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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Literature review on children myopia

Li, Zeyu, 黎泽宇 January 2010 (has links)
published_or_final_version / Public Health / Master / Master of Public Health

Field perceptions of the Vision Initiative for Children's preschool vision screening training model

Nottingham Chaplin, P. Kay. January 1900 (has links)
Thesis (Ed. D.)--West Virginia University, 2006. / Title from document title page. Document formatted into pages; contains vii, 211 p. : ill. (some col.). Vita. Includes abstract. Includes bibliographical references (p. 151-178).

Effectiveness of five vision screening instruments for detecting possible amblyogenetic factors in young children

Marquardt Westlake, Laura L. January 2005 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Wyoming, 2005. / Title from PDF title page (viewed on Oct. 10, 2007). Includes bibliographical references (p. 93-98).

The prevalence of visual deficiencies in children with learning problems in the region of Johannesburg

Metsing, Thokozile Ingrid 03 September 2014 (has links)
M.Phil. (Optometry) / The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of vision deficiencies in the children from the schools of the learning disabled compared to the children from the mainstream schools. One hundred and twelve (N = 112) children from the two learning disabled schools and eighty (N = 80) children from the mainstream school, in Johannesburg had their vision assessed. The evaluation of functional vision included visual acuity (Snellen Acuity), refractive status (Static Retinoscopy), ocular health status (Internal and External evaluations), accommodation (Monocular Estimate Method (MEM), ±2.00D Flippers, Donder's push up method), binocularity (Cover Test, Vergence Facility, Smooth Vergences, Near Point of Convergence (NPC) and ocular motilities (Direct Observation). The results of this study revealed a significant relationship of poor vergence facility (Cramer's V =0.369); lead of accommodation of the right (Cramer's V = 0.379) and left eye (Cramer's V= 0.386); poor amplitude of accommodation of the left eye (Cramer's V=0.316) and the mainstream group. A significant relationship was found between the learning disabled group and poor saccadic accuracy (Cramer's V=0.343) and a high lag of accommodation of the right (Cramer's V= 0.379) and the left eye (Cramer's V= 0.386). Both the learner groups in the current study present with different visual deficiencies, and thus comparisons in terms of prevalence is complicated. It will be erroneous to say one group presents with a high prevalence of visual deficiencies than the other nor to conclude that the prevalence of visual deficiencies is the same in both groups. The results of this study provide further support for full vision screenings (including visual integrity pathway, and visual efficiency skills) to be routinely done in both mainstream and schools for the learning disabled.

Object permanence and expressive language skills in visually typical, visually atypical and down syndrome infants /

Tulloch, Deborah. January 1985 (has links)
Thesis (Ed. D.)--Teachers College, Columbia University. / Typescript; issued also on microfilm. Sponsor: Frances P. Connor. Dissertation Committee: Laurence R. Gardner. Bibliography: leaves 92-111.

Relationship between reading loss and visual disability for one hundred fifth and sixth grade pupils in Modesto, California

Isaac, Lincoln Emil 01 January 1959 (has links)
The purpose of this study was to discover if there is a relationship between reading loss and visual disability and to assay the reading losso that is characteristic for individuals with a visual disability. The intent was not to diagnose that all reading loss can be attributed to a visual disability or define visual defects, for the latter requires a careful examination by an eye specialist, but rather to determine if the child’s reading may be affected by a blurred visual image or by eye-muscle fatigue.

Early teller acuity card estimates as predictors of long-term visual outcome in children with perinatal complications /

Hall, Heather Lynne, January 2000 (has links)
Thesis (M.Sc.)--Memorial University of Newfoundland, 2000. / Bibliography: leaves 68-82.

Prevalence of vision conditions in a South African population of African Dyslexic children.

Wajuihian, Samuel Otabor. 11 November 2013 (has links)
Dyslexia is a neurological disorder with genetic origin that affects a person’s word processing ability, their spelling, writing, comprehension and reading, and results in poor academic performance. As a result, optometrists are consulted for assistance with the diagnosis and treatment of a possible vision condition. Optometrists are able to assist with treatment as part of a multidisciplinary management approach, where optometric support is necessary. International studies have indicated that up to 20% of Caucasian school children are affected by dyslexia, while there are no similar figures for African children. Studies have been done to assess the extent of visual defects among Caucasian dyslexics, but not among African dyslexic children. The aim of the study is therefore to determine the prevalence of vision conditions in an African South African population of dyslexic school children, and to investigate the relationship between dyslexia and vision. The possible relationship between dyslexia and vision conditions has been recognized as an important area of study, resulting in research being conducted in many countries. Studies have been undertaken by optometrists and ophthalmologists, who differ in their approach and attitude on how vision conditions affect dyslexia. A review of the literature revealed three broad areas of vision that may impact on reading ability, these being acuity defects, binocular vision and ocular pathology. Acuity defects consist of visual acuity and refractive error. Areas of binocular vision evaluated in the literature include near point convergence, heterophoria, strabismus, accommodative functions, vergence facility and reserves. Hyperopia was the only vision variable that was found to be consistently associated with difficulties with reading, but not causally while findings on other variables were inconclusive. However, all the studies acknowledged the complexity of the condition, and the need for a comprehensive multidisciplinary management approach for its diagnosis and management. The study was undertaken in the city of Durban, South Africa, using a case-control study of two groups of African school children between the ages of 10 and 15. Both study groups consisted of 31 children of normal intelligence, who were matched in gender, race and socio-economic status. The case group attended a school for children with learning disabilities, while the control group attended a mainstream school. At the time of the study, only one school catered for African children with learning disabilities, and only 31 of its pupils were diagnosed with dyslexia. Ethical approval was obtained from the University of KwaZulu-Natal; permission to undertake the study in the identified schools was obtained from the Department of Education, and the school principals consented on behalf of the learners, as it was not always possible to reach the individual parent. The researcher (an optometrist) visited both schools by appointment where rooms were made available to do the testing, and the tests were explained to all participants. The LogMar Acuity Charts were used to assess visual acuity, and static retinoscopy was used to assess refractive error. Binocular vision was tested using the cover test for ocular alignment, the Hirschberg test for strabismus, RAF rule for near point of convergence, ± 2 D flipper lenses for accommodation facilities, Donder’s push up methods, using the RAF rule for amplitude of accommodation, plus and minus lenses for relative accommodation, monocular estimation technique for accommodation posture, and prism bars for vergence reserves. Ocular pathology was assessed using a direct ophthalmoscope. The dyslexic group presented with the following: Refractive errors: hyperopia 6.5%, myopia 6.5%, astigmatism 10%, anisometropia 6.5%, remote near point of convergence 33%, esophoria at near 3%, exophoria at near 9.5%, accommodative infacility 54% and lag of accommodation 39.28%. The dyslexic group had relatively reduced fusional reserve compared to the control group. The control group presented with the following: Refractive errors: hyperopia 3%, astigmatism 13%, anisometropia 6.5%, remote near point of convergence 48%, esophoria at near 0%, exophoria at near 0%, accommodative infacility 33% and lag of accommodation 41.93%. The prevalence of a remote NPC was higher in the control group than in the dyslexic group and there was a statistically significant difference between the two groups: NPC break (p=0.049) and recovery (p=0.046). The prevalence of poor binocular accommodation facility at near was higher in the dyslexic group than in the control group and there was a statistically significant difference between the two groups (p = 0.027). Vision defects such as hyperopia, astigmatism, accommodation lag, convergence insufficiency, poor near point of convergence and accommodative infacility were present in the dyslexic pupils, but they were no more at risk of any particular vision condition than the control group. This study provided the prevalence of vision conditions in a population of African dyslexic children in South Africa, the only vision variable that was significantly more prevalent in the dyslexic population being the binocular accommodation facility at near, although the study was unable to find a relationship between dyslexia and vision. The statistically significant difference may not imply clinical significance due to the small sample size. However, it is recommended that any vision defects detected should be appropriately compensated for as defective vision can make reading more difficult for the dyslexic child. The sample size may have been a limitation; however, this was comparable with studies reviewed, most of which had sample sizes of less than 41. Due to the range of possible ocular conditions that could affect dyslexia, it is recommended that a larger sample size be used to ensure more conclusive results. Testing for relative accommodation with a phoropter would provide more accurate results, and accommodation facility and fusional reserves would be better assessed with suppression control. The study provides information and an indication of research needs regarding the prevalence of vision defects in an African South African population of dyslexic children. / Thesis (M.Optom.)-University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville, 2010.

The vision-learning debate :

Paech, Merri. Unknown Date (has links)
International debate exists between several disciplines about when and how young people's vision should be screened and the relationship between vision and learning. This thesis is concerned with whether adolescents' acuity and binocular functioning can be accurately screened by a registered nurse (RN) and the impact of such a Primary Health Care (PHC) initiative on the participants. The aims of this study include to: screen the monocular and binocular vision of students aged 12 - 13 years; determine the accuracy and efficacy of the screening process; gain insight into the impact of undetected visual problems on the students' experiences with schoolwork and leisure activities; determine why young people are compliant or non-compliant with optometric intervention; and to gain insight into the impact of optometric interventions. / The RN screened 222 students in Year 8 at an Adelaide secondary school and 145 of them had follow-up optometric examinations. Several months later 25 students with poor vision were interviewed about their experiences at Primary School and whether they had followed through with the suggested optometric treatment. They also completed a questionnaire about eyestrain symptoms. Case studies were created from the quantitative and qualitative data and a Health Technology Assessment framework (HTA) used to analyse the data in a manner congruent with the study aims. This framework allowed for the social impact of the vision screening battery and optometric care to be discussed and the health and educational outcomes to be synthesized. / A large percentage (72.4%) of those who had optometric examinations had one or more vision problems. The screening battery had a sensitivity of 94.6%, specificity of 66%, Predictive Value Positive 82.9%, and Predictive Value Negative 87.5%. The case study data illustrate the complexity of the vision-learning link and the educational and social benefits to numbers of students who received optometric care. For some students, poor near vision resulted in a below-average reading performance. Poor vision was also associated with slow verbal responses, puzzled facial expressions, inattention and disruptive behaviours that resulted in school suspension. These clinical features tended to be interpreted by teachers as indicating that a student was academically less-able. Two male participants were found to have extremely poor vision and both had histories of disruptive behaviour and school failure. The RN intervention and optometric treatment enabled them to become successful learners for the first time and impacted positively on their psychological and emotional health. A number of students who were achieving excellent grades were also helped by vision care that reduced their eyestrain. / The conclusion is reached that poor vision should be recognised as a sensory disability and that universal school vision screening which includes aspects of binocularity is important for students' well-being. Subtle changes to improve the accuracy of the RN screening battery are suggested. An RN is ideally suited to be the screener and liaise between optometrists, teachers, students and parents/guardians, in order to encourage follow-up care. / Finally, healthcare and education systems need to be closely allied so that the outcomes of PHC interventions can be measured in educational and social terms rather than simply by morbidity statistics. / Thesis (PhDNursing)--University of South Australia, 2005.

Relationship between degree of neuroanatomic abnormality and visual orienting deficits in young children with autism /

Singer Harris, Naomi, January 1997 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of California, San Diego and San Diego State University, 1997. / Vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 161-169).

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