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Effectiveness of mentoring programs regarding employee job satisfaction

Thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the
MTech: Human Resources Management Degree
in the faculty of BUSINESS
at the
2008 / Mentoring is an informal and flexible approach to leadership, supevision and professional
development. It involves the mentor and protégé setting goals that are focused on the
protégé’s professional and personal development needs. Mentoring relationships can occur
between a mentor and a protégé or a small group of protégés or it may involve peers who act
as mentors for each other (Skinner, Roche, O'Connor, Pollard & Todd, 2005:2).

Mentoring programs are increasing rapidly in response to needs for new and innovative ways
to develop people, allow them to grow in their jobs and the need for change. However, typical
problem areas include expectations and objectives which may be misunderstood, and these
are areas that are necessary to determine whether the mentoring program was effective or
not. Due to the vague understanding of mentoring programs and their effectiveness,
techniques and methods were reviewed and discussed to figure these out.
Mentors and proteges who were already on programs and those who had begun new
programs were randomly selected to participate in this evaluation; the reason why these two
groups were chosen is that there is a need to determine how the groups went about making
their programs a success or not, since these groups were already on the program or starting
out, and interest in a mentoring program was already existent. An attempt to motivate new
groups would defeat the aim, since it could sabotage the aim of the research and end-results
in several ways, for example, groups would require guidance to begin their programs. The
groups were monitored over a five month period, and evaluated at the end of every four
weeks in order to make sure that no information would be omitted at the end of the five
Furthermore, information from literature on mentoring was used in order to compare
respondents' information that was gathered over the monitoring period. Participant groups
were randomly chosen from the Karas region and from different industries and fields in order
to obtain a good reading from different work environments; the work areas were chosen from
seven companies. Each month had an area of interest, which was examined throughout the
five months. Once questionnaires were completed and returned, data was examined to
determine positive and negative impacts that mentoring relationships and approaches (within
in the relationships), had on both parties and their styles of participation.

Participants were assessed six months after the fifth evaluation to determine the long term
effect that mentoring had on participants, the mentor and protege. A reason for this was that
some participants might have grasped the knowledge and skills for a only a short period of
time and then forget or ignore it, while others may have taken time to understand and
implement the new knowledge, which would have given them time to absorb the information,
knowledge and skills that were acquired.
The mentor, protege, as well as the organization, should be clear on what they expect and
want from mentoring, and should communicate thoroughly, while the program should be
tailored to the needs of participants and the culture. The mentor should be trained, if
necessary and evaluation and reviews methods should be established in order to ensure
smooth running and, eventually, the effectiveness of the program.
Both employees and the organizations can benefit; employees can benefit through career
development initiatives and find a sense of belonging and empowerment, while organizations
can benefit as this helps the firm to communicate its values and behaviours, provide
opportunities to expand networks and boost training efforts, as well as facilitate knowledge.
Date January 2008
CreatorsShitemba, Fudheni
PublisherCape Peninsula University of Technology
Source SetsSouth African National ETD Portal
Detected LanguageEnglish

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