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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
11

Real-time application of synchronised phasor measurement units in power system small-signal stability analysis.

Ngoma, Louwrance Jack. January 2014 (has links)
M. Tech. Electrical Engineering. / Discusses that most real-time applications of synchronised phasor measurement units in power system stability studies are done using RTDS simulator, hardware PMUs and PTP hardware modules with GPS providing the time reference. The major drawbacks of this configuration are both technical and economical. The technical limitations are related to the possible number of outputs that can be used to interface PMU devices, which can be very limited; and also the possible limits on small-time step computation due to the big number of output signals. The economic constraints are mainly due to cost: for a research laboratory, only a limited number of units can be acquired due to budgeting issues. To overcome these difficulties, the realisation of an entirely software-based synchrophasor measurement unit, presents an attractive approach. Such a unit will be capable of deliveringreal-time data by acquiring the voltage and current signals from the Matlab/Simulink simulator, low cost software environment PMUs computing real-time phasors of voltage and current and software only PTP synchronisation protocol. The unit delivers synchrophasors for the application of power system SE and small signal stability analysis, but also taking into consideration the accuracy of the synchronisation protocol on the application of power system SE and small signal stability analysis.
12

Decoupling and stabilizing control of multi-machine power systems withstatic VAr compensators

曾坤明, Tsang, Kwan-ming. January 1993 (has links)
published_or_final_version / Electrical and Electronic Engineering / Master / Master of Philosophy
13

Direct transient stability margin assessment of power system with excitation control and SVC control

張小彬, Cheung, Siu-pan. January 1996 (has links)
published_or_final_version / Electrical and Electronic Engineering / Master / Master of Philosophy
14

Modelling and analysis of inverter-based facts devices for power system dynamic studies.

Feng-Wei, Huang. January 2006 (has links)
Flexible AC Transmission Systems (FACTS) involves the incorporation of power-electronic controlled devices into ac power transmission systems in order to extend the power-transfer capability of these systems beyond their traditionally accepted boundaries. One particular category of FACTS devices makes use of high-powered voltage source inverters to insert near-sinusoidal ac compensating voltages into the transmission system. This thesis considers this particular category of inverter-based FACTS devices, namely the static synchronous compensator (STATCOM), static synchronous series compensator (SSSC) and unified power flow controller (UPFC). Although the potential for FACTS devices to enhance the operation of power systems is well known, a device such as a UPFC is itself a complicated subsystem of the overall power system. There is therefore also the possibility that the introduction of such devices could cause adverse interactions with other power system equipment or with existing network resonances. This thesis examines the interactions between inverter-based compensators and a particular form of system resonance, that of subsynchronous resonance between a generator turbine shaft and the electrical transmission network. The thesis presents a review of the theory of operation of high-power, multi-pulse inverter topologies actually used in transmission-level FACTS devices. Detailed simulation models are developed of both two-level and three-level multi-pulse inverters. With appropriate controls, simulation models of both the SSSC and STATCOM, and a full UPFC are then developed using these detailed inverter models and the results from these simulation models compared against other results from the literature. These comparisons show favourable agreement between the detailed FACTS models developed in the thesis and those used by other researchers. However, the models presented in this thesis include a more detailed representation of the actual power-electronic circuitry and firing controls of inverter-based FACTS devices than is the case with other models used in the literature. The thesis then examines the issue of whether the introduction of an SSSC to a transmission system could cause subsynchronous resonance (SSR). SSR is a form of dynamic instability that arises when electrical resonances in a series capacitively compensated transmission line interact with the mechanical resonances of a turbo-generator shaft system. The detailed SSSC simulation model developed in the thesis is used to determine the impedance versus frequency characteristics of a transmission line compensated by an SSSC. The results confirm earlier work by others, this time using more detailed and realistic models, in that the introduction of an SSSC is shown to cause subsynchronous resonance. The thesis then considers the addition of supplementary damping controllers to the SSSC to reduce subsynchronous oscillations caused both by the SSSC itself as well as by a combination of conventional series capacitors and an SSSC in a representative benchmark study system. The results show that subsynchronous oscillations in the transmission system compensated solely by an SSSC can successfully be damped out using a single-mode supplementary damping controller for a range of values of SSSC series compensation. However, in the case of the transmission system compensated by both conventional series capacitors and an SSSC, the nature of the subsynchronous oscillations is shown to be complex and strongly multi-modal in character. The thesis then proposes an extension to the single-mode supplementary damping controller structure that is better suited to damping the multi-modal resonances caused when an SSSC and conventional series capacitors are used together to compensate a transmission line. The results obtained from this multi-modal controller indicate that it is able to stabilise SSR for a range of compensation values, but that the controller design needs to be adjusted to suit different values of compensation. / Thesis (Ph.D.)-University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, 2006.
15

Adaptive/optimal neurocontrol based on adaptive critic designs for synchronous generators and facts devices in power systems using artificial neural networks

Park, Jung Wook 08 1900 (has links)
No description available.
16

Robust output feedback controllers for power system stabilization

Falkner, Catherine M. 12 1900 (has links)
No description available.
17

Robust control strategies for the transient control of interconnected power systems

Jiang, Haibo 05 1900 (has links)
No description available.
18

Secure operation and planning of electric power systems by pattern recognition by Danny Sik-Kwan Fok.

Fok, Danny Sik-Kwan January 1986 (has links)
Electric power systems are characterized by their immense complexity. The assessment of their security on-line has always been a challenging task. Many possibilities were investigated in the past in an attempt to characterize the secure operating region of a power system. Pattern recognition is thus far the only tool that can take various degrees of network complexity into consideration. / In the present study, an efficient algorithm which learns adaptively the secure operating region is proposed. At each iteration, training operating points are generated sequentially on a piecewise linearly approximated separation surface computed by the one-nearest-neighbor (1-NN) rule. The separation surface so estimated approaches the true one as the number of training points increases. The algorithm not only provides a consistent technique in learning an unknown region, it generates a highly efficient training set. It is found to be effective in reducing the size of the training set without adverse effect to the classifier. / Once the secure region of a power system is available, the task of on-line security monitoring reduces to one of determining whether the current operating point resides in the secure region. As demonstrated in the thesis, both the security status and the security margin of the operating point can be assessed very efficiently. By using the piecewise linearly approximated secure region, the thesis proceeds to give efficient ways of moving an insecure operating point into the secure region. This comprises the problem of security enhancement. / The regionwise methodology via the Voronoi diagram developed in the thesis is also applied to a wide range of problems, such as network planning, coordinating tuning of machine parameters and automatic contingency selection. The major merit is that the dynamics and the nonlinearity of the system no longer present a limitation to solving these problems.
19

Calcul des courants de courts-circiuts tenant compte des éléments shunts et des rapports hors-normaux des transformateurs

Proulx, Robert January 1981 (has links)
No description available.
20

Analysis and characterization of general security regions in power networks

Banakar, M. Hadi January 1980 (has links)
The analysis and characterization of the steady-state security of a bulk-power electric system is investigated in a region-wise or set-theoretic framework. The study is divided into three parts: a detailed examination of the theoretical aspects of general security regions; a formulation and analysis of the problem of characterizing a set of secure operating points by a simple, explicit function; and an investigation into the secure loadability of a power system. Based on the results of the theoretical study, general approximate relations expressing dependent load flow variables in terms of the nodal injections are derived. Their degree of accuracy and extent of validity are investigated through analytical and simulation-based analyses. The general problem of characterizing subsets of a security region by simple, explicit functions is formulated as an optimization problem. For the case where the subsets are expressed by ellipsoids, two algorithms are developed and tested. The problem is then extended to include embedding the largest ellipsoid of a £ixed orientation inside a security region. The application of explicit security sets to the problem of predictive security assessment is studied in detail. A number of explicit security subsets overlapping along the predicted daily trajectory is used to define a "security corridor". This predicted corridor has the property that as long as the actual trajectory stays within it, very little computation is needed to assess the system security. The secure loadability of a power system is first studied in the demand space by considering the orthogonal projection of security sets into that space. It is then studied in the voltage space in the context of existence of a secure load flow solution to a given loading condition. Properties of the set of secure voltage solutions are explored by enclosing it with a linear set. Furthermore, it is shown that, under favorable conditions, one can easily characterize a subset of the set / L'analyse et la caracterisation de la securite en regime permanent pour un reseau et transmission ont ete etudiees dans le contexte de la theorie des ensembles. L'etude est divisee en trois parties: un examen detaille: des aspects theoriques des regions de securite generale; la formulation et l'analyse de probleme de la caracterisation d'un ensemble de points de fonctionnement par une fonction simple, sous forme explicite, et l'etude de la capacite de charge d'un reseau. Une analyse theorique a permis de deriver des relations approximative generales, exprimant les variables dependantes de l'ecoulement de puissance en terme des injections de noeud. Le degre de precision de ces approximations ainsi que leurs limites d'application sont determinees a l'aide de simulations et d'analyses theoriques. Le probleme general de la caracterisation des sous-ensembles d'une region de securite par des fonctions simples et sous forme explicite est formule comme probleme d'optimisation. Dans le cas ou les sous-ensembles sont exprimes par des ellipsoides, deux algorithmes sont developpes et verifies. Le probleme est alors elargi de facon a inclure le plus grand ellipsoide d'orientation fixe a l'interieur d'une region de securite. L'application d'ensembles de securite au prob1eme de l'evaluation preventive est etudiee en detail. On utilise un certain nombre d'ensembles de securite se recoupant long de la trajectoire journaliere prevue de facon a definir un corridor de securite. Ce corridor prevu possede la propriete qu'aussi longtemps que la trajectoire y est confinee, un minimum de calculs est requis pour evaluer la securite du systeme. Le chargement securitaire d'un reseau est en premier lieu etudie en considerant la projection orthogonale des ensembles de securite sur cet espace. Il est ensuite etudie dans l'espace des tensions, dans le contexte de l'existence d'une solution pour une charge donnee. Les proprietes de l'ensemble des solutions securitaires sont explorees en l'enchas

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