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Effects of Cannabis Dependence on Cognitive Function in Males with Schizophrenia

Background: Cognitive impairment and cannabis use are common among patients with schizophrenia. However, the moderating role of cannabis on cognition remains unclear. Aim: We sought to examine cognition and symptomatology as a function of cannabis use patterns in schizophrenia.
Methodology: Cognition was assessed in male outpatients with current cannabis dependence (n=18), historical cannabis dependence (n=21) and patients with no lifetime use (n=8). In addition, we explored the relationship between cumulative cannabis exposure and cognition among lifetime users.
Results: Lifetime cannabis users demonstrated better processing speed than patients with no lifetime use. Notably, patients with current dependence exhibited robust relationships between cumulative cannabis exposure and cognition; associations were absent in former users.
Conclusions: Cannabis status has minimal effects on cognition in schizophrenia. However, cumulative cannabis exposure significantly impairs cognition in current, but not former users, suggesting that the state dependent negative effects of cannabis may be reversed with sustained abstinence.
Date19 December 2011
CreatorsRabin, Rachel Allison
ContributorsGeorge, Tony Peter
Source SetsLibrary and Archives Canada ETDs Repository / Centre d'archives des thèses électroniques de Bibliothèque et Archives Canada
Detected LanguageEnglish

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