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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
11

Topoisomerases II in the cell cycle of dinoflagellates /

Mak, Ka Man. January 2005 (has links)
Thesis (M.Phil.)--Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, 2005. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 103-116). Also available in electronic version.
12

Effect of DNA topoisomerase II-targeting antitumor drugs in Neurospora crassa similarities to prokaryotic type II DNA topoisomerases /

Gupta, Ranjan. Brockman, Herman E. January 1990 (has links)
Thesis (Ed. D.)--Illinois State University, 1990. / Title from title page screen, viewed November 28, 2005. Dissertation Committee: Herman E. Brockman (chair), Alan J. Katz, Lynne A. Lucher, Radheshyam K. Jayaswal, David F. Weber, Anthony E. Liberta. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 114-131) and abstract. Also available in print.
13

Pharmacology and resistance mechanisms of nucleoside analogues and topoisomerase II interactive agents : studies on human leukemia cells with a focus on cross-resistance /

Lotfi, Kourosh. January 2001 (has links) (PDF)
Diss. (sammanfattning) Linköping : Univ., 2001. / Härtill 5 uppsatser.
14

Centromeric functions and dynamics of DNA topoisomerase II in S. cerevisiae

Warsi, Tariq Hussain, January 2009 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of California, Riverside, 2009. / Includes abstract. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 227-256). Issued in print and online. Available via ProQuest Digital Dissertations.
15

DNA studies : a novel structural transition, relaxation of secondary structure by TOPO I, and resolution of a PCR problem /

Brewood, Greg Patrick, January 2006 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Washington, 2006. / Vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 103-112).
16

Hellebrigenina, um BufodienolÃdeo com Potencial AÃÃo CompatÃvel de Inibidor CatalÃtico da Topoisomerase II / Hellebrigenina a BufodienolÃdeo Action Compatible with Potential Inhibitor of Topoisomerase II Catalytic

Bruno Marques Soares 14 March 2013 (has links)
CoordenaÃÃo de AperfeiÃoamento de NÃvel Superior / Os bufodienolÃdeos sÃo esterÃides cardioativos de 24 carbonos, isolados originalmente de um extrato de pele de sapos da famÃlia Bufonidae utilizado na medicina chinesa. Os bufodienolÃdeos possuem grande variedade de atividades biolÃgicas, incluindo atividades antineoplÃsicas. Em relaÃÃo à atividade antitumoral, os bufodienolÃdeos tem demonstrado inibir o crescimento de vÃrias linhagens de cÃlulas cancerÃgenas humanas por induzir apoptose e parada do ciclo celular. O presente estudo avaliou o potencial citotÃxico e genetÃxico de seis bufodienolÃdeos em seis linhagens tumorais humanos, trÃs linhagens murinas normais e cÃlulas mononucleadas do sangue perifÃrico (CMSP) humano. Todos os seis bufodienolÃdeos foram citotÃxicos para todas as linhagens tumorais e CMSP com valores de IC50 variando entre 0,002 e 3,17 ÂM. Os bufodienolÃdeos testados nÃo apresentaram citotoxicidade para linhagens murinas normais. Desta forma, o composto hellebrigenina foi escolhido para se determinar o mecanismo de aÃÃo envolvido. Uma sequÃncia de experimentos in vitro foram realizados utilizando-se a linhagem leucÃmica HL-60. As cÃlulas foram tratadas em diferentes concentraÃÃes da amostra hellebrigenina (0,03, 0,06 e 0,12 ÂM) por 24 horas. A viabilidade das cÃlulas (nÃmero de cÃlulas viÃveis e integridade de membrana) HL-60 avaliada por citometria de fluxo, mostrou que o nÃmero de cÃlulas reduziu a partir da menor concentraÃÃo (0,03 ÂM) testada e a porcentagem de cÃlulas com membrana integra reduziu a partir da concentraÃÃo 0,06 ÂM. A anÃlise morfolÃgica por citometria de fluxo revelou aumento de cÃlulas com padrÃo apoptÃtico a partir da concentraÃÃo de 0,06 ÂM. Jà a anÃlise do conteÃdo nuclear, nos mostrou aumento de fragmentaÃÃo de DNA sub-G1 indicativo de apoptose e acÃmulo de cÃlulas na fase G2/M a partir das concentraÃÃes de 0,03 e 0,06 ÂM, respectivamente. Outros testes por citometria de fluxo revelaram que houve externalizaÃÃo da fosfatidilserina, despolarizaÃÃo mitocondrial, ativaÃÃo da caspase iniciadora 8 e consequente ativaÃÃo das caspases efetoras 3 e 7. Estes dados indicam um mecanismo citotÃxico por induÃÃo de mais de uma via apoptÃtica. Hellebrigenina nÃo foi capaz de causar danos ao DNA de HL-60 e de CMSP e nem o surgimento de aberraÃÃes cromossÃmicas em CMSP. Por meio dos estudos de docking molecular foi possÃvel predizer a ligaÃÃo entre hellebrigenina e topoisomeraseIIα humana, resultado compatÃvel com a possÃvel inibiÃÃo dessa enzima. De forma geral, os resultados apontam o potencial citotÃxico do bufodienolÃdeo hellebrigenina / Bufodienolides are cardioactive steroids of 24 carbons, originally isolated from a frogâs skin extract of the family Bufonidae used in Chinese medicine. Bufodienolides shows many biological activities, including anticancer activities. Related to antitumor activity, the bufodienolÃdeos has been shown to inhibit the growth of several human cancer cell lines by inducing apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. This study evaluated the potential cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of six bufodienolides, in six human tumor cell lines, three normal murine lineages and PBMC (peripheral blood mononuclear cells). All six bufodienolides were cytotoxic to all cell lines and tumor PBMC with IC50 values ranging from 0.002 to 3.17 ÂM. Bufodienolides showed no cytotoxicity for normal murine strains. Thus, the compound hellebrigenin was chosen to determine the action mechanism involved, a sequence of in vitro experiments were performed using HL-60 leukemia cell line. Cells were treated at different concentrations of hellebrigenin (0.03, 0.06 and 0.12 ÂM) for 24 hours. Cell viability (viable cell number and membrane integrity) HL-60 assessed by flow cytometry showed that the number of cells decreased from the lower concentration (0.03 ÂM) tested and the percentage of cells with reduced membrane integrity from 0.06 ÂM concentration. Morphological analysis by flow cytometry revealed increased apoptotic cells starting at concentrations of 0.06 ÂM. The analysis of nuclear content, showed an increase in DNA fragmentation indicative of sub-G1 apoptosis and accumulation of cells in G2 / M phase from the concentrations of 0.03 and 0.06 ÂM, respectively. Other tests by flow cytometry revealed that there was an externalization of phosphatidylserine, mitochondrial depolarization, activation of caspase 8 and initiating subsequent activation of effector caspases 3 and 7. These data indicate a cytotoxic mechanism induced by over an apoptotic pathway. Hellebrigenin was not able to cause DNA damage in HL-60 and PBMC nor the emergence of chromosomal aberrations in PBMC. Through the studies of molecular docking was possible to predict the connection between hellebrigenina and human topoisomeraseIIα, showing a result that is compatible with a possible inhibition of this enzyme. Overall, the results indicate the potential cytotoxicity of hellebrigenin
17

DNA-binding properties and topoisomerase-I inhibitory activities of natural and synthesized protoberberine alkaloids

Qin, Yong 01 January 2007 (has links)
No description available.
18

Použití RNA interference pro ovlivnění hladin DNA topoisomerasy II v nádorových buňkách a její vliv na protinádorový účinek antracyklinových cytostatik. / The use of RNA interference for the modification of DNA topoisomerase II levels in cancer cells and its influence on the antineoplastic effect of anthracyclines.

Klieber, Robin January 2019 (has links)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department od Biochemical Sciences Candidate: Bc. Robin Klieber Supervisor: PharmDr. Anna Jirkovská, Ph.D. Title of thesis: The use of RNA interference for the modification of DNA topoisomerase II levels in cancer cells and its influence on the antineoplastic effect of anthracyclines. Topoisomerase II (TOP II) is an enzyme that alters the topological state of the DNA double helix during physiological processes through the formation of transient DNA double strand breaks. Two TOP II isoforms are known: TOP IIα is essential for proper separation of chromosomes in mitotic cells, whereas TOP IIβ is primarily associated with gene transcription. Anthracycline antibiotics (ANT) belong to the group of topoisomerase poisons that stabilize the covalent complex of TOP II and DNA. This prevents the religation of the DNA double strand breaks and thus causes irreversible DNA damage leading to programmed cell death. Although ANTs are frequently administered in various antineoplastic protocols (hematooncological malignancies, hormone-dependent tumors and others), the therapy still possess a high risk of irreversible cardiotoxicity. The mechanism of cardiotoxicity remains unraveled. However, it has been previously discussed that TOP IIβ inhibition could play a...
19

Analysis of genome stability in mutants defective for the SUMO isopeptidase Smt4/Ulp2 /

Lee, Ming-Ta, January 2009 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of California, Riverside, 2009. / Includes abstract. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 213-243). Issued in print and online. Available via ProQuest Digital Dissertations.
20

Physiological concentrations of glucocorticoids induce pathological DNA double-strand breaks / 生理濃度の糖質コルチコイドは病的なDNA二重鎖切断を引き起こす

Akter, Salma 23 March 2023 (has links)
付記する学位プログラム名: 充実した健康長寿社会を築く総合医療開発リーダー育成プログラム / 京都大学 / 新制・課程博士 / 博士(医学) / 甲第24521号 / 医博第4963号 / 新制||医||1065(附属図書館) / 京都大学大学院医学研究科医学専攻 / (主査)教授 斎藤 通紀, 教授 萩原 正敏, 教授 戸井 雅和 / 学位規則第4条第1項該当 / Doctor of Medical Science / Kyoto University / DFAM

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