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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Inverse Sensitivity Methods In Linear Structural Damage Detection Using Vibration Data

Venkatesha, S 03 1900 (has links)
The thesis addresses the problem of structural damage detection using inverse sensitivity based methods. The focus here is on characterization with regard to identification, location, and, quantification of structural damage in linear time invariant (LTI) systems, using vibration data. The study encompasses both analytical and experimental methods. A suite of five algorithms for damage detection, namely, inverse eigensensitivity method that is refined to account for cross orthogonality between distinct modes, damping dependent eigensolutions, and sensitivity with respect to points of antiresonance and minima, inverse FRF method that includes refinements in terms of inclusion of second order sensitivity, response function method (RFM) based on first order Taylor’s expansion, a newly proposed inverse sensitivity method based on singular values of FRF matrix, and method based on response time histories, are presented. The scope of these methods vis-à-vis the need for model reduction, ability to deal with incomplete data, ill-posedness of governing equations and the need for regularization, sensitivity with respect to measurement noise, ability to identify damping characteristics, the highest and lowest magnitudes of changes in structural properties, and the ability to characterize systems with closely spaced natural frequencies that the methods can detect are discussed. The performance of proposed procedures is illustrated by considering a five degrees-of-freedom (dof) mass-spring-dashpot system and subsequently applied on three archetypal structural systems using analytical and experimental methods. In the examples presented, factors, such as, completeness of measured data in time and frequency, nature (proportional/non-proportional) and magnitude of damping, levels of changes in structural properties, modal truncations, number of governing equations for system parameters, and efficacy of regularization techniques are investigated. The study also highlights the difficulties in implementing the damage detection algorithm based on real life noisy vibration data. A comparative study on the suitability of each of these methods in locating and quantifying of different damage scenarios has been reported. A critical review of performance of the various methods is presented. The thesis concludes with a summary on the contributions made and also deliberates on future avenues for research and development in this area of research.
2

Parameter-Dependent Lyapunov Functions and Stability Analysis of Linear Parameter-Dependent Dynamical Systems

Zhang, Xiping 27 October 2003 (has links)
The purpose of this thesis is to develop new stability conditions for several linear dynamic systems, including linear parameter-varying (LPV), time-delay systems (LPVTD), slow LPV systems, and parameter-dependent linear time invariant (LTI) systems. These stability conditions are less conservative and/or computationally easier to apply than existing ones. This dissertation is composed of four parts. In the first part of this thesis, the complete stability domain for LTI parameter-dependent (LTIPD) systems is synthesized by extending existing results in the literature. This domain is calculated through a guardian map which involves the determinant of the Kronecker sum of a matrix with itself. The stability domain is synthesized for both single- and multi-parameter dependent LTI systems. The single-parameter case is easily computable, whereas the multi-parameter case is more involved. The determinant of the bialternate sum of a matrix with itself is also exploited to reduce the computational complexity. In the second part of the thesis, a class of parameter-dependent Lyapunov functions is proposed, which can be used to assess the stability properties of single-parameter LTIPD systems in a non-conservative manner. It is shown that stability of LTIPD systems is equivalent to the existence of a Lyapunov function of a polynomial type (in terms of the parameter) of known, bounded degree satisfying two matrix inequalities. The bound of polynomial degree of the Lyapunov functions is then reduced by taking advantage of the fact that the Lyapunov matrices are symmetric. If the matrix multiplying the parameter is not full rank, the polynomial order can be reduced even further. It is also shown that checking the feasibility of these matrix inequalities over a compact set can be cast as a convex optimization problem. Such Lyapunov functions and stability conditions for affine single-parameter LTIPD systems are then generalized to single-parameter polynomially-dependent LTIPD systems and affine multi-parameter LTIPD systems. The third part of the thesis provides one of the first attempts to derive computationally tractable criteria for analyzing the stability of LPV time-delayed systems. It presents both delay-independent and delay-dependent stability conditions, which are derived using appropriately selected Lyapunov-Krasovskii functionals. According to the system parameter dependence, these functionals can be selected to obtain increasingly non-conservative results. Gridding techniques may be used to cast these tests as Linear Matrix Inequalities (LMI's). In cases when the system matrices depend affinely or quadratically on the parameter, gridding may be avoided. These LMI's can be solved efficiently using available software. A numerical example of a time-delayed system motivated by a metal removal process is used to demonstrate the theoretical results. In the last part of the thesis, topics for future investigation are proposed. Among the most interesting avenues for research in this context, it is proposed to extend the existing stability analysis results to controller synthesis, which will be based on the same Lyapunov functions used to derive the nonconservative stability conditions. While designing the dynamic ontroller for linear and parameter-dependent systems, it is desired to take the advantage of the rank deficiency of the system matrix multiplying the parameter such that the controller is of lower dimension, or rank deficient without sacrificing the performance of closed-loop systems.

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