Overcoming no pass/no play: an investigation of factors contributing to variation in extracurricular participation eligibility rates among Texas high schools in the University Interscholastic LeagueHarrison, Jamey Glenn 28 August 2008 (has links)
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The application of cognitive diagnosis and computerized adaptive testing to a large-scale assessmentMcGlohen, Meghan Kathleen 28 August 2008 (has links)
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Angell, James Knickerbocker, 1897-
No description available.
Research reveals that policy intentions seldom define classroom practice. This research study uses continuous assessment as the 'case' to explore the policy-practice relationship. The research approach adopted involved a critical review of policy documents on continuous assessment; interviews with Department officials; a survey questionnaire on continuous assessment distributed to teachers in ten secondary schools; and a detailed exploration of continuous assessment practice in three institutional settings. The findings show that continuous assessment is rarely implemented as policy intended; teachers at the classroom level have transformed the aims of policy-makers to the extent that implementation proceeds at some distance from the original policy intentions; and teachers are experiencing numerous problems in attempting to implement continuous assessment. / Thesis (M.Ed.)-University of Durban-Westville, 1997.
A case study of the implementation of continuous assessment in grades 11 and 12 physical science classrooms in three secondary schools.Shilenge, Veronica Zanele. January 2004 (has links)
The Department of Education has introduced a policy of Continuous Assessment (CASS) in grades 11 and 12. This, however, does not mean that the current policies such as senior certificate examinations will immediately change. It appears that the old and the new practices will co-exist. This implementation of CASS took place in some environments characterised by enormous infra-structural backlogs, resource limitations, inadequate supply of quality learning support materials and absence of common national standards for learning and assessments. Consequently, the purpose of this interpretive research is to investigate how CASS has been implemented in grades 11 and 12 Physical Science classrooms in three disadvantaged secondary schools. This research study is a qualitative case study of three secondary schools in a school circuit. The three secondary schools were chosen on the basis of their varying socio-economic backgrounds and history related to quality of work and innovation. The research study examines the contexts and processes that took place during the implementation of CASS in these schools. The principal theories underpinning this study are those supporting educational change and curriculum innovation. The argument is that different understandings of the nature of the curriculum have important implications for the implementation of curriculum change. The literature was reviewed to expand the argument that curriculum change has different meanings and is dependent on the context. In this research study, curriculum changes in South Africa, the meaning of curriculum changes, CASS and CASS policy are discussed. The research methods used to gather data are semi-structured interviews, document analysis and questionnaires. The participants in this study were grade 11 and 12 Physical Science teachers, the Science Head of Departments (HOD) and grade 11 and 12 Physical Science learners from each school. The three schools were visited in the second half of 2002. This research study considered the roles and importance of learners, teachers, school management team, community and external inputs for the successful implementation of CASS. The feedback from teachers, HOD's, and learners were analysed and discussed. The schools were found to have profiles and strategies that were unique, but also some principles, practices and characteristics were common. The overall findings show that CASS has been implemented in these classrooms, but the strategies that are mostly used are those which were used in a content-based curriculum. For example, tests, classwork and homework were common in these schools. This study therefore suggests that more thorough and different support and developmental programmes be put in place so as to equip teachers with the skills necessary to implement CASS. This study also suggests that further research in schools be conducted, so that the best procedures are used to ensure the effective implementation of curriculum innovation in South Africa. / Theses (M.Ed.)-University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, 2004.
A study to investigate the use of objectively structured practical examination in the assessment of undergraduate physiotherapy students' practical skills at one tertiary institution in South Africa.Naidoo, Nirmala. January 2003 (has links)
Objectively structured practical examination (OSPE) is widely used in Physiotherapy to assess the practical skills of undergraduate students. The rationale for OSPE is to provide a means for evaluation of students' clinical skills, so that students may ultimately apply their skills to patients in the clinical situation. Students should show their ability to think critically and reason, for efficient and effective clinical application. It is therefore important that OSPE is structured such that these objectives may be achieved. This study presents the results of an investigation of OSPE at a Physiotherapy Department at one tertiary institution in South Africa. The present implementation has some merit. However, some adjustments need to be made in order that the OSPE process is more integrative of theory and practice, while simultaneously ensuring the holistic approach. This would facilitate an integrated approach to education and training aimed at integrating theory with the practice, and the academic with the vocational. Thus there would be a holistic and global approach to patient care. / Thesis (M.Ed.) - University of Natal, Pietermaritzburg, 2003.
Student involvement in the assessment process in a first year university geography module : influencing their approach to learning.Ellery, Karen. January 2001 (has links)
The assessment procedures utilised in first year Geography modules at the University of Natal Durban were critically reviewed. This revealed a rather narrow approach with an emphasis on summative assessment, limited feedback and a hidden assessment agenda with no student involvement. It was recognised that this traditional approach encouraged a surface approach to learning. In order to broaden the range of assessment procedures available to the students and to improve upon the assessment practice in general, peer and self-assessment exercises were incorporated into a first year module (Environmental Geography I) during this study. It was felt that by participating in peer and self-review exercises, students' self-reflective skills could be developed in order to equip them to become life-long learners. The main aim of the study was to integrate assessment with learning and to determine whether active involvement in the assessment process provided insight into the process and positively influenced students' motivation, attitude and approach to learning. The study, which was conducted over a two-year period using an action research approach, revolved mainly around an essay test students wrote a few weeks into the module. During tutorials prior to the test students were introduced to the skill of essay writing and the concept of criteria by which essays could be assessed. After the test, using a criteria sheet and model answer, students were expected to mark (Le. provide both written feedback as well as a grade) both an essay of an anonymous ' peer' as well as their own test essay. The lecturer subsequently marked the test as well as the actual assessment done by the students. Quantitative comparisons of student-awarded grades and lecturer-awarded grades, as well as a qualitative analysis of student and lecturer feedback during the process, and comments from the evaluations, revealed some general trends from both iterations: • Students showed increased insight into the process of self-assessment with practice. • Good students tended to under-estimate, poor students over-estimate grades. • Students were critical when marking an anonymous peer. • Students tended to be less critical when marking themselves. • Students battled with understanding/implementing certain criteria. • Students found it hard to separate out content from structure and style in an essay. • Students generally saw credit and value in the process of self-assessment. • Students were generally positive about the process of self-assessment • Students were rely-ctant to engage in the process of self-assessment on a more regular basis • Students felt the feedback comments from the lecturer on the self-assessment were the most valuable learning exercise. A large part of the success of the study was that, through integrating assessment in the learning process, students were able to be more critical of their own work. This in turn should pave the way for them being able to work in more self-reflective and independent ways in the future. Furthermore, the study served to open up dialogue with students with respect to our teaching and their learning. By participating in the peer and self-review process they became more aware of the "hidden" aspects of the curriculum. Students appear to have acquired an awareness of the value of criteria in assessment and were able to apply them to some degree in their own context. In general, students felt they had a beneficial experience in peer and self-assessment. The study highlighted a number of issues that need addressing. Firstly, there was a large gap between lecturer expectations in a written answer and what the students felt was acceptable. In particular, students had problems with being able to discriminate and internalise certain criteria such as relevance of information' and in general resorted to what has been tenned the 'shotgun ' approach when providing answers. It is recognised that interpretation of such gaps in understanding have social, cultural and political contexts. Secondly. the actual awarding of grades was an intimidating process for many students and should be done in a less threatening way in the future. Thirdly from a personal point of view, it is recognised that it requires not only a high level of critical reflection but also active engagement and discipline to make necessary changes in an action research process. A conceptual framework in which traditional and educational forms of assessment are represented as two extremes of a continuum of student-lecturer involvement, is presented. This helps to locate the present study and provides direction for future assessment studies in which student learning is the central focus. / Thesis (M.Ed.)-University of Natal,Durban, 2001.
Teachers' understanding and use of assessment in the context of outcomes-based education : a case study of a Hammersdale farm school.Langa, Rosemary Rosebud Rosa Fikile. January 2003 (has links)
This study investigates the nature and extent of teacher's understanding of assessment in the context of an outcomes-based education system at a Hammersdale Farm School. The study also investigates the nature of assessment techniques used by educators at the school and whether these techniques were implemented in a manner that enhances learner performance. The educator level of assessment literacy or illiteracy was also examined. Learner's experience of assessment was also investigated. The subjects in this study were eleven educators and twenty-two learners. The research methodology was in the form of a qualitative case study. Individual interviews of educators, learners questionnaire as well as document analysis were used to investigate educator's assessment, literacy or illiteracy, learner's experience of assessment and whether assessment (there) techniques are implemented in a manner that embraces principles of outcomes-based education. The results revealed that educators show an understanding of assessment in an outcomes-based education system. There has been a shift from the traditional way of conducting assessment, which was by means of tests and examination only. Educators conduct assessment continuously and employ a variety of strategies, which help educators collect data about learner's performance. The data collected enables educators to give constant feedback to learners and also report to parents about their children's performance. However, findings also revealed that there is some illiteracy with regards to assessment planning and implementation. (Educators attempts are dwarfed by the tradition of summative type of assessment that educators have been exposed to all their lives. The study has also revealed that though educators engage in continuous assessment and employ various assessment strategies; examinations are still considered as the strategy to be used for making decisions and public judgments due to lack of clearly formulated school assessment policy. There is minimal participation of parents in their children's learning, which is due to illiteracy with regards to transformational policies and curriculum issues. Some parents, because of work commitments, financial constraints and not living with their children, makes participation almost impossible. The implication of this study is that the school needs to have a clearly formulated assessment policy, which reflects OBE principles. The policy should state clearly how assessment is to be planned and implemented in an outcomes-based education system. The school also needs to have a staff development programme which is an ideal platform for sharing meanings and interpretations with regards to assessment implementation in an outcomes-based education system. The development programme will also help educators revisit and review their assessment policy to ensure that assessment implementation is on track. Parent participation in their children's learning could be made a reality through workshops. Parent's workshops would help develop parents on transformational policy and curriculum issues. This will ensure maximum parent participation in their children's learning and also ensure that parents provide necessary support to sustain effective learning. / Thesis (M.Ed.) - University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, 2003.
Teacher perceptions of the impact of public examinations on curriculum practices : a survey in two districts of Kigali-City, Rwanda.Nizeyimana, Gabriel. January 2003 (has links)
This study is an exploratory investigation on teachers' perceptions of the extent to which the national examinations that are written at the end of primary schooling in Rwanda influence their curriculum practices. The study used a structured questionnaire for data collection, and simple descriptive statistics for data analysis. The study, firstly, examined teachers' views on the link between national examinations and the aims of primary education. The results showed that teachers perceived the national examinations as assessing the prerequisite knowledge for secondary education, on one hand; and to some extent social skills needed for life in the community and society. This is in line with the aim of primary education in Rwanda according to government policy. Secondly, the study explored the impact of the national examinations on teachers' practices as well as on teacher self image. Findings were that a good success rate in these examinations was the main goal-direction for teachers and had a major influence on the curriculum practices. Most teachers indicated that they aimed to produce a large number of candidates who were classified highly on national scale, and were socially well skilled. The impact of the national examination on their practices is evident in some of the strategies they use in negotiating and mediating the curriculum: the focus on the main examination subjects, on the previous examination topics, and on academically good and borderline students who have a greater chance of scoring high grades in the national examination. Finally, the study explored factors that teachers perceived to influence candidates' success and failure in the national examinations. Teacher commitment to preparing candidates for the examinations was most frequently reported, as a factor associated with student success, whereas the very limited places I available in pubic and subsidized secondary schools was the most contributing factor to poor results. / Thesis (M.Ed.) - University of Natal, Pietermaritzburg, 2003.
Aptitude, school grades, Cambridge examination results and university performance : the Swaziland caseSimpson, Angela Gumede January 1990 (has links)
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among locality of school, type of school, gender of student, school GPA (GPA), aptitude (MEANAPT), Cambridge English Language (CAMENG), Cambridge class (CAMCLASS), and Cambridge aggregate (CAMAGGR). A second purpose of this research was to determine the relationship among GPA, MEANAPT, CAMENG, CAMCLASS, CAMAGGR, university registration status (STATUS), and average university grade (UNIMEAN) after 2 years at the University of Swaziland (UNISWA). The study was divided into two parts. In the first part, locality of school, type of school, and gender of student were the independent variables; GPA, MEANAPT, CAMENG, CAMCLASS, and CAMAGGR were the dependent variables. In the second part, performance at UNISWA, as measured by either STATUS or UNIMEAN, was the dependent variable; CAMENG, CAMCLASS, CAMAGGR, GPA, and MEANAPT were the independent variables.Answers to questions on Part 1 of the study were determined by computing means, standard deviations, and F-tests for differences between means for GPA, MEANAPT, CAMENG, CAMCLASS, and CAMAGGR for each of the general questions. Data were analyzed using Pearson r and multiple regression to answer Part 2 questions.The results of this study indicate that students enrolled in rural and government schools were outperformed by those attending urban and government-aided schools on all the measures. Although males outperformed females on the local Swaziland measures, school GPA and aptitude, there were no significant differences between males and females when the Cambridge examination scores were considered. The Cambridge examination appears to be neither efficient nor economical when used to identify the successful African student once he or she has been admitted to a local university. The same is true for the measures designed and currently used by local Swaziland educators. Swaziland officials may have to look elsewhere for predictors of university performance. / Department of Educational Psychology
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