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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

An imaging hierarchy for common-angle plane wave seismograms /

Whitmore, Norman Daniel. January 1995 (has links)
Thesis (Ph.D)--University of Tulsa, 1995. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 107-110).

Prediction of seismic parameters from primary and multiple reflections /

Chang, Hui, January 2008 (has links)
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Texas at Dallas, 2008. / Includes vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 99-102)

Aspects of spatial wavelets and their application to modelling seismic reflection data

Nautiyal, Atul January 1986 (has links)
The propagation of seismic waves may be described in the space-frequency domain by the Rayleigh-Sommerfeld convolution integral. The kernel of this integral is called a spatial wavelet and it embodies the physics and geometry of the propagation problem. The concepts of spatial convolution and spatial wavelet are simple and are similar to other topics studied by geophysicists. With a view to understanding these concepts, some aspects of spatial wavelets and their application to two-dimensional, zero-offset, acoustic seismic modelling were investigated. In studying the spatial wavelet, two topics in particular were examined: spatial aliasing and wavelet truncation. Spatial aliasing arises from the need to compute a discrete wavelet for implementation on a computer. This problem was solved by using an analytic expression for the spatial wavelet in the Fourier (wavenumber) domain. In the wavenumber domain the wavelet was windowed by a fourth order Butterworth operator, which removed aliasing. This technique is simple and flexible in its use. The second problem of wavelet truncation is due to the necessity of having a wavelet of finite length. A length limiting scheme based upon on the energy content of a wavelet was developed. It was argued that if that if a large portion of the wavelet energy was contained in a finite number of samples, then truncation at that sample would incur a minimal loss of information. Numerical experiments showed this to be true. The smallest length wavelet was found to depend on temporal frequency, medium velocity and extrapolation increment. The combined effects of these two solutions to the practical problem of computing a spatial wavelet resulted in two drawbacks. First, the wavelets provide modelling capabilities up to structural dips of 30 degrees. Second, there is a potential for instability due to recursive application of the wavelet. However, neither of these difficulties hampered the modelling of fairly complex structures. The spatial wavelet concept was applied to seismic modelling for media of varying complexity. Homogeneous velocity models were used to demonstrate diffraction evolution, dip limitations and imaging of curved structures. The quality of modelling was evaluated by migrating the modelled data to recover the time-image model of the reflection structure. Migrations of dipping and synform structures indicated that the modelled results were of a high calibre. Horizontally stratified velocity models were also examined for dipping and synform structures. Modelling these reflection structures showed that the introduction of a depth variable velocity profile has a tremendous influence on the synthetic seismic section. Again, migration proved that the quality of the data was excellent. Finally, the spatial wavelet algorithm was extended to the case of laterally varying velocity structures. The effects of space variant spatial convolution in the presence of a smoothed velocity field were examined. Smoothed velocity fields were computed by a simple weighted averaging procedure. The weighting function used was a decaying exponential whose decay rate determined the amount of smoothing. Seis-mograms computed for this case showed that the algorithm gave smoother and more continuous reflection signatures when the velocity field has been smoothed so that the largest lateral velocity gradient corresponded to the lower end of the temporal frequency band of the spatial wavelets. In this respect, the results are similar to those of geometric ray theory. Also, the travel times of these models compared favourably with those of ray tracings. / Science, Faculty of / Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, Department of / Graduate

Enhanced Detection of Seismic Time-Lapse Changes with 4D Joint Seismic Inversion and Segmentation

Romero, Juan Daniel 04 1900 (has links)
Seismic inversion is the leading method to map and quantify changes in time-lapse (4D) seismic datasets, with applications ranging from monitoring hydrocarbon-producing fields to geological CO2 storage. However, the process of inverting seismic data for reservoir properties is a notoriously ill-posed inverse problem due to the band-limited and noisy nature of seismic data. This comes with additional challenges for 4D applications, given the inaccuracies in the repeatability of time-lapse acquisition surveys. Consequently, adding prior information to the inversion process in the form of properly crafted regularization terms is essential to obtain geologically meaningful subsurface models and 4D effects. In this thesis, I propose a joint inversion-segmentation algorithm for 4D seismic inversion, which integrates total variation and segmentation priors as a way to counteract the missing frequencies and noise present in 4D seismic data. I validate the algorithm with synthetic and field seismic datasets and benchmark it against state-of-the-art 4D inversion techniques. The proposed algorithm shows three main advantages: 1. it produces high-resolution baseline and monitor acoustic impedance models, 2. by leveraging similarities between multiple seismic datasets, the proposed algorithm mitigates the non-repeatable noise and better highlights the real seismic time-lapse changes, and 3. it simultaneously provides a volumetric classification of the acoustic impedance 4D difference model based on user-defined classes, i.e., percentages of seismic time-lapse changes. Such advantages may enable more robust stratigraphic/structural and quantitative 4D seismic interpretation and provide more accurate inputs for dynamic reservoir simulations.

Stochastic tomography and Gaussian beam depth migration

Hu, Chaoshun, January 1900 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Texas at Austin, 2008. / Vita. Includes bibliographical references.

An integrated analysis of controlled-and passive source seismic data /

Rumpfhuber, Eva-Maria, January 2008 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Texas at El Paso, 2008. / Title from title screen. Vita. CD-ROM. Includes bibliographical references. Also available online.

Structure and Tectonics of the Offshore Region Close to Kayak Island from Geophysical Information

Espinoza Canales, Elisabeth 08 May 2004 (has links)
The principal goal of this research is to clarify the structure and tectonic setting of the Southern Alaska and, specifically, the offshore area close to Kayak Island. Seismic reflection data collected in 1976 in the offshore region of Kayak Island in the Gulf of Alaska were reprocessed in order to improve the quality of the signal by applying seismic data processing techniques that were not available at the time in which the data were obtained. The processed data were then interpreted, focusing on identifying patterns that indicate the direction, as well as the intensity of deformation. The deformation pattern observed in this research suggests that the major deformation of the region is located at the northwest side of Kayak Island.

Non-stationary Iterative Time-Domain Deconvolution for Enhancing the Resolution of Shallow Seismic Data

Erhan Ergun (6697625) 13 August 2019 (has links)
<p>The resolution of near-surface seismic reflection data is often limited by attenuation and scattering in the shallow subsurface which reduces the high frequencies in the data. Compensating for attenuation and scattering, as well as removing the propagating source wavelet in a time-variant manner can be used to improve the resolution. Here we investigate continuous non-stationary iterative time-domain deconvolution (CNS-ITD), where the seismic wavelet is allowed to vary along the seismic trace. The propagating seismic wavelet is then a combination of the source wavelet and the effects of attenuation and scattering effects, and can be estimated in a data-driven manner by performing a Gabor decomposition of the data. For each Gabor window, the autocorrelation is estimated and windowed about zero lag to estimate the propagating wavelet. Using the matrix-vector equations, the estimated propagating wavelets are assigned to the related columns of a seismic wavelet matrix, and these are then interpolated to the time location where the maximum of the envelope of the trace occurs within the iterative time-domain deconvolution. Advantages of using this data-driven, time-varying approach include not requiring prior knowledge of the attenuation and scattering structure and allowing for the sparse estimation of the reflectivity within the iterative deconvolution. We first apply CNS-ITD to synthetic data with a time-varying attenuation, where the method successfully identified the reflectors and increased the resolution of the data. We then applied CNS-ITD to two observed shallow seismic reflection datasets where improved resolution was obtained. </p>

Geophysical and geological analysis of fault activity and seismic history of the Obion River Area, New Madrid Seismic Zone (NMSZ), Western Tennessee, USA

Martin, Jake Joseph January 2014 (has links)
Thesis advisor: John Ebel / The New Madrid Seismic Zone (NMSZ) is well known for producing some of the largest intra-cratonic earthquakes within the North American Plate. The common hypothesis for the geological structure within the NMSZ is that stress is released across three major faults: the Cottonwood Grove Fault, the New Madrid North Fault, and the Reelfoot Thrust Fault. Evidence exists that would suggest an alternative model of geologic deformation in the area: that stress is being released across more than these three faults. A geologic and geophysical investigation was done to investigate a hypothetical fault west of Dyersburg, TN to test the alternative multi-fault hypothesis. A seismically created sand blow was logged in close proximity to the fault projection. Weathering of the sand blow indicated that the age of the sand blow came from a seismic event prior to the 1811-1812 earthquakes. There was no evidence to confirm this sand blow was created by a hypothetical fault in close proximity. A seismic exploration of the area was done across four seismic lines, primarily mapping Quaternary-age Mississippi River flood plain deposits. These seismic surveys yielded no evidence to suggest the presence of an additional fault. Across all surveys no evidence was found to conclusively support any existing theory on fault movement in the NMSZ. / Thesis (MS) — Boston College, 2014. / Submitted to: Boston College. Graduate School of Arts and Sciences. / Discipline: Earth and Environmental Sciences.

Parametric reconstruction of multidimensional seismic records

Naghizadeh, Mostafa. January 2009 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Alberta, 2009. / Title from pdf file main screen (viewed on Dec. 1, 2009). "A thesis submitted to the Faculty of Graduate Studies and Research in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Geophysics, Department of Physics, University of Alberta." Includes bibliographical references.

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