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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Analysis of Immunosignaturing Case Studies

January 2012 (has links)
abstract: Immunosignaturing is a technology that allows the humoral immune response to be observed through the binding of antibodies to random sequence peptides. The immunosignaturing microarray is based on complex mixtures of antibodies binding to arrays of random sequence peptides in a multiplexed fashion. There are computational and statistical challenges to the analysis of immunosignaturing data. The overall aim of my dissertation is to develop novel computational and statistical methods for immunosignaturing data to access its potential for diagnostics and drug discovery. Firstly, I discovered that a classification algorithm Naive Bayes which leverages the biological independence of the probes on our array in such a way as to gather more information outperforms other classification algorithms due to speed and accuracy. Secondly, using this classifier, I then tested the specificity and sensitivity of immunosignaturing platform for its ability to resolve four different diseases (pancreatic cancer, pancreatitis, type 2 diabetes and panIN) that target the same organ (pancreas). These diseases were separated with >90% specificity from controls and from each other. Thirdly, I observed that the immunosignature of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular complications are unique, consistent, and reproducible and can be separated by 100% accuracy from controls. But when these two complications arise in the same person, the resultant immunosignature is quite different in that of individuals with only one disease. I developed a method to trace back from informative random peptides in disease signatures to the potential antigen(s). Hence, I built a decipher system to trace random peptides in type 1 diabetes immunosignature to known antigens. Immunosignaturing, unlike the ELISA, has the ability to not only detect the presence of response but also absence of response during a disease. I observed, not only higher but also lower peptides intensities can be mapped to antigens in type 1 diabetes. To study immunosignaturing potential for population diagnostics, I studied effect of age, gender and geographical location on immunosignaturing data. For its potential to be a health monitoring technology, I proposed a single metric Coefficient of Variation that has shown potential to change significantly when a person enters a disease state. / Dissertation/Thesis / Ph.D. Biological Design 2012

Vyhledávání a aktualizace fragmentů anotací / Annotation Fragments Searching and Updates

Kubík, Lukáš January 2014 (has links)
This master's thesis analyzes annotation server algorithms for searching and updating annotation fragments. The annotation server is a part of the project Decipher. Analyzed algorithms are improved and replaced by newly designed algorithms in this project. A part of this project also designs a new algorithm for measuring how much is an annotation affected after updating the document.

Metody extrakce informací / Methods of Information Extraction

Adamček, Adam January 2015 (has links)
The goal of information extraction is to retrieve relational data from texts written in natural human language. Applications of such obtained information is wide - from text summarization, through ontology creation up to answering questions by QA systems. This work describes design and implementation of a system working in computer cluster which transforms a dump of Wikipedia articles to a set of extracted information that is stored in distributed RDF database with a possibility to query it using created user interface.

Transformace ontologií / Transformations of Ontologies

Kopecký, Marek January 2014 (has links)
This master's thesis describes importing the ontology in language OWL 2 into the internal structures of 4A annotation server. It is concerned in anonymous nodes, for example in anonymous classes or anonymous properties. The solution was to use the library The OWL API for import ontology. The solution also allows automatic generation of names to anonymous classes and properties.

Změny dokumentu v editoru anotací / Document Modifications in Annotation Editor

Cudrák, Miloš January 2014 (has links)
This thesis deals with the design and implementation of the document modifications and another annotation editor improvements developed as the part of the Decipher project. Explains the nature of the Decipher project and the inclusion of annotation system 4A in this project. It examines the annotation editor and propose solutions to problems and adding new functionality which makes it easier to work with annotations and also with editor itself.

Komponent pro sémantické obohacení / Semantic Enrichment Component

Doležal, Jan January 2018 (has links)
This master's thesis describes Semantic Enrichment Component (SEC), that searches entities (e.g., persons or places) in the input text document and returns information about them. The goals of this component are to create a single interface for named entity recognition tools, to enable parallel document processing, to save memory while using the knowledge base, and to speed up access to its content. To achieve these goals, the output of the named entity recognition tools in the text was specified, the tool for storing the preprocessed knowledge base into the shared memory was implemented, and the client-server scheme was used to create the component.

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