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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

The impact of supplemental L-threonine in laying hen diets on egg component yield, composition, and functionality

Niemeyer, Paige Reynolds 01 November 2005 (has links)
The impacts of supplemental L-threonine in laying hen diets were evaluated. Over three experiments, control hens were fed a corn-soybean commercial layer diet containing 0.56% threonine (Thr). Experimental diets containing 0.66, 0.76, 0.86, and 0.96% Thr were fed for experiment 1. Experimental diets containing 0.76, 0.96 and 1.16% Thr were fed for experiment 2. Experiment 1 and 2 hens were 42 weeks of age. In experiment 3, experimental diets containing 0.76 and 0.96% Thr were fed to aged hens (61 weeks at beginning of experiment). Data collection methods were the same for all three experiments. Beginning and ending hen weight, egg production, and feed consumption data were collected. Egg samples were analyzed for egg weight, yolk and albumen yield, protein, and functionality. In experiments 1 and 2, egg production increased with increasing dietary threonine levels up to 0.76% Thr in the diet and subsequently decreased suggesting a production threshold for the amino acid. Shell cracking strength increased with increasing threonine levels in all three experiments. In experiment 3, shell thickness increased with increasing threonine levels. Albumen protein was significantly increased when hens were fed increased levels of dietary threonine. Angel food cake volume was significantly increased in experiments 1 and 3 with increasing dietary threonine, as were other texture profile parameters. Sponge cake volume was significantly increased in experiments 2 and 3 as a result of increased threonine levels. In experiment 3, yolk gel hardness was significantly increased by increasing the level of dietary threonine. These data clearly indicate a potential important impact on egg composition and functionality by increasing dietary threonine nutrition of a laying hen.

Comparative studies on several catalytic properties of biosynthetic L-threonine dehydratase (Deaminating) in seven species of unicellular marine planktonic algae

Kripps, Robert Stephen January 1972 (has links)
Several aspects of L-threonine dehydratase from seven species of unicellular marine planktonic algae were investigated; (1) the disulfide group requirement for activity of the enzymes from two cryptomonads, (2) monovalent inorganic cation requirement for enzyme activity, (3) substrate specificity and substrate analog inhibitions, (4) allosteric activation and inhibition and diverse effects from other amino acids, (5) pH optima of the algal enzymes with particular emphasis on the elucidation of the unique pH-activity response of the enzyme from Hemiselmis virescens. The threonine dehydratases from Chroomonas salina and Hemiselmis virescens require disulfide groups for enzyme activity as exemplified by the specific inhibition exerted by all thiol reagents tested, which inhibition could be partially reversed or prevented by the appropriate treatments. Sulfhydryl group requirement: for enzyme activity was confirmed and it was demonstrated that these groups are essential for feedback inhibition from L-isoleucine. All algal enzymes appear to require monovalent alkali-metal cations for full expression of activity, more specifically K⁺₄ and NH⁺₄. Anacystis marina was exceptional in showing maximal stimulation from Li⁺. Organic cations were without effect whereas some inhibition from certain divalent cations (Zn²⁺ , Cu²⁺) and anions (N0⁻₃, I⁻ , C10⁻₃) were observed, whilst HP0²₄⁻ and SO²₄⁻ were stimulatory. Aside from L-threonine, the algal enzymes extended substrate activity to L-serine and L-aliothreonine. In addition to its known threonine dehydratase, Chroomonas salina appeared to produce a serine dehydratase which accounted for the relatively high substrate activity observed toward L-serine with this species. Inhibition from substrate analogs was limited to L-homoserine and L-serine, despite the substrate activity of the latter. The mechanism for the peculiar mode of inhibition evinced by L-homoserine remains unknown whereas that of L-serine appears to result from inactivation of the enzyme. With the exception of Cyclotella nana and to a lesser extent Hemiselmis virescens, all the algal enzymes were subject to feedback inhibition from L-isoleucine, which inhibition was pH dependent, subject to reversal by L-valine, and could be duplicated by the analog L-O-methyl threonine. Several other amino acids (L-leucine, L-norvaline, L-valine) were able to inhibit most enzymes when present at high concentration. It was proposed that the mode of inhibition by these latter amino acids may occur via interaction at the site specific for allosteric inhibition. L-Valine at low concentration effected pronounced activation of the enzymes and was thusly assigned the role of allosteric activator, acting at a site distinct from that of L-isoleucine or L-threonine. Hemiselmis virescens was distinctly unique in that, unlike the other algal enzymes, it displayed two pH-activity optima. The investigation of this phenomenon was pursued in two ways (i) examination of enzyme response to various potential effectors (nucleotides, L-methionine, L-aspartate,^ L-cystathionine) at a pH intermediate between the two optima, (ii) examination of enzyme response to known effectors (L-valine, L-isoleucine) at the two pH optima. It was concluded from these studies that Hemiselmis virescens may produce a culture-dependent mixture of two threonine dehydratases, one of which is generally similar to the other algal enzymes, the other of which is insensitive to the usual allosteric regulation yet is not a standard biodegradative isozyme. / Land and Food Systems, Faculty of / Graduate

Lysine and threonine responses in Ross X Ross TP16 male broilers

Everett, Derrick Lashawn 02 May 2009 (has links)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Lys and Thr responses of TP-16 male broilers. Experiment 1 (14-28 d of age) showed no significant live performance effects. In Experiment 2, Lys and Thr (P=0.021) interacted to affect 28 to 42 d body weight gain and (P=0.004) feed intake. Lys main effects improved body weight gain (P=0.002), and feed conversion (P=0.009). Thr fed at the 0.68% level improved body weight gain and feed conversion. Mortality did not differ among treatments and averaged 0.09% across all treatments. The study indicated the sensitivity of the Thr:Lys ratio when broilers are fed diets containing marginal Lys. Although Thr X Lys interactions occurred in this study, the Lys levels in the test diets may have been too high for determining a ratio to an amino acid in a factorial study. Interaction results indicate that the Thr:Lys ratio in broilers from 28 to 42 days of age is between 0.57 to 0.68.

Characterisation of protein kinase C subtype expression in Swiss 3T3 and 3T6 fibroblasts

Watson, John Ashleigh January 1999 (has links)
No description available.

Induction of threonine dehydratase in developing rat liver.

Yeung, Yee-guide. January 1974 (has links)
Thesis (M. Phil.)--University of Hong Kong, 1974. / Mimeographed.

Induction of threonine dehydratase in developing rat liver

楊宜佳, Yeung, Yee-guide. January 1974 (has links)
published_or_final_version / Biochemistry / Master / Master of Philosophy

Identification and characterisation of a novel β subunit of AMP-activated protein kinase

Thornton, Elizabeth Claire January 1999 (has links)
No description available.

Synthesis of 1-Amino-2-Hydroxycyclopentanecarboxylic Acid

Huddle, John David 12 1900 (has links)
This investigation involved the synthesis of 1-amino-2-hydroxycyclopentanecarboxylic acid, a potential structural analog of the natural amino acids, serine and threonine. The title compound also includes the structural features present in an established antitumor agent, cycloleucine.

Binding specificity and phosphorylation mechanism of serineargnine kinase 2 (SRPK2) towards Its substrates.

January 2014 (has links)
前體信使核糖核酸(pre‐mRNA)的剪接是在RNA成熟與蛋白質多樣性發生中所必需的一類高度動態的過程。作為一類特定的非小核糖核蛋白剪接因子,絲氨酸精氨酸(SR)蛋白在mRNA的組成型剪接及選擇性剪接,mRNA的轉運與翻譯中均扮演關鍵角色。SR蛋白在其氮端含有1個或2個RNA識別基序(RRMs),其碳端的RS結構域含有連續排列且可被高度磷酸化的精氨酸絲氨酸(RS)二肽。SR蛋白的磷酸化水平可調節其亞細胞定位與生理功能,而屬於蛋白激酶超家族的SR蛋白激酶(SRPK)家族負責SR蛋白的磷酸化修飾。 / 在此項課題中,我們著重於SRPK2獨特的底物特異性及其磷酸化機制的研究。課題選用兩個代表不同類型的底物:人類絲氨酸精氨酸剪接因子1(SRSF1)和人類細胞凋亡染色質聚縮引導因子S(acinusS)。研究結果顯示,氮端非激酶區為SRPK2對SRSF1和acinusS的激酶活力所必需。另外,雖然兩種底物類型一級結構迥異,但一個位於SRPK2的大葉且保守的docking groove,負責對它們的識別與結合。 / SRPK1以processive機制催化SRSF1中8‐10個位點,而我們的實驗結果顯示SRPK2以processive機制磷酸化SRSF1的約5‐6個位點。我們證明,SRPK2的docking groove對processive機制的磷酸化有著重要作用,而且位於dockinggroove中的組氨酸601決定了SRPK2較低的processvity。有趣的是,SRPK2的docking groove也在acinusS絲氨酸422的位點特異性磷酸化中起關鍵作用。我們證明該位點特異的磷酸化機制主要是由SRPK2的docking groove與位於acinusS磷酸化位點氮端推定的docking motif之間的離子型相互作用,及其隨之與一個同樣位於acinusS的磷酸化位點N端負的電荷區域之間的離子型排斥作用所調節。 / 這些結果顯示,SRPK2的docking groove採取了兩種不同的磷酸化機制,因而其底物可以或者processive機制,或者高度位點特異的機制被磷酸化修飾。此外,為闡明此兩種迥異的磷酸化機制的分子基礎,蛋白質晶體學研究正在進行之中。 / Pre‐mRNA splicing is a highly dynamic process that plays an essential role in mRNA maturation and protein diversity generation. One particular family of non‐small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs) splicing factors, the serinearginine (SR) proteins, play critical roles in both constitutive and alternative mRNA splicing, mRNA transport, and translation. N‐terminus of SR proteins consists one or two RNA recognition motifs (RRMs), and the C‐terminal RS domain contains continuous RS dipeptides that could be extensively phosphorylated. The phosphorylation states of SR proteins regulate their subcellular localization and physiological functions. SR protein kinase (SRPK) family is a member of the kinase superfamily that accounts for SR protein phosphorylation. / In this study, we focused on the distinct substrate specificity and phosphorylation mechanism of SRPK2. Two substrates representing different classes are selected: human serine/arginine splicing factor 1 (SRSF1) and human apoptotic chromatin condensation inducer in the nucleus S (acinusS). Our results showed that the N‐terminal non‐kinase region of SRPK2 is required for the full catalytic activity towards both SRSF1 and acinusS. Besides, a conserved docking groove in the large lobe of SRPK2 was shown responsible for the recognition and binding of both substrate classes despite the significant difference in their primary structures. / While SRPK1 modifies SRSF1 for 8‐10 sites in a processive manner, our results show that SRPK2 processively phosphorylates SRSF1 for approximately 5‐6 sites. We provided evidence that the docking groove of SRPK2 is important for the processive phosphorylation mechanism and His601 within the groove accounts for the lower processivity. Interestingly, the docking groove also plays a critical role in the site‐specific phosphorylation of acinusS at Ser422. We demonstrated that the single site phosphorylation mechanism of SRPK2 is mainly regulated by ionic interaction with a putative docking motif, and the following ionic repulsion between the docking groove and an electronegative region N‐terminal to the P‐site of acinusS. / These results suggest that the docking groove of SRPK2 adopts two distinct phosphorylation mechanisms so that different RS domains can be phosphorylated in either processive or highly site‐specific manner. Protein crystallography studies are undergoing to provide the molecular basis of the two distinct phosphorylation mechanisms. / Detailed summary in vernacular field only. / Detailed summary in vernacular field only. / Detailed summary in vernacular field only. / Detailed summary in vernacular field only. / Liang, Ning. / Thesis (Ph.D.) Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2014. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 151-170). / Abstracts also in Chinese.

Analysis of the vertebrate Aurora B complex and its regulation of MCAK during chromosome segregation

Lan, Weijie. January 2006 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Virginia, 2006. / Includes bibliographical references. Also available online through Digital Dissertations.

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