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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Active control of flexible structures and manipulators

Tsakalotos, Orestis I. January 1991 (has links)
No description available.
2

Perturbation techniques in the dynamics and control of flexible manipulators

Fraser, Anthony January 1988 (has links)
No description available.
3

The Geometric Design of Spherical Mechanical Linkages with Differential Task Specifications: Experimental Set Up and Applications

Kapila Bala, Phani Neehar 2011 August 1900 (has links)
The thesis focuses on the development of an experimental set up for a recently developed failure recovery technique of spatial robot manipulators. Assuming a general configuration of the spatial robot arm, a task is specified. This task contains constraints on position, velocity and acceleration to be satisfied. These constraints are derived from contact and curvature specifications. The technique synthesizes the serial chain and tests if the task can be satisfied in case of a joint failure. An experimental set up was developed in order to validate the failure recovery technique. It includes a robot arm mounted on a movable platform. The arm and platform are controlled by NI sbRIO board and are programmed in LabVIEW. The experimental results of the failure recovery technique were obtained for the case of Elbow failure in robot manipulators. The thesis considers two applications of the synthesis of spherical five –degree-of-freedom serial chains: Power assist for human therapeutic movement and Synthesis of Parallel Mechanical Linkages. A spherical TS chain has been synthesized for these two applications using the Mathematica software.
4

Controle H2, H∞ e H2/H∞ aplicados a um robô manipulador subatuado / H2, H&#8734 and H2/H&#8734 controls applied to an underactuated manipulator robot

Paulo Hiroaqui Ruiz Nakashima 06 July 2001 (has links)
Este trabalho apresenta os resultados da aplicação de três técnicas de controle utilizadas no projeto e implementação do controle de um manipulador subatuado planar de três juntas em série e de elos rígidos, projetado e construído pela Universidade Carnegie Mellon, EUA. Devido ao alto grau de não-linearidade deste sistema, seria muito difícil implementar um controlador H2, H&#8734 ou H2/H&#8734 que atuasse sozinho. Assim, propõe-se a utilização de um método de controle combinado: torque computado/H2, H&#8734 ou H2/H&#8734. No controle combinado, a porção correspondente ao torque computado lineariza e pré-compensa a dinâmica do modelo da planta nominal, enquanto a porção correspondente ao controle H2, H&#8734 ou H2/H&#8734 realiza uma pós-compensação dos erros residuais, que não foram completamente eliminados pelo método torque computado. Testes de acompanhamento de trajetória e testes de robustez são realizados aqui para comprovar a eficiência destes controladores, com resultados de implementação bastante satisfatórios. / This work presents the application results of three control techniques used for the control design and implementation of a serial planar underactuated manipulator with three joints and rigid links, designed and built by the Carnegie Mellon University, USA. Due to the high non-linearity degree of this system, it would be very difficult to implement an H2, H&#8734 or H2/ H&#8734 control which would actuate on the system by itself. Therefore, it is proposed a combined control method: computed torque/ H2, H&#8734 or H2/H&#8734. In the combined control, the portion corresponding to the computed torque linearizes and pre-compensates the dynamics of the nominal model, while the portion corresponding to the H2, H&#8734 or H2/H&#8734 control realizes a pos-compensation of the residual errors, not completely removed by the computed torque method. Trajetory tracking and robustness tests are performed here to demonstrate the efficiency of these controllers, with very satisfatory implementation results.
5

Controle subótimo de manipuladores subatuados via redundância de atuação / Suboptimal control of underactuacted manipulators via actuation redundancy

Benedito Carlos de Oliveira Maciel 21 June 2001 (has links)
Este trabalho apresenta uma metodologia de controle de posição das juntas passivas de um manipulador subatuado de uma maneira subótima. O termo subatuado se refere ao fato de que nem todas as juntas ou graus de liberdade do sistema serem equipados com atuadores, o que ocorre na prática devido a falhas ou como resultado de projeto. As juntas passivas de manipuladores desse tipo são indiretamente controladas pelo movimento das juntas ativas usando as características de acoplamento da dinâmica de manipuladores. A utilização de redundância de atuação das juntas ativas permite a minimização de alguns critérios, como consumo de energia, por exemplo. Apesar da estrutura cinemática de manipuladores subatuados ser idêntica a do totalmente atuado, em geral suas características dinâmicas diferem devido a presença de juntas passivas. Assim, apresentamos a modelagem dinâmica de um manipulador subatuado e o conceito de índice de acoplamento. Este índice é utilizado na seqüência de controle ótimo do manipulador. A hipótese de que o número de juntas ativas seja maior que o número de passivas permite o controle ótimo das juntas passivas, uma vez que na etapa de controle destas há mais entradas (torques nos atuadores das juntas ativas), que elementos a controlar (posição das juntas passivas). Neste ponto reside a contribuição desta tese ao estado da arte, uma vez que não há até o momento publicação que proponha o controle ótimo das juntas passivas neste caso. / This work presents a control methodologie for the position of the passive joints of an underactuated manipulator in a suboptimal way. The term underactuated refers to the fact that not all the joints or degrees of freedom of the system are equipped with actuators, which occurs in practice due to failures or as design result. The passive joints of manipulators like this are indirectly controlled by the motion of the active joints using the dynamic coupling characteristics. The utilization of actuation redundancy of the active joints allows the minimization of some criteria, like energy consumption, for example. Although the kinematic structure of an underactuated manipulator is identical to that of a similar fully actuated one, in general their dynamic characteristics are different due to the presence of passive joints. Thus, we present the dynamic modelling of an underactuated manipulator and the concept of coulpling index. This index is used in the sequence of the optimal conirol of the manipulator. The hipotheses that the number of active joints is greatter than the number of passives (na>np) allows the optimal control of the passive joints, since there are more inputs (torques at the actuators of the active joints), than elements to be controlled (position of the passive joints). At this point resides the contribution of this dissertation to the state of the art, once there is no publication that proposes the optimal control of the passive joints in this case.
6

Controle H2, H∞ e H2/H∞ aplicados a um robô manipulador subatuado / H2, H&#8734 and H2/H&#8734 controls applied to an underactuated manipulator robot

Nakashima, Paulo Hiroaqui Ruiz 06 July 2001 (has links)
Este trabalho apresenta os resultados da aplicação de três técnicas de controle utilizadas no projeto e implementação do controle de um manipulador subatuado planar de três juntas em série e de elos rígidos, projetado e construído pela Universidade Carnegie Mellon, EUA. Devido ao alto grau de não-linearidade deste sistema, seria muito difícil implementar um controlador H2, H&#8734 ou H2/H&#8734 que atuasse sozinho. Assim, propõe-se a utilização de um método de controle combinado: torque computado/H2, H&#8734 ou H2/H&#8734. No controle combinado, a porção correspondente ao torque computado lineariza e pré-compensa a dinâmica do modelo da planta nominal, enquanto a porção correspondente ao controle H2, H&#8734 ou H2/H&#8734 realiza uma pós-compensação dos erros residuais, que não foram completamente eliminados pelo método torque computado. Testes de acompanhamento de trajetória e testes de robustez são realizados aqui para comprovar a eficiência destes controladores, com resultados de implementação bastante satisfatórios. / This work presents the application results of three control techniques used for the control design and implementation of a serial planar underactuated manipulator with three joints and rigid links, designed and built by the Carnegie Mellon University, USA. Due to the high non-linearity degree of this system, it would be very difficult to implement an H2, H&#8734 or H2/ H&#8734 control which would actuate on the system by itself. Therefore, it is proposed a combined control method: computed torque/ H2, H&#8734 or H2/H&#8734. In the combined control, the portion corresponding to the computed torque linearizes and pre-compensates the dynamics of the nominal model, while the portion corresponding to the H2, H&#8734 or H2/H&#8734 control realizes a pos-compensation of the residual errors, not completely removed by the computed torque method. Trajetory tracking and robustness tests are performed here to demonstrate the efficiency of these controllers, with very satisfatory implementation results.
7

Controle subótimo de manipuladores subatuados via redundância de atuação / Suboptimal control of underactuacted manipulators via actuation redundancy

Maciel, Benedito Carlos de Oliveira 21 June 2001 (has links)
Este trabalho apresenta uma metodologia de controle de posição das juntas passivas de um manipulador subatuado de uma maneira subótima. O termo subatuado se refere ao fato de que nem todas as juntas ou graus de liberdade do sistema serem equipados com atuadores, o que ocorre na prática devido a falhas ou como resultado de projeto. As juntas passivas de manipuladores desse tipo são indiretamente controladas pelo movimento das juntas ativas usando as características de acoplamento da dinâmica de manipuladores. A utilização de redundância de atuação das juntas ativas permite a minimização de alguns critérios, como consumo de energia, por exemplo. Apesar da estrutura cinemática de manipuladores subatuados ser idêntica a do totalmente atuado, em geral suas características dinâmicas diferem devido a presença de juntas passivas. Assim, apresentamos a modelagem dinâmica de um manipulador subatuado e o conceito de índice de acoplamento. Este índice é utilizado na seqüência de controle ótimo do manipulador. A hipótese de que o número de juntas ativas seja maior que o número de passivas permite o controle ótimo das juntas passivas, uma vez que na etapa de controle destas há mais entradas (torques nos atuadores das juntas ativas), que elementos a controlar (posição das juntas passivas). Neste ponto reside a contribuição desta tese ao estado da arte, uma vez que não há até o momento publicação que proponha o controle ótimo das juntas passivas neste caso. / This work presents a control methodologie for the position of the passive joints of an underactuated manipulator in a suboptimal way. The term underactuated refers to the fact that not all the joints or degrees of freedom of the system are equipped with actuators, which occurs in practice due to failures or as design result. The passive joints of manipulators like this are indirectly controlled by the motion of the active joints using the dynamic coupling characteristics. The utilization of actuation redundancy of the active joints allows the minimization of some criteria, like energy consumption, for example. Although the kinematic structure of an underactuated manipulator is identical to that of a similar fully actuated one, in general their dynamic characteristics are different due to the presence of passive joints. Thus, we present the dynamic modelling of an underactuated manipulator and the concept of coulpling index. This index is used in the sequence of the optimal conirol of the manipulator. The hipotheses that the number of active joints is greatter than the number of passives (na>np) allows the optimal control of the passive joints, since there are more inputs (torques at the actuators of the active joints), than elements to be controlled (position of the passive joints). At this point resides the contribution of this dissertation to the state of the art, once there is no publication that proposes the optimal control of the passive joints in this case.
8

Modeling and Control of Flexible Manipulators

Moberg, Stig January 2010 (has links)
Industrial robot manipulators are general-purpose machines used for industrial automation in order to increase productivity, flexibility, and product quality. Other reasons for using industrial robots are cost saving, and elimination of hazardous and unpleasant work. Robot motion control is a key competence for robot manufacturers, and the current development is focused on increasing the robot performance, reducing the robot cost, improving safety, and introducing new functionalities.  Therefore, there is a need to continuously improve the mathematical models and control methods in order to fulfil conflicting requirements, such as increased performance of a weight-reduced robot, with lower mechanical stiffness and more complicated vibration modes. One reason for this development of the robot mechanical structure is of course cost-reduction, but other benefits are also obtained, such as lower environmental impact, lower power consumption, improved dexterity, and higher safety. This thesis deals with different aspects of modeling and control of flexible, i.e., elastic, manipulators. For an accurate description of a modern industrial manipulator, this thesis shows that the traditional flexible joint model, described in literature, is not sufficient. An improved model where the elasticity is described by a number of localized multidimensional spring-damper pairs is therefore proposed. This model is called the extended flexible joint model. The main contributions of this work are the design and analysis of identification methods, and of inverse dynamics control methods, for the extended flexible joint model. The proposed identification method is a frequency-domain non-linear gray-box method, which is evaluated by the identification of a modern six-axes robot manipulator. The identified model gives a good description of the global behavior of this robot. The inverse dynamics problem is discussed, and a solution methodology is proposed. This methodology is based on the solution of a differential algebraic equation (DAE). The inverse dynamics solution is then used for feedforward control of both a simulated manipulator and of a real robot manipulator. The last part of this work concerns feedback control. First, a model-based nonlinear feedback control (feedback linearization) is evaluated and compared to a model-based feedforward control algorithm. Finally, two benchmark problems for robust feedback control of a flexible manipulator are presented and some proposed solutions are analyzed.
9

Manipulátor pro skleněné desky / Glass Plates Manipulator

Zach, Jiří January 2008 (has links)
The object of this diploma work is to project a manipulator for the chaffs of glass, which will be mounted to the cutting machine RKP 01. The function of this manipulator will be a transposition of the chaffs of glass from the supply table to the haul. This manipulator check by calculations. RPK is the cutting machine for the circular-shaped cutouts, from which the saucers are made. Everything will be operated automatically, position of a handling moulding will be located by the sense organs and everything will be controlled by the automat, which was already designed by the firma FESTO FEC 30.
10

Controladores Markovianos aplicados a um robô manipulador subatuado / Markovian controllers applied to an underactuated robot manipulator

Daniel Vidal Farfan 25 September 2000 (has links)
Este trabalho trata do controle Markoviano aplicado a um robô manipulador visando obter um sistema tolerante a falhas. Os controladores H2, H&#8734, e H2/H&#8734 Markovianos são calculados e aplicados ao robô em diversas situações de operação. Os controladores obtidos mantiveram a estabilidade do sistema tanto em situações de operação normal, quanto em situações de falhas sucessivas. / This work deals with Markovian control applied to a robot manipulator, in an effort to obtain a fault tolerant system. The H2, H&#8734, and H2/H&#8734 controllers were calculated and applied to the robot in different operation situations. The obtained controllers guaranteed the stability of the system in both situations: normal operation, and successive faults operation.

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