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Scalable multithreaded algorithms for mutable irregular data with application to anisotropic mesh adaptivity

Anisotropic mesh adaptation is a powerful way to directly minimise the computational cost of mesh based simulation. It is particularly important for multi-scale problems where the required number of floating-point operations can be reduced by orders of magnitude relative to more traditional static mesh approaches. Increasingly, finite element/volume codes are being optimised for modern multicore architectures. Inter-node parallelism for mesh adaptivity has been successfully implemented by a number of groups using domain decomposition methods. However, thread-level parallelism using programming models such as OpenMP is significantly more challenging because the underlying data structures are extensively modified during mesh adaptation and a greater degree of parallelism must be realised while keeping the code race-free. In this thesis we describe a new thread-parallel implementation of four anisotropic mesh adaptation algorithms, namely edge coarsening, element refinement, edge swapping and vertex smoothing. For each of the mesh optimisation phases we describe how safe parallel execution is guaranteed by processing workitems in batches of independent sets and using a deferred-operations strategy to update the mesh data structures in parallel without data contention. Scalable execution is further assisted by creating worklists using atomic operations, which provides a synchronisation-free alternative to reduction-based worklist algorithms. Additionally, we compare graph colouring methods for the creation of independent sets and present an improved version which can run up to 50% faster than existing techniques. Finally, we describe some early work on an interrupt-driven work-sharing for-loop scheduler which is shown to perform better than existing work-stealing schedulers. Combining all aforementioned novel techniques, which are generally applicable to other unordered irregular problems, we show that despite the complex nature of mesh adaptation and inherent load imbalances, we achieve a parallel efficiency of 60% on an 8-core Intel(R) Xeon(R) Sandy Bridge and 40% using 16 cores on a dual-socket Intel(R) Xeon(R) Sandy Bridge ccNUMA system.

Identiferoai:union.ndltd.org:bl.uk/oai:ethos.bl.uk:656828
Date January 2014
CreatorsRokos, Georgios
ContributorsKelly, Paul
PublisherImperial College London
Source SetsEthos UK
Detected LanguageEnglish
TypeElectronic Thesis or Dissertation
Sourcehttp://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/24812

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