Expertise has become a rich topic of investigation with a multitude of pop-science literature now tackling the issues of how we develop and enhance performance (Colvin, 2008; Coyle, 2010; Gladwell, 2009). The area of studies and literature include music, sport, art, maths, military, education and business to name a few. Within such studies, the drive is to find the 'answer' and find a simple and common denominator of expertise. The dominant theory of expertise within the performance focused literature is the theory of deliberate practice. A uni-dimensional model, the theory claims that expertise can only be enhanced by practice alone. The figure offered being 10,000 hours over 10 years (Ericsson, Krampe and Tesch-Roemer, 1993, p. 380). However, there is claim that the development of expertise and talent is a more complex and multidimensional myriad. This study investigates the development of talent and expertise in sport as a dynamic and complex phenomenon. Within this philosophical assumption, the focus of the research is therefore to identify, confirm and understand an alternative correlate of excellence: deliberate experience. The study adopts an ethnographic case study methodology to ensure that the research embraces the real world messiness and complexity of talent development. The study focused on a one year in depth analysis of a Scottish football club - Cowdenbeath F.C. To ensure the transfer of findings on the notion of deliberate experience, further microethnographic case studies were attained with a high-level football club and two alternative sports, squash and skiing.
|University of the West of Scotland
|Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
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