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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

FP-growth approach for document clustering

Akbar, Monika. January 2008 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis (MS)--Montana State University--Bozeman, 2008. / Typescript. Chairperson, Graduate Committee: Rafal A. Angryk. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 58-61).
2

Feature Translation-based Multilingual Document Clustering Technique

Liao, Shan-Yu 08 August 2006 (has links)
Document clustering automatically organizes a document collection into distinct groups of similar documents on the basis of their contents. Most of existing document clustering techniques deal with monolingual documents (i.e., documents written in one language). However, with the trend of globalization and advances in Internet technology, an organization or individual often generates/acquires and subsequently archives documents in different languages, thus creating the need for multilingual document clustering (MLDC). Motivated by its significance and need, this study designs a translation-based MLDC technique. Our empirical evaluation results show that the proposed multilingual document clustering technique achieves satisfactory clustering effectiveness measured by both cluster recall and cluster precision.
3

Clustering in Swedish : The Impact of some Properties of the Swedish Language on Document Clustering and an Evaluation Method

Rosell, Magnus January 2005 (has links)
<p>Text clustering divides a set of texts into groups, so that texts within each group are similar in content. It may be used to uncover the structure and content of unknown text sets as well as to give new perspectives on known ones. The contributions of this thesis are an investigation of text representation for Swedish and an evaluation method that uses two or more manual categorizations.</p><p>Text clustering, at least such as it is treated here, is performed using the vector space model, which is commonly used in information retrieval. This model represents texts by the words that appear in them and considers texts similar in content if they share many words. Languages differ in what is considered a word. We have investigated the impact of some of the characteristics of Swedish on text clustering. Since Swedish has more morphological variation than for instance English we have used a stemmer to strip suffixes. This gives moderate improvements and reduces the number of words in the representation.</p><p>Swedish has a rich production of solid compounds. Most of the constituents of these are used on their own as words and in several different compounds. In fact, Swedish solid compounds often correspond to phrases or open compounds in other languages.In the ordinary vector space model the constituents of compounds are not accounted for when calculating the similarity between texts. To use them we have employed a spell checking program to split compounds. The results clearly show that this is beneficial.</p><p>The vector space model does not regard word order. We have tried to extend it with nominal phrases in different ways. Noneof our experiments have shown any improvement over using the ordinary model.</p><p>Evaluation of text clustering results is very hard. What is a good partition of a text set is inherently subjective. Automatic evaluation methods are either intrinsic or extrinsic. Internal quality measures use the representation in some manner. Therefore they are not suitable for comparisons of different representations.</p><p>External quality measures compare a clustering with a (manual) categorization of the same text set. The theoretical best possible value for a measure is known, but it is not obvious what a good value is -- text sets differ in difficulty to cluster and categorizations are more or less adapted to a particular text set. We describe an evaluation method for cases where a text set has more than one categorization. In such cases the result of a clustering can be compared with the result for one of the categorizations, which we assume is a good partition. We also describe the kappa coefficient as a clustering quality measure in the same setting.</p> / <p>Textklustring delar upp en mängd texter i grupper, så att texterna inom dessa liknar varandra till innehåll. Man kan använda textklustring för att uppdaga strukturer och innehåll i okända textmängder och för att få nya perspektiv på redan kända. Bidragen i denna avhandling är en undersökning av textrepresentationer för svenska texter och en utvärderingsmetod som använder sig av två eller fler manuella kategoriseringar.</p><p>Textklustring, åtminstonde som det beskrivs här, utnyttjar sig av den vektorrumsmodell, som används allmänt inom området. I denna modell representeras texter med orden som förekommer i dem och texter som har många gemensamma ord betraktas som lika till innehåll. Vad som betraktas som ett ord skiljer sig mellan språk. Vi har undersökt inverkan av några av svenskans egenskaper på textklustring. Eftersom svenska har större morfologisk variation än till exempel engelska har vi tagit bort suffix med hjälp av en stemmer. Detta ger lite bättre resultat och minskar antalet ord i representationen.</p><p>I svenska används och skapas hela tiden fasta sammansättningar. De flesta delar av sammansättningar används som ord på egen hand och i många olika sammansättningar. Fasta sammansättningar i svenska språket motsvarar ofta fraser och öppna sammansättningar i andra språk. Delarna i sammansättningar används inte vid likhetsberäkningen i vektorrumsmodellen. För att utnyttja dem har vi använt ett rättstavningsprogram för att dela upp sammansättningar. Resultaten visar tydligt att detta är fördelaktigt</p><p>I vektorrumsmodellen tas ingen hänsyn till ordens inbördes ordning. Vi har försökt utvidga modellen med nominalfraser på olika sätt. Inga av våra experiment visar på någon förbättring jämfört med den vanliga enkla modellen.</p><p>Det är mycket svårt att utvärdera textklustringsresultat. Det ligger i sakens natur att vad som är en bra uppdelning av en mängd texter är subjektivt. Automatiska utvärderingsmetoder är antingen interna eller externa. Interna kvalitetsmått utnyttjar representationen på något sätt. Därför är de inte lämpliga att använda vid jämförelser av olika representationer.</p><p>Externa kvalitetsmått jämför en klustring med en (manuell) kategorisering av samma mängd texter. Det teoretiska bästa värdet för måtten är kända, men vad som är ett bra värde är inte uppenbart -- mängder av texter skiljer sig åt i svårighet att klustra och kategoriseringar är mer eller mindre lämpliga för en speciell mängd texter. Vi beskriver en utvärderingsmetod som kan användas då en mängd texter har mer än en kategorisering. I sådana fall kan resultatet för en klustring jämföras med resultatet för en av kategoriseringarna, som vi antar är en bra uppdelning. Vi beskriver också kappakoefficienten som ett kvalitetsmått för klustring under samma förutsättningar.</p>
4

An Ontology-Based Personalized Document Clustering Approach

Huang, Tse-hsiu 05 August 2004 (has links)
With the proliferation of electronic commerce and knowledge economy environments, both persons and organizations increasingly have generated and consumed large amounts of online information, typically available as textual documents. To manage this rapid growth of the number of textual documents, people often use categories or folders to organize their documents. These document grouping behaviors are intentional acts that reflect the persons¡¦ (or organizations¡¦) preferences with regard to semantic coherency, or relevant groupings between subjects. For this thesis, we design and implement an ontology-based personalized document clustering (OnPEC) technique by incorporating both an individual user¡¦s partial clustering and an ontology into the document clustering process. Our use of a target user¡¦s partial clustering supports the personalization of document categorization, whereas our use of the ontology turns document clustering from a feature-based to a concept-based approach. In addition, we combine two hierarchical agglomerative clustering (HAC) approaches (i.e., pre-cluster-based and atomic-based) in our proposed OnPEC technique. Using the clustering effectiveness achieved by a traditional content-based document clustering technique and previously proposed feature-based document clustering (PEC) techniques as performance benchmarks, we find that use of partial clusters improves document clustering effectiveness, as measured by cluster precision and cluster recall. Moreover, for both OnPEC and PEC techniques, the clustering effectiveness of pre-cluster-based HAC methods greatly outperforms that of atomic-based HAC methods.
5

Preference-Anchored Document Clustering Technique: Effects of Term Relationships and Thesaurus

Lin, Hao-hsiang 30 August 2006 (has links)
According to the context theory of classification, the document-clustering behaviors of individuals not only involve the attributes (including contents) of documents but also depend on who is doing the task and in what context. Thus, effective document-clustering techniques need to be able to take into account users¡¦ categorization preferences and thus can generate document clusters from different preferential perspectives. The Preference-Anchored Document Clustering (PAC) technique was proposed for supporting preference-based document-clustering. Specifically, PAC takes a user¡¦s categorization preference into consideration and subsequently generates a set of document clusters from this specific preferential perspective. In this study, we attempt to investigate two research questions concerning the PAC technique. The first research question investigates ¡§whether the incorporation of the broader-term expansion (i.e., the proposed PAC2 technique in this study) will improve the effectiveness of preference-based document-clustering, whereas the second research question is ¡§whether the use of a statistical-based thesaurus constructed from a larger document corpus will improve the effectiveness of preference-based document-clustering.¡¨ Compared with the effectiveness achieved by PAC, our empirical results show that the proposed PAC2 technique neither improves nor deteriorates the effectiveness of preference-based document-clustering when the complete set of anchoring terms is used. However, when only a partial set of anchoring terms is provided, PAC2 cannot improve and even deteriorate the effectiveness of preference-based document-clustering. As to the second research question, our empirical results suggest the use of a statistical-based thesaurus constructed from a larger document corpus (i.e., the ACM corpus consisting of 14,729 documents) does not improve the effectiveness of PAC and PAC2 for preference-based document-clustering.
6

Personalized and Context-aware Document Clustering

Yang, Chin-Sheng 15 July 2007 (has links)
To manage the ever-increasing volume of documents, organizations and individuals typically organize documents into categories (or category hierarchies) to facilitate their document management and support subsequent document retrieval and access. Document clustering is an intentional act that should reflect individuals¡¦ preferences with regard to the semantic coherency or relevant categorization of documents and should conform to the context of a target task under investigation. Thus, effective document clustering techniques need to take into account a user¡¦s categorization context defined by or relevant to the target task under consideration. However, existing document clustering techniques generally anchor in pure content-based analysis and therefore are not able to facilitate personalized or context-aware document clustering. In response, we design, implement and empirically evaluate three document clustering techniques capable of facilitating personalized or contextual document clustering. First, we extend an existing document clustering technique (specifically, the partial-clustering-based personalized document-clustering (PEC) approach) and propose the Collaborative Filtering¡Vbased personalized document-Clustering (CFC) technique to overcome the problem of small-sized partial clustering encountered by the PEC technique. Particularly, the CFC technique expands the size of a user¡¦s partial clustering based on the partial clusterings of other users with similar categorization preferences. Second, to support contextual document clustering, we design and implement a Context-Aware document-Clustering (CAC) technique by taking into consideration a user¡¦s categorization preference (i.e., a set of anchoring terms) relevant to the context of a target task and a statistical-based thesaurus constructed from the World Wide Web (WWW) via a search engine. Third, in response to the problem of small-sized set of anchoring terms which can greatly degrade the effectiveness of the CAC technique, we extend CAC and propose a Collaborative Filtering-based Context-Aware document Clustering (CF-CAC) technique. Our empirical evaluation results suggest that our proposed CFC, CAC, and CF-CAC techniques better support the need of personalized and contextual document clustering than do their benchmark techniques.
7

Personalized Document Clustering: Technique Development and Empirical Evaluation

Wu, Chia-Chen 14 August 2003 (has links)
With the proliferation of an electronic commerce and knowledge economy environment, both organizations and individuals generate and consume a large amount of online information, typically available as textual documents. To manage the ever-increasing volume of documents, organizations and individuals typically organize their documents into categories to facilitate document management and subsequent information access and browsing. However, document grouping behaviors are intentional acts, reflecting individuals¡¦ (or organizations¡¦) preferential perspective on semantic coherency or relevant groupings between subjects. Thus, an effective document clustering needs to address the described preferential perspective on document grouping and support personalized document clustering. In this thesis, we designed and implemented a personalized document clustering approach by incorporating individual¡¦s partial clustering into the document clustering process. Combining two document representation methods (i.e., feature refinement and feature weighting) with two clustering processes (i.e., pre-cluster-based and atomic-based), four personalized document clustering techniques are proposed. Using the clustering effectiveness achieved by a traditional content-based document clustering technique as performance benchmarks, our evaluation results suggest that use of partial clusters would improve the document clustering effectiveness. Moreover, the pre-cluster-based technique outperforms the atomic-based one, and the feature weighting method for document representation achieves a higher clustering effectiveness than the feature refinement method does.
8

Apriori approach to graph-based clustering of text documents

Hossain, Mahmud Shahriar. January 2008 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis (MS)--Montana State University--Bozeman, 2008. / Typescript. Chairperson, Graduate Committee: Rafal A. Angryk. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 59-65).
9

Preference-Anchored Document clustering Technique for Supporting Effective Knowledge and Document Management

Wang, Shin 03 August 2005 (has links)
Effective knowledge management of proliferating volume of documents within a knowledge repository is vital to knowledge sharing, reuse, and assimilation. In order to facilitate accesses to documents in a knowledge repository, use of a knowledge map to organize these documents represents a prevailing approach. Document clustering techniques typically are employed to produce knowledge maps. However, existing document clustering techniques are not tailored to individuals¡¦ preferences and therefore are unable to facilitate the generation of knowledge maps from various preferential perspectives. In response, we propose the Preference-Anchored Document Clustering (PAC) technique that takes a user¡¦s categorization preference (represented as a list of anchoring terms) into consideration to generate a knowledge map (or a set of document clusters) from this specific preferential perspective. Our empirical evaluation results show that our proposed technique outperforms the traditional content-based document clustering technique in the high cluster precision area. Furthermore, benchmarked with Oracle Categorizer, our proposed technique also achieves better clustering effectiveness in the high cluster precision area. Overall, our evaluation results demonstrate the feasibility and potential superiority of the proposed PAC technique.
10

Clustering Multilingual Documents: A Latent Semantic Indexing Based Approach

Lin, Chia-min 09 February 2006 (has links)
Document clustering automatically organizes a document collection into distinct groups of similar documents on the basis of their contents. Most of existing document clustering techniques deal with monolingual documents (i.e., documents written in one language). However, with the trend of globalization and advances in Internet technology, an organization or individual often generates/acquires and subsequently archives documents in different languages, thus creating the need for multilingual document clustering (MLDC). Motivated by its significance and need, this study designs a Latent Semantic Indexing (LSI) based MLDC technique. Our empirical evaluation results show that the proposed LSI-based multilingual document clustering technique achieves satisfactory clustering effectiveness, measured by both cluster recall and cluster precision.

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