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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Characterising the optical properties of galaxy clusters with GMPhoRCC

Hood, Ross John January 2014 (has links)
The properties of galaxy clusters, such as abundance and mass to light ratios, have long been used to investigate and constrain cosmology. With vast numbers of newly detected clusters, such as from the Planck mission (Planck Collaboration et al., 2013), full determination of cluster properties, particularly mass, can be hugely expensive and time consuming. Optical characterisation o ers a cheap solution, using optical data alone to estimate cluster properties such as redshift. With the abundance of current optical data, such as from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), (Ahn et al., 2012) and upcoming all sky surveys, such as the Panoramic Survey Telescope and Rapid Response System (Pan-STARRS) 3 survey (Magnier et al., 2013), optical characterisation will play a key role in the investigation of the latest clusters. Presented in this thesis is the Gaussian Mixture full Photometric Red sequence Cluster Characteriser (GMPhoRCC), which aims to provide such an analysis, o ering substantial advantages over existing algorithms. GMPhoRCC identi es and models the red sequence, early-type galaxies which dominate the cluster, and uses the properties of this to estimate cluster redshift and richness, an optical mass proxy based on the number of cluster members. The main features include, full treatment of multi-modal distributions by modelling properties with error-corrected Gaussian Mixtures, model independence by using empirical photometric redshifts rather than assumed colour-redshift relations and quality control used to identify probable catastrophic failures in order to clean the characterisations. Using a sample of 5500 clusters taken from the GMBCG (Hao et al., 2010), NORAS (Bohringer et al., 2000), REFLEX (Bohringer et al., 2004) and XCS (Mehrtens et al., 2012) catalogues, GMPhoRCC redshift estimates are compared to spectra showing low scatter ( σ∆z~ 0:042) around the actual value. In addition applying the quality control to produce a clean subset removes most outliers (|zGMPhoRCC-zspec| > 0:03) gives a much tighter agreement, σ∆z~ 0:018 showing signi cant improvement over maxBCG, σ∆z~ 0:025, and XCS, σ∆z~ 0:050. In addition to comparisons with real clusters, an extensive evaluation of the GMPhoRCC selection function is presented using mock clusters. These mocks are produced by stacking red sequence galaxies from existing clusters, analysed using the SDSS DR9, in redshift-richness bins from which new sequences are resampled. This extends the similar approach of maxBCG and GMBCG where only rich clusters are used as seeds to generate mocks with a range of properties. Comparisons with mocks agree well with real clusters attaining low redshift scatters ( σ∆z~ 0:01) with the clean subset removing the majority of outliers. In addition, with a de nitive mock value, richness comparisons are possible and although show a larger fractional scatter (σ∆z n200 ~ 0:12) are centred on the mock value. Richness estimates are shown to be more sensitive to discrepancies in redshift, background uctuations and poor modelling of the red sequence than redshift. Completeness is estimated by considering the fraction of clusters found with characterisations within given bounds. First incomplete photometry, simulated by an i-band < 21 cut, is shown to remove members for clusters with z > 0:45. Redshift completeness, the fraction of clusters within 0:03 of the mock value, is not immediately hindered by the photometry, attaining 93% for 0:05 < z < 0:62 for clusters with a richness greater than 20, showing improvement over maxBCG (with 90% for 0:1 < z < 0:3) and a larger range than GMBCG (with 96% for 0:1 < z < 0:46). Similar to results from GMBCG, richness attains lower completeness rates due to discrepancies introduced by projection e ects, background uctuations, and redshift errors. The fraction of clusters within 25% of the mock value, de ning completeness, is measured as 91% for 0:07 < z < 0:45 for clusters with richness greater than 20, 78% for those with richness between 10 and 20, and 64% for those with richnesses less than 10. The application of GMPhoRCC follows, where characterisations are found for new XCS X-ray extended sources (Lloyd-Davies et al., 2011). Applying GMPhoRCC to these preliminary DR2 candidates ( 10 times larger than the current catalogue) using the VLT Survey Telescope (VST) ATLAS catalogue (Shanks & Metcalfe, 2012) and the much deeper Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Lensing Survey (CFHTLenS) (Heymans et al., 2012) provides characterisations beyond the SDSS footprint. Of the 13; 956 candidates, 6124 have optical coverage, 5580 in the SDSS, 523 in ATLAS and 819 in CFHTLenS with some overlap. Overall characterisations are found for 4365 candidates, 1893 of which have an associated spectroscopic redshift. The clean subset comprises 1203 candidates, 904 with spectra. Considering XCS DR1, Mehrtens et al. (2012) presented 503 optically con rmed X-ray clusters of which 258 have spectroscopic redshifts and 108 have SDSS characterisations. GMPhoRCC provides characterisations for 360, 232 of which have spectroscopic redshifts. Overall GMPhoRCC provides 260 (149 of which are clean) new SDSS characterisations and 91 (61 of which are clean) new spectroscopic redshifts. Finally this thesis concludes with a discussion of future research, focusing mainly on a preliminary analysis of a clean spectroscopic subset of XCS DR1 in order to illustrate the potential to constrain X-ray scaling relations with the upcoming XCS DR2. Additionally, potential research into the e ect of environment on the red sequence is illustrated using the dependence of the CMR slope on X-ray temperature. While a slight dependence is found, the cluster sample is insu cient to contradict the independence on environment found by Hogg et al. (2004) and Hao et al. (2009).
2

THE REDMAPPER GALAXY CLUSTER CATALOG FROM DES SCIENCE VERIFICATION DATA

Rykoff, E. S., Rozo, E., Hollowood, D., Bermeo-Hernandez, A., Jeltema, T., Mayers, J., Romer, A. K., Rooney, P., Saro, A., Cervantes, C. Vergara, Wechsler, R. H., Wilcox, H., Abbott, T. M. C., Abdalla, F. B., Allam, S., Annis, J., Benoit-Lévy, A., Bernstein, G. M., Bertin, E., Brooks, D., Burke, D. L., Capozzi, D., Rosell, A. Carnero, Kind, M. Carrasco, Castander, F. J., Childress, M., Collins, C. A., Cunha, C. E., D’Andrea, C. B., Costa, L. N. da, Davis, T. M., Desai, S., Diehl, H. T., Dietrich, J. P., Doel, P., Evrard, A. E., Finley, D. A., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., Frieman, J., Glazebrook, K., Goldstein, D. A., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gutierrez, G., Hilton, M., Honscheid, K., Hoyle, B., James, D. J., Kay, S. T., Kuehn, K., Kuropatkin, N., Lahav, O., Lewis, G. F., Lidman, C., Lima, M., Maia, M. A. G., Mann, R. G., Marshall, J. L., Martini, P., Melchior, P., Miller, C. J., Miquel, R., Mohr, J. J., Nichol, R. C., Nord, B., Ogando, R., Plazas, A. A., Reil, K., Sahlén, M., Sanchez, E., Santiago, B., Scarpine, V., Schubnell, M., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Smith, R. C., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Stott, J. P., Suchyta, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., Thomas, D., Tucker, D., Uddin, S., Viana, P. T. P., Vikram, V., Walker, A. R., Zhang, Y. 02 May 2016 (has links)
We describe updates to the redMaPPer algorithm, a photometric red-sequence cluster finder specifically designed for large photometric surveys. The updated algorithm is applied to 150 deg(2) of Science Verification (SV) data from the Dark Energy Survey (DES), and to the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) DR8 photometric data set. The DES SV catalog is locally volume limited and contains 786 clusters with richness lambda > 20 (roughly equivalent to M500c greater than or similar to 10(14) h(70)(-1)M(circle dot)) and 0.2 < z < 0.9. The DR8 catalog consists of 26,311 clusters with 0.08 < z < 0.6, with a sharply increasing richness threshold as a function of redshift for z greater than or similar to 0.35. The photometric redshift performance of both catalogs is shown to be excellent, with photometric redshift uncertainties controlled at the sigma(z)/(1+ z) similar to 0.01 level for z greater than or similar to 0.7, rising to similar to 0.02 at z similar to 0.9 in DES SV. We make use of Chandra and XMM X-ray and South Pole Telescope Sunyaev-Zeldovich data to show that the centering performance and mass-richness scatter are consistent with expectations based on prior runs of redMaPPer on SDSS data. We also show how the redMaPPer photo-z and richness estimates are relatively insensitive to imperfect star/galaxy separation and small-scale star masks.
3

COSMOLOGICAL CONSTRAINTS FROM GALAXY CLUSTERS IN THE 2500 SQUARE-DEGREE SPT-SZ SURVEY

Haan, T. de, Benson, B. A., Bleem, L. E., Allen, S. W., Applegate, D. E., Ashby, M. L. N., Bautz, M., Bayliss, M., Bocquet, S., Brodwin, M., Carlstrom, J. E., Chang, C. L., Chiu, I., Cho, H-M., Clocchiatti, A., Crawford, T. M., Crites, A. T., Desai, S., Dietrich, J. P., Dobbs, M. A., Doucouliagos, A. N., Foley, R. J., Forman, W. R., Garmire, G. P., George, E. M., Gladders, M. D., Gonzalez, A. H., Gupta, N., Halverson, N. W., Hlavacek-Larrondo, J., Hoekstra, H., Holder, G. P., Holzapfel, W. L., Hou, Z., Hrubes, J. D., Huang, N., Jones, C., Keisler, R., Knox, L., Lee, A. T., Leitch, E. M., Linden, A. von der, Luong-Van, D., Mantz, A., Marrone, D. P., McDonald, M., McMahon, J. J., Meyer, S. S., Mocanu, L. M., Mohr, J. J., Murray, S. S., Padin, S., Pryke, C., Rapetti, D., Reichardt, C. L., Rest, A., Ruel, J., Ruhl, J. E., Saliwanchik, B. R., Saro, A., Sayre, J. T., Schaffer, K. K., Schrabback, T., Shirokoff, E., Song, J., Spieler, H. G., Stalder, B., Stanford, S. A., Staniszewski, Z., Stark, A. A., Story, K. T., Stubbs, C. W., Vanderlinde, K., Vieira, J. D., Vikhlinin, A., Williamson, R., Zenteno, A. 18 November 2016 (has links)
We present cosmological parameter constraints obtained from galaxy clusters identified by their SunyaevZel'dovich effect signature in the 2500 square-degree South Pole Telescope Sunyaev Zel'dovich (SPT-SZ) survey. We consider the 377 cluster candidates identified at z > 0.25 with a detection significance greater than five, corresponding to the 95% purity threshold for the survey. We compute constraints on cosmological models using the measured cluster abundance as a function of mass and redshift. We include additional constraints from multi-wavelength observations, including Chandra X-ray data for 82 clusters and a weak lensing-based prior on the normalization of the mass-observable scaling relations. Assuming a spatially flat Lambda CDM cosmology, we combine the cluster data with a prior on H-0 and find sigma(8)= 0.784. +/- 0.039 and Omega(m) = 0.289. +/- 0.042, with the parameter combination sigma(8) (Omega(m)/0.27)(0.3) = 0.797 +/- 0.031. These results are in good agreement with constraints from the cosmic microwave background (CMB) from SPT, WMAP, and Planck, as well as with constraints from other cluster data sets. We also consider several extensions to Lambda CDM, including models in which the equation of state of dark energy w, the species-summed neutrino mass, and/or the effective number of relativistic species (N-eff) are free parameters. When combined with constraints from the Planck CMB, H-0, baryon acoustic oscillation, and SNe, adding the SPT cluster data improves the w constraint by 14%, to w = -1.023 +/- 0.042.
4

Tidal stripping as a test of satellite quenching in redMaPPer clusters

Fang, Yuedong, Clampitt, Joseph, Dalal, Neal, Jain, Bhuvnesh, Rozo, Eduardo, Moustakas, John, Rykoff, Eli 01 December 2016 (has links)
When darkmatter haloes are accreted by massive host clusters, strong gravitational tidal forces begin stripping mass from the accreted subhaloes. This stripping eventually removes all mass beyond a subhalo's tidal radius, with unbound mass remaining in the vicinity of the satellite for at most a dynamical time t(dyn). The N-body subhalo study of Chamberlain et al. verified this picture and pointed out a useful observational consequence: correlations between subhaloes beyond the tidal radius are sensitive to the infall time, t(infall), of the subhalo on to its host. We perform this correlation using similar to 160 000 red satellite galaxies in Sloan Digital Sky Survey redMaPPer clusters and find evidence that subhalo correlations do persist well beyond the tidal radius, suggesting that many of the observed satellites fell into their current host less than a dynamical time ago, t(infall) < t(dyn). Combined with estimated dynamical times t(dyn) similar to 3-5 Gyr and SED fitting results for the time at which satellites stopped forming stars, t(quench) similar to 6 Gyr, we infer that for a significant fraction of the satellites, star formation quenched before those satellites entered their current hosts. The result holds for red satellites over a large range of cluster-centric distances 0.1-0.6 Mpc h(-1). We discuss the implications of this result formodels of galaxy formation.
5

Gemini Observations of Galaxies in Rich Early Environments (GOGREEN) I: survey description

Balogh, Michael L., Gilbank, David G., Muzzin, Adam, Rudnick, Gregory, Cooper, Michael C., Lidman, Chris, Biviano, Andrea, Demarco, Ricardo, McGee, Sean L., Nantais, Julie B., Noble, Allison, Old, Lyndsay, Wilson, Gillian, Yee, Howard K. C., Bellhouse, Callum, Cerulo, Pierluigi, Chan, Jeffrey, Pintos-Castro, Irene, Simpson, Rane, van der Burg, Remco F. J., Zaritsky, Dennis, Ziparo, Felicia, Alonso, María Victoria, Bower, Richard G., De Lucia, Gabriella, Finoguenov, Alexis, Lambas, Diego Garcia, Muriel, Hernan, Parker, Laura C., Rettura, Alessandro, Valotto, Carlos, Wetzel, Andrew 10 1900 (has links)
We describe a new Large Program in progress on the Gemini North and South telescopes: Gemini Observations of Galaxies in Rich Early Environments (GOGREEN). This is an imaging and deep spectroscopic survey of 21 galaxy systems at 1 < z < 1.5, selected to span a factor > 10 in halo mass. The scientific objectives include measuring the role of environment in the evolution of low-mass galaxies, and measuring the dynamics and stellar contents of their host haloes. The targets are selected from the SpARCS, SPT, COSMOS, and SXDS surveys, to be the evolutionary counterparts of today's clusters and groups. The new red-sensitive Hamamatsu detectors on GMOS, coupled with the nod-and-shuffle sky subtraction, allow simultaneous wavelength coverage over lambda similar to 0.6-1.05 mu m, and this enables a homogeneous and statistically complete redshift survey of galaxies of all types. The spectroscopic sample targets galaxies with AB magnitudes z' < 24.25 and [3.6] mu m < 22.5, and is therefore statistically complete for stellar masses M* greater than or similar to 10(10.3) M-circle dot, for all galaxy types and over the entire redshift range. Deep, multiwavelength imaging has been acquired over larger fields for most systems, spanning u through K, in addition to deep IRAC imaging at 3.6 mu m. The spectroscopy is similar to 50 per cent complete as of semester 17A, and we anticipate a final sample of similar to 500 new cluster members. Combined with existing spectroscopy on the brighter galaxies from GCLASS, SPT, and other sources, GOGREEN will be a large legacy cluster and field galaxy sample at this redshift that spectroscopically covers a wide range in stellar mass, halo mass, and clustercentric radius.
6

The Halo Boundary of Galaxy Clusters in the SDSS

Baxter, Eric, Chang, Chihway, Jain, Bhuvnesh, Adhikari, Susmita, Dalal, Neal, Kravtsov, Andrey, More, Surhud, Rozo, Eduardo, Rykoff, Eli, Sheth, Ravi K. 18 May 2017 (has links)
Analytical models and simulations predict a rapid decline in the halo density profile associated with the transition from the "infalling" regime outside the halo to the "collapsed" regime within the halo. Using data from SDSS, we explore evidence for such a feature in the density profiles of galaxy clusters using several different approaches. We first estimate the steepening of the outer galaxy density profile around clusters, finding evidence for truncation of the halo profile. Next, we measure the galaxy density profile around clusters using two sets of galaxies selected on color. We find evidence of an abrupt change in galaxy colors that coincides with the location of the steepening of the density profile. Since galaxies that have completed orbits within the cluster are more likely to be quenched of star formation and thus appear redder, this abrupt change in galaxy color can be associated with the transition from single-stream to multi-stream regimes. We also use a standard model comparison approach to measure evidence for a " splashback"-like feature, but find that this approach is very sensitive to modeling assumptions. Finally, we perform measurements using an independent cluster catalog to test for potential systematic errors associated with cluster selection. We identify several avenues for future work: improved understanding of the small-scale galaxy profile, lensing measurements, identification of proxies for the halo accretion rate, and other tests. With upcoming data from the DES, KiDS, and HSC surveys, we can expect significant improvements in the study of halo boundaries.
7

Weak lensing measurement of the mass–richness relation of SDSS redMaPPer clusters

Simet, Melanie, McClintock, Tom, Mandelbaum, Rachel, Rozo, Eduardo, Rykoff, Eli, Sheldon, Erin, Wechsler, Risa H. 21 April 2017 (has links)
We perform a measurement of the mass-richness relation of the redMaPPer galaxy cluster catalogue using weak lensing data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). We have carefully characterized a broad range of systematic uncertainties, including shear calibration errors, photo-z biases, dilution by member galaxies, source obscuration, magnification bias, incorrect assumptions about cluster mass profiles, cluster centring, halo triaxiality and projection effects. We also compare measurements of the lensing signal from two independently produced shear and photometric redshift catalogues to characterize systematic errors in the lensing signal itself. Using a sample of 5570 clusters from 0.1 <= z <= 0.33, the normalization of our power-law mass versus. relation is log(10)[M-200m/ h-M-1(circle dot)] = 14.344 +/- 0.021 (statistical) +/- 0.023 (systematic) at a richness lambda= 40, a 7 per cent calibration uncertainty, with a power-law index of 1.33(- 0.10)(+0.09) (1 sigma). The detailed systematics characterization in this work renders it the definitive weak lensing mass calibration for SDSS redMaPPer clusters at this time.
8

Intrinsic alignments in redMaPPer clusters – I. Central galaxy alignments and angular segregation of satellites

Huang, Hung-Jin, Mandelbaum, Rachel, Freeman, Peter E., Chen, Yen-Chi, Rozo, Eduardo, Rykoff, Eli, Baxter, Eric J. 21 November 2016 (has links)
The shapes of cluster central galaxies are not randomly oriented, but rather exhibit coherent alignments with the shapes of their parent clusters as well as with the surrounding large-scale structures. In this work, we aim to identify the galaxy and cluster quantities that most strongly predict the central galaxy alignment phenomenon among a large parameter space with a sample of 8237 clusters and 94 817 members within 0.1 < z < 0.35, based on the red-sequence Matched-filter Probabilistic Percolation cluster catalogue constructed from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. We first quantify the alignment between the projected central galaxy shapes and the distribution of member satellites, to understand what central galaxy and cluster properties most strongly correlate with these alignments. Next, we investigate the angular segregation of satellites with respect to their central galaxy major axis directions, to identify the satellite properties that most strongly predict their angular segregation. We find that central galaxies are more aligned with their member galaxy distributions in clusters that are more elongated and have higher richness, and for central galaxies with larger physical size, higher luminosity and centring probability, and redder colour. Satellites with redder colour, higher luminosity, located closer to the central galaxy, and with smaller ellipticity show a stronger angular segregation towards their central galaxy major axes. Finally, we provide physical explanations for some of the identified correlations, and discuss the connection to theories of central galaxy alignments, the impact of primordial alignments with tidal fields, and the importance of anisotropic accretion.
9

Galaxy cluster mass estimation from stacked spectroscopic analysis

Farahi, Arya, Evrard, August E., Rozo, Eduardo, Rykoff, Eli S., Wechsler, Risa H. 21 August 2016 (has links)
We use simulated galaxy surveys to study: (i) how galaxy membership in redMaPPer clusters maps to the underlying halo population, and (ii) the accuracy of a mean dynamical cluster mass, M-sigma(lambda), derived from stacked pairwise spectroscopy of clusters with richness lambda. Using similar to 130 000 galaxy pairs patterned after the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) redMaPPer cluster sample study of Rozo et al., we show that the pairwise velocity probability density function of central-satellite pairs with m(i) < 19 in the simulation matches the form seen in Rozo et al. Through joint membership matching, we deconstruct the main Gaussian velocity component into its halo contributions, finding that the top-ranked halo contributes similar to 60 per cent of the stacked signal. The halo mass scale inferred by applying the virial scaling of Evrard et al. to the velocity normalization matches, to within a few per cent, the log-mean halo mass derived through galaxy membership matching. We apply this approach, along with miscentring and galaxy velocity bias corrections, to estimate the log-mean matched halo mass at z = 0.2 of SDSS redMaPPer clusters. Employing the velocity bias constraints of Guo et al., we find aEuroln (M-200c)|lambda aEuro parts per thousand = ln (< M-30) + alpha(m) ln (lambda/30) with M-30 = 1.56 +/- 0.35 x 10(14) M-aS (TM) and alpha(m) = 1.31 +/- 0.06(stat) +/- 0.13(sys). Systematic uncertainty in the velocity bias of satellite galaxies overwhelmingly dominates the error budget.
10

Planck 2015 results

Ade, P. A. R., Aghanim, N., Arnaud, M., Ashdown, M., Aumont, J., Baccigalupi, C., Banday, A. J., Barreiro, R. B., Barrena, R., Bartlett, J. G., Bartolo, N., Battaner, E., Battye, R., Benabed, K., Benoît, A., Benoit-Lévy, A., Bernard, J.-P., Bersanelli, M., Bielewicz, P., Bikmaev, I., Böhringer, H., Bonaldi, A., Bonavera, L., Bond, J. R., Borrill, J., Bouchet, F. R., Bucher, M., Burenin, R., Burigana, C., Butler, R. C., Calabrese, E., Cardoso, J.-F., Carvalho, P., Catalano, A., Challinor, A., Chamballu, A., Chary, R.-R., Chiang, H. C., Chon, G., Christensen, P. R., Clements, D. L., Colombi, S., Colombo, L. P. L., Combet, C., Comis, B., Couchot, F., Coulais, A., Crill, B. P., Curto, A., Cuttaia, F., Dahle, H., Danese, L., Davies, R. D., Davis, R. J., de Bernardis, P., de Rosa, A., de Zotti, G., Delabrouille, J., Désert, F.-X., Dickinson, C., Diego, J. M., Dolag, K., Dole, H., Donzelli, S., Doré, O., Douspis, M., Ducout, A., Dupac, X., Efstathiou, G., Eisenhardt, P. R. M., Elsner, F., Enßlin, T. A., Eriksen, H. K., Falgarone, E., Fergusson, J., Feroz, F., Ferragamo, A., Finelli, F., Forni, O., Frailis, M., Fraisse, A. A., Franceschi, E., Frejsel, A., Galeotta, S., Galli, S., Ganga, K., Génova-Santos, R. T., Giard, M., Giraud-Héraud, Y., Gjerløw, E., González-Nuevo, J., Górski, K. M., Grainge, K. J. B., Gratton, S., Gregorio, A., Gruppuso, A., Gudmundsson, J. E., Hansen, F. K., Hanson, D., Harrison, D. L., Hempel, A., Henrot-Versillé, S., Hernández-Monteagudo, C., Herranz, D., Hildebrandt, S. R., Hivon, E., Hobson, M., Holmes, W. A., Hornstrup, A., Hovest, W., Huffenberger, K. M., Hurier, G., Jaffe, A. H., Jaffe, T. R., Jin, T., Jones, W. C., Juvela, M., Keihänen, E., Keskitalo, R., Khamitov, I., Kisner, T. S., Kneissl, R., Knoche, J., Kunz, M., Kurki-Suonio, H., Lagache, G., Lamarre, J.-M., Lasenby, A., Lattanzi, M., Lawrence, C. R., Leonardi, R., Lesgourgues, J., Levrier, F., Liguori, M., Lilje, P. B., Linden-Vørnle, M., López-Caniego, M., Lubin, P. M., Macías-Pérez, J. F., Maggio, G., Maino, D., Mak, D. S. Y., Mandolesi, N., Mangilli, A., Martin, P. G., Martínez-González, E., Masi, S., Matarrese, S., Mazzotta, P., McGehee, P., Mei, S., Melchiorri, A., Melin, J.-B., Mendes, L., Mennella, A., Migliaccio, M., Mitra, S., Miville-Deschênes, M.-A., Moneti, A., Montier, L., Morgante, G., Mortlock, D., Moss, A., Munshi, D., Murphy, J. A., Naselsky, P., Nastasi, A., Nati, F., Natoli, P., Netterfield, C. B., Nørgaard-Nielsen, H. U., Noviello, F., Novikov, D., Novikov, I., Olamaie, M., Oxborrow, C. A., Paci, F., Pagano, L., Pajot, F., Paoletti, D., Pasian, F., Patanchon, G., Pearson, T. J., Perdereau, O., Perotto, L., Perrott, Y. C., Perrotta, F., Pettorino, V., Piacentini, F., Piat, M., Pierpaoli, E., Pietrobon, D., Plaszczynski, S., Pointecouteau, E., Polenta, G., Pratt, G. W., Prézeau, G., Prunet, S., Puget, J.-L., Rachen, J. P., Reach, W. T., Rebolo, R., Reinecke, M., Remazeilles, M., Renault, C., Renzi, A., Ristorcelli, I., Rocha, G., Rosset, C., Rossetti, M., Roudier, G., Rozo, E., Rubiño-Martín, J. A., Rumsey, C., Rusholme, B., Rykoff, E. S., Sandri, M., Santos, D., Saunders, R. D. E., Savelainen, M., Savini, G., Schammel, M. P., Scott, D., Seiffert, M. D., Shellard, E. P. S., Shimwell, T. W., Spencer, L. D., Stanford, S. A., Stern, D., Stolyarov, V., Stompor, R., Streblyanska, A., Sudiwala, R., Sunyaev, R., Sutton, D., Suur-Uski, A.-S., Sygnet, J.-F., Tauber, J. A., Terenzi, L., Toffolatti, L., Tomasi, M., Tramonte, D., Tristram, M., Tucci, M., Tuovinen, J., Umana, G., Valenziano, L., Valiviita, J., Van Tent, B., Vielva, P., Villa, F., Wade, L. A., Wandelt, B. D., Wehus, I. K., White, S. D. M., Wright, E. L., Yvon, D., Zacchei, A., Zonca, A. 20 September 2016 (has links)
We present the all-sky Planck catalogue of Sunyaev-Zeldovich (SZ) sources detected from the 29 month full-mission data. The catalogue (PSZ2) is the largest SZ-selected sample of galaxy clusters yet produced and the deepest systematic all-sky survey of galaxy clusters. It contains 1653 detections, of which 1203 are confirmed clusters with identified counterparts in external data sets, and is the first SZ-selected cluster survey containing > 10(3) confirmed clusters. We present a detailed analysis of the survey selection function in terms of its completeness and statistical reliability, placing a lower limit of 83% on the purity. Using simulations, we find that the estimates of the SZ strength parameter Y-5R500 are robust to pressure-profile variation and beam systematics, but accurate conversion to Y-500 requires the use of prior information on the cluster extent. We describe the multi-wavelength search for counterparts in ancillary data, which makes use of radio, microwave, infra-red, optical, and X-ray data sets, and which places emphasis on the robustness of the counterpart match. We discuss the physical properties of the new sample and identify a population of low-redshift X-ray under-luminous clusters revealed by SZ selection. These objects appear in optical and SZ surveys with consistent properties for their mass, but are almost absent from ROSAT X-ray selected samples.

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