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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

The effect of audiovisual tape self-confrontation on the self-concept of high-anxiety twelfth-grade students within a client-centered counseling situation.

Crowder, Thomas H., Jr. January 1978 (has links)
The problem of this study was to determine the effect of varying degrees of intensity of audiovisual tape self-confrontation upon the self-concept of high anxiety twelfth-grade students in a group counseling situation under client-centered conditions. The general hypothesis was that, if audiovisual self-confrontation is used in client-centered group counseling, then significantly higher scores will result on a measure of self-concept than if such confrontation is not used. The study was based upon the premise that audiovisual self-confrontation represents a unique adjunct to the techniques of client-centered therapy in providing to the client an objective view of his own behavior as well as the reactions of others to his behavior. By providing this view, the confrontation is supportive of the self-perception purpose of therapeutic techniques. It tests the client-centered theory assertions that (1) one of the objectives of therapy is to help the client differentiate and discriminate the objects of his feelings and perceptions, including his self, thereby bringing about a more positive self-concept, and (2) if incongruence exists, a sudden or obvious demonstration of the incongruence may result in a deteriorated self-concept. In order to test the effect of audiovisual self-confrontation, high anxiety twelfth-grade students were assigned randomly to two groups of six students in each of five high schools. In each group, students were designated randomly, two for focused self-confrontation (with discussion), two for unfocused self-confrontation (without discussion), and two for no self-confrontation as control. Following a twenty-five-minute client-centered group counseling session (with self-confrontation for designated students) each week over a six-week period, students were tested on the self-concept variable. The results did not support the hypothesis that audiovisual self-confrontation would enhance the self-concept. There was no statistically significant difference between the self-concept scores of the focused, unfocused, and control groups of students. Therefore, both Hypothesis 1 and Hypothesis 2 were rejected. The results of the study did indicate that, for the students involved under the given conditions, audio-visual self-confrontation was not effective as an adjunct in the implementation of client-centered therapy.

An empirical investigation of the Rogerian counselling conditions and locus of control.

Klassen, Daniel. January 1979 (has links)
Carl Rogers postulated that certain necessary and sufficient conditions for personality change are congruence, unconditional positive regard and empathy. He predicted that personality change would occur in clients who perceive the counselling conditions in a therapeutic relationship. Julian Rotter, in his theory, contends that an individual's belief in locus of control is an important variable in the study of personality. Rogers indicates that the individual with a healthy personality would tend to be internal in his locus of control, while the individual without a healthy personality tends to be external in his locus of control. He asserts that clients must perceive the congruence, unconditional positive regard and empathy of the counsellor prior to positive personality change taking place. It was therefore hypothesized that there would be a difference in the locus of control change scores of the group of clients who perceive their counsellors as possessing counselling conditions and the group of clients who perceive their counsellors as not possessing the counselling conditions. Subjects for the study were self referred clients who sought personal adjustment counselling from school counsellors who volunteered to participate in the study. The Barrett-Lennard Relationship Inventory (Form OS-M-64) was used to determine the client's perception of the counselling conditions. The difference between the Social Reaction Inventory pre-test and post-test scores was used to indicate changes in locus of control over the twelve week experimental period. The hypothesis was not supported. Various explanations for the results are suggested. Recommendations for further study include replication of the study in a clinical setting and a study over a longer counselling period with greater numbers of counsellors and clients.

Profils de valeurs aux stades exploration et établissement du développement vocationnel défini par Donald E Super

Trottier, Gérald Lucien January 1978 (has links)
Abstract not available.

A study of the guidance functions performed and preferred by grades 7 and 8 teachers in the separate schools of Ottawa

Seville, Saturnino T January 1970 (has links)
Abstract not available.

The guidance value of visits to industry

Lucow, William H January 1950 (has links)
Abstract not available.

L'influence des passions dans l'éducation morale

Ferragne, Marcel January 1944 (has links)
Abstract not available.

Birth order characteristics of monozygotic and dizygotic twins

Hampton, Trudell van Burkleo, 1954- January 1991 (has links)
This study used a questionnaire designed to identify Adlerian birth order characteristics in twins. One hundred and ninety (n = 190) mothers of twins completed surveys requesting general demographic information as well as descriptive accounts of each sibling within the family constellation. An adjective checklist of birth order descriptors was completed for each twin. The resulting data were statistically analyzed using Friedman and Nemenyi's tests to compare the number of characteristics associated with birth order categories for each ordinal position. Results seemed to indicate that twins display Adlerian birth order characteristics indicative of their ordinal placement though this was not the case for every position. The largest number of characteristics for three out of five ordinal positions were those of "youngest." In contrast, twins uniformly scored lowest on "middle" characteristics.

A comparison of dreams and early recollections

Woods, Peter Cavanaugh, 1955- January 1992 (has links)
This study compared dreams and early recollections of nine University of Arizona graduate students. The students first provided the researcher with three dreams and six early recollections. Three Adlerian experts analyzed the dreams and completed a worksheet detailing each subject's apperception of life. Three additional Adlerian experts analyzed the early recollections of the students and completed an identical worksheet. A third panel of Adlerian trained counselors compared the dream and early recollection worksheets, making a determination whether the worksheets were "Alike", "Similar", or "Different". Consistent with Adlerian theory, this study found that early recollections demonstrate more about a person's expectations, view of self, men and women, than do dreams. In contrast with early recollections, dreams express a person's more immediate concerns. While there does exist some overlap between dream analysis and early recollection analysis, both of these projective techniques provide useful information that the other does not.

Adlerian characteristics of adult only children

Breckenridge, Danielle Leigh, 1969- January 1994 (has links)
This study used a questionnaire designed to identify Adlerian characteristics of adult only children. It was hypothesized that not all of the characteristics mentioned in Adlerian theory will be found in each of the only children and certain characteristics will not be evident in any of the only children used in this study. Four adult only children volunteered to participate in this study. The study found that all 15 Adlerian characteristics that were measured for were identified in this sample. Only one characteristic was reported by 100% of the participants-reliability. This study also attempted to clarify whether or not only children grew up with friends significantly older than themselves, have high educational levels, and have high aspirations pertaining to occupations. And whether or not female only children tend to marry people significantly older than themselves, have children at a later age, and have small families.

The effect of cognitive development and career decision needs on the appreciation of career development literature in adolescents

Unknown Date (has links)
The purpose of this study was to examine the conditions under which adolescents appreciate career development literature. / It was hypothesized that the appreciation of career literature is directly related to reading ability, reasoning ability, and need for career information. These variables were operationalized in the following ways: (1) the Comprehensive Test of Basic Skills (CTBS) measured reading ability (1973); (2) Lawson Test of Formal Reasoning measured abstract thinking (1978); and (3) the Career Decision Scale Factor 1, need for structure, measured need for career information (Osipow, et. al., 1976). Appreciation was measured by the Reading Appreciation Form (RAF) (Billups and Peterson, 1988) and the Poetic Evaluation Rating Scale (PERS) (Pederson and Rees, 1965). / The subjects were 80 junior and senior students selected at random from the Florida State University Developmental Research School. Using partial correlations, the findings were: (1) the ability to appreciate short stories is related to reading ability; (2) the ability to appreciate certain types of short stories is related to abstract thinking; and (3) the ability to appreciate career development literature is not related to career development needs (lack of structure). Implications of the findings for career education programs in schools are discussed. / Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 50-05, Section: A, page: 1215. / Major Professor: Gary Peterson. / Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1989.

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