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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Intracellular signaling mechanisms regulating the mast cell-mediated allergic inflammation.

January 2007 (has links)
Ng Sin Man. / Thesis (M.Phil.)--Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2007. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 120-135). / Abstracts in English and Chinese. / Acknowledgements --- p.i / Abbreviations --- p.iii / Abstract --- p.vi / 撮要 --- p.ix / Publications --- p.xi / Table of contents --- p.xiii / Chapter Chapter 1 --- General Introduction / Chapter 1.1 --- Allergic Diseases and Allergic Inflammation --- p.1 / Chapter 1.1.1 --- Prevalence of Allergic Diseases --- p.1 / Chapter 1.1.2 --- Common Allergic Diseases: Allergic Asthma --- p.1 / Chapter 1.1.3 --- Common Allergic Diseases: Atopic Dermatitis --- p.2 / Chapter 1.1.4 --- Allergic Inflammation --- p.3 / Chapter 1.2 --- The Inflammatory Leukocytes: Mast Cells and Eosinophils --- p.6 / Chapter 1.2.1 --- Characteristics of Mast Cells --- p.6 / Chapter 1.2.2 --- Mast Cells Distribution --- p.8 / Chapter 1.2.3 --- Mast Cells Subtypes --- p.8 / Chapter 1.2.4 --- HMC-1 Cells --- p.9 / Chapter 1.2.5 --- Characteristics of Eosinophils --- p.12 / Chapter 1.3 --- Adhesion Molecules in Allergic Diseases --- p.15 / Chapter 1.3.1 --- Adhesion Molecules and Leukocyte Migration --- p.15 / Chapter 1.3.2 --- Selectin --- p.17 / Chapter 1.3.3 --- Intermolecular Adhesion Molecules --- p.17 / Chapter 1.3.4 --- Integrin --- p.18 / Chapter 1.4 --- Cytokines and Chemokines in Allergic Diseases --- p.18 / Chapter 1.4.1 --- IL-6 --- p.20 / Chapter 1.4.2 --- CXCL1 --- p.21 / Chapter 1.4.3 --- CXCL8 --- p.21 / Chapter 1.4.3 --- CCL2 --- p.22 / Chapter 1.5 --- Intercellular Signal Transduction Pathways in Inflammation --- p.24 / Chapter 1.5.1 --- RAS-RAF-mitogen-activated Protein Kinases --- p.24 / Chapter 1.5.2 --- Janus Kinase/ Signal Transducers and Activators of Transcriptions Pathway --- p.27 / Chapter 1.5.3 --- Nuclear Factor-KB Pathway --- p.29 / Chapter 1.5.4 --- Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase Pathway --- p.31 / Chapter 1.6 --- Aims and Scope of the Study --- p.33 / Chapter Chapter 2 --- Materials and Methods / Chapter 2.1 --- Materials --- p.35 / Chapter 2.1.1 --- HMC-1 Cell Line --- p.35 / Chapter 2.1.2 --- Human Buffer Coat --- p.35 / Chapter 2.1.3 --- Human Mast Cell Chymase and TLR ligands --- p.35 / Chapter 2.1.4 --- Media and Reagents for Cell Culture --- p.36 / Chapter 2.1.5 --- Reagents and Buffers for Purification of Human Eosinophils --- p.37 / Chapter 2.1.6 --- Reagents and Buffers for Flow Cytmetry --- p.38 / Chapter 2.1.7 --- Reagents and Buffers for Total RNA Extraction --- p.41 / Chapter 2.1.8 --- Reagents and Buffers for Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) --- p.42 / Chapter 2.1.9 --- Reagents and Buffers for Agarose Gel Electrophoresis --- p.45 / Chapter 2.1.10 --- Reagents and Buffers for Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate -polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) --- p.46 / Chapter 2.1.11 --- Reagents and Buffers for Western Blot Analysis --- p.48 / Chapter 2.1.12 --- Chemotactic Migration --- p.51 / Chapter 2.1.13 --- Signaling Transduction Inhibitors and Protein Synthesis Inhibitors --- p.51 / Chapter 2.2 --- Methods --- p.52 / Chapter 2.2.1 --- HMC-1 Cell Cultures --- p.52 / Chapter 2.2.2 --- Purification of Buffy Coat Eosinophils by MACS and Eosinophil Culture --- p.52 / Chapter 2.2.3 --- Total Cellular RNA Extraction --- p.53 / Chapter 2.2.4 --- RT-PCR --- p.54 / Chapter 2.2.5 --- Agarose Gel Electrophoresis --- p.55 / Chapter 2.2.6 --- Flow Cytometry Analysis --- p.55 / Chapter 2.2.7 --- Protein Array Analysis of Cytokine Release --- p.57 / Chapter 2.2.8 --- Quantitative Analysis ofCXCLl --- p.58 / Chapter 2.2.9 --- Total Protein Extraction --- p.58 / Chapter 2.2.10 --- SDS-PAGE --- p.58 / Chapter 2.2.11 --- Western Blot Analysis --- p.59 / Chapter 2.2.12 --- Chemotactic Migration Analysis --- p.60 / Chapter 2.2.13 --- Statistical Analysis --- p.60 / Chapter Chapter 3 --- Effects of Mast Cell Derived Chymase on Human Eosinophils and the Signaling Mechanisms: Implication in Allergic Inflammation / Chapter 3.1 --- Introduction --- p.61 / Chapter 3.2 --- Results --- p.65 / Chapter 3.2.1 --- Effects of Chymase on Eosinophil Survival --- p.65 / Chapter 3.2.2 --- Effects of Chymase on the Adhesion Molecule Expression of Eosinophils --- p.68 / Chapter 3.2.3 --- Effects of Chymase on the Chemokinetic Properties on Eosinophils --- p.71 / Chapter 3.2.4 --- Effects of Chymase on the Release of Chemokines and IL-6 from Eosinophils --- p.73 / Chapter 3.2.5 --- Signal Transduction Mechanism Involved in Regulating Chymase-induced Effects on Eosinophils --- p.78 / Chapter 3.3 --- Discussion --- p.71 / Chapter Chapter 4 --- TLR-mediated Effects and Signal Transduction Mechanism of HMC-1 Cells / Chapter 4.1 --- Introduction --- p.92 / Chapter 4.2 --- Results --- p.97 / Chapter 4.2.1 --- Expression of Adhesion Molecules on HMC-1 Cells --- p.95 / Chapter 4.2.2 --- TLR Expression Profile on HMC-1 Cells --- p.97 / Chapter 4.2.3 --- Effects of TLR ligands on HMC-1 Cell Adhesion Molecule Expressions --- p.99 / Chapter 4.2.4 --- TLR7-induced Phosphorylation of ERK and Effects of PD98059 on TLR7-induced ERK Phosphorylation --- p.104 / Chapter 4.2.5 --- Effect of TLR7 Ligand on HMC-1 Cells Cytokine Release --- p.108 / Chapter 4.3 --- Discussion --- p.110 / Chapter Chapter 5 --- Conclusions and Future Perspectives / Chapter 5.1 --- Conclusions --- p.115 / Chapter 5.2 --- Future Perspectives --- p.117 / References --- p.120 / Appendix --- p.136

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