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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

The effect of all-trans retinoic acid on cell proliferation and migration during wound healing: an in vitro study

Olateju, Oladiran Ibukunolu 27 October 2011 (has links)
Wound healing in skin is a complex process involving inflammatory responses, cell proliferation and migration, and extracellular matrix deposition. While, all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) is believed to promote wound healing in skin, there are contradictory reports on its effect in both in vivo and in vitro studies. This study aimed at investigating the effects of ATRA at a concentration of 1μM (in DMSO) on cell migration and proliferation in ‘wound’ closure. A HaCaT and a HDF cell line as well as a co-culture of both cell lines were utilized. The cultures were maintained in DMEM supplemented with 5% fetal bovine serum incubated at 37ºC in a 5% CO2 in air humidified incubator. Scratch ‘wounding’ of the HaCaT culture and the co-culture were carried out prior to treatment with ATRA or its controls [DMSO (vehicle control) or DMEM (untreated control)]. ATRA did not have a significant effect on cell proliferation in either the HaCaT or HDF cultures or in the co-cultures. DMSO inhibited proliferation in the HDF cultures and in the co-cultures, while there was no effect on the HaCaT cultures. In addition, ATRA had no significant effect on ‘cell migration’ during ‘wound’ closure in both the HaCaT culture and the co-culture. However, DMSO appeared to be inhibitory to migration of cells in both cultures as there was a significant decrease in migration in cultures grown in DMSO when compared to ATRA treatment. The failure of ATRA to promote cell migration and proliferation during ‘wound’ closure in the HaCaT culture and the co-culture would seem to suggest that the activity of ATRA was compromised by DMSO.

Mathematical models for dermal wound healing : wound contraction and scar formation /

Cook, Julian, January 1995 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Washington, 1995. / Vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves [248]-266).

The effect of Calendula officinalis 3cH and low level laser therapy on wound healing in human skin fibroblasts in-vitro

Bresler, Annelise 27 March 2012 (has links)
M.Tech. / The skin accounts for 14 percent of the total body weight and is the largest organ in the body (Edward & MacKie, 2001). Our skin serves as a protective barrier against the outside world, thus any break in it must be rapidly and efficiently mended. A wound may be defined as any disruption of the tissues of the body caused by injury (Vardaxis, 1995). Commonly recognised examples include bruises, grazes, incisions, ulcers and burns. While some wounds heal easily others become fatally infected. According to statistics in the United States, for the year 2000, approximately five million Americans suffered from chronic open sores that could become seriously infected (UMMC, 2000). Unfortunately, neither Statistics South Africa (STATS SA) nor the South African Medical Research Council have statistics on open sores. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) and Calendula officinalis 3cH respectively as treatment protocols on wound healing in injured human skin fibroblasts (HSF) in-vitro. Furthermore the study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a combination of both treatment modalities on wound healing. Commercially available human skin fibroblast (HSF) cell lines (CRL1502 WS1) were obtained from the American Type Culture Collection (ATCC). Each week these fibroblasts were subcultured from 75cm² flasks to six, 3.3cm diameter culture plates. To simulate mechanical disruption of the cells a central scratch was performed across the confluent monolayer of fibroblasts according to the method described by Rigau et al., (1995), using a sterile Pasteur pipette of 2mm in diameter. Each scratch was irregular and the “wounds” ranged from 1-2mm in diameter. Five of the plates received the aforementioned scratch. Thereafter only four of the plates received a specific treatment modality. The remaining two plates served as controls. To assess the effectiveness of each treatment modality, wound healing was measured using the following techniques: cell morphology using an inverted microscope (Olympus CKX41) to monitor cell migration and wound closure. Cell viability was measured using the Trypan blue and ATP cell viability assay. Cytotoxicity was measured using the Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) membrane assay. Apoptosis of cells was detected with a Caspase assay. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) assay was used as a marker for wound healing. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a cytokine released early in wound healing and was used to measure cell proliferation. The experimental procedure was designed to determine if there was a difference in the wound healing outcome if cells were exposed to a single treatment application or a double treatment application with a 24 hour interval. The single treatment protocol was repeated four times (n=4) while the double treatment protocol was repeated six times (n=6). The data for both experimental procedures was analysed using Sigma Plot 8.0 computer software. The student t-test was utilised to examine the effect that the treatments (independent variables) had on the various aspects of wound healing (dependent variables). In each case a statistical difference was identified as P< 0.05. Morphological changes indicate that a double treatment application of Calendula officinalis 3cH increases wound closure on wounded HSF cells in-vitro. Laser irradiation too showed morphological signs of increased wound closure for HSF cells receiving a double exposure. However, a synergistic relationship, based on morphology, was not established when combining the two treatments. Based on statistical analysis the results showed that neither Calendula officinalis 3cH nor laser irradiation, as singular or combination treatment modalities, improved wound healing in wounded HSF cells in-vitro. However, findings were encouraging and minor changes evident on a cellular level may be more significant at a systemic level.

Wound healing protects against chemotherapy-induced alopecia in young rats via up-regulating interleukin-1β-mediated signaling

Stojadinovic, O., Wikramanayake, T.C., Villasante Fricke, A.C., Yin, N.C., Liang, L., Hinde, E., Escandon, J., Tomic-Canic, M., Ansell, David, Paus, R., Jimenez, J.J. 06 May 2020 (has links)
Yes / Wound healing is a complex process regulated by various cell types and a plethora of mediators. While interactions between wounded skin and the hair follicles (HFs) could induce HF neogenesis or promote wound healing, it remains unknown whether the wound healing-associated signaling milieu can be manipulated to protect against alopecia, such as chemotherapy-induced alopecia (CIA). Utilizing a well-established neonatal rat model of CIA, we show here that skin wounding protects from alopecia caused by several clinically relevant chemotherapeutic regimens, and that protection is dependent on the time of wounding and hair cycle stage. Gene expression profiling unveiled a significant increase in interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) mediated signaling by skin wounding. Subsequently, we showed that IL-1β is sufficient and indispensable for mediating the CIA-protective effect. Administration of IL-1β alone to unwounded rats exhibited local CIA protection while IL-1β neutralization abrogated CIA protection by wounding. Mechanistically, IL-1β retarded postnatal HF morphogenesis, making HFs at the wound sites or IL-1β treated areas damage-resistant while the rats developed total alopecia elsewhere. We conclude that wound healing switches the cutaneous cytokine milieu to an IL-1β-dominated state thus retarding HF growth progression and rendering the HFs resistant to chemotherapy agents. In the future, manipulation of HF progression through interfering with the IL-1β signaling milieu may provide therapeutic benefits to a variety of conditions, from prevention of CIA to inhibition of hair growth and treatment of hirsutism.

Localized wound healing a mathematical model for electromagnetic induction on coated nanofiber wound dressings /

Santhanam, Ramya. January 2006 (has links)
Thesis (M.S.)--University of Akron, Dept. of Biomedical Engineering, 2006. / "May, 2006." Title from electronic thesis title page (viewed 12/03/2007) Advisor, S.I. Hariharan; Committee members, Daniel B. Sheffer, Narender P. Reddy; Department Chair, Daniel B. Sheffer; Dean of the College, George K. Haritos; Dean of the Graduate School, George R. Newkome. Includes bibliographical references.

Osseous healing kinetics after apicoectomy a thesis submitted in partial fulfillment ... endodontics ... /

Sieraski, Steven Mark. January 1984 (has links)
Thesis (M.S.)--University of Michigan, 1984.

Osseous healing kinetics after apicoectomy a thesis submitted in partial fulfillment ... endodontics ... /

Sieraski, Steven Mark. January 1984 (has links)
Thesis (M.S.)--University of Michigan, 1984.

The influence of proinflammatory cytokines on insulin-like growth factor 1-mediated collagen synthesis

Bird, Joseph Leonard Edward January 1992 (has links)
No description available.

The effect of mechanical load on dermal fibroblast collagen deposition and organisation

Parsons, Madeline January 2000 (has links)
No description available.

The regulation of proteases and mechanical loading during fibroblast populated collagen lattice contraction

Prajapati, Rita Thakorbhai January 1998 (has links)
No description available.

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