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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
11

Regulation of cytokine-induced adhesion molecule expression and sickle erythrocyte adhesion to microvascular endothelial cells by intracellular adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate and nitric oxide

Amos, Amanda Owings. January 2006 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, 2006. / Dr. Peter A. Lane, Committee Member ; Dr. Larry V. McIntire, Committee Member ; Dr. Ronald W. Rousseau, Committee Member ; Dr. James R. Eckman, Committee Member ; Dr. Timothy M. Wick, Committee Chair.
12

The role of interleukin-1 receptors in brain cell signalling

Nguyen, Loan January 2010 (has links)
IL-1α and IL-1β are two IL-1 agonists which signals at the same receptor complex composed of IL-1R1/IL-1RAcP. However, IL-1α and IL-1β exert differential actions. A recent CNS-specific IL-1 receptor accessory protein, called IL-1RAcPb, has been characterised but its actions are unknown. In T cell line, over expression of IL-1RAcPb negatively regulate IL-1 action (Smith et al, 2009), but over-expression of IL-1RAcPb in HEK cell line induces IL-1 signaling (Lu et al, 2008). The role of IL-1RAcPb has not been studied in primary cells. The aim of this project was to investigate the role of IL-1RAcPb in IL-1-induced actions in neurones and glia, and to determine IL-1α and IL-1β differential actions in these two cell types. The role of IL-1RAcPb in IL-1-induced protein expression and IL 1α and IL-1β differential effects were investigated by treating WT and IL 1RAcPb-/- neurones and glia with IL-1α or IL-1β in the presence or absence of IL-1RA for 24 h followed by assessment of IL-6 induction by ELISA. The mechanism of IL-1RAcPb actions were studied by examining the effects of IL-1α or IL-1β on p38, ERK1/2 and Src kinase activation in neurones and glia by Western blot analysis. SB203580 (p38 inhibitor), UO126 (ERK1/2 inhibitor), and PP2 (Src kinase inhibitor) were used to determine the contribution of p38, ERK1/2 and Src kinase activation to IL-1-induced IL-6 synthesis in neuronal cultures. In WT neurones, IL-1α and IL-1β were equipotent at inducing IL-6 synthesis and p38 activation, whilst both ligands failed to induce ERK1/2 or Src kinase activation. In IL-1RAcPb-/- neurones, IL-1α and IL-1β induced similar levels of IL-6, but IL-1β was more potent than IL-1α at inducing p38 activation. IL-1α-induced p38 activation was reduced in IL-1RAcPb-/- neurones compared to WT neurones. In contrast to WT neurones, ERK1/2 was activated in IL-1RAcPb-/- neurones in response to IL-1α, whilst Src kinase was not activated by IL-1α or IL 1β. IL-1-induced IL-6 synthesis was abolished by IL-1RA, SB203580, UO126 and PP2. Interestingly PP2, a specific Src kinase inhibitor also partially inhibited basal ERK1/2 activity. In WT glial cells, IL-1α was more potent than IL-1β at inducing IL-6 synthesis but both cytokines induced ERK1/2 activation with equal potency. In IL-1RAcPb-/- glia, IL-1α and IL-1β were equally potent at inducing IL-6 synthesis and ERK1/2 activation. However, IL-α-induced-IL-6 synthesis was reduced in IL 1RAcPb-/- glia compared to WT glia. In both WT and IL-1RAcPb-/- glia, IL-1α and IL-1β induced p38 activation but not Src kinase activation . In conclusion, this study showed that in neurones, IL-1RAcPb may contribute to IL-1α-induced p38 activation but negatively regulates IL-1-induced ERK1/2 activation, therefore IL-1RAcPb may have specific effects on different signalling pathways. The effect of IL-1RAcPb could also be cell specific, as IL 1RAcPb contributed to IL-1α-induced p38 signalling in neurones but IL-6 production in glia. The role of IL-1RAcPb remains largely unknown and more investigations are required to elucidate its role in IL-1 signalling in the brain.
13

Multiplex flow cytometric assays for markers of inflammation : development and application in bovine samples /

Dernfalk, Johanna, January 2008 (has links) (PDF)
Diss. (sammanfattning) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, 2008. / Härtill 4 uppsatser.
14

Zánět a rakovina v bezmikrobních vs. standardně chovaných zvířatech / Inflammation and cancer in germ-free vs. conventionally reared animals

Čaja, Fabián January 2021 (has links)
Inflammation is considered as one of the main defence mechanisms of the immune system against threats that occur in the body. When present in its acute form, minimal or no detectable subsequent damage of original affected tissue exists. The more pathological form, chronic inflammation, is associated with permanent damage of the tissue and typically a hallmark of various diseases such as ulcerative colitis or colon carcinogenesis. These two pathologies are evolving in the unique colon microenvironment, where intensive interaction between the host cells and bacteria is present. The aim of our study was to investigate the immunological (ELISA, FACS, RT-PCR) and structural (histology, confocal microscopy) changes in the colon mucosa of Wistar-AVN rats induced by dextran sodium sulphate (DSS) to produce colon colitis and by azoxymethane (AOM) to produce colon carcinogenesis. Conventional (CV) and also germ-free (GF) reared animals were used to investigate the effects of the mucosal inflammation activated by the administered inducers as well as the role of colon microbiota - as promoters of a continuous immune activation - in the modulation of immunity and collagen scaffold remodelling. Our results showed that even in the early period after the induction, both inducers produced a smouldering...

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