Karim, Ehsanul, Madani, Sri Phani Venkata Siva Krishna, Yun, Feng
The Objective of this thesis is to talk about the usage of Fuzzy Logic in pattern recognition. There are different fuzzy approaches to recognize the pattern and the structure in data. The fuzzy approach that we choose to process the data is completely depends on the type of data. Pattern reorganization as we know involves various mathematical transforms so as to render the pattern or structure with the desired properties such as the identification of a probabilistic model which provides the explaination of the process generating the data clarity seen and so on and so forth. With this basic school of thought we plunge into the world of Fuzzy Logic for the process of pattern recognition. Fuzzy Logic like any other mathematical field has its own set of principles, types, representations, usage so on and so forth. Hence our job primarily would focus to venture the ways in which Fuzzy Logic is applied to pattern recognition and knowledge of the results. That is what will be said in topics to follow. Pattern recognition is the collection of all approaches that understand, represent and process the data as segments and features by using fuzzy sets. The representation and processing depend on the selected fuzzy technique and on the problem to be solved. In the broadest sense, pattern recognition is any form of information processing for which both the input and output are different kind of data, medical records, aerial photos, market trends, library catalogs, galactic positions, fingerprints, psychological profiles, cash flows, chemical constituents, demographic features, stock options, military decisions.. Most pattern recognition techniques involve treating the data as a variable and applying standard processing techniques to it.
25 July 2006
In this paper, we purpose a kernel-based fuzzy clustering algorithm to cluster data patterns in the feature space. Our method uses kernel functions to project data from the original space into a high dimensional feature space, and data are divided into groups though their similarities in the feature space with an incremental clustering approach. After clustering, data patterns of the same cluster in the feature space are then grouped with an arbitrarily shaped boundary in the original space. As a result, clusters with arbitrary shapes are discovered in the original space. Clustering, which can be taken as unsupervised classification, has also been utilized in resolving classification problems. So, we extend our method to process the classification problems. By working in the high dimensional feature space where the data are expected to more separable, we can discover the inner structure of the data distribution. Therefore, our method has the advantage of dealing with new incoming data pattern efficiently. The effectiveness of our method is demonstrated in the experiment.
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Clustering applications dealing with perception based or biased data lead to models with non-disjunct clusters. There, objects to be clustered are allowed to belong to several clusters at the same time which results in a fuzzy clustering. It can be shown that this is equivalent to searching all maximal cliques in dynamic graphs like G_t=(V,E_t), where E_(t-1) in E_t, t=1,... ,T; E_0=(). In this article algorithms are provided to track all maximal cliques in a fully dynamic graph. It is naturally to raise the question about the maximum clique, having all maximal cliques. Therefore this article discusses potentials and drawbacks for this problem as well. (author's abstract) / Series: Working Papers on Information Systems, Information Business and Operations
10 February 2003
Building a rule-based classification system for a training data set is an important research topic in the area of data mining, knowledge discovery and expert systems. Recently, the GA-based fuzzy approach is shown to be an effective way to design an efficient evolutionary fuzzy system. In this thesis a three layers genetic algorithm with Simulated Annealing for selecting a small number of fuzzy if-then rules to building a compact fuzzy classification system will be proposed. The rule selection problem with three objectives: (1) maximize the number of correctly classified patterns, (2) minimize the number of fuzzy if-then rules, and (3) minimize the number of required features. Genetic algorithms are applied to solve this problem. A set of fuzzy if-then rules is coded into a binary string and treated as an in-dividual in genetic algorithms. The fitness of each individual is specified by three ob-jectives in the combinatorial optimization problem. Simulated annealing (SA) is op-tionally cooperated with three layers genetic algorithm to effectively select some layer control genes. The performance of the proposed method for training data and test data is ex-amined by computer simulations on the iris data set and spiral data set, and comparing the performance with the existing approaches. It is shown empirically that the pro-posed method outperforms the existing methods in the design of optimal fuzzy sys-tems.
30 April 2019
No description available.
Abdullatif, Amr R.A., Masulli, F., Rovetta, S.
20 January 2020
Yes / Data streams have arisen as a relevant research topic during the past decade. They are real‐time, incremental in nature, temporally ordered, massive, contain outliers, and the objects in a data stream may evolve over time (concept drift). Clustering is often one of the earliest and most important steps in the streaming data analysis workflow. A comprehensive literature is available about stream data clustering; however, less attention is devoted to the fuzzy clustering approach, even though the nonstationary nature of many data streams makes it especially appealing. This survey discusses relevant data stream clustering algorithms focusing mainly on fuzzy methods, including their treatment of outliers and concept drift and shift. / Ministero dell‘Istruzione, dell‘Universitá e della Ricerca.
02 December 2011
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Dans cette thèse, nous proposons une méthode pour la visualisation d'ensembles chevauchant et de basé sur les diagrammes d'Euler. Les diagrammes d'Euler sont probablement les plus intuitifs pour représenter de manière schématique les ensembles qui partagent des éléments. Cette métaphore visuelle est ainsi un outil puissant en termes de visualisation d'information. Cependant, la génération automatique de ces diagrammes présente encore de nombreux problèmes difficiles. Premièrement, tous les clustering chevauchants ne peuvent pas être dessinées avec les diagrammes d'Euler classiques. Deuxièmement, la plupart des algorithmes existants permettent uniquement de représenter les diagrammes de dimensions modestes. Troisièmement, les besoins des applications réelles requièrent un processus plus fiable et plus rapide. Dans cette thèse, nous décrivons une version étendue des diagrammes d'Euler. Cette extension permet de modéliser l'ensemble des instances de la classe des clustering chevauchants. Nous proposons ensuite un algorithme automatique de génération de cette extension des diagrammes d'Euler. Enfin, nous présentons une implémentation logicielle et des expérimentations de ce nouvel algorithme.
Xiong, Xuejian, Tan, Kian Lee
In this paper, a similarity-driven cluster merging method is proposed for unsupervised fuzzy clustering. The cluster merging method is used to resolve the problem of cluster validation. Starting with an overspecified number of clusters in the data, pairs of similar clusters are merged based on the proposed similarity-driven cluster merging criterion. The similarity between clusters is calculated by a fuzzy cluster similarity matrix, while an adaptive threshold is used for merging. In addition, a modified generalized objective function is used for prototype-based fuzzy clustering. The function includes the p-norm distance measure as well as principal components of the clusters. The number of the principal components is determined automatically from the data being clustered. The performance of this unsupervised fuzzy clustering algorithm is evaluated by several experiments of an artificial data set and a gene expression data set. / Singapore-MIT Alliance (SMA)
Apply Fuzzy Cluster Method for Identifying the Spatial Distribution of Pollutants around Kaohsiung Coastal WaterChang, Dun-Cheng 15 August 2002 (has links)
Abstract The near shore water intake pollutants from the land area and is heavily polluted. In order to assess such impact efficiently, the focus of marine environmental monitoring is shifting from inspecting pollutants in a water body to the measurement of pollutants adhered to sediments on seabed. The statistical methods are then used to analyze survey data for the purpose of interpretation. As for the problem of identifying the spatial distributions of classified pollutants over the water around Kaohsiung harbor, the result from the commonly used K-Means Cluster Analysis is not very satisfactory. It is therefore that the proposed research is trying to use the Fuzzy Cluster Method (FCM) to achieve better results. Through adaptive searching approach, the FCM should be able to generate the appropriate cluster centers for discerning the pollutants¡¦ spatial distribution, which in turn would convey more meaning to support feasible interpretation. The FCM model developed by this research will also help to trace the most suspicious or new pollutant source with the assistance from the domain expertise if an unusual pollutant were found in the study area. The benefit is therefore obvious that the authority in charge of marine environment can respond efficiently and correctly against such pollution event and take appropriate actions. FCM has been heavily applied to the research on computer vision and pattern recognition with great success. Recently quite amounts of literatures in the environmental and natural resource management study, including geo-statistical modeling, pollution mitigation, and groundwater quality management, have probed into the applications of cluster analysis using FCM. The problems of marine environment are highly complex and full of uncertainty in nature. Nevertheless by introducing advanced analysis techniques, such as FCM, for tackling such problems, the overall managerial efficiency of marine environment will be improved.
Joubert, Johannes Wilhelm
20 July 2007
South African metropolitan areas are experiencing rapid growth and require an increase in network infrastructure. Increased congestion negatively impacts both public and freight transport costs. The concept of City Logistics is concerned with the mobility of cities, and entails the process of optimizing urban logistics activities by concerning the social, environmental, economic, financial, and energy impacts of urban freight movement. In a costcompetitive environment, freight transporters often use sophisticated vehicle routing and scheduling applications to improve fleet utilization and reduce the cost of meeting customer demands. In this thesis, the candidate builds on the observation that vehicle routing and scheduling algorithms are inherent problem specific, with no single algorithm providing a dominant solution to all problem environments. Commercial applications mostly deploy a single algorithm in a multitude of environments which would often be better serviced by various different algorithms. This thesis algorithmically implements the ability of human decision makers to choose an appropriate solution algorithm when solving scheduling problems. The intent of the routing agent is to classify the problem as representative of a traditional problem set, based on its characteristics, and then to solve the problem with the most appropriate solution algorithm known for the traditional problem set. A not-so-artificially-intelligent-vehicle-routing-agent™ is proposed and developed in this thesis. To be considered intelligent, an agent is firstly required to be able to recognize its environment. Fuzzy c-means clustering is employed to analyze the geographic dispersion of the customers (nodes) from an unknown routing problem to determine to which traditional problem set it relates best. Cluster validation is used to classify the routing problem into a traditional problem set. Once the routing environment is classified, the agent selects an appropriate metaheuristic to solve the complex variant of the Vehicle Routing Problem. Multiple soft time windows, a heterogeneous fleet, and multiple scheduling are addressed in the presence of time-dependent travel times. A new initial solution heuristic is proposed that exploits the inherent configuration of customer service times through a concept referred to as time window compatibility. A high-quality initial solution is subsequently improved by the Tabu Search metaheuristic through both an adaptive memory, and a self-selection structure. As an alternative to Tabu Search, a Genetic Algorithm is developed in this thesis. Two new crossover mechanisms are proposed that outperform a number of existing crossover mechanisms. The first proposed mechanism successfully uses the concept of time window compatibility, while the second builds on an idea used from a different sweeping-arc heuristic. A neural network is employed to assist the intelligent routing agent to choose, based on its knowledge base, between the two metaheuristic algorithms available to solve the unknown problem at hand. The routing agent then not only solves the complex variant of the problem, but adapts to the problem environment by evaluating its decisions, and updating, or reaffirming its knowledge base to ensure improved decisions are made in future. / Thesis (PhD (Industrial Engineering))--University of Pretoria, 2007. / Industrial and Systems Engineering / PhD / unrestricted
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