Mayers, Russell Stevens
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The impact of France on conflict and stability in the South Pacific : a thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Political Science in the University of Canterbury /Nichols, Matthew David. January 2007 (has links)
Thesis (M.A.)--University of Canterbury, 2007. / Typescript (photocopy). Includes bibliographical references (leaves 175-182). Also available via the World Wide Web.
abstract: ABSTRACT Research on self-control theory (Gottfredson & Hirschi, 1990) consistently supports its' central proposition that low self-control significantly affects crime. The theory includes other predictions, which have received far less empirical scrutiny. Among these is the argument that self-control is developed early in childhood and that individual differences then persist over time. Gottfredson and Hirschi contend that once established by age ten, self-control remains relatively stable over one's life-course (stability postulate). To determine the empirical status of Gottfredson and Hirschi's "stability postulate," a meta-analysis on existing empirical studies was conducted. Results for this study support the contentions made by Gottfredson and Hirschi, however the inclusion of various moderating variables significantly influenced this relationship. Keywords: self-control, self-control stability, absolute stability, relative stability / Dissertation/Thesis / Appendix / M.S. Criminology and Criminal Justice 2013
All pharmaceutical products are required by law to display an expiry date on the packaging. The period between the date of manufacture and expiry date is known as the label shelf-life. The label shelf-life indicates the period of time during which the consumer can expect the product to be safe and effective. Methods for determining the label shelf-life from stability data are discussed in the guidelines on the evaluation of stability data issued by the International Conference for Harmonization. These methods are limited to data that can be analysed using linear model methods. Furthermore, in the situation where a number of batches are used to determine a label shelf-life, the current regulatory method (unintentionally) penalizes good statistical design. In addition, the label shelf-life obtained this way may not be a reliable guide to the properties of future batches produced under similar conditions. In this thesis it is shown that the current definition of the label shelf-life may not provide the consumer with the desired level of confidence that the product is safe and effective. This is especially the case when the manufacturer has performed a well designed stability study with many assays. Consequently, a new definition for the label shelf-life is proposed, such that the consumer can be confident that a certain percentage of the product will meet the specification by the expiry date. Several methods for obtaining such a label shelf-life under linear model and generalized linear model assumptions are proposed and evaluated using simulation studies. The new definition of label shelf-life is extended to allow a label shelf-life to be obtained from stability studies that make use of many batches, such that a proportion of product over all batches can be assured to meet specifications by the expiry date. Several methods for estimating the label shelf-life in the multi-batch case are proposed and evaluated with the help of simulation studies. / Thesis (Ph.D.)--School of Agriculture and Wine, 2003.
12 April 2006
The electric power systems in U.S. Navy ships supply energy to sophisticated systems for weapons, communications, navigation and operation. The reliability and survivability of a Shipboard Power System (SPS) are critical to the mission of a Navy ship, especially under battle conditions. When a weapon hits the ship in the event of battle, it can cause severe damage to the electrical systems on the ship. Researchers in the Power System Automation Laboratory (PSAL) at Texas A&M University have developed methods for performing reconfiguration of SPS before or after a weapon hit to reduce the damage to SPS. Reconfiguration operations change the topology of an SPS. When a system is stressed, these topology changes and induced dynamics of equipment due to reconfiguration might cause voltage instability, such as progressive voltage decreases or voltage oscillations. SPS stability thus should be assessed to ensure the stable operation of a system during reconfiguration. In this dissertation, time frames of SPS dynamics are presented. Stability problems during SPS reconfiguration are classified as long-term stability problems. Since angle stability is strongly maintained in SPS, voltage stability is studied in this dissertation for SPS stability during reconfiguration. A test SPS computer model, whose simulation results were used for stability studies, is presented in this dissertation. The model used a new generalized methodology for modeling and simulating ungrounded stiffly grounded power systems. This dissertation presents two new indices, a static voltage stability index (SVSILji) and a dynamic voltage stability index (DVSI), for assessing the voltage stability in static and dynamic analysis. SVSILji assesses system stability by all lines in SPS. DVSI detects local bifurcations in SPS. SVSILji was found to be a better index in comparison with some indices in the literature for a study on a two-bus power system. Also, results of DVSI were similar to the results of conventional bifurcation analysis software when applied to a small power system. Using SVSILji and DVSI on the test SPS computer model, three of four factors affection voltage stability during SPS reconfiguration were verified. During reconfiguration, SVSILji and DVSI are used together to assess SPS stability.
Adhynugraha, Muhammad Ilham
An assessment of the longitudinal motion of a hybrid configuration called the aerodynamically alleviated marine vehicle (AAMV) with the presence of waves, is demonstrated in the thesis. The development of this type of vehicle requires a mathematical framework to characterise its dynamics with the influence of external forces due to the waves’ motion. An overview of the effect of waves towards the models of dynamics developed for wing in ground effect (WIGE) craft and high-speed marine vehicles (planing craft) is carried out. However, the overview only leads to a finding that the longitudinal stability of a lifting surface over wavy ground effect is not entirely established. Taking this fact into account, the analysis of the model is proposed for a WIGE craft configuration. A simplification is adopted considering heave motion only in the modelling of oscillation. The simplification is made to thoroughly capture the effect of oscillation toward dynamic stability of the vehicle. To support the model verification, a numerical simulation followed by a semi-empirical design method was adopted to produce aerodynamic data, both in two-dimensional and three-dimensional domains, respectively. The results show that the combination of underpinning parameters, i.e. ride height, frequency and amplitude of oscillation, remarkably influence the aerodynamics. The characteristics in aerodynamics affect the production of stability derivatives and eventually stability behaviour of the chosen configuration. Some patterns in the results are identified but there also some data that show the peculiarity. Thus further investigation is needed.
Developing and deploying enhanced algorithms to enable operational stability control systems with embedded high voltage DC linksRabbani, Ronak January 2016 (has links)
The increasing penetration of renewable energy resources within the Great Britain (GB) transmission system has created much greater variability of power flows within the transmission network. Consequently, modern transmission networks are presented with an ever increasing range of operating conditions. As a result, decision making in the Electricity National Control Centre (ENCC) of the GB electrical power transmission system is becoming more complex and control room actions are required for reducing timescales in the future so as to enable optimum operation of the system. To maximise utilisation of the electricity transmission system there is a requirement for fast transient and dynamic stability control. In this regard, GB electrical power transmissions system reinforcement using new technology, such as High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) links and Thyristor-Controlled Series Compensation (TCSC), is planned to come into operation. The research aim of this PhD thesis is to fully investigate the effects of HVDC lines on power system small-disturbance stability in the presence of operational uncertainties. The main research outcome is the comprehensive probabilistic assessment of the stability improvements that can be achieved through the use of supplementary damping control when applied to HVDC systems. In this thesis, two control schemes for small-signal dynamic stability enhancement of an embedded HVDC link are proposed: Modal Linear Quadratic Gaussian (MLQG) controller and Model Predictive Controller (MPC). Following these studies, probabilistic methodologies are developed in order to test of the robustness of HVDC based damping controllers, which involves using classification techniques to identify possible mitigation options for power system operators. The Monte Carlo (MC) and Point Estimated Method (PEM) are developed in order to identify the statistical distributions of critical modes of a power system in the presence of uncertainties. In addition, eigenvalue sensitivity analysis is devised and demonstrated to ensure accurate results when the PEM is used with test systems. Finally, the concepts and techniques introduced in the thesis are combined to investigate robustness for the widely adopted MLQG controller and the recently introduced MPC, which are designed as the supplementary controls of an embedded HVDC link for damping inter-area oscillations. Power system controllers are designed using a linearised model of the system and tuned for a nominal operating point. The assumption is made that the system will be operating within an acceptable proximity range of its nominal operating condition and that the uncertainty created by changes within each operating point can possibly have an adverse effect on the controller’s performance.
Stanovení fyzikálno-chemické stability zubních past / Determination of physico-chemical stability of toothpastesPosztósová, Gyöngyi January 2021 (has links)
This diploma thesis is focused on determining the physico-chemical stability of toothpastes. It is divided into theoretical and practical part. The theoretical part of the work deals with toothpastes, their short history and composition. Stability studies and methods of stability analysis are described below. In the practical part were performed long-term and accelerated stability studies on anhydrous toothpastes, on water-based toothpastes and on toothpastes based on sodium bicarbonate. The physical stability of the products was evaluated by monitoring the appearance and color visually and odor sensory, the pH value using a pH meter and the viscosity with a rotational viscometer. Chemical stability was monitored by determining the free fluorine content by ion chromatography and by ion-selective electrode, total phosphates and potassium also by ion chromatography, sodium bicarbonate by titration, soluble zinc by atomic absorption spectrometry and water activity was also monitored.
10 December 2005
Recent events, such as the Northeast Blackout of 2003, have highlighted the need for accurate real-time stability assessment techniques to detect when an electric power system is on the brink of voltage collapse. While many techniques exist, most techniques are computationally demanding and cannot be used in an on-line application. A voltage stability index (VSI) can be designed to estimate the distance of the current operating point to the voltage marginally stable point during the system operation. In this research work, a new VSI was developed that not only can detect the system voltage marginally stable point but also is computationally efficient for on-line applications. Starting with deriving a method to predict three types of maximum transferable power of a single source power system, the new VSI is based on the three calculated load margins. In order to apply the VSI to large power systems, a method has been developed to simplify the large network behind a load bus into a single source and a single transmission line given the synchronized phasor measurements of the power system variables and network parameters. The simplified system model, to which the developed VSI can be applied, preserves the power flow and the voltage of the particular load bus. The proposed voltage stability assessment method, therefore, provides a VSI of each individual load bus and can identify the load bus that is the most vulnerable to voltage collapse. Finally, the new VSI was tested on three power systems. Results from these three test cases provided validation of the applicability and accuracy of the proposed VSI.
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