Laddinfrastruktur för elbilar vid stora trafikflöden och event : När uppstår problem och vilka är dess portabla lösningar?Nilsson, Joacim January 2018 (has links)
The share of cars being powered by electricity is rising in Sweden. So far, this has seldom been causing queues at charging stations but if the rise continues as expected, it might potentially be a problem in the future. This thesis aims to shed light on when this might become a problem in a certain area and give example of a potential solution for that case. Three scenarios with different shares of cars being electric is analyzed with a simple model of a system with fast chargers for an area with a highly variable traffic flow. The arrival times to the system is derived from measured traffic flow and extrapolated up until 2030 and a charging time is set based on assumed travel behavior. A comparison is made between the expected electricity consumption using this approach and actual data from a fast charging station. The comparison indicates that electric cars are not being used for the winter time cross-country trips analyzed here in the same extent as conventional cars. The potential to keep the number of stationary fast chargers down using a portable solution with Li-ion battery storage with and without attached production of electricity for situations with a higher than normal charging demand is then investigated. A containerized Li-ion battery solution of 760 kWh has the potential to replace two 50 kW fast chargers in the studied case.
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