Cavity optomechanics in the single-photon strong coupling regime. / 單光子強耦合領域中的腔光力學 / CUHK electronic theses & dissertations collection / Cavity optomechanics in the single-photon strong coupling regime. / Dan guang zi qiang ou he ling yu zhong de qiang guang li xueJanuary 2013 (has links)
Xu, Gaofeng = 單光子強耦合領域中的腔光力學 / 徐高峰. / Thesis (M.Phil.)--Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2013. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 78-84). / Electronic reproduction. Hong Kong : Chinese University of Hong Kong,  System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader. Available via World Wide Web. / Abstracts also in Chinese. / Xu, Gaofeng = Dan guang zi qiang ou he ling yu zhong de qiang guang li xue / Xu Gaofeng.
Cavity optomechanics in photonic and phononic crystals engineering the interaction of light and sound at the nanoscale /Eichenfeld, Matt. Painter, Oskar J. Oskar, Painter J., January 1900 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.) -- California Institute of Technology, 2010. / Title from home page (viewed 03/02/2010). Advisor and committee chair names found in the thesis' metadata record in the digital repository. Includes bibliographical references.
28 February 2017
This thesis investigated single nanoparticle/molecule detections using a whispering gallery mode (WGM) microcavity, with focuses on sensing with the cavity optomechanical oscillation (OMO). The high quality (Q) factor and small mode volume properties of a WGM microcavity make it possible to establish a strong intracavity power density with a small amount of input optical power. Such a high optical power density exerts a radiation pressure that is sufficient to push the cavity wall moving outward. The dynamic interaction between the optical field and the mechanical motion eventually results in a regenerative mechanical oscillation of the WGM cavity, which is termed as the optomechanical oscillation. With a high Q spherical microcavity, the observation of OMO in heavy water is reported. To the best knowledge of the author, this is the first demonstration of the cavity OMO in an aqueous environment. Furthermore, by utilizing the properties of reactive sensing, cavity OMO, and optical spring effect, we demonstrated a new sensing mechanism that improves the WGM microcavity sensing resolution by several orders of magnitude. Finally, we conducted the demonstration of in-vitro molecule sensing by detecting single bindings of the 66 kDa Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) protein molecules at a signal-to-noise ratio of 16.8. / Graduate
11 January 2019
An optomechanical system consists of an optical cavity mode coupled to a mode of a mechanical oscillator. Depending on the configuration of the system, the optomechanical interaction can be used to drive or cool the mechanical mode, coherently swap the optical and mechanical states, or create entanglement. A multimode optomechanical system consists of many optical (mechanical) modes coupled to a mechanical (optical) mode. With the tools of the optomechanical interaction, multimode optomechanical systems provide a rich platform to study new physics and technologies. A central challenge in optomechanical systems is to mitigate the effects of the thermal environment, which remains significant even at cryogenic temperatures, for mechanical oscillators typically used in optomechanical systems. The central theme of this thesis is to study how the properties of multimode optomechanical systems can be used for such mitigation of thermal noise. The most straightforward extension of an optomechanical system to a multimode system is to have a single optical mode couple to two mechanical modes, or a single mechanical mode couple to two optical modes. In this thesis, we study both types of multimode system. In each case, we study the formation of a dark mode, an eigenstate of the three-mode system that is of particular interest. When the system is in a dark state, the two modes of similar character (optical or mechanical) interact with each other through the mode of dissimilar character, but due to interference, the interaction becomes decoupled from the properties of the dissimilar mode. Another interesting application of the three-mode system is two-mode optical entanglement, generated through mechanical motion. Such entanglement tends to be sensitive to thermal noise. We propose a new method for generating two-mode optical entanglement in the three-mode system that is robust against the thermal environment of the mechanical mode. Finally, we propose a novel, scalable architecture for a quantum computer. The architecture makes use of the concepts developed earlier in the thesis, and applies them to a system that on the surface looks quite different from the standard optomechanical system, but is formally equivalent. This dissertation includes previously published and unpublished coauthored material.
Singh, S, Lorenzo, L A De, Pikovski, I, Schwab, K C
21 July 2017
Direct detection of gravitational waves is opening a new window onto our universe. Here, we study the sensitivity to continuous-wave strain fields of a kg-scale optomechanical system formed by the acoustic motion of superfluid helium-4 parametrically coupled to a superconducting microwave cavity. This narrowband detection scheme can operate at very highQ-factors, while the resonant frequency is tunable through pressurization of the helium in the 0.1-1.5 kHz range. The detector can therefore be tuned to a variety of astrophysical sources and can remain sensitive to a particular source over a long period of time. For thermal noise limited sensitivity, we find that strain fields on the order of h similar to 10(-23)/root Hz are detectable. Measuring such strains is possible by implementing state of the art microwave transducer technology. Weshow that the proposed system can compete with interferometric detectors and potentially surpass the gravitational strain limits set by them for certain pulsar sources within a few months of integration time.
18 December 2012
We investigate the design, fabrication, and experimental characterization of high quality factor photonic crystal nanobeam cavities, with theoretical quality factors of \(1.4 × 10^7\) in silicon, operating at ~1550 nm. By detecting the cross-polarized resonantly scattered light from a normally incident laser beam, we measure a quality factor of nearly \(7.5 × 10^5\). We show on-chip integration of the cavities using waveguides and an inverse taper geometry based mode size converters, and also demonstrate tuning of the optical resonance using thermo-optic effect. We also study coupled cavities and show that the single nanobeam cavity modes are coupled into even and odd superposition modes. Using electrostatic force and taking advantage of the highly dispersive nature of the even mode to the nanobeam separation, we demonstrate dynamically reconfigurable optical filters tunable continuously and reversibly over a 9.5 nm wavelength range. The electrostatic force, obtained by applying bias voltages directly to the nanobeams, is used to control the spacing between the nanobeams, which in turn results in tuning of the cavity resonance. The observed tuning trends were confirmed through simulations that modeled the electrostatic actuation as well as the optical resonances in our reconfigurable geometries. Finally we demonstrate reconfiguration of coupled cavities by using optical gradient force induced mechanical actuation. Propagating waveguide modes that exist over wide wavelength range are used to actuate the structures and in that way control the resonance of a localized cavity mode. Using this all-optical approach, more than 18 linewidths of tuning range is demonstrated. Using an on-chip temperature self-referencing method that we developed, we determined that 20% of the total tuning was due to optomechanical reconfiguration and the rest due to thermo-optic effects. By operating the device at frequencies higher than the thermal cut-off, we show high speed operation dominated by just optomechanical effects. Independent control of mechanical and optical resonances of our structures, by means of optical stiffening, is also demonstrated. / Engineering and Applied Sciences
Epstein, Stephen David
28 August 2013
This work explores the stochastic dynamics and important diagnostics of a mechanical resonator (nanobeam) used in cavity optomechanical sensors for atomic force microscopy. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is a tool to image surface topology down to the level of individual atoms. Conventional AFM has been an essential tool for micro and nanoscale studies in physics, chemistry, and biology. Cavity optomechanical sensors for AFM extend the utility of conventional AFM into a new regime of high sensitivity k is approximately 1 N/m and high frequency f0 is approximately 10 MHz. Cavity optomechanical sensors for AFM are unique because they use near field optics to transduce the position of a nanobeam. The nanobeam is not able to be transduced by more conventional AFM techniques, such as laser interferometry, because the nanobeam is smaller than the spot size of the laser. This work determines the noise spectrum G of a nanobeam in water and in air. Also important diagnostics of the nanobeam are determined in air and in water. These important diagnostics include the quality factor Q and natural frequency in fluid omega_f. It is found that the nanobeam is overdamped in water. However, the nanobeam is underdamped in air and has quality factor of Q is approximately 4. The noise spectrum is determined from deterministic numerical calculations and the Fluctuation-Dissipation Theorem. This is possible because the same molecular processes, Brownian motion, cause both the fluctuations of the nanobeam and the dissipation of the nanobeam. / Master of Science
10 August 2012
No description available.
This dissertation aims to investigate systems in which several optical and mechanical degrees of freedom are coupled through optomechanical interactions. Multimode optomechanics creates the prospect of integrated functional devices and it allows us to explore new types of optomechanical interactions which account for collective dynamics and optically mediated mechanical interactions. Owing to the development of fabrication techniques for micro- and nano-sized mechanical elements, macroscopic mechanical oscillators can be cooled to the deep quantum regime via optomechanical interaction. Based on the possibility to control the motion of mechanical oscillators at the quantum level, we design several schemes involving mechanical systems of macroscopic length and mass scales and we explore the nonlinear dynamics of mechanical oscillators. The first scheme includes a quantum cantilever coupled to a classical tuning fork via magnetic dipole-dipole interaction and also coupled to a single optical field mode via optomechanical interaction. We investigate the generation of nonclassical squeezed states in the quantum cantilever and their detection by transferring them to the optical field. The second scheme involves a quantum membrane coupled to two optical modes via optomechanical interaction. We explore dynamic stabilization of an unstable position of a quantum mechanical oscillator via modulation of the optical fields. We then develop a general formalism to fully describe cavity mediated mechanical interactions. We explore a rather general configuration in which multiple mechanical oscillators interact with a single cavity field mode. We specifically consider the situation in which the cavity dissipation is the dominant source of damping so that the cavity field follows the dynamics of the mechanical modes. In particular, we study two limiting regimes with specific applications: the weak-coupling regime and single-photon strong-coupling regime. In the weak-coupling regime, we build a protocol for quantum state transfer between mechanical modes. In the single-photon coupling regime, we investigate the nonlinear nature of the mechanical system which generates bistability and bifurcation in the classical analysis and we also explore how these features manifest themselves in interference, entanglement, and correlation in the quantum theory.
McCutcheon, Robert A.
01 August 2017
No description available.
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