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Performance of acoustic spread-spectrum signaling in simulated ocean channelsPelekanos, Georgios N. January 2003 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis (M.S. in Electrical Engineering and M.S. in Engineering Acoustics)--Naval Postgraduate School, June 2003. / Thesis advisor(s): Cristi, Roberto ; Rice, Joseph. "June 2003." Includes bibliographical references (p. 107-108). Also available online.
Fish stock assessment by a statistical analysis of echo sounder signalsWeintroub, Jonathan January 1986 (has links)
A means of assessing the quantity of exploitable fish in the sea is a requirement for effective management of the resource. Sonar is widely used in this regard, as it provides a rapid means of assessment. Two acoustic assessment techniques currently used are the echo counting and echo integration· methods. The echo counting method requires that only single fish echoes are present in the backscatter from the shoal, while the echo integration technique requires an a-priori knowledge of the average target strength of the fish in the shoal. A novel method of assessment has been proposed. It relies on the relationship between the statistics of the backscatter from a volume distribution of scatterers and the number of scatterers contributing to the backscatter at any one time. The attraction of the method when applied to the estimation of number density of fish, is that estimates can be produced in the presence of overlapping echoes, and that knowledge of the target strength of the fish is unnecessary. The application of this method to acoustic fish stock assessment is investigated in this work. Current methods of assessment are reviewed and the theory of the statistical method is given. A computer simulation of the scattering problem gives a useful insight into the effects of sample size and density on the accuracy of the method. The method has been applied to the assessment of fish at sea, where it was run in tandem with an echo integrator. The results obtained with the two techniques are compared. Reasons for discrepancies are proposed and problems in the application of the method are identified.
Underwater Acoustic Networks : evaluation of the impact of Media Access Control on latency, in a delay constrained network /Coelho, Jose Manuel dos Santos. January 2005 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis (M.S. in Computer Science)--Naval Postgraduate School, March 2005. / Thesis Advisor(s): Su Wen, Geoffrey Xie. Includes bibliographical references (p. 167-168). Also available online.
Zooplankton off the Firth of Forth, Scotland : an acoustic studyMachairopoulou, Margarita January 2014 (has links)
The zooplankton communities off the north east coast of Scotland, Wee Bankie sand-banks, were studied with traditional net samples and for the first time, for this area, with acoustic methods. A series of zooplankton samples were collected during June 2010 and March/June 2011 together with a set of physical parameters of the water column. Taxonomic analysis of the collected samples enabled the characterisation of zooplankton communities. Neritic communities with oceanic influence were found along the north east coast of Scotland and over the Wee Bankie with spatial variability associated with higher densities of zooplankton inshore. Temporal variability was associated with the expected succession of dominant copepods from spring to summer. An appropriate scattering model, Distorted Wave Born Approximation, was used to predict the target strength of the major zooplanktonic groups and so solve the forward problem to verify a plankton separation algorithm. The algorithm isolated weak scattering targets of zooplankton using three frequencies (38, 120 and 200 kHz) and was used to study the zooplankton spatial distribution during June 2008-2011 in relation to the physical characteristics of the water column. Model predicted target strength for the major zooplanktonic groups was sensitive to orientation for large organisms and material properties for both copepods and euphausiids. The Wee Bankie waters were thermally stratified, with June 2011 the least stratified of all years. Depths of observed maximum backscatter varied in relation to the pycnocline depth and tended to be deeper in offshore stations. The estimated biomass from the observed backscatter increased from 2008 to 2011 but spatial patterns varied from year to year. Although, estimated biomass across years reduced with increasing maximum fluorescence and surface to bottom temperature difference, the same relationship was not evident within year.
Acoustic surveys of the sea floor near Hong Kong陳燕侶, Chan, Yin-lui, Yinia. January 1966 (has links)
published_or_final_version / Physics / Doctoral / Doctor of Philosophy
Effect of bubbly liquid on underwater sound transmission楊兆麟, Yeung, Siu-lun, Patrick. January 1998 (has links)
published_or_final_version / Mechanical Engineering / Doctoral / Doctor of Philosophy
Investigations into the possibility of using the echo spectrum as a method of classifying fish targetsSmith, Andrew Ritchie January 1997 (has links)
No description available.
Analysis of the influence of turbulence and environmental variability on broadband acoustic coherenceEroglu, Ozer 09 1900 (has links)
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. / Acoustic propagation in the littoral regions of the world, even over short ranges, can be complex at high frequencies (>5 kHz), and applications such as underwater detection and communications suffer as a result. To this end, the Asian Seas International Acoustics Experiment (ASIAEX) was conducted with funding from the Office of Naval Research. One phase of this experiment took place from 29 May to 9 June 2001 and focused on short-range, shallow water acoustic propagation in the East China Sea. This thesis will be based on some of the measurements taken during the East China Sea experiment by a team from the Applied Physics Laboratory of the University of Washington. The environmental parameters and array geometry used in this and previous modeling work are as close as possible to the experiment. The objective of this thesis is to better understand the nature of turbulent perturbations and how they affect short-range acoustic propagation in a shallow water environment. This will include variations in total energy of the turbulence, variations in associated length scales, and variations in depth. In addition, the influence of other variable factors on signal coherence will also be examined. Most notably, variations in background sound-speed structure and source depth variability will be included. / Lieutenant Junior Grade, Turkish Navy
Use of an acoustic network as an underwater positioning systemReed, Michael S. 06 1900 (has links)
Underwater acoustic networks provide an interface between UUVs and surface or land-based control systems. By exploiting range data measured incidental to communications on these networks it is possible to perform underwater positioning similar to that of the satellite-based GPS program. In this thesis, several algorithms for generating position fixes from these range data are implemented, tested, and evaluated with synthetic data. The algorithms are then applied to data obtained during operations at sea. / US Nany (USN) author.
Inverse methods and results from the 1981 ocean acoustic tomography experiment /Cornuelle, Bruce Douglas. January 1900 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institutite of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1983. / Bibliography: p. 357-360.
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