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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

A tabu search approach for the dynamic space allocation problem

Jaramillo, Juan R. January 2002 (has links)
Thesis (M.S.)--West Virginia University, 2002. / Title from document title page. Document formatted into pages; contains xi, 87 p. : ill. Includes abstract. Includes bibliographical references (p. 84-87).
2

Stochastic local search algorithms for single and bi-objective quadratic assignment problems

Bin Hussin, Mohamed Saifullah 17 December 2015 (has links)
The study of Stochastic Local Search (SLS) algorithms is becoming more pivotal these days, due to their vast number of applications in decision making. Prior to the implementation of algorithmic knowledge for decision making, many decisions were made based on manual calculation, on the fly, or even based on guts feeling. Nowadays, such an approach is more rarely seen, especially when the decisions that need to be made are high-risk, cost intensive, or time-consuming. The increasingly often used SLS algorithms are one of the options available to assist the decision making process these days.The work discussed in this thesis concerns the study of SLS algorithms for solving the Quadratic Assignment Problem (QAP), a prominent combinatorial optimization problem, which until today is very hard to solve. Our interest is to study the behavior and performance of SLS algorithms for solving QAP instances of different characteristics, such as size, sparsity, and structure. In this study, we have also proposed new variants of SLS algorithms, inspired by existing, well-performing SLS algorithms for solving the QAP. The new variants of SLS algorithms are then further extended for solving the bi-objective QAP (bQAP).One main focus in this study is to see how the performance of algorithms scales with instance size. We have considered instances that are much larger than the ones usually used in the studies of algorithms for solving the QAP. By understanding how the algorithms perform when the instance size changes, we might be able to solve other problems effectively by considering the similarity in their characteristics to the ones of the QAP, or by seeing common trends in the relative performance of the various available SLS methods. For single objective QAP instances we found that the structure and size of instances do have a significant impact on the performance of SLS algorithms. For example, comparisons between Tabu Search (TS) and Simulated Annealing (SA) on instances with randomly generated matrices show that the overall performance of TS is better than SA, irrespective the size of instances considered. The results on a class of structured instances however show that TS performs well on small-sized instances, while on the larger ones, SA shows better results. In another experiment, Hierarchical Iterated Local Search (HILS) has shown very good results compared to several Iterated Local Search (ILS) variants. This experiment was done on a class of structured instances of size from 100 to 500. An extensive experiment on a class of structured instances of size 30 to 300 using tuned parameter settings shows that population based algorithms perform very well on most of the instance classes considered. SA however, shows very good performance especially on large-sized instances with low sparsity level. For the bQAP, the correlation between the flow matrices does have a strong effect that determines the performance of algorithms for solving them. Hybrid Simulated Annealing (HSA) clearly outperforms Hybrid Iterative Improvement (HII). When compared to Multi Objective Ant Colony Optimization (MOACO) and Strength Pareto Evolutionary Algorithm 2 (SPEA2), HSA shows very good performance, where HSA outperforms MOACO and SPEA2, especially on instances of large size, thus, offering a better scaling behavior. Based the results obtained in this study, it is possible to come up with a general idea on the suitability of SLS algorithms for solving instances with a certain characteristic. Given an unknown QAP instance, one can guess the most suitable algorithm for solving it depending on the type, size, and sparsity of the instance, while for a bQAP instance the most suitable algorithm can be guessed based on its size and correlation between the flow matrices. / Doctorat en Sciences de l'ingénieur et technologie / info:eu-repo/semantics/nonPublished
3

The generalized machine layout problem

Jaramillo, Juan R. January 2007 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--West Virginia University, 2007. / Title from document title page. Document formatted into pages; contains xi, 86 p. : ill. Includes abstract. Includes bibliographical references (p. 82-86).
4

Optimization of bit interleaved coded modulation using genetic algorithms

Doppalapudi, Raghu Chaitanya. January 1900 (has links)
Thesis (M.S.)--West Virginia University, 2008. / Title from document title page. Document formatted into pages; contains ix, 55 p. : ill. (some col.). Includes abstract. Includes bibliographical references (p. 53-55).
5

On Efficient Semidefinite Relaxations for Quadratically Constrained Quadratic Programming

Ding, Yichuan 17 May 2007 (has links)
Two important topics in the study of Quadratically Constrained Quadratic Programming (QCQP) are how to exactly solve a QCQP with few constraints in polynomial time and how to find an inexpensive and strong relaxation bound for a QCQP with many constraints. In this thesis, we first review some important results on QCQP, like the S-Procedure, and the strength of Lagrangian Relaxation and the semidefinite relaxation. Then we focus on two special classes of QCQP, whose objective and constraint functions take the form trace(X^TQX + 2C^T X) + β, and trace(X^TQX + XPX^T + 2C^T X)+ β respectively, where X is an n by r real matrix. For each class of problems, we proposed different semidefinite relaxation formulations and compared their strength. The theoretical results obtained in this thesis have found interesting applications, e.g., solving the Quadratic Assignment Problem.
6

Spatial, Temporal and Spatio-Temporal Correspondence for Computer Vision Problems

Zhou, Feng 01 September 2014 (has links)
Many computer vision problems, such as object classification, motion estimation or shape registration rely on solving the correspondence problem. Existing algorithms to solve spatial or temporal correspondence problems are usually NP-hard, difficult to approximate, lack flexible models and mechanism for feature weighting. This proposal addresses the correspondence problem in computer vision, and proposes two new spatio-temporal correspondence problems and three algorithms to solve spatial, temporal and spatio-temporal matching between video and other sources. The main contributions of the thesis are: (1) Factorial graph matching (FGM). FGM extends existing work on graph matching (GM) by finding an exact factorization of the affinity matrix. Four are the benefits that follow from this factorization: (a) There is no need to compute the costly (in space and time) pairwise affinity matrix; (b) It provides a unified framework that reveals commonalities and differences between GM methods. Moreover, the factorization provides a clean connection with other matching algorithms such as iterative closest point; (c) The factorization allows the use of a path-following optimization algorithm, that leads to improved optimization strategies and matching performance; (d) Given the factorization, it becomes straight-forward to incorporate geometric transformations (rigid and non-rigid) to the GM problem. (2) Canonical time warping (CTW). CTW is a technique to temporally align multiple multi-dimensional and multi-modal time series. CTW extends DTW by incorporating a feature weighting layer to adapt different modalities, allowing a more flexible warping as combination of monotonic functions, and has linear complexity (unlike DTW that has quadratic). We applied CTW to align human motion captured with different sensors (e.g., audio, video, accelerometers). (3) Spatio-temporal matching (STM). Given a video and a 3D motion capture model, STM finds the correspondence between subsets of video trajectories and the motion capture model. STM is efficiently and robustly solved using linear programming. We illustrate the performance of STM on the problem of human detection in video, and show how STM achieves state-of-the-art performance.
7

Tabu paieškos algoritmas ir programa kvadratinio paskirstymo uždaviniui / Tabu search algorithm and program for the quadratic assignment problem

Gedgaudas, Audrius 27 May 2004 (has links)
Tabu search based algorithms are among the widely used heuristic algorithms for combinatorial optimization problems. In this project, we propose an improved enhanced tabu search algorithm for the well-known combinatorial optimization problem, the quadratic assignment problem (QAP). The new algorithm was tested on a number of instances from the library of the QAP instances  QAPLIB. The results obtained from the experiments show that the proposed algorithm appears to be superior to the earlier "pure" tabu search algorithms on many instances of the QAP.
8

On Efficient Semidefinite Relaxations for Quadratically Constrained Quadratic Programming

Ding, Yichuan 17 May 2007 (has links)
Two important topics in the study of Quadratically Constrained Quadratic Programming (QCQP) are how to exactly solve a QCQP with few constraints in polynomial time and how to find an inexpensive and strong relaxation bound for a QCQP with many constraints. In this thesis, we first review some important results on QCQP, like the S-Procedure, and the strength of Lagrangian Relaxation and the semidefinite relaxation. Then we focus on two special classes of QCQP, whose objective and constraint functions take the form trace(X^TQX + 2C^T X) + β, and trace(X^TQX + XPX^T + 2C^T X)+ β respectively, where X is an n by r real matrix. For each class of problems, we proposed different semidefinite relaxation formulations and compared their strength. The theoretical results obtained in this thesis have found interesting applications, e.g., solving the Quadratic Assignment Problem.
9

Přířazovací problém a jeho praktická aplikace v oblasti přepravy osob / Assignment problem and its particular application in passenger transport

Asterová, Jana January 2017 (has links)
This thesis is focused on the topic of assignment problems. The theoretical part presents a summary of the most important previously published findings on linear and quadratic assignment problem. The basic formulations of both problems are introduced, as well as the outline of some methods developed for their solution. Finally both problems are illustrated by practical applications that have appeared in the literature. The practical part gives insight into the issue of assignment of transport orders to drivers in a company and proposes a suitable model that speeds up the process of distributing the orders. The transfers conducted by the company start at the airport and terminate in a hotel in the city centre of Prague or vice versa. When proposing order schedules for the drivers, it is necessary to take into account not only the time of the transfers, but additionally the capacity and the category of the vehicle.
10

Analysis of tracing and capacity utilization by handlers in production / Analýza trasování a vytíženosti manipulantů v lisovací hale

Bark, Ondřej January 2015 (has links)
The diploma thesis focuses on tracing in layout by handlers between assembly lines in new plant for corporation Continental Automotive Czech Republic ltd, where boosters are produced. The theoretical part involves definitions of logistics, supply chain, material flow and handling equipment. Furthermore, methods of mathematic programming and software equipment are described, such as quadratic assignment problem, knapsack problem, travelling salesman problem from graph theory. In the practical part the situation in corporation has been analyzed and the data prepared for further examination. Then layout of plant and internal processes are evaluated and an appropriate model or concept of solution is selected. Subsequently, application in MS Excel is created with support of VBA scripts (3 kinds of layouts). The user manipulates with application followed by Solver for implementation of a new solution into practice. Finally, the models are interpreted and verified by Lingo. The focus of the thesis is the design of a layout change of a new plant including the description of tracing.

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