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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Scalable and adaptive video multicast over the internet

Li, Xue January 1998 (has links)
No description available.

Video Compression based on iterated function systems

Paul, Baldine-Brunel 08 1900 (has links)
No description available.

Adaptive techniques for scalable video compression

Mehrseresht, Nagita, Electrical Engineering & communication, UNSW January 2005 (has links)
In this work we investigate adaptive techniques which can be used to improve the performance of highly scalable video compression schemes under resolution scaling. We propose novel content adaptive methods for motion compensated 3D discrete wavelet transformation (MC 3D-DWT) of video. The proposed methods overcome problems of ghosting and non-aligned aliasing artifacts, which can arise in regions of motion model failure, when the video is reconstructed at reduced temporal or spatial resolutions. We also study schemes which facilitate simultaneous scaling of compressed video bitstreams based on both constant bit-rate and constant distortion criteria, using simple and generic scaling operations. In regions where the motion model fails, the motion compensated temporal discrete wavelet transform (MC TDWT) causes ghosting artifacts under frame-rate scaling, due to temporal lowpass filtering along invalid motion trajectories. To avoid ghosting artifacts, we adaptively select between different lowpass filters, based on a local estimate of the motion modelling accuracy. Experimental results indicate that the proposed adaptive transform substantially removes ghosting artifacts while also preserving the high compression efficiency of the original MC TDWT. We also study the impact of various MC 3D-DWT structures on spatial scalability. Investigating the interaction between spatial aliasing, scalability and energy compaction shows that the t+2D structure essentially has higher compression efficiency. However, where the motion model fails, structures of this form cause non-aligned aliasing artifacts under spatial scaling. We propose novel adaptive schemes to continuously adapt the structure of MC 3D-DWT based on information available within the compressed bitstream. Experimental results indicate that the proposed adaptive structure preserves the high compression efficiency of the t+2D structure while also avoiding the appearance of non-aligned aliasing artifacts under spatial scaling. To provide simultaneous rate and distortion scaling, we study ???layered substream structure. Scaling based on distortion generates variable bit-rate traffic which satisfies the desired average bit-rate and is consistent with the requirements of leaky-bucket traffic models. We propose a novel method which also satisfies constraints on instantaneous bit-rate. This method overcomes the weakness of previous methods with small leaky-bucket buffer sizes. Simulation results indicate promising performance with both MC 3D-DWT interframe and JPEG2000 intraframe compression.

Robust motion estimation techniques

Jaganathan, Venkata Krishnan. January 2007 (has links)
Thesis (M.S.)--University of Missouri-Columbia, 2007. / The entire dissertation/thesis text is included in the research.pdf file; the official abstract appears in the short.pdf file (which also appears in the research.pdf); a non-technical general description, or public abstract, appears in the public.pdf file. Title from title screen of research.pdf file (viewed on April 15, 2008) Includes bibliographical references.

Fast global motion estimation and color interpolation /

Chan, Wing Cheong. January 2002 (has links)
Thesis (M. Phil.)--Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, 2002. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 74-76). Also available in electronic version. Access restricted to campus users.

Analysis of Optimized Design Tradeoffs in Application of Wavelet Algorithms to Video Compression

Wanis, Paul, Fairbanks, John S. 10 1900 (has links)
International Telemetering Conference Proceedings / October 18-21, 2004 / Town & Country Resort, San Diego, California / Because all video compression schemes introduce artifacts into the compressed video images, degradation occurs. These artifacts, generated by a wavelet-based compression scheme, will vary with the compression ratio and input imagery, but do show some consistent patterns across applications. There are a number of design trade-offs that can be made to mitigate the effect of these artifacts. By understanding the artifacts introduced by video compression and being able to anticipate the amount of image degradation, the video compression can be configured in a manner optimal to the application under consideration in telemetry.

Compression Methods for Instrumentation Video

Whiteman, Don, Glen, Greg 11 1900 (has links)
International Telemetering Conference Proceedings / October 30-November 02, 1995 / Riviera Hotel, Las Vegas, Nevada / Video compression is typically required to solve the bandwidth problems related to the transmission of instrumentation video. The use of color systems typically results in bandwidth requirements beyond the capabilities of current receiving and recording equipment. The HORACE specification, IRIG-210, was introduced as an attempt to provide standardization between government test ranges. The specification provides for video compression in order to alleviate the bandwidth problems associated with instrumentation video and is intended to assure compatibility, data quality, and performance of instrumentation video systems. This paper provides an overview of compression methods available for instrumentation video and summarizes the benefits of each method and the problems associated with different compression methods when utilized for instrumentation video. The affects of increased data link bit error rates are also discussed for each compression method. This paper also includes a synopsis of the current HORACE specification, a proposed Vector HORACE specification for color images and hardware being developed to meet both specifications.


Gammill, Troy, Stoner, Mark 10 1900 (has links)
International Telemetering Conference Proceedings / October 22-25, 2001 / Riviera Hotel and Convention Center, Las Vegas, Nevada / Overview of video compression modules developed and flown as part of PSL’s flight-proven family of modular PCM components. Wavelet based video compression deck is compatible with PCM Encoder modules, allowing video to be included in instrumentation data stream. Video compression modules allow the user to select video frame rate and video quality, supports 8-16 bits/word, and non-symmetrical PCM matrices. Video Compression and formatting is achieved with a wavelet compression IC and specialized DSP code. Video output is achieved with PSL PCM Decommutator and Video Decompression Module.

A Development of Real Time Video Compression Module Based on Embedded Motion JPEG 2000

Park, Min Jee, Yu, Jae Taeg, Hyun, Myung Han, Ra, Sung Woong 10 1900 (has links)
ITC/USA 2015 Conference Proceedings / The Fifty-First Annual International Telemetering Conference and Technical Exhibition / October 26-29, 2015 / Bally's Hotel & Convention Center, Las Vegas, NV / In this paper, we develop a miniaturized real time video compression module (VCM) based on embedded motion JPEG 2000 using ADV212 and FPGA. We consider layout of components, values of damping resistors, and lengths of the pattern lines for optimal hardware design. For software design, we consider compression steps to monitor the status of the system and make the system robust. The weight of the developed VCM is approximately 4 times lighter than the previous development. Furthermore, experimental results show that the PSNR is increased about 3dB and the compression processing time is approximately 2 times faster than the previous development.

Rate distortion analysis, optimization, and control in video coding. / CUHK electronic theses & dissertations collection

January 2007 (has links)
Another objective of this work is to study the perceptual optimized video object coding. Since MPEG-4 treats a scene as a composition of video objects that are separately encoded and decoded, such a flexible video coding framework makes it possible to code different video objects with different priorities. It is necessary to analyze the priorities of video objects according to their intrinsic properties and psycho-visual characteristics such that the bit budget can be distributed properly to video objects to improve the perceptual quality of the compressed video. An object-level visual attention model is developed to automatically obtain the visual attention information of video objects. The visual attention values of video objects are calculated and incorporated in the newly developed dynamic bit allocation mechanism to improve the objective quality of the high priority objects such that the perceptual quality of the overall picture can be maximized. / As strict rate control algorithms used in video coding sacrifice the quality consistency, the rate distortion tradeoff is important to achieve a balance between the bit rate and quality. A novel separable rate distortion modeling method is proposed to analyze the rate distortion characteristics of the color video signal. This method provides higher estimation accuracy when compared to the non-separable modeling method. To achieve rate distortion tradeoff in H.264/AVC, a new control strategy is presented. The feedback from the encoder buffer is analyzed by a control-theoretic adaptation approach to avoid buffer overflow and underflow. A novel rate distortion tradeoff controller is designed by considering both the quality variation and buffer fluctuation. Smooth video quality is achieved and the relevant constraints are satisfied. / Due to the unique features of the video object coding such as both texture and shape introducing distortions and video objects being of arbitrarily shapes, the rate distortion analysis and optimization strategies are different from the traditional rectangular frame-based techniques. Two new rate distortion modeling methods are proposed for the shape coding. The first one is a linear rate distortion modeling method. The computational complexity is low and the estimation is accurate. To further improve the modeling performance, a novel statistical learning based method is proposed by incorporating shape features to provide rate distortion analysis for the shape coding. Therefore, a joint texture-shape rate distortion modeling approach is derived by integrating the texture and shape rate distortion models. The new joint texture-shape distortion models provide the basis for optimal bit allocation for the video object coding to minimize the coding distortion with the bit rate constraint and stabilize the buffer fullness. The major contribution of this optimal bit allocation scheme is to provide a unified solution for the following two problems: how to allocate bits between the texture and shape and how to distribute the hit budget for multiple video objects, simultaneously. / This thesis addresses rate distortion analysis, optimization, and control problems in video coding. These rate distortion issues not only provide the theoretical background but also are concerned with the practical design for video coding systems. The main objective of this thesis is to consider the problems associated with analyzing the rate distortion characteristics of the video source and providing optimal solutions or tradeoffs for the rate and distortion in video coding systems. More specifically this thesis focuses on both the object-based video coding system, MPEG-4, and the rectangular frame-based video coding system, H.264/AVC. / Chen, Zhenzhong. / "July 2007." / Adviser: King Ngi Ngan. / Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 69-02, Section: B, page: 1194. / Thesis (Ph.D.)--Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2007. / Includes bibliographical references (p. 225-247). / Electronic reproduction. Hong Kong : Chinese University of Hong Kong, [2012] System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader. Available via World Wide Web. / Electronic reproduction. [Ann Arbor, MI] : ProQuest Information and Learning, [200-] System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader. Available via World Wide Web. / Abstract in English and Chinese. / School code: 1307.

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