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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Chromatic phenomena produced by intermittent stimulation of the retina,

Gebhard, Jack Wendell, January 1900 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Michigan, 1941. / Reprinted from the Journal of experimental psychology, vol. 33, no. 5, November, 1943. Bibliography: p. 406.

Zur Frage der Gewöhnung an die Einäugigkeit ...

Goetze, Adolf, January 1913 (has links)
Inaug.-Diss.--Rostock. / Lebenslauf. "Literaturverzeichnis": p. [35]-36.

Origin of the ocular light-modulated standing potential in cat

Lieberman, Harris Ritchie. January 1977 (has links)
Thesis--University of Florida. / Description based on print version record. Typescript. Vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 108-114).

Spatial and temporal characteristics of the edge effect phenomenon

Phillips, Rick L. January 1982 (has links)
Thesis (M.S.)--University of Wisconsin--Madison, 1982. / Typescript. eContent provider-neutral record in process. Description based on print version record. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 193-195).

Summated response of the retina to light entering different parts of the pupil /

Enoch, Jay M. January 1956 (has links)
No description available.

Corneal physiology under the closed eyelid of humans /

Benjamin, William J. January 1982 (has links)
No description available.

Disparity induced vergence responses in normal and strabismic subjects /

Schoessler, John Paul January 1971 (has links)
No description available.

Toward a complete theory of spatial organization of the human visual system at impulse detection threshold /

Chiou, Wunchung January 1973 (has links)
No description available.

Linear optics of the pseudophakic eye

27 October 2008 (has links)
D.Phil. / That the eye is essentially a first-order optical instrument is evidenced by the success Gaussian optics has met with in optometry and ophthalmology. An unfortunate consequence of this approach is that a brief review of the literature on the topic of intraocular lens power calculation gives one the impression that the character of such a lens is described fully by its dioptric power. This is not so. Indeed, the idea that a thin refracting interface can somehow embody the optical character of the thick intraocular lens can, and in many ways has, limited the scope of intraocular lens power formula. The purpose of this dissertation is to apply the methods of linear algebra to the investigation of the first-order optical character of the stigmatic and astigmatic pseudophakic eye. This work attempts to lay a solid foundation for the study of the pseudophakic eye in the context of first-order astigmatic optics. While the majority of concepts and results of this dissertation are directly applicable to the study of the pseudophakic eye, an attempt has been made to ensure that the methods outlined in this work may be applied to the study of optical systems in the broader context of first-order optics. Central to this work are the members of the non-abelian symplectic group Sp(2n) under the operation of conventional matrix multiplication. The elements are evendimensional, non-singular symplectic matrices with unit determinant which are referred to here as ray transferences. These matrices act on the members of even-dimensional vector spaces so as to preserve a particular skew-symmetric, non-degenerate bilinear pairing referred to as the symplectic form. The laws that govern the operation of these matrices, the three symplectic relations, flow naturally from the structure of the symplectic group. From the ray transference four 2„e 2 fundamental properties of an optical system may be defined, the dilation A , the disjugacy B , the divergence C and the divarication D. A number of additional optical properties can be derived from the fundamental properties. Examples of derived properties include the dioptric power F , the negative of the divergence C and refractive state 0 F . The ray transference is used here in the derivation of a set of new intraocular lens formulae for the pseudophakic eye. These formulae are entirely general, working equally well in both stigmatic and astigmatic pseudophakic eyes in which additional (possibly astigmatic) intraocular devices may already be present. Formulae for both distant and near objects are provided. The constraints under which the divergence of a thick (possibly bitoric) intraocular lens is conserved despite changes in the lens are investigated. Furthermore, the constraints under which the refractive state of the pseudophakic is conserved in spite of changes in the thick intraocular lens are investigated. We find that there exist an infinite number of thick intraocular lenses that will produce a given refractive outcome, say emmetropia, in the pseudophakic eye. The basic theory of matrix differentiation with respect to a scalar variable is utilized in the study of the changes in the optical character of the pseudophakic eye following axial translation of a variety of intraocular lens systems. A novel method of representing the changes in the stigmatic and antistigmatic properties of refraction on account of axial translation and rotation of a toric intraocular lens in the astigmatic eye is presented and numerical examples are provided. The analysis permits the calculation of the ideal axial lens position and orientation in the astigmatic pseudophakic eye. Such methods will prove increasingly important in refractive data analysis, particularly in light of the development of continuously adjustable intraocular devices. / Prof. W.F. Harris

Contextual modulation of visual variability : perceptual biases over time and across the visual field

Suarez-Pinilla, Marta January 2018 (has links)
The visual system extracts statistical information about the environment to manage noise, ensure perceptual stability and predict future events. These summary representations are able to inform sensory information received in subsequent times or in other regions of the visual field. This has been conceptualized in terms of Bayesian inference within the predictive coding framework. Nevertheless, contextual influence can also drive anti-Bayesian biases, as in sensory adaptation. Variance is a crucial statistical descriptor, yet relatively overlooked in ensemble vision research. We assessed the mechanisms whereby visual variability exerts and is subject to contextual modulation over time and across the visual field. Perceptual biases over time: serial dependence (SD) In a series of visual experiments, we examined SD on visual variance: the influence of the variance of previously presented ensembles in current variance judgments. We encountered two history-dependent biases: a positive bias exerted by recent presentations and a negative bias driven by less recent context. Contrary to claims that positive SD has low-level sensory origin, our experiments demonstrated a decisional bias requiring perceptual awareness and subject to time and capacity limitations. The negative bias was likely of sensory origin (adaptation). A two-layer model combining population codes and Bayesian Kalman filters replicated positive and negative effects in their approximate timescales. Perceptual biases across the visual field: Uniformity Illusion (UI) In UI, presentation of a pattern with uniform foveal components and more variable peripheral elements results in the latter taking the appearance of the foveal input. We studied the mechanistic basis of UI on orientation and determined that it arose without changes in sensory encoding at the primary visual cortex. Conclusions We studied perceptual biases on visual variability across space and time and found a combination of sensory negative and positive decisional biases, likely to handle the balance between change sensitivity and perceptual stability.

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