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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

African independent churches and the challenge to the state : South Africa's first democratic decade

Bompani, B. 2007 (has links)
Since the end of Apartheid in South Africa, African Independent Churches (AICs) have grown rapidly. In the past, work on AICs in South Africa has been purely anthropological or theological. The thesis uniquely places socio-political and economic factors at the core of the analysis of this phenomenon. This research embeds detailed narratives of religious life in township AICs within the broader dynamics of political transition in the post-Apartheid era, and in the subsequent reshaping of civil society and its relationship to the state. The thesis describes several AICs in Soweto, and places them within the broader contexts and concerns of politics, economic realities, the search for new identities in post-Apartheid South Africa, and above all the need for tangible socio-economic development. The classical view of the growth andpopularity of AICs has been to focus on their role in granting people protection and fortification against the powers of evil. This research also shows how AICs are involved in important economic activities such as voluntary mutual benefit societies, savings clubs, lending societies, stokvels (informed savings funds) and burial societies that control millions of South African Rand. The thesis highlights how these societies play a strong and supportive role among blacks in a deprived economic situation and that this role is stronger than in other churches. These mutual aid societies have both socio-economic and socio-religious functions. In a period of socio-political transformation in South Africa, AICs were able to answer the needs of the people and their hunger to rebuild an identity. The major critique of classical research on AICs has been its inability to address ‘social change’ in a theoretically adequate way, as something more than just descriptions of ‘traditional’ social structures. By investigating and developing a theoretical framework pertinent to the emergenceof AICs in South Africa this research has demonstrated the significance of different understandings of ‘modernity’ and how AICs develop and articulate their own visions of this. AICs have usually been evaluated in terms of their relationship with the past and with tradition, as black churches linked to African traditional rituals and aloof from Western ideas of development and modernity. However, this work elaborates on a possible avenue of escape from the modernity-tradition dilemma by understanding that the churches, by continually negotiating a path between modernity and tradition, are creating their own vision of what is modern in the post-colonial context by seeking answers to issues of poverty, democracy, instability and inclusion. It is possible to argue that when religious belief motivates people to action, its relation to politics becomes most evident. Most of the people interviewed defined their religious community as a network of solidarity to fight for their proper social rights.

An Arabian approach to politics : environment, tradition and leadership in the United Arab Emirates

Al-Dhaheri, Khalid 2007 (has links)
No description available.

Legitimacy, identity and conflict : the struggle for political authority in Southern Sudan, 2005-2010

Washburne, Sarah Lykes 2010 (has links)
The consolidation of political authority over Southern Sudan has never been achieved, nor has the region ever experienced a comprehensive, uniform system of governance. No one political group, external or internal, has ever been able to present itself as the legitimate representative of the populace of Southern Sudan. These, however, were the objectives which the Sudan People‘s Liberation Movement (SPLM) sought to achieve from 2005 to 2010. The main contention of this thesis is that the success or failures of the SPLM at post-conflict state-building can be measured through the conceptual framework of legitimacy. As a rebel movement, the SPLM fought a war of liberation against the government of Sudan from 1983 to 2004. Yet, the SPLM was not fighting for the secession of the South, as its predecessor had, but for the liberation of the country and for the creation of a ‗New Sudan‘ where all the politically marginalised groups of Sudan would be political equals. The movement based its rationale on a ‗revolutionary ideology‘, but this form of ideological legitimation was insufficient to gain Southern-wide support for its cause. The movement failed to establish rebel governance structures, was accused of abuses against the local population, and generally looked to external actors for support. Yet, through a peace agreement largely propelled forward by the United States, the SPLM ‗won‘ the war and was tasked with constructing a semi-autonomous state in Southern Sudan. The successes or failures of the SPLM in developing the Government of Southern Sudan were largely dependent on its ability to create effective institutions and consolidate legitimacy. In order to accomplish this, the SPLM would have to shed its militaristic ethos and revolutionary ideology and thereby enable it to govern not as a rebel movement but as a political party. This, however, did not take place. The new Southern Government, which was supposed to be developed along the lines of a decentralised system of governance, remained centralised. The state and county governance institutions did not undergo the necessary capacity-building and were, subsequently, not able to provide for the security, development or welfare of the Southern populace. Thus, the government failed to consolidate eudaemonic legitimacy. In light of this shortcoming, government officials and the SPLM leadership promoted civic and revolutionary 3 ideology as means to consolidate support. While ideological legitimation was successful to a certain extent, the majority of the Southern populace was illiterate and living in poverty; concepts such as democracy, civic responsibility or SPLM successes during in the peace process were not as appealing as the provision of basic services and development. Thus, the inability of the government to provide for the needs of the citizens jeopardised the attempts at ideological legitimation. As long as the government remained centralised and paralysed in providing for the welfare of the Southerners, it was unable to be considered as the true representative of the populace.

Enchanting town of mud : the politics of heritage in Djenne, a UNESCO World Heritage site in Mali

Joy, Charlotte Louise 2008 (has links)
This thesis examines UNESCO's World Heritage project in Djenne, a World Heritage site in Mali. It argues that only through a thorough understanding of UNESCO's history and political structure can the ideological basis for its work be revealed. UNESCO's recent focus on intangible heritage provides a model for examining the difficulties it encounters in Djenne. Accordingly, UNESCO's move from a concentration on 'outstanding universal value' and an archival approach to cultural heritage towards a more dynamic emphasis on cultural transmission finds a resonance in Djenne. A study of the work of artisans, guides and the Festival du Djennery held in the town all reveal cultural heritage to be a negotiated practice, in need of constant adaptation to remain relevant to a population struggling to live in conditions of extreme poverty.

Political violence and inter-ethnic conflict : An analysis with reference to Chechnya and Northern Ireland

Brock, Christopher 2009 (has links)
No description available.

Examining Reconciliation's Citizen : Insights from the Multi-Ethnic District of Brcko, Bosnia-Herzegovina

Jones, Briony Alice 2009 (has links)
No description available.

Shifting boundaries of the Chinese nation : : Ethnic minorities and overseas Chinese in China's modernisation project

Barabantseva, Elena 2005 (has links)
No description available.

Building an 'African world-class' city : the politics of world city making in Johannesburg, South Africa

Lipietz, Barbara 2008 (has links)
Many city managers across the world, including the current leadership of Johannesburg, have as a driving policy ambition improving their city’s ranking in the hierarchy of so-called ‘world cities’. This is despite the relatively well documented polarising tendencies of global and world cities’ (GaWC) development patterns and despite the availability of alternative, more equitable conceptualisations of city trajectories. The overriding objective of the thesis is to unsettle the power of GaWC as normative aspiration, especially for cities whose status in formal GaWC taxonomies is uncertain. The thesis focuses on the neglected role of politics in accounts of world city formation, drawing attention to the often highly conflictual nature of world city making. Bringing politics back in unsettles the normative appeal of the world city model and contributes to a critique of GaWC theory’s deterministic readings of city trajectories ‘in the globalised era’. It is also a crucial step in explaining and, indeed, highlighting the ongoing diversity of city paths on the ground. The Johannesburg case provides strong backing for a more politically attuned conception of world (and all) city trajectories. The active agency of city actors in attempting to shape the post-Apartheid city’s future defies GaWC’s focus on structural explanations of urban processes. Indeed, the sheer complexity of the political field uncovered in the research draws attention to the myriad ways in which politics matters in explanations of urban change. In particular, the study suggests the need to extend current dominant (northern-derived) analytical tools of city politics such as urban regime theory. A greater attentiveness to such political dynamics as circulating discourses, the workings of political parties/complex bureaucracies, or ‘everyday’ forms of politics, may well help expose the range of possible urban futures for – ‘ordinary’, ‘gobalising’ - cities. This argument is developed through a close examination of the City of Johannesburg’s current grappling with world city ambitions. Based on detailed qualitative research, the thesis demonstrates the intensely political nature of world city making in the post-Apartheid city. In particular, the emergence of the world city vision in Johannesburg is shown to be intimately related to the volatile and conflictual period of democratic transition in the city. The distinct political genesis of the vision explains the ambiguous political attitude to the world city imaginary amongst city managers, as well as its contradictory implementation in the two world city related nodes of Sandton and the inner city, which are discussed in detail. Intricate political dynamics have ensured that ‘world city-isation’ in Johannesburg has been localised through an ongoing engagement with the particular political and developmental requirements of post-Apartheid reconstruction.

Rise of the Muslim Middle Class as a Political Factor in India and Pakistan ( 1858-1947)

Nooruzzaman, A. H. M. 1964 (has links)
No description available.

The Cultural Politics of Heroism in British Mountaineering, 1921-1995

Gilchrist, Paul Martin 2009 (has links)
No description available.

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