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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Bradford's Muslim communities and the reproduction and representation of Islam

Lewis, Philip John 1993 (has links)
This thesis studies the creation of Bradford's Muslim communities, in particular the impact of migration on Islamic identity. To this end it begins by mapping the contours of Islamic expression in South Asia, especially the development of distinct maslak, discrete schools of Islamic thought and practice. These were, in part, a response to the imposition of British imperialism in India. The settlers from South Asia also came from a variety of areas, with their own histories, regional languages and cultures. The ethos and character of Islam, which is shared by different sects, is studied unselfconsciously at work in the establishment of Muslim communities in Bradford, generating separate residential zones and a network of businesses and institutions, religious and cultural, developed to service their specific needs. The leadership, resources and ethos which the different maslak could draw on, and the institutions they created to reproduce the Islamic tradition in the city are explored and the extent to which these connect with the new cultural and linguistic world of young British Muslims. Attention is then focused on the education, status, functions and influence of the 'ulama, critical carriers of the Islamic tradition in this new context. The role of the Bradford Council for Mosques is examined both as a bearer of the Islamic impulse to unity, transcending the regional, linguistic and sectarian differences, and as an emerging authority, locally and nationally. The study concludes by exploring the challenges facing Muslims - youth, gender, intellectual tradition, and da'wa, invitation to Islam - as British expressions of Islam struggle to birth.

The Concept of Justice

Burke, Thomas Patrick 2009 (has links)
No description available.

A Kantian epistemology of peace and education : an examination of concepts and values

Calleja, Joachim James 1991 (has links)
No description available.

The withdrawal of being and the discursive creation of the modern subject - an examination of the movement form being to non-being through a consideration of Heideggerean and Arsitotelian notions of being

Roberts, Susan 2010 (has links)
No description available.

Mulla Sadra's philosophy and its epistemological implications

Khorassani, Said Rajaie 1976 (has links)
This is a study of the epistemological implications of Mulla Sadra's philosophy. It has four major parts, as follows: Part I: Mulla Sadra's life and works. Part II: A brief account of his Sufism, with reference to his mystical teachings and his attitude toward Sufism and the Sufis. An attempt has been made to delineate his Sufi perspective and to spotlight some of his mystical ideas and assumptions which have epistemological significance. Part III: A study of Mulla Sadra's major philosophical doctrines. His ontological doctrines, such as the doctrines of the primordiality, the Unity, and the gradation of existence as well as his account of the unequivocality of existence and mental existence have been examined critically. His doctrine of substantial motion has been studied and some of its major implications have been considered. His psychological ideas which explain Mulla Sadra's view of man's nature, his doctrine of the unity of the intelligent and the intelligible, which is Sadra's analysis of the human mind, and also his eschatological doctrine of bodily resurrection have been studied. Part IV: presents an epistemological account of Mulla Sadra, with reference to his philosophical and mystical ideas. His definition of knowledge has been critically examined, and the criteria of truth and falsehood which are either implicitly or explicitly advocated by Mulla Sadra are specified and examined. At the end a conclusion has been provided which puts the general structure of Mulla Sadra's system in perspective and presents an overall epistemological evaluation of it.

Ordinary language philosophy and sociological theory : some issues in Wittgenstein's later work and their implications for sociological theorising

Gofton, Leslie Ross 1979 (has links)
This thesis examines the relation between ordinary language and sociological theorising in the light of Ludwig Wittgenstein's work on the problem of dualism. It examines the work of Peter Winch and D. Lawrence Wieder in their attempts to deal with, respectively, the role of convention and indexicality in the constitution of sense, and argues for an alternative view which ties these concepts together rather than giving either priority. In an examination of theoreticity, it looks at the work of Harold Garfinkel and Talcott Parsons, and finds that they exemplify twin aspects of a central problematic - how to reconcile naturalism, and the concepts of the everyday world, with the analytically formal structures which a scientific theorising requires. It argues for the mutual inter-dependence of these requirements. In the analysis which it offers of the work of Alvin Gouldner and Alan Blum, it finds that their responses to Karl Mannheim's formulation of the problem of historicity founder on the difficulties contained in their conception of the possibilities for reflexive theorising. While Gouldner espouses the necessity of a radical commitment to emancipation as the fundamental value displayed by the historical development of thought, and Blum argues for the degeneracy of any attempt to locate such a value in the historical realm, this work argues that both theorists in fact offer versions of theorising which proceed from a classical epistemologlcal position, leading to a fund amentally dualistic conception of language, and hence support an incoherent theory of certainty. All of these analyses are set against the background of Wittgenstein's work on other minds and certainty. It proposes that Wittgenstein's criterial theory of sense-constitution, as outlined in the work of P. M. S. Hacker and Gordon Baker, offers a fruitful alternative to the classical epistemological theories upon which much of the work discussed can be seen to rest. It proposes to find in this work a new way of approaching sociological theorising, and a new approach to work which has already been produced, notably that of Parson, Garfinkel and Mannheim.

On the nature of ideological argument

Graham, Gordon 1975 (has links)
The thesis is concerned with the logic of the language of political ideologies and their relation to political and moral conduct. First, the view that ideology is the determination of the ends of political and moral conduct, and the rational consideration of the various 'philosophies' which thinkers have devised, is considered and, after some analysis rejected. This leads to a consideration of a general scepticism concerning ideology, namely that ideology is an essentially spurious form of reasoning and understanding. The notions of ‘rationalisation’,' false-consciousness’ and ' abstraction’ are those given particular scrutiny. As a result, the sceptical view of ideology is rejected. In the Second part, a parallel, often suggested, between ideology and religion is explored. It is argued that ideological and religious understanding is essentially subjective, in a carefully specified sense of the term, and that both are views of the world sub specie aeternitatis. These two features entail their being under-standings categorically distinct from theoretical understanding like history or science. But religions and ideologies are not the same and the distinction between the two is drawn in the context of an examination of the notions of eternity and temporality. The parallel is continued, however, in a comparison of the logic of ideological and theological reflection, where it is argued that a corpus of authoritative literature may allow concrete and reasoned reflection. Part Three of the thesis is concerned with the place of ideological reflection in conduct. It is claimed that ideological literature way sustains the vocabulary of an ethical tradition and thereby preserve political identity.

Habits in action : a corrective to the neglect of habits in contemporary philosophy of action

Pollard, William James 2002 (has links)
I propose that if we pay proper attention to habits, we can correct distortions in prevailing accounts of action, and make progress in a number of contemporary debates. First I describe the everyday phenomenon of habit, and sketch the context as we find it within contemporary analytic philosophy. I then develop a notion of habit which has its origins in Wittgenstein, Ryle and Aristotie. The generic notion upon which all three thinkers draw is that of a kind of behaviour which is repeated; automatic, in the sense that it does not involve deliberation or trying; and responsible, since it is under the agent's control. I call such behaviour habitual action. Third, I reject the widely held view that the class of rational actions and the class of actions which we perform "for reasons" are equivalent. This view, made popular by Davidson, distorts our conception of rational actions by taking deliberated actions to be the sole paradigm. I suggest that this is an "intellectualist" error, which gives too prominent a place to our deliberative capacity in our picture of rational actions. 1 argue, against this, that on many of the occasions that we act habitually, we do not act for reasons, although we do act rationally, in ways that 1 spell out. Fourth and finally I outline how broadening our conception of rational actions to include many of those we perform habitually allows us to make progress in contemporary debates. I focus on the debate in meta-ethics between Humean (Smith, Blackburn) and anti-Fiumean (McDowell) accounts of moral motivation. I argue that properly understood, habits form a crucial part of the anti-Flumean argument - one which has hitherto been obscure in McDowell. I suggest other debates to which an understanding of habits could contribute, such as the project of "naturalising" rational action.

Will to individuality : Nietzsche's self-interpreting perspective on life and humanity

Tai, Kuo-Ping Claudia 2008 (has links)
This thesis aims to explore Nietzsche's concept of individuality. Nietzsche, a radical and innovative thinker who attacks Christian morality and proclaims the death of God, provides us with a self-interpreting way to understand humanity and affirm life through self-overcoming and self-experimentation. Nietzsche's concept of individuality is his main philosophical concern. I first compare his perspective on human nature in Human, All Too Human, Daybreak and Beyond Good and Evil with Charles Darwin's, Sigmund Freud's and St Augustine's in order to examine how his thinking differs from theirs with regard to the concept of human nature. Second, I turn to his On the Genealogy of Morals, in comparison with the thought of John Stuart Mill, analysing their criticism of Christian morality and discussing their different conceptions of individuality and the development of the self. The last chapter compares Nietzsche's The Anti-Christ, Twilight of the Idols and Ecce Homo with Ralph Waldo Emerson's philosophy of self-development, using this comparison to highlight the way in which Nietzsche expounds his concept of individuality and sets himself as a living example of an individual with autonomy and responsibility. Nietzsche attacks Christianity and argues that humanity can potentially be developed not through Christian morality but reflective self-interpretation. We shall not forget that being a self-developing individual is Nietzsche's chief aim although his arguments are too circuitous and controversial to be easily comprehended. His aim is not to offer some final, authoritative solution to these issues of the self and morality. In contrast, he offers us a new, uneven and perhaps dangerous way to understand humanity and modern culture. In order to achieve this, we need to interpret what he says from our own standpoints and also to interpret ourselves through self-reflection. Nietzsche's radical but insightful perspective is a means for guiding us to open our minds and affirm our lives through interpretation and experimentation. Then we might potentially overcome nihilism and become what we are: self-reflective individuals with free spirits.

Critical examination of the moral status of animals, with particular reference to the practices of factory farming and animal experimentation

Humphreys, Rebekah 2010 (has links)
There is extensive literature that indicates animals suffer considerably in the practices of factory farming and animal experimentation. In the light of the evidence of this suffering there is an urgent need to answer the question whether our current use of animals is ever morally justifiable. The aim of this thesis is to provide a critical examination of the moral status of animals and of our treatment of animals in these practices. My objective is to assess whether these practices are ever justifiable and whether we have a moral obligation to revise our attitudes towards our use of animals. Animals are often denied moral standing on the basis that they lack certain capacities, such as rationality, language and the ability to think. Further, it is often thought that animals' supposed lack of such capacities could be used as a defence for our use of them in intensive farming and animal experimentation. Thus, in examining the moral status of animals this thesis also examines animals and their capacities in order to determine whether any of the arguments given against the moral standing of animals are sound. In seeking to discover the extent of our moral obligations towards animals and the necessary conditions for moral standing, I will demonstrate that, although animals used in factory farming and experiments do have moral standing, the only consistent course is to extend moral standing to all living things (not just animal life or sentient life). I will conclude that although the possession of certain much-prized capacities is not necessary for moral standing, many animals do indeed possess such capacities, including the ability to use language. Centrally this thesis calls for a re-evaluation of our attitudes towards animals, particularly in respect of our beliefs about animals used in factory farms and experiments.

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