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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

The convergence of parametric resonance and vibration energy harvesting

Jia, Yu January 2014 (has links)
No description available.

Efficient power management design for energy harvesting biomedical applications

Chen, Zhi Yuan January 2018 (has links)
University of Macau / Faculty of Science and Technology. / Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Development of Electromagnetic Micro-Energy Harvesting Device

Patel, Pratik January 2013 (has links)
The use of energy harvesting devices has generated much research interests in recent years. There are numerous energy harvesters available in the market that are piezoelectric, electromagnetic, electrostatic or combination of piezoelectric and electromagnetic. Many of the harvesters have shown great potential but are either severely limited in power generation since they are actually never optimized to its potential. One of the goals of this thesis is to develop an electromagnetic micro-energy harvester that is capable of working at low frequencies (5-30 Hz) and is capable of producing electrical power for small devices. Generally, batteries have been used to power low voltage electronics, however the need for self-sustaining and reliable power source have always been a major issue. This project aims to make a harvester of size AA battery that can be used as a reliable and continuous source of power for bio-medical as well as industrial applications. Firstly, a linear harvester is developed for applications where there is no set natural frequency. The linear harvester consists of a stator and a mover. The stator includes copper coils, outer iron case and delrin holder for the coils while the mover consists of permanent magnets, iron pole and cylindrical rod. The working principles developed are used to optimize and improve the efficiency of energy harvesting system. The linear harvesting system is tested with the permanent magnet to iron pole ratio of 1.25 and permanent magnet to coil ratio of 0.73. The power density of the linear harvester is determined to be 4.44e-4 W/cm3. Thereafter, optimization is done in comsol to improve the performance of the energy harvesting system. The optimized magnet to iron ratio is determined to be 3.175 and permanent magnet to coil ratio of 0.7938. The optimized ratios are used to develop an inertial type non-linear energy harvesting device. The structure of the non-linear harvester is same as the linear one except two stationary magnets are added at the top and bottom of the harvester that act as a non-linear spring. The non-linear harvesting device is tested and the power density of the system is determined to be 2.738e-2 W/cm3. The non-linear harvester was tested at acceleration level of 1g and it was determined that the harvester worked best at natural frequency of 8.66 Hz. The maximum power produced was 38.1 mW. The non-linear type of harvester is easy to assemble and optimize to match ambient natural frequency of numerous vibrating systems. Two frequency tuning methods are looked at for the non-linear energy harvesting system. One is by changing the magnetic air gap and the second is by changing the thickness of the stationary top and bottom magnets. It is determined that changing magnetic air gap is more effective at tuning for a range of natural frequencies. For applications where the natural frequency of the system doesn't exist, such as buoys and beacons at sea, the linear energy harvester works best. For applications where the system vibrates at a certain natural frequency, the non-linear harvester should be used. Finally, this thesis is concluded with a discussion on the electromagnetic micro-harvester and some suggestions for further research on how to optimize and extend the functionality of the energy harvesting system.

Integrated actuation and energy harvesting in prestressed piezoelectric synthetic jets

Mane, Poorna. January 1900 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Virginia Commonwealth University, 2009. / Prepared for: Dept. of Mechanical Engineering. Title from title-page of electronic thesis. Bibliography: leaves 122-145.

System Support for Intermittent Computing

Colin, Alexei 01 May 2018 (has links)
Smart things, spaces, and structures are created by embedding computation into them. Embedded computers sense, compute, and communicate at the edge, closer to the physical rather than the cyber world. Not any computer can be embedded, because many deployment settings demand small size, long lifetime, and robustness to a harsh environment. .

Simulation and characterization on optimum performance of piezoelectric energy harvesters by utiliizing multimode mechanical response

Mei, Jie January 2015 (has links)
No description available.

Investigation of a novel multiresonant beam energy harvester and a complex conjugate matching circuit

Qi, Shaofan January 2011 (has links)
The aim of the work described in this thesis is firstly to improve the collection of vibration energy for piezoelectric cantilever harvesters, by a mechanical technique, so that the devices can harvest energy over a wider bandwidth. Secondly to investigate a new circuit topology for achieving complex conjugate load matching to the piezoelectric harvester. The thesis has been divided into two parts - the mechanical approach and the electrical approach. For the mechanical approach, a novel multiresonant beam, comprising piezoelectric fiber composites on a clamped-clamped beam and side mounted cantilevers, was proposed. The side cantilevers are tuned by tip masses to be resonant at different frequencies. A Rayleigh-Ritz model was developed to predict the vibration response of the proposed model multiresonant beam. This model showed that the bandwidth of the multiresonant beam was increased over that of a single cantilever harvester. A multiresonant beam for energy harvesting was experimentally tested and compared with a single cantilever energy harvester. The transmissibility and voltage responses were investigated, the beam showed a wide frequency response between 14.5Hz and 31Hz, whereas the single cantilever only showed one resonant frequency. Therefore the multiresonant beam system is feasible for wide band energy harvesting. For the electrical approach, the task was to investigate complex conjugate impedance matching for the piezoelectric energy harvesters, so that the output impedance from the piezoelectric harvester can be reduced, and maximum energy extracted from the device with a possibility of frequency tuning. A new amplified inductor circuit was proposed to enable the capacitive output impedance of the piezoelectric device to be cancelled. Experimental and software simulations are provided to verify the theoretical predictions. A prototype amplified inductor circuit was simulated and tested. The results showed that a variable effective inductance was achieved. However the circuit is lossy due to imperfections within the system, and needs further work to eliminate these imperfections.

Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting via Frequency Up-conversion Technology

Abedini, Amin 01 August 2019 (has links)
Ambient energy harvesting has attracted significant attention over the last years for applications such as wireless sensors, implantable devices, health monitoring systems, and wearable devices. The methods of vibration-to-electric energy conversion can be included in the following categories: electromagnetic, electrostatic, and piezoelectric. Among various techniques of vibration-based energy harvesting, piezoelectric transduction method has received the most attention due to the large power density of the piezoelectric material and its simple architectures. In contrast to electromagnetic energy harvesting, the output voltage of a piezoelectric energy harvester is high, which can charge a storage component such as a battery. Compared to electrostatic energy harvester, the piezoelectric energy harvester does not require an external voltage supply. Also, piezoelectric harvesters can be manufactured in micro-scale, where they show better performance compared to other energy harvesters, owing to the well-established thick-film and thin-film fabrication techniques. The main drawback of the linear piezoelectric harvesters is that they only retrieve energy efficiently when they are excited at their resonance frequencies, which are usually high, while they are less efficient when the excitation frequency is distributed over a broad spectrum or is dominant at low frequencies. High-frequency vibrations can be found in machinery and vehicles could be used as the energy source but, most of the vibration energy harvesters are targeting at low-frequency vibration sources which are more achievable in the natural environment. One way to overcome this limitation is by using the frequency-up-conversion technology via impacts, where the source of the impacts can be one or two stoppers or more massive beams. The impact makes the piezoelectric beam oscillate in its resonance frequency and brings nonlinear behavior into the system.

Stratégies de transmission et feedback pour les systèmes de communication sans-fil à récupération de l'énergie / Transmission and feedback strategies for energy harvesting wireless communication systems

Gangula, Rajeev 21 July 2015 (has links)
Au cours de la dernière décennie, nous avons observé à une croissance rapide du nombre d’appareils de communication, et cette tendance devrait se poursuivre tant que les technologies essentielles telles que des objets connectes façonnent l’avenir de technologies d’information et de communication. Cette croissance a entraîné une augmentation considérable de la demande d’énergie, donc l’empreinte carbone de l’écosystème des ICT ne peut plus être ignorée. De plus, dans les systèmes de communication traditionnelle alimentés par batterie, où l’infrastructure énergétique n’est pas disponible après le déploiement, énergie limitée dans la batterie devient le goulot d’étranglement car elle détermine le lifetime de réseau. Alimenter appareil de communication avec des sources d’énergie ambiante, grâce à technologie de récupération l’énergie, non seulement réduit l’empreinte carbone du secteur de ICT mais aussi augmente l’autonomie des réseaux de communication que dépend de la batterie. Un appareil de récupération d’énergie peut piéger l’énergie de l’entourant environnement (sources typiques sont l’énergie solaire, le vent, les vibrations, thermique, etc.). Cependant, variabilité dans temps de l’énergie ambiant modifie la conception de stratégies de communication très différente des systèmes traditionnels. En dehors de la récupération d’énergie, un débit plus élevé peut être obtenu dans un système sans fil en concevant des systèmes de transmission basé sur des informations de canal de propagation. Comme les techniques d’adaptation de canal exigent d’avoir une certaine connaissance de l’état du canal sans fil envoyé au émetteur, l’augmentation du débit vient a un coût de l’estimation de l’information de canal qui consomment des ressources dans un système de communication, particulièrement, l’énergie. En outre, lorsque l’objectif dans un système de communication est à envoyer des informations sur la source à une destination avec au minimum distorsion erreur, des stratégies de transmission et de compression a être conçu sur la base à la fois sur la variable temps des conditions de canal et la statistiques de la source. Cette thèse porte sur la conception de stratégies de transmission prenant en compte le coût de l’obtention des informations d’état de canal (CSI) à l’émetteur, et les statistiques de sources variables dans le temps lorsque la communication dispositifs reposent sur l’énergie récoltée (donc variant dans le temps) des fournitures. / Over the last decade, we have witnessed a rapid growth in the number of communication devices, and this trend is expected to continue as the key technologies such as Internet of Things (IoT), wearable devices, are shaping the future of information and communication technology (ICT) industry. This growth has resulted in a tremendous increase in the energy demand, and hence the carbon footprint of the ICT ecosystem can no longer be ignored. Additionally, in traditional battery powered communication systems where energy infrastructure is not available after deployment, the limited available energy in the battery becomes the bottleneck as it determines the network lifetime. Powering up nodes with ambient energy sources, thanks to the energy harvesting technology, not only reduces the carbon footprint of ICT sector but also increases the autonomy of battery powered communication networks. An energy harvesting node can scavenge energy from the surrounding environment (typical sources are solar, wind, vibration, thermal, etc.). However, time varying nature of the ambient energy makes the design of communication strategies quite different from the traditional communication systems. Besides energy harvesting, higher throughput can be obtained in a wireless communication system by designing transmission schemes on the basis of propagation channel information. As channel adaptation techniques require to have some knowledge of the wireless channel conditions feedbackto the transmitter, the gain in throughput comes at the cost of pilot-based training and feedback which consume resources in a communication system, especially, energy. In addition when the goal in a communication system is to send information about the source to a destination such that mean squared error distortion is minimized, transmission and compression strategies hasto be designed based on both the time varying channel conditions and the source statistics. This dissertation focuses on the design of transmission strategies taking into account the cost of obtaining the channel state information (CSI) at the transmitter, and time varying source statistics when the communication nodes rely on harvested energy (hence time-varying energy) supplies.

Analysis and optimal design of micro-energy harvesting systems for wireless sensor nodes

Lu, Xin January 2012 (has links)
Presently, wireless sensor nodes are widely used and the lifetime of the system is becoming the biggest problem with using this technology. As more and more low power products have been used in WSN, energy harvesting technologies, based on their own characteristics, attract more and more attention in this area. But in order to design high energy efficiency, low cost and nearly perpetual lifetime micro energy harvesting system is still challenging. This thesis proposes a new way, by applying three factors of the system, which are the energy generation, the energy consumption and the power management strategy, into a theoretical model, to optimally design a highly efficient micro energy harvesting system in a real environment. In order to achieve this goal, three aspects of contributions, which are theoretically analysis an energy harvesting system, practically enhancing the system efficiency, and real system implementation, have been made. For the theoretically analysis, the generic architecture and the system design procedure have been proposed to guide system design. Based on the proposed system architecture, the theoretical analytical models of solar and thermal energy harvesting systems have been developed to evaluate the performance of the system before it being designed and implemented. Based on the model's findings, two approaches (MPPT based power conversion circuit and the power management subsystem) have been considered to practically increase the system efficiency. As this research has been funded by the two public projects, two energy harvesting systems (solar and thermal) powered wireless sensor nodes have been developed and implemented in the real environments based on the proposed work, although other energy sources are given passing treatment. The experimental results show that the two systems have been efficiently designed with the optimization of the system parameters by using the simulation model. The further experimental results, tested in the real environments, show that both systems can have nearly perpetual lifetime with high energy efficiency.

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