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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Identification of single nucleotide polymorphisms within the OCT2 gene in the South African black population

Wilson, Nina Claire January 2016 (has links)
A dissertation submitted to the Faculty of Science, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, in fulfilment of requirements for the degree of Master of Science. Johannesburg, 2016. / The Organic Cation Transporter 2 (OCT2) gene is responsible for facilitating the transport of cationic compounds, which include both endogenous substrates and clinical drugs. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within this gene were extensively explored in the South African black population as little research has been conducted on these individuals so far. We sequenced the OCT2 promoter region of 10 DNA samples from the South African black population and identified four SNPs and one INDEL. We performed a luciferase assay to determine their effects on gene expression and we found two variants (rs59695691 and rs138765638) that showed a statistically significant change in luciferase expression suggesting that they may be associated with a change in OCT2 regulatory function. We also indentified thirteen SNPs and two INDELs within the OCT2 promoter region, and nine SNPs within the OCT2 coding region through analysing various South African population studies. These variations could affect both gene expression and protein function. These findings help contribute to filling the gap pertaining to OCT variation in South African populations. / LG2017

Computational identification of synonymous SNPs in the human genome and their potential role in disease

Wood, Lee-Ann 25 January 2013 (has links)
The potential phenotypic effects of synonymous SNPs (sSNPs) have long been overlooked. Although several sSNPs are no longer thought to be silent, no one has identified which sSNPs may contribute to phenotypic variation on a genome-wide scale. sSNPs that cause a change in codon-usage frequency or mRNA secondary structures may alter translational and protein folding kinetics. In addition, sSNPs that alter splice-site consensus sequences may cause aberrant slicing, which could change the protein product. A sSNP that contributes to any of these molecular mechanisms may thus alter protein structure and function. To computationally identify sSNPs with a potential impact, SynSNP was created. SynSNP is a text-based tool written in Python. All sSNPs published within dbSNP are first identified. SynSNP uses established bioinformatics tools to determine which of the sSNPs may potentially result in a molecular effect. The potentially functional sSNPs are then assessed to determine whether any have previously been associated with a trait or disease in genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and/or occur within genes known to be associated with disease in OMIM (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man). Of the 90,102 identified sSNPs, 21,086 (23.4%) were predicted to potentially have a functional impact, through one or more of the three molecular mechanisms investigated. Of the sSNPs predicted to potentially have a functional impact, 14 (0.07%) had previously been associated with a trait or disease in GWAS. A subset of 4,057 (19.2%) of the potentially functional sSNPs were within genes known to be associated with disease in OMIM. Only six (0.03%) of the potentially functional sSNPs had previously been associated with a trait or disease in GWAS and occurred within genes known to be associated with disease in OMIM. SynSNP could be developed further to aid the discovery of more sSNPs with a potential functional impact. A significant proportion of sSNPs may have a functional impact and their potential role in disease should therefore not be underestimated or neglected.

The Influence of the CYP2C19 and CYP2D6 genetic polymorphisms on oxidative drug metabolism

Coller, Janet K. January 1999 (has links) (PDF)
Amendements: leaves 252-254. Copies of author's previously published articles inserted. Bibliography: leaves 226-251. The CYP2C19 and CYP2D6 genetic polymorphisms control the oxidative metabolism of many different drug classes. Populations are separated into groups of extensive metabolisers (EM), poor metabolisers (PM), and in the case of CYP2D6, ultra-rapid metabolisers (UM). In vitro studies using human liver microsomes were conducted to examine the kinetics of the oxidative metabolism of flunitrazepam, and which CYP450 enzymes mediate the oxidative metabolism of flunitrazepam, (S)-mephenytoin and proguanil.

Ecological genetics of two polymorphic enzymes in three species of Megalorchestia (Amphipoda:Talitridae)

McDonald, John H. 16 December 1983 (has links)
Graduation date: 1984

Single nucleotide polymorphism diversity in domesticated and wild sunflowers

Freeman, Carrie 16 September 2003 (has links)
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are the most common DNA polymorphisms in plant and animal genomes. SNPs were identified in the allele sequences of up to 12 sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) genotypes for a genome-wide sample of 81 loci originally mapped using restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) markers. The RFLP loci anchor a dense RFLP linkage map and second-generation linkage maps constructed using simple sequence repeats and other high-throughput DNA markers. The goal of this study was to develop high-throughput SNP markers for the cDNA-RFLP loci for linkage mapping, diversity analysis, and molecular breeding and genomics research. The specific objectives were to: (i) develop FP-TDI or fluorescent primer-extension SNP assays for the cDNA-RFLP loci; (ii) validate the SNP markers by screening 12 sequenced (reference) genotypes; and (iii) assess the utility and polymorphism rate of the SNP markers across a genetically diverse panel of unsequenced wild and domesticated sunflower genotypes. SNP markers were successfully developed for 44 of the targeted 49 cDNA-RFLP loci. Thirty-one of the SNP markers were further selected for a diversity analysis across a genetically diverse panel of wild and domesticated sunflower genotypes. The mean heterozygosity (H) score for the loci was 0.41, which nears the maximum H score of 0.5 for biallelic markers. SNPs in this study exhibited polymorphism rates close to those of RFLP and SSR markers in inbred sunflower lines. / Graduation date: 2004

Mechanistic studies on the polymorphism at -77GT repeats regions of IFNAR1 and its correlation to the susceptibility to chronic HBV infection

Zeng, Yong, January 2009 (has links)
Thesis (M. Phil.)--University of Hong Kong, 2009. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 77-109). Also available in print.

Genetic polymorphisms in ovarian cancer

黎子韻, Lai, Tsz-wan, Kristi. January 2002 (has links)
published_or_final_version / Medical Sciences / Master / Master of Medical Sciences

Interleukin 12P40 genetic polymorphisms and tuberculosis in Chinese

Tso, Hoi-wan., 曹凱韻. January 2003 (has links)
published_or_final_version / abstract / toc / Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine / Master / Master of Philosophy

Chromosomal polymorphisms in the tachinid fly Voria ruralis (Diptera)

Crandall, Chere Lynn January 1978 (has links)
No description available.

Characterisation of genetic variants of milk proteins that are not identifiable by electrophoresis

Dong, Chin. January 1998 (has links)
Genetic variants of milk proteins result from amino acid substitutions or small fragment deletion in the polypeptide chain. It is well documented that certain variants are closely related to milk production, milk composition and physico-chemical properties of milk such as heat stability and coagulation properties during cheesemaking. So far, all the genetic variants have been characterized by various electrophoretic methods. Therefore, only variants involving differences in net charges could be identified. Silent variants are the results of amino acid substitutions or deletions which do not accompany charge differences and hence remain undetected by conventional electrophoretic methods. The objective of the present project is to develop proper methodology to identify and characterize silent variants of milk proteins based on hydrophobic properties of amino acids. Individual caseins were isolated from 635 milk samples by anion-exchange chromatography and their electrophoretic phenotype was determined by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis under alkaline and acidic conditions. Trypsin hydrolysis of alphas1-casein, beta-casein and kappa-casein followed by reversed-phase HPLC was performed to identify possible mutations causing changes in hydrophobicities of amino acids. Among 627 alphas1-casein BB, 415 kappa-casein AA, 158 beta-casein A1A1 and 128 beta-casein A2A 2 according to electrophoresis, it was possible to find 25, 11, 16 and 7 samples respectively as potential silent variants. Further analysis of the aberrant peptides from alphas1-casein BB, kappa-casein AA and beta-casein A2A2 by mass spectrometry did not confirm the existence of silent variants; whereas analysis of aberrant peptide from beta-casein A1A1 revealed a mutation resulting in an increase of 16 Da. Analysis of amino acid composition of this aberrant beta-casein A1A1 peptide 114--169 showed a Leu replacing a Pro residue. Results from amino acid sequencing confirmed this mutation to be located at pos

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