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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Knowledge, attitudes and practices of Goma University students about condom use in the purpose of reducing HIV infection

Maurice, Masoda Nyamalyongo January 2010 (has links)
Thesis (M Med(Family Medicine)) -- University of Limpopo, 2010. / Objectives This study sought to detennine the knowledge, attitude and practices of Goma University students about condom use for the purpose of reducing HIV infection. Design A descriptive cross-sectional quantitative study using a self-administered questionnaire. Setting Goma UniversitylNorth Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Subjects 138 students from Goma University selected randomly completed the self- administered questionnaires. Results Their ages varied between 18 and 33 years. Most of them were males 111 (80 %), (93 %) were single; Most participants were protestant and Roman Catholic. The most important results were the following, The majority (99 %) of participants knew about condoms,132 (96 %) knew that condoms are available and sold in Pharmacy,72 (52 %) knew that condom can prevent at the same time HIV, Pregnancy and ST!, 94 (68 %) said they know how to use a condom, 111 (80 %) stated that the price of condoms is not a barrier for condom use, 102 (74 %) suggested that the university should supply students with condoms, 91 (66 %) were engaging in sexually activity, 98 (71 %) of respondents reported that they had unprotected sex. Conclusions The main conciusions ofthis study can be summarized as follows: Condom awareness was high with varying sources of information, Condom use was generally accepted as a means of preventing HIV / AIDS, sexual transmitted diseases and pregnancy, and Condoms in DRC are cheap and affordable for university students. In some ethnic groups, religions and cultures were not in favour of condom use. Consistent use of the condom was low among Goma University students. The results of statistics test (Fisher test) have shown that there is no difference in condom knowledge, attitudes and practices among Goma University students depending on several socio- demographic factors (sex, marital status, field of studies, class of study, tribe, etc)
2

The consistency and correctness of condom use among Chinese female sex workers in Macau SAR

Leong, Sio-iok, Jacqueline, January 2006 (has links)
Thesis (M. P. H.)--University of Hong Kong, 2006. / Also available in print.
3

The consistency and correctness of condom use among Chinese female sex workers in Macau SAR /

Leong, Sio-iok, Jacqueline, January 2006 (has links)
Thesis (M.P.H.)--University of Hong Kong, 2006.
4

ATTACHMENT ANXIETY AND INTENTIONS TO USE CONDOMS: THE MODERATING EFFECTS OF INTERPERSONAL REJECTION

TURNER, LEIGH 20 August 2009 (has links)
The purpose of this research program was to examine how attachment anxiety and rejection interact to influence intentions and attitudes toward having unprotected sexual intercourse. I hypothesized that women who were high in attachment anxiety would hold weaker intentions to use a condom and would have more negative attitudes toward condoms than would women who were low in attachment anxiety. Moreover, I predicted that these expected main effects of anxiety on intentions and attitudes would interact with rejection, such that the association between high anxiety and both weak intentions and negative attitudes would be exacerbated among women that were exposed to a rejection-salient condition. I explored the interaction of interest in the context of specific romantic partner rejection (Study One) as well as general social rejection from peers (Study Two). In Study One, I manipulated potential partner rejection and found that attachment anxiety and rejection condition interacted to influence intentions to engage in unprotected sex. In the rejection condition, attachment anxiety was marginally positively related to intentions whereas in the non-rejection condition, attachment anxiety was marginally negatively related to intentions. Upon further investigation of this same interaction, I found that among women who were high in attachment anxiety, rejection condition did not significantly impact intention ratings. However, among women who were low in attachment anxiety, those who were rejected reported significantly weaker intentions to engage in unprotected sex than those who were not rejected. Attitudes toward condoms were not influenced by the interaction between attachment anxiety and rejection condition. In Study Two, I manipulated general social rejection and found that the intentions results from Study One were not replicated, as general social rejection and attachment anxiety did not interact to influence intentions to engage in unprotected sex. Once again, attitudes toward condoms were not influenced by this interaction. Explanations for the findings of Study One and Study Two are explored and implications of both studies’ findings for the literature on condom use and for sexual health promotion are discussed. / Thesis (Master, Psychology) -- Queen's University, 2009-08-18 11:55:36.243
5

ATTACHMENT ANXIETY AND CONDOM USE: THE MODERATING INFLUENCE OF REJECTION-SALIENCE

TURNER, LEIGH 05 July 2012 (has links)
The purpose of this research was to examine how attachment anxiety and rejection-salience interacted to influence condom use intentions and beliefs. I manipulated rejection-salience specific to a sexual encounter (Study 1) and rejection-salience in general (Studies 2 and 3). I hypothesized that among women who were high in anxiety, those in the rejection-salient condition would report riskier sexual tendencies related to condom use compared to those in the control condition. I did not expect rejection-salience to influence the sexual tendencies of women who were low in anxiety. In Study 1, I manipulated potential partner rejection and found that attachment anxiety, attachment avoidance, and rejection-salience interacted to influence intentions to engage in unprotected sex. As expected, among women who were high in anxiety and low in avoidance, those in the rejection condition reported stronger intentions to have unprotected sex than those in the control condition. Unexpectedly, the same was true for women who were low in anxiety and high in avoidance. In Study 2, I manipulated general rejection-salience and asked women to indicate how many weeks into a relationship would be appropriate before switching from having protected to unprotected sex. Consistent with the results of Study 1, among women who were high in anxiety, those in the rejection-salience condition reported less time before switching compared to those in the control condition, demonstrating more risky sexual tendencies. In Study 3, I manipulated general rejection-salience and asked women to report how many weeks into a relationship unprotected intercourse should occur. Inconsistent with my predictions, as well as from the results of Studies 1 and 2, among women who were high in anxiety and low in avoidance, those in the rejection-salience condition reported that unprotected sex belonged later in a relationship timeline compared to those in the control condition. Study 4 explored how the exposure to positive relationship thoughts may act to buffer the influence of rejection-salience on risky sexual tendencies among highly anxious women. Some preliminary support for this hypothesis was found. Future research directions and implications for the literature on condom use and for sexual health promotion are discussed. / Thesis (Ph.D, Psychology) -- Queen's University, 2012-06-28 18:11:21.488
6

Social norms and student attitudes about casual sex.

Overtree, Christopher E. 01 January 1999 (has links) (PDF)
No description available.
7

A study to test the concept of new protector plus condom variants.

Kusema, Prudence Mandifusa. January 2006 (has links)
No abstract available. / Thesis (MBA)-University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville, 2006.
8

Stigmatization of condom use amongst educated medical staff : a practical theological approach

Prinsloo, Tarbi 03 1900 (has links)
Thesis (MTh)--Stellenbosch University, 2015. / ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The aim of this thesis is to identity whether condoms are being stigmatized, and to investigate the current perceptions, attitudes and beliefs about condom use in relation to the HIV and AIDS epidemic. Through the use of Richard Osmer’s model for research in Practical Theology, the study starts off with a Descriptive-Empirical task to investigate what is going on regarding the impact of society’s perceptions on condom use. The second part of the study commences the Interpretive task investigating why the perceptions about condoms exist, exploring the impact and dynamics of stigmatization; looking at sex, sexuality, sin and taboos relative to stigmatization. The Normative task explores what ought to be the perceptions of condom use by using Louw’s (2008) theory, an integrative Christian spiritual approach to Sexual Ethics, to explore the sacred space of sexuality, evaluating human sexuality and the human body, also looking at marriage and sexuality. Lastly, the Pragmatic task looks at the possible ways that we might respond to stigmatization, recommending certain practical conclusions within a pastoral counselling view to move towards de-stigmatization. These approaches include discussion on relevant HIV education and awareness programmes, pastoral care and counselling methods and programmes for people living with HIV and AIDS, and a pastoral approach with a Jesus as model for pastoral counselling. These collectively and conclusively explain the paradigm shift of letting the theology of the resurrection state a theological critique on stigmatization. In conclusion, the thesis argues that people do hold stigmatized perceptions about condoms and HIV and AIDS and these perceptions are grounded in attitudes and beliefs that are products of cultural and religious societal processes. The study proved that educational interventions need to be adapted to be more contextually relevant in order to be effective as a practical approach to stigmatization, as the study proved that having medical, educational knowledge about HIV and AIDS and prevention interventions do not necessarily result in saver sexual practice. Ultimately, pastoral approaches should be implemented in the hope to offer a movement towards destigmatization, not only of condoms, but HIV and AIDS and people living with HIV and AIDS. Thus, the proposal for a pastoral spiritual approach in process of destigmatization based upon a theological model. In this regard, the theological model is based on the notion of the theologia resurrectionis. / AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Die doel van hierdie tesis is om te identifiseer of kondome gestigmatiseer word en om die huidige persepsies, houdings en oortuigings oor die gebruik van kondome, met betrekking tot die MIV- en VIGS-epidemie, te ondersoek. Deur die gebruik van Richard Osmer se model vir navorsing in Praktiese Teologie, begin die studie begin met 'n beskrywende-empiriese taak om te ondersoek wat die impak van die gemeenskap se persepsies is oor die gebruik van kondome. Die tweede deel van die studie, die interpretatiewe taak, ondersoek waarom die persepsies oor kondome bestaan. Dit ondersoek ook die impak en dinamika van stigmatisering deur te kyk na seks, seksualiteit, sonde en die taboes relatief tot stigmatisering. Die normatiewe taak ondersoek wat die persepsies van kondom gebruik behoort te wees deur Louw se (2008) se teorie, 'n geïntegreerde Christelike geestelike benadering tot seksuele etiek, te raadpleeg. Daardeur kyk die studie na die sakrale ruimte van seksualiteit en evalueer menslike seksualiteit en die menslike liggaam asook die huwelik en sexualiteit daarvolgens. Laastens in die pragmatiese taak kyk die study na die moontlike maniere waarop ons kan reageer op stigmatisering. Die pragmatiese taak beveel sekere praktiese gevolgtrekkings binne 'n pastorale beradings oogpunt aan, as ‘n moontlike kopskuif na ‘de’-stigmatisering. Hierdie benaderings sluit in; bespreking van relevante MIV opvoeding en bewusmaking programme, pastorale sorg en berading metodes en programme vir mense wat lewe met MIV en VIGS en ook 'n pastorale benadering met Jesus as model vir pastorale berading. Gesamentlik verduidelik hierdie moontlike benaderings die paradigmaskuif na die opstandingsteologie en 'n teologiese kritiek op stigmatisering.
9

Condom use and attitudes toward condom use in homosexual men /

Ross, Michael W., January 1988 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis (M.P.H.)--University of Adelaide, Dept. of Community Medicine, 1989. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 90-99).
10

Implications du condom dans les modèles étiologiques des MTS/SIDA

Bamvita, Wansuanganyi Jean-Marie. January 2000 (has links)
Thèses (M.Sc.)--Université de Sherbrooke (Canada), 2000. / Titre de l'écran-titre (visionné le 20 juin 2006). Publié aussi en version papier.

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