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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.


Gurung, Ras Kumari 01 May 2015 (has links) (PDF)
The main aim of the work presented here is to develop new, practical, economical, and environmental friendly synthetic protocols for various organic transformations with hypervalent iodine compounds, which have attracted explosive interest among chemistry communities because of their versatility and mildness in inducing many organic transformations. Chapter 1 briefly introduces the history of hypervalent iodine compounds, nomenclature, classification, bonding and reactivity patterns. The preparation and practical applications of typical I(III) and I(V) compounds have also been briefly surveyed. Chapter 2 provides details on hypervalent iodine compounds catalyzed oxidation of benzylic C-H to the corresponding carbonyl compounds with Oxone. The catalytic efficiency is influenced by the rate of in situ generation of catalyst with Oxone and their stability. The effectiveness in situ generated 35', 50' and 51' are almost the same, leading to low to moderate yields of products, while 18 and 47' give moderate to high yields. Compound 48' was founds to be the most active catalyst in this study. A possible mechanism is also proposed. Chapter 3 covers a surprising reaction between IBX or IBA and alkyl halides promoted by quaternary ammonium halides. In the absence of quaternary ammonium halides, no reaction occurred between IBX or IBA and alkyl halides. However, in the presence of quaternary ammonium halides, IBX or IBA and alkyl halides react smoothly to form the corresponding alkyl iodobenzoates. When IBX or IBA is treated with a quaternary ammonium halide, it will decompose to 2-iodobenzoic acid. The presence of a nucleophilic halide ion is essential for such reaction to occur. Replacing halides with non-nucleophilic BF4- halts the reaction. Benzylic halides provides a better yield than aliphatic alkyl halide. Thus, it is believed that there is a fast interaction between the nucleophilic halides and electrophilic iodine in IBX or IBA. A plausible reaction mechanism is proposed. Chapter 4 details our research on the oxidative cleavage of C=C with PIFA/water. In the presence of a small amount of water in acetonitrile at 65-70 oC, [bis(trifluoroacetoxy)iodo]benzene (PIFA, 26) converts styrenes into benzaldehydes in good to high yields. Contrary to literature description that electron-rich styrenes primarily produces phenylacetaldehydes as major products through a 1, 2-phenyl migration, we have found that these styrenes can be converted to benzaldehydes in high yields. It was found that three equiv of 26 and one equiv of water were necessary to achieve high yields. Two pathways were believed responsible for the high yield of benzaldehydes: (1) cleavage of the glycol intermediates; (2) further oxidative cleavage of the 1, 2-phenyl migration product - phenylacetaldehydes. Chapter 5 describes a preliminary investigation on perfluoroalkylation reaction of styrene with [bis(trifluoroacetoxy)iodo]butane (32). p-t-Butylstyrene reacts with 32 in the presence of water produced moderate yields of hydroxyperfluorinated product, 1-(4-tert-butyl-phenyl)-3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,6-nonafluoro-hexan-1-ol (73), along with 1-(4-tert-butyl- phenyl)-2-iodo-ethanol (72) and 1-(4-tert-butyl-phenyl)-ethane-1,2-diol (74). Electrophilic addition of 32 on the C=C bond, hydration of the intermediate, and reductive elimination were believed to have been involved. Chapter 6 summarizes all of the work carried out in the previous chapters and provides some insight into future studies.

Influence of added iodine on the bacterial flora of milk

Congdon, George S. 01 January 1937 (has links) (PDF)
No description available.


Qassadi, AMAL MOHAMMED 10 August 2015 (has links)
No description available.

The fate of radioiodine after parenteral administration /

Fife, William Paul January 1962 (has links)
No description available.

Iodine status of lactating mothers and infants aged 0 to 6 months in Vhembe and Mopani district of the Limpopo Province, South Africa

Hlako, Seemole Cedrick 03 September 2020 (has links)
MSCPNT / Department of Nutrition / Introduction: Iodine is an essential nutrient required by humans for the synthesis of thyroid hormones, which are vital for normal growth and development. Objective: The primary aim of the study was to describe the iodine status of lactating mothers and infants aged from 0 to 6 months in the Vhembe and Mopani Districts. Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted on 246 infant-mother pair, from the Mopani and the Vhembe Districts. Data was gathered using a questionnaire. Breastmilk, mother urine, infant urine, household salt and drinking water were collected to be analysed for iodine content. Results: The median of breastmilk iodine concentration level amongst lactating mothers in the Vhembe District was 101.4 µg/l (IQR 62.9 – 175.1 µg/l) and 154.4 µg/l (IQR 92.6 – 211.8 µg/L) in Mopani. The median UIC of mothers in Vhembe was 98.5 (IQR 57.66 – 153.93), whereas in the Mopani District the median UIC of mothers was 126.08 µg/l (IQR 69.89 – 206.71 µg/L). The median UIC of infants in Vhembe was 220 (IQR 106.67 – 418.43 µg/l) and in the Mopani District was 321.94 µg/l (IQR 167.96 – 482.66 µg/l). Conclusion: The BMIC in the study signifies iodine sufficiency in both the Vhembe and the Mopani Districts. The results of this study suggest that the BMIC be included in studies assessing iodine status in lactating mothers since the UIC only reflects iodine that was consumed recently. The UIC may under estimate the maternal iodine status if it is not complemented by the BMIC data. / NRF

The effectiveness of iodine in reducing transient bacteremias following subgingival scaling a thesis submitted in partial fulfillment ... periodontics ... /

Merritt, Woodrow W. January 1971 (has links)
Thesis (M.S.)--University of Michigan, 1971.

The effectiveness of iodine in reducing transient bacteremias following subgingival scaling a thesis submitted in partial fulfillment ... periodontics ... /

Merritt, Woodrow W. January 1971 (has links)
Thesis (M.S.)--University of Michigan, 1971.

Die physiologie Bedeutung des Jods und seine Beziehungen zum Morbus Basedowii

Poppe, Liselotte, January 1934 (has links)
Thesis (D.D.)--Ludwigs-Maxmilians-Universität zu München, 1934.

Iodine and the quantitative gram reaction

McNamara, Thomas Francis, January 1959 (has links)
Thesis--Catholic University of America. / Bibliography: p. 30-31.

Die physiologie Bedeutung des Jods und seine Beziehungen zum Morbus Basedowii

Poppe, Liselotte, January 1934 (has links)
Dissertation (D.D.)--Ludwigs-Maxmilians-Universität zu München, 1934.

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