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Automatic drawing recognitionMahmood, A. January 1987 (has links)
No description available.
Atrial Fibrillation Signal AnalysisVaizurs, Raja Sarath Chandra Prasad 01 January 2011 (has links)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common type of cardiac arrhythmia encountered in clinical practice and is associated with an increased mortality and morbidity. Identification of the sources of AF has been a goal of researchers for over 20 years. Current treatment procedures such as Cardio version, Radio Frequency Ablation, and multiple drugs have reduced the incidence of AF. Nevertheless, the success rate of these treatments is only 35-40% of the AF patients as they have limited effect in maintaining the patient in normal sinus rhythm. The problem stems from the fact that there are no methods developed to analyze the electrical activity generated by the cardiac cells during AF and to detect the aberrant atrial tissue that triggers it. In clinical practice, the sources triggering AF are generally expected to be at one of the four pulmonary veins in the left atrium. Classifying the signals originated from four pulmonary veins in left atrium has been the mainstay of signal analysis in this thesis which ultimately leads to correctly locating the source triggering AF. Unlike many of the current researchers where they use ECG signals for AF signal analysis, we collect intra cardiac signals along with ECG signals for AF analysis. AF Signal collected from catheters placed inside the heart gives us a better understanding of AF characteristics compared to the ECG. . In recent years, mechanisms leading to AF induction have begun to be explored but the current state of research and diagnosis of AF is mainly about the inspection of 12 lead ECG, QRS subtraction methods, spectral analysis to find the fibrillation rate and limited to establishment of its presence or absence. The main goal of this thesis research is to develop methodology and algorithm for finding the source of AF. Pattern recognition techniques were used to classify the AF signals originated from the four pulmonary veins. The classification of AF signals recorded by a stationary intra-cardiac catheter was done based on dominant frequency, frequency distribution and normalized power. Principal Component Analysis was used to reduce the dimensionality and further, Linear Discriminant Analysis was used as a classification technique. An algorithm has been developed and tested during recorded periods of AF with promising results.
Solar Feature Catalogues in EGSOZharkova, Valentina V., Aboudarham, J., Zharkov, Sergei I., Ipson, Stanley S., Benkhalil, Ali K., Fuller, N. January 2005 (has links)
no / The Solar Feature Catalogues (SFCs) are created from digitized solar images using automated pattern recognition techniques developed in the European Grid of Solar Observation (EGSO) project. The techniques were applied for detection of sunspots, active regions and filaments in the automatically standardized full-disk solar images in Caii K1, Caii K3 and H¿ taken at the Meudon Observatory and white-light images and magnetograms from SOHO/MDI. The results of automated recognition are verified with the manual synoptic maps and available statistical data from other observatories that revealed high detection accuracy. A structured database of the Solar Feature Catalogues is built on the MySQL server for every feature from their recognized parameters and cross-referenced to the original observations. The SFCs are published on the Bradford University web site http://www.cyber.brad.ac.uk/egso/SFC/ with the pre-designed web pages for a search by time, size and location. The SFCs with 9 year coverage (1996¿2004) provide any possible information that can be extracted from full disk digital solar images. Thus information can be used for deeper investigation of the feature origin and association with other features for their automated classification and solar activity forecast.
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