 12:49:49.4
Studies in paediatric urology /Dewan, P. A. January 1900 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis (M.Med.Sc.) -- University of Adelaide, Dept. of Paediatrics, 2001. / Includes list of publications and presentations by the author. Bibliography: leaves 166-194.
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