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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

The electrokinetic bioremediation of hydrocarbons from the sub-surface

Carter, Penny C. January 2007 (has links)
Hydrocarbon contamination of soil from accidental spills and negligence represents a major cause of sub-surface contamination. There are numerous physical, chemical and biological techniques available for contaminant remediation. However, many of these methods can be difficult to implement at sites where access to soils, or delivery of treatments, requires substantial excavation works and disruption (for example where contamination is located beneath or adjacent to building structures and underground services). An innovative technology that may provide a solution for the remediation of subsurface contamination without causing interim damage is that of electrokinetic remediation. Electrokinetic remediation is the application of a low voltage, direct current (of the order of mA/cm<sup>2</sup>) between electrodes placed in a contaminated soil system. The production of an electric field causes a number of electrically-induced processes to occur that can promote soil remediation, principally: electromigration, electroosmosis, electrophoresis, and electrolysis. This study examined the use of electrokinetics coupled with biodegradation to remediate kerosene and transformer oil from sub-surface soils. The principal investigations carried out within this study included: the use of electroosmosis as an in situ flushing technique; use of electrokinetics to deliver surfactants into the soil to promote mobilisation of contaminants within the sub-surface; and the use of electrokinetics to create optimum conditions for biodegradation by the delivery of nutrients and electron acceptors, the removal of toxic metabolites, and by controlling the pH and moisture content of the soil. As an integral part of the research, a field trial was designed and set up to determine whether electrokinetics could be used to promote the biodegradation of transformer oil from the subsurface. This was one of the first field trials in the UK for the electrokinetic remediation of hydrocarbon contaminants. The results of the study support the use of electrokinetics as a field tool for the enhancement of remediation in the sub-surface. Laboratory-scale studies showed the potential to mobilise the more soluble hydrocarbons (such as toluene and xylene) in the soil, to deliver enhancing agents (e.g. surfactants and nutrients) and to remove toxic metabolites. The field-scale experiment demonstrated the concept of a relatively low cost treatment cell on-site and provided some evidence that biodegradation of the transformer oil was promoted. Consequently, it is suggested that electrokinetics, with the correct engineering controls in place, provides a valuable method of optimising the biodegradation of hydrocarbons in the sub-surface.

Base-activated persulfate treatment of contaminated soils with pH drift from alkaline to circumneutral

Miraglio, Michael Andrew. January 2009 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis (M.S. in Environmental Engineering)--Washington State University, May 2009. / Title from PDF title page (viewed on May 21, 2009). "Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering." Includes bibliographical references (p. 14-15).

Evaluation of native Ohio plants to lead and zinc contaminated soils /

Ondrasik, William Eric. January 2008 (has links)
Thesis (M.S.)--Youngstown State University, 2008. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 38-41). Also available via the World Wide Web in PDF format.

Phytoremediation of atrazine using selected hybrid poplar genotypes /

Zinkgraf, Matthew S. January 2004 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis (M.S.), Natural Resources, University of Wisconsin--Stevens Point, 2004. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 43-47).

Physicochemical and hydrodynamics aspects of electrokinetics in soil remediation a study based on fundamental principles and modeling approaches /

Oyanader-Rivera, Mario A. Dzurik, Andrew. January 2004 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Florida State University, 2004. / Advisor: Dr. Andrew Dzurik, Florida State University, College of Engineering, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering. Title and description from dissertation home page (viewed July 12, 2004). Includes bibliographical references.

Niche applications of in-vessel composting

von Fahnestock, Frank Michael, January 2005 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Ohio State University, 2005. / Title from first page of PDF file. Document formatted into pages; contains xvii, 233 p.; also includes graphics (some col.). Includes bibliographical references (p. 185-192). Available online via OhioLINK's ETD Center

Some Southern African perspectives on the remediation of hydrocarbon contaminated petroleum storage depots

Serrurier, Marc 24 June 2008 (has links)
This paper describes the soil remediation techniques that were employed at five bulk petroleum storage depots across southern Africa and the results of the remediation process. The different sites were remediated using up to date technologies, in as timeous a manner as possible. The remediation trains that were employed were specifically designed for the specific site, based on available technologies and products. The paper takes a case study approach and describes site by site the characteristics of the site, the areas of identified contamination to be remediated and the type of remediation train that was implemented. In most cases soil samples were taken before, during and after the remediation process in order to assess the success of the remediation plan. The sites were remediated through a commercial remediation company and thus a number of limiting factors were imposed, mostly due to budget and availability of technology constraints. However it is shown that in spite of these constraints, the effective remediation of hydrocarbon contaminated petroleum storage depots in southern Africa is possible. / Prof. J.T. Harmse

Land contamination and its remediation methods : a case study in Hong Kong /

Choi, Chung-ming. January 1995 (has links)
Thesis (M. Sc.)--University of Hong Kong, 1995. / Includes bibliographical references.

Adapting, optimizing, and evaluating a model for the remediation of LNAPL in heterogeneous soil environments

Al Awar, Ziad. January 1900 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Texas at Austin, 2008. / Vita. Includes bibliographical references.

Performance evaluation of unactivated and activated persulphate oxidation for in-situ contaminated soil remediation applications

Akinyugha, Akinyemi Akinniyi January 2014 (has links)
No description available.

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