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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Two-phase pressure loss in fittings

Macarios, Guy January 1979 (has links)
No description available.
2

Flow stress and structure in two phase Zr-2.5% Nb

Rizkalla, Amin S. January 1977 (has links)
No description available.
3

Two-phase pressure loss in fittings

Macarios, Guy January 1979 (has links)
No description available.
4

Flow stress and structure in two phase Zr-2.5% Nb

Rizkalla, Amin S. January 1977 (has links)
No description available.
5

An Interfacial Area Transport Modeling for Two-phase Flow in Small and Large Circular Pipes

Zhuoran Dang (11015943) 23 July 2021 (has links)
<div>With the rapid development of the advanced two-phase flow experimental technologies, more experimental databases with extended measurement ranges have been established to support the two-phase flow model development. The advantage of the Two Fluid model in modeling the complex two-phase flow phenomena over the mixture models stands out. One key aspect in the Two Fluid model development is the accurate modeling of the interfacial area between phases, which is strongly related to the interfacial mass, momentum, and energy transfer. As a closure relation of interfacial area concentration (interfacial area per unit volume) for the Two Fluid model, the Interfacial Area Transport Equation (IATE) provides dynamic predictions on the interfacial area change. It substantially solves the shortcoming of using flow-regime-dependent empirical correlations that can introduce numerical discontinuities between flow regimes. </div><div><br></div><div>The IATE has been extensively developed over the past twenty-five years. Many studies targeted on improving its prediction capability by developing bubble interaction source terms based on their experimental data. </div><div>The existing models are usually based on medium and large flow channels, yet the models may not be physically fit the small flow channels. The major reason is that the wall effect can have a larger influence on the two-phase flow in a small flow channel, as the surface area to volume ratio greatly increases. Therefore, the primary objectives of this study are to physically investigate the wall effect on two-phase flow and develop a generalized IATE by extending the application range of existing IATE from large and medium flow channels to small flow channel.</div><div><br></div><div>To achieve the objective, this study established a rigorous database of air-water two-phase flows in a small diameter pipe with its inner diameter of 12.7 mm, focusing on the bubbly-to-slug transition regime. The experimental analysis was performed on the pipe wall effect on the interfacial characteristics, based on the current experimental database and the existing experimental database collected on vertical pipes of different sizes. It is observed that 1) the pipe wall effect can alter the non-uniform radial two-phase distribution; 2) the bubbly-to-slug flow regime transition in a small diameter pipe happens in a smaller void fraction than in a large diameter pipe; 3) the bubble coalescence phenomenon can be more dominant for small pipe flow, and an intensive intergroup transfer can happen for the two-group interfacial area transport in two-phase flows. </div><div>As the interfacial area transport is directly related to the two-phase geometrical configuration, the two-phase geometrical parameters, void fraction and relative bubble size, are identified as the key parameters for modeling.</div><div><br></div><div>In the modeling of IATE source terms, the high geometrical scalability of the model is realized by properly including the wall effect into the modeling consideration. The following major improvements on the existing models are: 1) the inertia subrange assumption on the turbulent-driven interaction is properly improved; 2) the bubble-induced turbulent-driven interactions such as wake entrainment is revised by considering the wall effect on the wake region. In summary, models of bubble interaction due to random collision, wake entrainment, turbulent impact, and shearing-off are revised based on the existing studies on the IATE source terms development. The newly proposed interfacial area transport models are evaluated against an experimental database with 112 test conditions in total from a wide range of experimental pipe diameters from 12.7 mm to 304.8 mm. The new models can accurately capture the drastic intergroup transfer of void fraction and interfacial area concentration between two groups in transition flows. Overall, the relative error of void fraction and interfacial area concentration comparing with the experimental data are within ±15\% and ±10\%, respectively.</div>
6

Sistema de medição capacitivo para determinação da fração de vazio em escoamentos bifásicos

Libert, Nikolas 26 August 2013 (has links)
CAPES / Além de estarem presentes na natureza, os escoamentos bifásicos possuem ampla aplicação industrial, sendo encontrados nas áreas química, nuclear, de geração de energia, petrolífera e espacial, onde escoamentos do tipo gás-líquido são os mais comuns. Eles são caracterizados pelo fluxo de duas substâncias imiscíveis, denominadas fases, em um sistema. A caracterização e o estudo destes escoamentos são importantes tanto na realização de projetos, quanto no monitoramento e controle de plantas aonde eles ocorrem. Um dos parâmetros utilizados na caracterização é a fração de vazio, que indica a proporção de gás em escoamentos gás liquido. As fases de um escoamento possuem diferentes propriedades elétricas, como condutividade e permissividade. Dessa forma, caso placas condutoras sejam dispostas ao redor de uma tubulação, pode ser formado um capacitor cuja capacitância dependa das características da mistura que escoa. O objetivo desta dissertação é o desenvolvimento de um sensor capacitivo não invasivo para determinação de fração de vazio em escoamentos bifásicos. Este trabalho apresenta a montagem dos eletrodos, o desenvolvimento de um hardware para detecção de variações na capacitância dos eletrodos e o desenvolvimento de um software para leitura das medições do hardware. A resposta do sensor desenvolvido não depende apenas da proporção volumétrica das fases em seu interior, mas também do padrão de escoamento, ou seja, da forma como elas estão distribuídas. Devido a isso, a resposta do sensor foi avaliada para diversos padrões de escoamento através de simulações do campo elétrico pelo método dos elementos finitos. Com base nos resultados das simulações e nas medidas da eletrônica desenvolvida, valores de fração de vazio foram obtidos para escoamentos ar água em bancadas de teste. Resultados obtidos mostram o bom desempenho do sistema capacitivo desenvolvido, o qual pode ser aplicado em estudos aprofundados do escoamento bifásico. / Two-phase flows are not only present in environmental phenomena such as clouds, but are found widespread in industrial applications. Such flows may be described as the stream of two immiscible substances, called phases, in a pipe or vessel. Most usual type of flow is gas-liquid flow and it can be found in chemical, nuclear, power generation, petroleum, and space industry. The study and characterization of such flows are important both in the realization of projects as in the monitoring and control of the facilities in which they occur. An important parameter in flow characterization is the void fraction, which indicates the volumetric amount of gas in gas-liquid flows. The gaseous and liquid phases in a flow usually present different electric properties, such as conductivity and permittivity. If electrodes are arranged around a pipe, they may form a capacitor whose capacitance depend upon the flowing mixture properties and their spatial distribution. The main goal of this work is to develop a non-invasive capacitive probe for void fraction determination in two-phase flow. It describes the assembly of the electrodes, the development of hardware for capacitance measurement, and the development of software that provides access to the measurement data obtained by the hardware. The response of capacitive sensors depends not only on void fraction values, but also on the flow pattern, that is, on the way that phases are distributed inside the pipe. Due to this fact, electric field simulations of the sensor’s response at different flow patterns were performed. Based on the results of the simulations and on the measurement results, void fraction values for air-water flow at controlled conditions was calculated and comparatively evaluated. The results obtained show the good performance of developed capacitive probe which may now be deployed in two-phase flow studies.

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