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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

High resolution spectroscopy of scandium monohalides

Xia, Ye, 夏晔 January 2012 (has links)
This thesis reports the study of the molecular and electronic structure of scandium monohalides using the technique of laser ablation/reaction with supersonic free jet expansion used for producing the target molecules and laser induced fluorescence (LIF) spectroscopy for recording their electronic transition spectrum. The scandium diatomic molecules studied in this work were scandium monoiodide (ScI) and scandium monobromide (ScBr), which were produced by the reaction of Sc atoms with 2% CH3I and 2% C2H5Br gases seeded in Ar carrier gas, respectively. The LIF spectrum of the electronic transition of ScI and ScBr were recorded in the visible and near infrared spectral region between 613 and 854 nm. The analysis of the high resolution electronic spectra of ScI and ScBr yielded molecular constants and information of electronic structures. For all the transition bands observed, rotationally-resolved transition lines were fit to a theoretical model to retrieve molecular constants for both upper and lower electronic states. For the ScI molecule, seven vibrational bands of the D1П –X^1 Σ^+ system were recorded and analyzed. Accurate molecular constants for the v = 0 – 2 levels of the D^1П state and the v = 0 – 3 levels of the X^1 Σ^+ state were obtained. The equilibrium bond lengths, re (Å), for the electronic states of ScI were determined as follows: ScI X^1 Σ^+ D^1П r_e(Å) 2.6078 2.7146 For the ScBr molecule, three electronic transition systems were recorded and analyzed, which include six vibrational bands of the C^1 Σ^+– X^1 Σ^+ system, seven vibrational bands of the e^3Δ–a^3Δsystem and two vibrational bands of the d3Φ – a3Δ system. Rotationally resolved transition lines of both Sc79Br and Sc81Br isotopes were observed and analyzed. Least-squares fitting of the measured line positions yielded accurate molecular constants for the v = 0 – 2 levels of the X^1 Σ^+ state, the v = 0 – 3 levels of the C^1 Σ^+ state, the v = 0 and 1 levels of the d3Φ state and the v = 0 – 2 levels of both e3Δ and a3Δ states, respectively. The equilibrium bond lengths, re (Å), determined for electronic states of ScBr are given as follows: ScBr X^1 Σ^+ a^3Δ C^1 Σ^+ r_e(Å) 2.3806 2.4767 2.4776 A molecular orbital (MO) energy level diagram has been used to examine the electronic configurations giving rise to the different observed electronic states of ScI and ScBr. An attempt has been made to put the MOs of all the scandium monohalides under a single picture. A comparison of the molecular constants for the different electronic states of scandium monohalides indicates a weakening of the chemical bonding between the scandium atom and the halogen atoms down the group. / published_or_final_version / Chemistry / Doctoral / Doctor of Philosophy
2

High resolution laser spectroscopy of yttrium and nickel monohalides

梁詠霞, Leung, Wing-har, Joanne. January 2002 (has links)
published_or_final_version / Chemistry / Doctoral / Doctor of Philosophy
3

ELECTROCHEMICAL AND SPECTROSCOPIC STUDIES OF THIOETHER COORDINATION COMPLEXES (CYCLIC VOLTAMMETRY, OCTAHEDRAL LOW-SPIN METALS, BLUE COPPER PROTEINS, ELECTRON PARAMAGNETIC RESONANCE).

SWANSON, DALE DORSETT. January 1985 (has links)
The bis 1,4,7-trithiacyclononane (1,4,7-TTCN) complexes of iron, cobalt, nickel and copper are reported in this work. Their properties have been examined using computer-controlled electrochemical and spectroscopic techniques. These TTCN complexes form readily, are unusually symmetrical and support electron transfer reactions at the metal center. The cobalt(II) complex is octahedral, low spin and symmetrical. Four oxidation states of cobalt-TTCN complex are observed; two one-electron transfer processes are reversible. Copper (II) bis 1,4,7-TTCN is unusually symmetrical evidenced by both solid phase and ambient temperature aqueous phase electron paramagnetic resonance spectra. An unusually high redox potential for the copper complex indicates extraordinary stability of the Cu(I) oxidation state but evidently not at the expense of Cu(II) stability. The complex also has a high formation constant compared to other copper-thioether complexes. This unusual strength of thioether donor is attributed to ligand geometry. The 1,4,7-TTCN molecule is the only known cyclic polythioether to have all sulfur atoms endodentate. This structure contributes to thermodynamic stability of complexes as the ground state configuration of the free ligand is maintained in the complex.

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