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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
41

Lidar studies of the middle atmosphere / by Philip Stephen Argall.

Argall, Philip Stephen January 1993 (has links)
Bibliography leaves [31] - [40] / viii, 135, [40] leaves : ill. (some col.) ; 30 cm. / Title page, contents and abstract only. The complete thesis in print form is available from the University Library. / Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Adelaide, Dept. of Physics and Mathematical Physics, 1994
42

High arctic observations of strato-mesospheric temperatures and gravity wave activity

Duck, Thomas James. January 1999 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--York University, 1999. Graduate Programme in Physics and Astronomy. / Typescript. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 166-174). Also available on the Internet. MODE OF ACCESS via web browser by entering the following URL:http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl?url_ver=Z39.88-2004 & res_dat=xri:pqdiss & rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation & rft_dat=xri:pqdiss:NQ39262.
43

Isentropic ozone transport across the tropopause in the lower stratosphere and upper troposphere

Jing, Ping, January 2004 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Georgia Institute of Technology, 2004. Directed by Derek M. Cunnold. / Vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 109-114).
44

Three-dimensional simulation of N₂O transport and antarctic vortex evolution

Lou, Guang Ping 12 1900 (has links)
No description available.
45

An investigation into the reference height offset of SAGE I

Beach, Darby J. 05 1900 (has links)
No description available.
46

Variation of the stratospheric ozone layer height and the quasi-biennial oscillation

Bao, Xiaoping 12 1900 (has links)
No description available.
47

An investigation of the problem of the measurement of infrared radiation in the lower stratosphere

Bushnell, Robert H. January 1962 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Wisconsin--Madison, 1962. / Typescript. Vita. eContent provider-neutral record in process. Description based on print version record. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 49-52).
48

Sudden Stratospheric Warmings and Their Impact on Northern Hemisphere Winter Climate

Oehrlein, Jessica January 2021 (has links)
Sudden stratospheric warmings (SSWs) are a key driver of winter climate variability in the Northern Hemisphere. SSWs are a disruption of the strong stratospheric westerlies over the winter pole in which the winds in the upper to middle stratosphere, from about 30 to 50 km above the surface, weaken and reverse and the polar cap temperatures increase by up to 50 K in only a few days. These events affect tropospheric conditions for the two months following, on average shifting the North Atlantic storm track equatorward and resulting in a negative Northern Annular Mode and North Atlantic Oscillation at the surface. These changes are associated with colder and drier than average conditions in Northern Europe and Eurasia and warmer and wetter than average conditions across Southern Europe, as well as high temperatures across North Africa, the Middle East, and Central Asia and increased cold air outbreaks in North America and Eurasia. This thesis examines this typical surface response to SSWs in several different contexts. We consider its relationship to other atmospheric phenomena and features, first quantifying its importance relative to the North Atlantic impacts of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and then examining the role of ozone chemistry in modeling the surface response to SSWs. We also study the variability of the surface signature of SSWs, with the goal of understanding the uncertainty in magnitude and spatial pattern of surface climate patterns following SSWs and the relative roles of different sources of this uncertainty. After providing background and context in the first chapter, the second chapter studies interactions between SSWs and the El Niño phase of ENSO. El Niño affects climate in the North Atlantic and European regions, those most affected by SSWs, through tropospheric and stratospheric pathways. One of these pathways is increased SSW frequency. However, most SSWs (about 90\%) are unrelated to ENSO, and the importance for boreal winter surface climate of this frequency increase compared to other El Niño pathways remains to be quantified. We here contrast these two sources of variability using two 200-member ensembles of one-year integrations of the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model, one ensemble with prescribed El Niño sea surface temperatures (SSTs) and one with neutral-ENSO SSTs. We form composites of wintertime climate anomalies, with and without SSWs, in each ensemble and contrast them to a basic state represented by neutral-ENSO winters without SSWs. This approach allows us to isolate the distinct effects of ENSO and SSWs more clearly than was done in previous work. We find that El Niño and SSWs both result in negative North Atlantic Oscillation anomalies and have comparable impacts on European precipitation, but SSWs cause larger Eurasian cooling. These results indicate the potential impact of a strong El Niño on seasonal forecasting in the North Atlantic as well as the importance of resolving the stratosphere in subseasonal and seasonal forecast models to best capture stratospheric polar vortex variability. In the third chapter, we study the importance of interactive ozone chemistry in representing the stratospheric polar vortex and Northern Hemisphere winter surface climate variability. Modeling and observational studies have reported effects of stratospheric ozone extremes on Northern Hemisphere spring climate. Recent work has further suggested that the coupling of ozone chemistry and dynamics amplifies the surface response to midwinter SSWs. We contrast two 200-year simulations from the interactive and specified chemistry (and thus ozone) versions of the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with constant year-2000 forcings. This experiment is thus designed to clearly isolate the impact of interactive ozone on polar vortex variability. In particular, we analyze the response with and without interactive chemistry to midwinter SSWs, March SSWs, and strong polar vortex events (SPVs). With interactive chemistry, the stratospheric polar vortex is stronger, and more SPVs occur, but we find little effect on the frequency of midwinter SSWs. At the surface, interactive chemistry results in a pattern resembling a more negative North Atlantic Oscillation following midwinter SSWs, but with little impact on the surface signatures of late winter SSWs and SPVs. These results suggest that including interactive ozone chemistry in model simulations is important for representing North Atlantic and European winter climate variability. In the fourth chapter, we turn from models to reanalysis and consider the uncertainty in the surface response to SSWs. While the qualitative features of the mean surface signature of SSWs in the North Atlantic and Europe are well-established, its uncertainties as well as other features of surface climate following SSWs are less well-understood. To address the question of robustness of the mean observed response to SSWs, we use bootstrapping with replacement to construct synthetic SSW composites from SSW events in reanalysis, creating an ensemble of composites comparable to the observed one. We then examine the differences across these synthetic composites. We find that the canonical responses of a negative North Atlantic Oscillation and associated temperature and precipitation anomalies in the North Atlantic and European regions in the months following SSWs are robust. However, the magnitude and spatial pattern of these anomalies vary considerably across the composites. We further find that this uncertainty is unrelated to vortex strength and is instead the result of unrelated tropospheric variability. These results have implications for evaluating the fidelity of forecast models in capturing the surface impact of SSWs, by comparing both the mean impact as well as the contribution from internal variability with observations. Overall, we demonstrate the complexity of interactions of sudden stratospheric warmings with other sources of variability in the Earth system. We find that the state of the polar vortex itself, the strength of downward propagation following the SSW, and the surface response can all be affected in important ways by these other components (e.g. tropospheric variability and Arctic ozone). We close by providing broader context for these results and looking towards continuing and future work in the field.
49

Lagged response of tropical tropospheric temperature to solar ultraviolet variations on intraseasonal time scales

Hood, L. L. 28 April 2016 (has links)
Correlative and regression analyses of daily ERA-Interim reanalysis data for three separate solarmaximum periods confirm the existence of a temperature response to short-term (mainly ∼27 day) solarultraviolet variations at tropical latitudes in both the lower stratosphere and troposphere. The response,which occurs at a phase lag of 6–10 days after the solar forcing peak, consists of a warming in the lowerstratosphere, consistent with relative downwelling and a slowing of the mean meridional (Brewer-Dobson)circulation, and a cooling in the troposphere. The midtropospheric cooling response is most significant inthe tropical Pacific, especially under positive El Niño–Southern Oscillation conditions and may be relatedto a reduction in the number of Madden-Julian oscillation events that propagate eastward into the centralPacific following peaks in short-term solar forcing.
50

Geomagnetic perturbations on stratospheric circulation in late winter and spring

Lu, Hua, Clilverd, Mark A., Seppälä, Annika, Hood, Lon L. 22 August 2008 (has links)
This study investigates if the descent of odd nitrogen, generated in the thermosphere and the upper mesosphere by energetic particle precipitation (EPP-NOx), has a detectable impact on stratospheric wind and temperature in late winter and spring presumably through the loss of ozone and reduction of absorption of solar UV. In both hemispheres, similar downward propagating geomagnetic signals in the extratropical stratosphere are found in spring for those years when no stratospheric sudden warming occurred in mid-winter. Anomalous easterly winds and warmer polar regions are found when the 4-month averaged winter Ap index (Ap) is high, and the signals become clearer when solar F10.7 is low. In May, significant geomagnetic signals are obtained in the Northern Hemisphere when the data are grouped according to the phase of the stratospheric equatorial QBO. The magnitudes of changes in spring stratospheric wind and temperatures associated with Ap signals are in the range of 10–20 m s−1 and 5–10 K, which are comparable with those of the 11-yr SC signals typically found in late winter. The spring Ap signals show the opposite sign to that expected due to in situ cooling effects caused by catalytic destruction of stratospheric ozone by descending EPP-NOx. Thus it is unlikely that the in situ chemical effect of descending EPP-NOx on stratospheric ozone would have a dominant influence on stratospheric circulation. Instead, we suggest that the detected Ap signals in the extratropical spring stratosphere may be an indirect consequence of geomagnetic and solar activity, dynamically induced by changes in wave ducting conditions.

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